|Born||31 July 1910|
|Died||17 November 1996(aged 86)|
|Place of birth||Norden, East Frisia|
|Place of death||Ahrensburg|
Weimar Republic (to 1933)|
|Years of service||April 1930 –|
3rd U-boat Flotilla|
1st U-boat Flotilla
2nd U-boat Flotilla
5th U-boat Flotilla
U-20, 1 October 1937 – 17 January 1940|
U-123, 30 May 1940 – 19 May 1941
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Iron Cross 1st Class|
U-boat War Badge 1939
German Cross in Silver
Karl-Heinz Moehle (31 July 1910 – 17 November 1996) was a German U-boat commander of the Second World War. From September 1939 until retiring from front line service in June 1941, he sank 21 ships for a total of 93,197 gross register tons (GRT). For this he received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German language: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes), among other commendations. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Early life[edit | edit source]
Moehle was born on 31 July 1910 in Norden, East Frisia. He entered the navy in April 1930 at the age of 19 and spent his initial training aboard the school ship Schleswig-Holstein. He transferred to the U-boat force in March 1936 and by 1 June was promoted to Oberleutnant zur See. He took command of his first boat, U-20 on 1 October 1937 and commissioned her for sea. On 1 April 1939 he was promoted to Kapitänleutnant and on the outbreak of the Second World War, took U-20 on his first war cruise.
Wartime career[edit | edit source]
He eventually made six patrols in U-20, operating in the North Sea. He was moderately successful, sinking eight allied ships. He left U-20 on 17 January 1940 and took command of U-123, which was to become one of the most famous U-boats of the war. He took command on 30 May 1940 and took her on her first patrol on 21 September, where he went on to achieve a high rate of kills. His first patrol sank six merchants, including four on 19 October from the ill-fated convoy SC-7. His second patrol was also highly successful, when on the morning of 23 November he attacked convoy OB-244 in the North Atlantic. He sank five ships over a period of five hours, for a combined total of 23,084 tons. During these operations, U-123 collided with a sunken ship, sustaining damage that forced her to return to base after just 15 days at sea.
Moehle carried out another four patrols, sinking another five ships. On 24 October 1940 he received the Iron Cross 1st Class and on 26 February 1941 he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. He stepped down as commander of U-123 on 19 May 1941, handing over command to Kptlt. Reinhard Hardegen, who would also go on to have notable success aboard her. Moehle became the commander of 5th U-boat Flotilla and was also appointed to command the U-boat base at Kiel from June 1941, a post he held until the end of the war. On 1 March 1943 he was promoted to Korvettenkapitän.
Post war[edit | edit source]
After the surrender of Germany, Moehle was arrested. He was tried in late 1946 for passing on the Laconia Order to the U-boat commanders under his command. He was found guilty and sentenced to five years imprisonment, but was released in November 1949. Little is known about his activities after this. Moehle died on 17 November 1996 at the age of 86.
Awards[edit | edit source]
- Wehrmacht Long Service Award 4th Class (2 October 1936)
- Iron Cross (1939)
- U-boat War Badge (1939) (17 October 1939)
- Knight's Cross of the Hungarian Order of Merit (19 December 1939)
- Sudetenland Medal (20 December 1939)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 26 February 1941 as Kapitänleutnant and commander of U-123
- Italian War Cross for Military with Swords (1 November 1941)
- German Cross in Silver (1 May 1945)
- War Merit Cross with Swords
- Mentioned twice in the Wehrmachtbericht on 19 October 1940 and 24 February 1941
Wehrmachtbericht references[edit | edit source]
|Date||Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording||Direct English translation|
|Saturday, 19 October 1940||... An diesen Erfolgen ist das unter Führung des Kapitänleutnants Frauenheim stehende Unterseeboot mit zehn Dampfern von 51 000 BRT, das Unterseeboot des Kapitänleutnants Kretschmer mit sieben Dampfern von 45 000 BRT, das Unterseeboot des Kapitänleutnants Moehle mit sieben Dampfern von 44 050 BRT beteiligt.||The submarines led by Lieutenant Frauenheim contributed with ten steamers of 51 000 tons, the submarine of Lieutenant Kretschmer with seven steamers of 45 000 tons, the submarine of Lieutenant Moehle with seven steamers of 44 050 tons, to these successes.|
|Monday, 24 February 1942||Ein Unterseeboot unter Führung von Kapitänleutnant Moehle versenkte vier feindliche bewaffnete Handelsschiffe mit zusammen 33 100 BRT. Damit hat Kapitänleutnant Moehle 19 feindliche Handelsschiffe mit insgesamt 111 943 BRT versenkt.||A submarine under the command of Lieutenant Captain Moehle sank four enemy armed merchant ships with a total of 33 100 GRT. Thus Lieutenant Captain Moehle has sunk 19 enemy merchant ships totaling 111 943 GRT.|
References[edit | edit source]
- Moehle's career at Uboat.net
- Busch and Röll 2003, p. 107.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 313.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 547.
- Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, p. 335
- Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, p. 430
- Busch, Hans-Joachim; Röll (2003) (in German). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939–1945 — Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [The U-Boat War 1939–1945 — The Knight's Cross Bearers of the U-Boat Force from September 1939 to May 1945]. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 978-3-8132-0515-2.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) (in German). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches]. Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Kurowski, Franz (1995). Knight's Cross Holders of the U-Boat Service. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-88740-748-2.
- Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Navy]. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3-87943-355-1.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007) (in German). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives]. Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- (in German) Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, 1. September 1939 bis 31. Dezember 1941 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 1, 1 September 1939 to 31 December 1941]. München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2.
[edit | edit source]
- Karl-Heinz Moehle's career at Uboat.net
- U-123, including time under Moehle
- Moehle testifies at Nuremberg about the Laconia order
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