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Karl Litzmann
Karl Litzmann
Nickname Lion of Brzeziny
Born (1850-01-22)22 January 1850
Died 28 May 1936(1936-05-28) (aged 86)
Place of birth Neuglobsow, Stechlin, Brandenburg
Place of death Neuglobsow, Stechlin, Germany
Allegiance German Empire German Empire (to 1918)
Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Army
Years of service 1867-1918
Rank General der Infanterie[1]
Commands held

World War I

Battle of Łódź
Awards Pour le Mérite with Oakleaves

Karl Litzmann (January 22, 1850, Neuglobsow, Stechlin, Brandenburg - May 28, 1936, Neuglobsow, Stechlin, Germany) was a German World War I general and later Nazi Party member and state politician.

World War I[edit | edit source]

He is best known for his victory at the Battle of Łódź (1914); he earned the nickname "the Lion of Brzeziny" there. On 29 November 1914 he was awarded the "Pour le Mérite" for military bravery and Oak Leaves (signifying a second award) on 18 August 1915.[2]

Interwar Years[edit | edit source]

Litzmann became a member of Nazi Party in 1929 having previously become a member of SA; he was elected to the Reichstag in 1932 but declined to serve on grounds that he had responsibilities to the Prussian State Parliament (where he was its most senior member [also known as Father of the House or Alterspräsident]).

Legacy[edit | edit source]

After the 1939 Nazi invasion of Poland, the towns of Łódź and Brzeziny were renamed in honour of Karl Litzmann. On 11 April 1940 Łódź was officially retitled Litzmannstadt, while Brzeziny later became Löwenstadt (lion city). After World War II the towns reverted to their Polish names.

Karl Litzmann was an Honorary Citizen of Neuruppin. The honorary citizenship was withdrawn in 2007.

He was the father of Karl-Siegmund Litzmann and grandfather to Walter Lehweß-Litzmann.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Karl Litzmann". The Prussian Machine. http://home.comcast.net/~jcviser/aka/litzmann.htm. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  2. "Orden Pour le Mérite". http://www.pourlemerite.org/. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
Military offices
Preceded by
New Formation
Commander, XXXX Reserve Corps
24 December 1914 - 6 August 1918
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Paul Grünert

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