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Kanin-class destroyer
Kanin class destroyer
Kanin class destroyer
Class overview
Name: Kanin
Operators:  Soviet Navy
Preceded by: Kildin class destroyer
Succeeded by: Kashin class destroyer
Completed: 8
Cancelled: 1
Retired: 7
General characteristics
Type: destroyer
Displacement: as built 3,500 long tons (3,556 t) standard, 4,192 long tons (4,259 t) full load, as modenised 3,700 long tons (3,759 t) standard, 4,500 long tons (4,572 t) full load
Length: 126.1 m
Beam: 12.7 m
Draught: 4.2 m
Installed power: 72,000 hp
Propulsion: 2× shaft geared steam turbines, 4 boilers,
Speed: as built 34.5 knots (63.9 km/h; 39.7 mph)
Complement: 320
Sensors and
processing systems:
Radar: Angara/Head Net (air search),Zalp-Shch (missile guidance) Neptun (surface)
Sonar: Pegas-2, replaced by Titan-2

as built

    • 2 SS-N-1 launchers (12 Missiles),
    • 16 57 mm (2.2 in) guns, (4x4)
    • 6 533 mm (21 in) Torpedo tubes (2x3),
    • 2 RBU-2500 anti submarine rocket launchers

as modernised

    • 1 twin SA-N-1 SAM launcher (32 Missiles),
    • 8 57 mm (2.2 in) guns (2x4),
    • 4 30 mm (1.2 in) AK-230 guns (4x2),
    • 10 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes for anti-submarine torpedoes,
    • 3 RBU-6000 anti submarine rocket launchers
Aviation facilities: helicopter pad

The Kanin class destroyers were warships of the Soviet Navy during the Cold War. The Soviet designation was Project 57A Gnevny (not to be confused with the World War 2 era Project 7). These ships were the first Soviet guided missile destroyers and were initially designated Project 57bis (or 57b) and known to NATO as the Krupny class. Their primary mission was anti-surface warfare using the SS-N-1 anti-ship missile


The hull was scaled up from the Kotlin class (project 56) destroyers, and the machinery was the same as those ships, except that remote control stations were installed and electrical generating capacity was increased. The superstructure was made of steel rather than the aluminium/ magnesum alloy of the Kotlin class ships and accommodation was significantly improved

There were two missile launchers at each end, 12 reload missiles were carried. They had limited self-defence weaponry and their main weapon, the SSN-1 was soon obsolescent.

ASW conversion[]

The limitations of the SS-N-1 Missile were clear by 1965 and the Soviet navy decided to convert the ships to a more general purpose / ASW role. The ships were called the Kanin Class by NATO. According to Conway's the modernisation proved very expensive and appeared to have deterred the Soviets from any further comprehensive rebuilding of older ships.


  • SourceConway
Ship Builder Laid Down Launched Commissioned Fleet Fate
Gremyashchiy (Гремящий – Thunderous) Zhdanov Shipyard, Leningrad 25 February 1958 30 April 1959 30 June 1960 Northern Fleet Decommissioned 1988
Zhguchiy (Жгучий – Burning) Zhdanov Shipyard, Leningrad 23 June 1958 14 October 1959 23 December 1960 Northern Fleet Zhdanov Shipyard, Leningrad
Zorkiy (Зоркий – Observant) Zhdanov Shipyard, Leningrad 17 April 1959 30 April 1960 30 September 1961 Baltic Fleet Decommissioned 1993
Derzkiy (Дерзкий – Impertinent) Zhdanov Shipyard, Leningrad 10 October 1959 4/2/60 30 December 1961 Northern Fleet Decommissioned 1990
Gnevnyy (Гневный – Wrathful) Shipyard named after 61 Communards (North Nikolayev Shipyard), Mikolaiv 17 December 1957 30 November 1958 10/1/60 Black Sea Fleet (Pacific Fleet from 1970) Decommissioned 1988
Upornyy (Упорный – Persistent) Shipyard named after 61 Communards (North Nikolayev Shipyard), Mikolaiv 9/4/58 14 October 1959 3/12/60 Pacific Fleet Decommissioned 1993
Boykiy (Бойкий – Brisk) Shipyard named after 61 Communards (North Nikolayev Shipyard), Mikolaiv 2/4/59 15 December 1960 16 June 1961 Black Sea Fleet Decommissioned 1988
Gordyy (Гордый – Proud) Komsomolsk on Amur shipyard May 1959 15 December 1960 6/2/61 Pacific Fleet Decommissioned 1987
Khrabryy (Храбрый – Brave) 1959 1961 cancelled n/a completed as a stationary power generation ship "ЭНС-73" in 1969



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