FANDOM

278,228 Pages

Ki-76
Kokusai Ki-76.jpg
Role Liaison/observation
Manufacturer Kokusai
First flight 1941
Introduction 1942
Retired 1945
Primary user IJA Air Force
Number built 937 including a single prototype

The Kokusai Ki-76 was a Japanese high-wing monoplane artillery spotter and liaison aircraft that served in World War II. The Allied reporting name was "Stella".

Design and developmentEdit

In 1940, the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force ordered the Nippon Kokusai Koku Kogyo to produce an artillery spotting and liaison aircraft. The resulting Ki-76 was inspired by, and similar to, the German Fieseler Fi 156 "Storch", although not a direct copy.[1] Like the Storch, it was a high-winged monoplane with a fixed tailwheel undercarriage. However, rather than the slotted flaps used by the German aircraft, the Ki-76 used Fowler flaps, while it was powered by Hitachi Ha-42 radial engine rather than the Argus As 10 inline engine of the Storch.

First flying in May 1941, the Ki-76 proved successful when evaluated against an example of the Fi-156, and was ordered into production as the Army Type 3 Command Liaison Plane in November 1942.[2]

Operational historyEdit

AkitsuMaru2

Ki-76 in the Akitsu Maru.

The Ki-76 remained in service as an artillery spotter and liaison aircraft until the end of the war. Ki-76s were also used as anti-submarine aircraft, operating from the Japanese Army's escort carrier, the Akitsu Maru, being fitted with an arrestor hook and carrying two 60 kg (132 lb) depth charges.[3]

OperatorsEdit

Flag of Japan.svg Japan

Specifications (Ki-76)Edit

Data from Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft;[4] Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War[5]

General characteristics
  • Crew: Two (pilot & observer)
  • Length: 9.65 m (31 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 15.0 m (49 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 2.9 m (9 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 29.4 m² (316 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 1,110 kg (2,447 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 1,530 kg (3,373 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 1,623 kg (3,571 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Hitachi Ha-42 nine cylinder air-cooled radial engine, 231 kW (310 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 178 km/h (96 knots, 111 mph) at sea level
  • Range: 750 km (405 nm, 466 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 5,630 m (18,470 ft)</ul>Armament
  • 1× 7.7 mm (0.303 in) machine gun in rear cockpit
  • 2× 60 kg (132 lb) depth charges (some variants)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. Francillon 1979, p. 147.
  2. Francillon 1979, p. 148.
  3. Francillon 1979, pp. 148–149.
  4. Jackson 2002, p. ?.
  5. Francillon 1979, p. 149.
Bibliography
  • Francillon, Ph.D., René J. Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. London: Putnam & Company Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-370-30251-6.
  • Jackson, Robert, The Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, Parragon, 2002. ISBN 0-7525-8130-9.
</dl>

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.