(NATO reporting name: AS-11 'Kilter')
Kh-58 in the Ukrainian Air Force Museum
|Type||air-launched anti-radiation missile|
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Used by||Russia, India, FSU, Warsaw Pact|
|Weight||650 kg (1,430 lb)|
|Length||480 cm (15 ft 9 in)|
|Diameter||38 cm (15.0 in)|
|Warhead weight||149 kg (328 lb)|
|Wingspan||117 cm (46.1 in)|
|Kh-58 : up to 160 km (86 nmi)|
Kh-58U :250 km (130 nmi)
Kh-58E :46–200 km (25–110 nmi)
|Inertial with passive radar seeker|
|Su-24M, Mig-25BM, Su-22M4, Su-25TK, Su-30MK|
The Kh-58 (Russian: Х-58; NATO:AS-11 'Kilter') is a Russian anti-radiation missile with a range of 120 km. As of 2015[update] the Kh-58U variant was still the primary anti-radiation missile of Russia and its allies. It is being superseded by the Kh-31.
Development[edit | edit source]
The Bereznyak design bureau had developed the liquid-fuelled Kh-28 (AS-9 'Kyle) and the KSR-5P anti-radiation missiles. They merged with Raduga in 1967, so Raduga was given the contract in the early 1970s to develop a solid-fuel successor to the Kh-28 to equip the new Su-24M 'Fencer-D' attack aircraft. Consequently the project was initially designated the Kh-24, before becoming the Kh-58. During the 1980s a longer-range variant was developed, the Kh-58U, with lock-on-after-launch capability. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, Raduga have offered several versions for export.
Design[edit | edit source]
It was designed to be used in conjunction with the Su-24's L-086A "Fantasmagoria A" or L-086B "Fantasmagoria B" target acquisition system. The range achieved depends heavily on the launch altitude, thus the original Kh-58 has a range of 36 km from low level, 120 km from 10,000 m (32,800 ft), and 160 km from 15,000 m (49,200 ft). Like other Soviet missiles of the time, the Kh-58 could be fitted with a range of seeker heads designed to target specific air defence radars such as MIM-14 Nike-Hercules or MIM-104 Patriot.
Operational history[edit | edit source]
The Kh-58 was deployed in 1982 on the Su-24M 'Fencer D' in Soviet service. The Kh-58U entered service in 1991 on the Su-24M and Mig-25BM 'Foxbat-F'. The Kh-58E version can be carried on the Su-22M4 and Su-25TK as well, whilst the Kh-58UshE appears to be intended for Chinese Su-30MKK's.
Variants[edit | edit source]
- Kh-58 (Izdeliye 112) - original version for the Su-24M
- Kh-58U - improved version with longer range and lock-on-after-launch
- Kh-58E - export version first offered in 1991 a downgraded Kh-58U
- Kh-58EM - another version offered for export in the 1990s
- Kh-58UshE (Uluchshennaya Shirokopolosnaya Exportnaya : 'improved, wideband, export') - new wideband seeker in new radome, intended for Su-30MK.
- Kh-58UShKE - version shown at MAKS 2007 with folding fins for semi-conformal carriage.
Some Western sources have referred to a Kh-58A that is either optimised for naval radars or has an active seeker head for use as an anti-shipping missile - it probably represents another name for the Kh-58U.
Operators[edit | edit source]
- Former Soviet republics and Warsaw Pact countries
Similar weapons[edit | edit source]
- Kh-28 (AS-9 'Kyle) - liquid-fuelled predecessor to the Kh-58
- Martel missile - Anglo-French collaboration with 60 km range
- AGM-88 HARM - Current US Air Force anti-radar weapon, range of 106 km
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Staff of Journal of Electronic Defense (2004). "International Electronic Countermeasures Handbook". Artech House. pp. 149–150. ISBN 9781580538985. http://books.google.com/?id=Y8kePYFK1L8C&pg=PA149.
- "X-58E". Tactical Missiles Corporation JSC. 2004. http://eng.ktrv.ru/production_eng/323/511/516/.
- "Kh-58 (AS-11 'Kilter')". 2007-10-24. http://www.janes.com/articles/Janes-Air-Launched-Weapons/Kh-58-AS-11-Kilter-Russian-Federation.html.
- "TMC unveils air-to-surface missiles at Moscow air show". 2007-08-29. http://www.janes.com/extract/jdw2007/jdw33997.html. [dead link]
References[edit | edit source]
- Gordon, Yefim (2004). "Soviet/Russian Aircraft Weapons Since World War Two". Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-188-1.
[edit | edit source]
- Tuomas Närväinen's Homepage - useful details
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