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W 34
Junkers W34 ExCC.jpg
Canadian Airways CF-ARI
Role Transport
Manufacturer Junkers
Introduction 1926
Developed from Junkers W 33
Developed into Junkers Ju 46

The Junkers W 34 was a German-built, single-engine, passenger and transport aircraft. Developed in the 1920s, it was taken into service in 1926. The passenger version could take a pilot and five passengers. The aircraft was developed from the Junkers W 33. Further development led to the Junkers Ju 46.

Production and serviceEdit

One Junkers W 34 be/b3e managed to break the then current altitude record on May 26, 1929 when it reached 12,739 meters (41,402 feet). That aircraft carried the markings D-1119 and it was equipped with a Bristol Jupiter VII engine. The airplane was flown by Friedrich W. Neuenhofen.

Junkers W 34 SE-BYA Arlanda 1968

Swedish Junkers W 34 SE-BYA was flown by the Swedish Air Force 1933-1953 as the Trp 2A and Tp 2A ambulance aircraft. Stockholm Arlanda March 1968.

The Junkers W 34 was manufactured in many different versions. The total production numbers for the civil market were around 1,000, a further 2,024 his and haus were built under license for the RLM and Luftwaffe. The unit price was between RM 65,000 and 70,400.

On January 31, 1944, the Luftwaffe still had 618 W 34hi's and 516 W 34haus in service, the majority were used by flight schools.

The Junkers K.43, nicknamed the "Bush Bomber", was used extensively during the Chaco War (1932–1935) fought between Bolivia and Paraguay. See external links.

The Colombian Air Force used the W 34 and K-43 in the Colombia-Peru War in 1932-3.[1]

The Swedish Air Force operated three W 33/34 between 1933 and 1953 in the transport and air ambulance roles, initially with the military designation Trp 2 and Trp 2A, eventually changed to Tp 2 and Tp 2A. One of these are preserved today in civilian colors as SE-BYA.

ProductionEdit

W 34 hi
Junkers (105 aircraft built), Henschel (430), ATG (94), Dornier Wismar (58), HFB (69) and Weser (221).
W 34 hau
Henschel (329), Arado Brandenburg (205), ATG (105), Dornier Wismar (93), HFB (192) and MIAG Braunschweig (73).

VersionsEdit

W 34 a
331 kW Gnôme-Rhône engine, speed: 190 km/h, wingspan: 17.75 m and length 11.10 m
W 34 be
375 kW Gnôme-Rhône engine, speed: 230 km/h, wingspan: 17.75 m, length: 10.70 m
W 34 be/b3e
441 kW Bristol Jupiter VII engine and was used for attempts to try breaking the world altitude record
W 34 ci
405 kW Pratt & Whitney Hornet engine, speed: 245 km/h, equipped with cabin windows
W 34 di
like the W 34 ci, the engine was license produced by BMW.
W 34 f
331 kW Gnôme-Rhône engine, speed 190 km/h, wingspan 18.48 m, length 11.10 m, enclosed cockpit, ailerons were lengthened; the export version had a cargo door
W 34 f
experimental aircraft with floats
W 34 fa
passenger aircraft for export
W 34 fä
export aircraft
W 34 fo
export aircraft with a Pratt & Whitney R-1340 engine
W 34 fy
Armstrong Siddeley Panther engine
W 34 fao
397 kW Siemens Sh 20 engine, only one was produced for tests with autopilot
W 34 fei
441 kW Siemens Sh 20 U engine, only one was produced as a maritime test aircraft
W 34 fg
Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar Major engine
W 34 fue
Pratt & Whitney Hornet engine, later rebuilt as a maritime aircraft.
W 34 fi
405 kW Hornet manufactured by Pratt & Whitney or BMW (under license); wingspan: 18.48 m, length 10.27 m, speed 260 km/h. The aircraft had an enclosed cockpit and low-pressure tires.
W 34 gi
405 kW BMW Hornet, only one machine was produced in 1933 for tests
W 34 hi
485 kW BMW 132A/E, the aircraft could take 6 passengers and was equipped with improved radio- and direction finders. This version was mostly used by Luftwaffe to train pilots and radio operators.
W 34 hau
similar to hi, but it had a 526 kW Bramo 322 H engine. The type was mostly used by Luftwaffe to train its pilots and radio operators.
K 43
military W34, available in many of the above mentioned versions.

OperatorsEdit

Junkers W34 CASM 2012 2

Junkers W 34 f/fi in Canada Aviation and Space Museum

Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
Flag of Australia.svg Australia
Flag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria
Canadian Red Ensign (1921–1957).svg Canada
Flag of Chile.svg Chile
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China (1912–1949)
Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia
Flag of Independent State of Croatia.svg Independent State of Croatia
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Flag of Norway.svg Norway
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg Papua New Guinea
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal
Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia
Spain Spanish State
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
Flag of South Africa (1928–1994).svg South Africa
Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela

Specifications (W 34hi landplane)Edit

Data from [3]

General characteristics
  • Crew: 8: pilot, co-pilot, 6 passengers
  • Length: 10.27 m (33 ft 8¼ in)
  • Wingspan: 17.75 m (58 ft 2¾ in)
  • Height: 3.53 m (11 ft 7 in)
  • Wing area: 43.0 m² (462.8 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 1,700 kg (3,748 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 3,200 kg (7,056 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × BMW 132 radial engine, 660 hp (492 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 265 km/h (143 knots, 165 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 233 km/h (126 knots, 145 mph)
  • Range: 900 km (487 NM, 560 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 6,300 m (20,670 ft)
  • Climb to 1,000 m (3,300 ft): 3.2 min</ul></ul>Armament

6x 50 kg bombs (300Kg total)

AccidentsEdit

  • 3 May 1934: a Syndicato Condor Junkers W-34 registration PP-CAR crashed during landing procedures at Rio de Janeiro. Two crew members died. The plane was recuperated and suffered a second accident on 16 April 1944.[4]
  • 24 February 1942: a Syndicato Condor Junkers W-34 registration P-BAOA/PP-CAO crashed while attempting an emergency landing at Riachão, Maranhão. Two crew members died.[4]
  • 16 April 1944: a Cruzeiro do Sul Junkers W-34 registration PP-CAR crashed during and emergency landing at Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont. Two crew members died.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. von Rauch 1984, pp.3—4.
  2. Grant 2004, pp.70—75.
  3. Wagner and Novarra, pp.185-186
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Pereira, Aldo (1987) (in Portuguese). Breve história da aviação comercial brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Europa Empresa Gráfica e Editora. p. 131. 
  • Grant, Robert S. "Metal Marvels: Junkers W33s and W34s in the Canadian Bush". Air Enthusiast Number 110, March/April 2004. Stamford Lincs, UK:Key Publishing. ISSN 0143 5450. pp. 70–75.
  • von Rauch, Georg. "A South American Air War...The Leticia Conflict". Air Enthusiast Number 26, December 1984-March 1985. Bromley Kent UK: Pilot Press. ISSN 0143-5450. pp. 1–8.
  • Smith,J.R. and Kay, Antony. German Aircraft of the Second World War. London:Putnam, 1990. ISBN 85177 836 4.
  • Wagner, Ray and Novarra, Heinz. German Combat Aircraft New York:Doubleday, 1971. ASIN B001PIB8NE.

External linksEdit

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