Kharda is a township in the Indian state of Maharashtranamed by The place named Kharda from Rajasthan .lies near Ahmednagar District’s south-eastern border with Osmanabad District and Beed District, and is 18 km south-east of Patoda. Rajuri is 17 km north-west, while Int is 13 km towards the south-east. Ahmednagar is around 100 km north-west. Kharda is well connected to the taluka headquarters of Jamkhed via road.
Historical fort[edit | edit source]
A historical fort at Kharda is a tourist attraction. It commemorates the Battle of Kharda fought in 1795 between the Maratha Confederacy under the Peshwa of Pune and the Nizam of Hyderabad. The Maratha Confederacy, along with Rajput (khada rajputs) won the war of Kharda. Hindu Rajput khada are warriors from the region in and around Rajasthan. As Maratha Kingdom was spread from Deccan to Oudh and from Rajasthan to Odisha. Rajput khadas supported the war against the Nizam of Hyderabad. A major role was played by Bayas Rajput (Formerly Known as Bhaisade)Gaur and Goud families. In lieu of that 'Pant' had given 'Jagir' i.e. land to Hindu Rajput khadas at Dharedwadi near Kharda. Many Rajput families had migrated from Kharda to Pune and Mumbai along with Bayas and Goud families. Hindu Rajput khada thakur are also known as Thakurs and the language of this tribe is known as Thakuri Bhasha or Daguri Bhasha.
The Nizam was defeated in the battle and was Maratha's last battle. The fort is at ground level and still in good condition. Sultanraje Nimbalkar was the last ruler of this fort. The defeat was a politics as recorded by the Historians. It is also being called Bhamtyache Gaon. In The fort Historical Mosque (Musjeed) Nanasahebanchi Chhatri There is memorial temple very attractively built and carved in the stones such like as Kailas Lene at Ellora. This temple is the memory of Pant Nanasaheb Nimbalkar, situated to northern side of the village, at the shore of the river-Kautuka. Bara Jyotirling The village kharda also surrounded by the Bara Jyotirling means twelve temples of lord Shiva; namely- Kapileshwar, Omkareshwar, balakhadi, Rameshwar, Jyotiba, Rameshwar, Kedareshwar (Satephal), Mallikarhun, Sangameshwar, Ganneshwar etc. Kanifnath There is also a hill temple called-Kanifnath with more than 400 stairs to get on the hill. The stairs are built with carved stones. On the hill there is a wtching place called 'Tehelani Ghar'. From that sight everyone can see the circular area more than 7 km. The fair of Kanifnath called 'Kanobachi jatra' held every year on HOLI day. Kharda is now a village but in Peshvai's times it used to be one of the major towns of Ahmednagar. It was also the trading hub of goods between the districts Ahemednagar, Beed, Osmanabad and Solapur, Dewas
Taha means the Compromise between Great Maratha and Mughals took place at Shingave Naik under Maratha Sardar The Grand son of Bahirji Naik i.e. Sardar Tukoji naik. Actual place is a Wada or military headquarters of Maratha Sardar- Shrimant Tukoji Naik's Residence. After the Taha or Compromise, Sardar Tukoji Build a Ram Mandir in Shingave Naik within the military headquarters area which is also present there. This symbolised the victory of the Marathas over the Mughals. Shingave Naik is 22 km from Ahmednagar District on Nagar - Shirdi Road.
Dewang Kosthi Samaj The biggest caste in the Kharda town. Most of people is working on sari wooing on Hadloom this was the biggest business in 1800 and 1900. Now 1250 is the population of this caste.
Trivia[edit | edit source]
Kharda is the birthplace of famous Marathi writer Bhagwan Ingale, who has written "Dhor" an autobiography which won the Maharashtra Shasan Best Literature (Marathi) award in the year 1999. Dhor also features in the Marathi Literature curriculum for Master of Arts through the University of Mumbai. Bhagwan Ingale's second book "Bhidu" was launched in 2009.This is the place of great freedom fighter Mr. Shivdas Skharam Lokhande and his brother Mr. Babusha Sakharam Lohknade. Mr. Babusha migrated to Ahmednagar in 1951 for the work purpose. Mr. Shivdas Tow son Mr. Gorksha Now he is working in Police Department Ahmednagar. another son named Mr. Machindra is working as a primary teacher in Rahuri City. Mr. Babusha also has tow son one is Mr. Navnath working in well known NGO Named Snehalaya as an Admin officer, He is Psychologist by profession and Mr. Babusha's another son named Mr. Ganesh he is student of Clinical Psychology. Mr. Shivdas and Mr. Babusha has these own big home in Kharda near in Kosth lane.
==Rajput Thakur Samaj==( Dagur Samaj )
After the War of Kharda, the community was known as Rajput Thakur Samaj (Known as Kharda Rajputs) (consisting of the castes and sub-communities of the Bhaisade also known as Bayas, Goud, Pawar, Kachhway, Badgujar, Bagade, Bhardwaj, Salunkhe, Parmar, Khinchi, Wani) established itself firmly in Kharda. Since the hereditary professions thrust upon them by the caste system had rendered most of these sub-communities rather poor, the migration and settlement in a new area resulted in many families choosing to change their professions and even begin to lay stress on the education of the younger generations. Some families remained agriculturists; many residing in Gawalwadi, Dardwadi, Telangsi townships of Maharashtra. Over time members of these communities have settled in major metropolitan cities Rajput thakur caste numbering 4000 persons in the Central Provinces, nearly all of whom reside in the Dardwadi district Ahmednagar. The Thakurs were and still are notorious pirates but many of the castes are now engaged in business, from which they make jewellery Art The following description of their methods does not necessarily apply to the whole caste, But some colonies of Thakurs who have taken to the manufacture of steel and silver fibre may perhaps be excepted. ("Further Information is classified for protection of Community")
References[edit | edit source]
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