- For the other Battles of Kosovo, see Battle of Kosovo (disambiguation)
Kosovo Offensive Part of Serbian Campaign (World War I) Date 10 November 1915 - 4 December 1915 Location Kosovo Result Decisive Bulgarian victory,
Serbian Army retreated to Albania and Greece
Kingdom of BulgariaGerman Empire
Kingdom of Serbia Commanders and leaders Nikola Zhekov
August von Mackensen
Max von Gallwitz
Hermann Kövess von Kövessháza
Pavle Jurišić Šturm
Strength First Army;
Northern Operations Group of Second Army
Third Army :156,000 men (79,000 combatants, 372 guns and 220 machine guns)
150,000 combatants Casualties and losses Light 30,000 killed and wounded, 199 guns lost
The Kosovo Offensive Operation (Bulgarian language: Косовска настъпателна операция ), the third major battle in history to have been fought there, occurred between 10 November 1915 and 4 December 1915.
Battle and Serbian defeat[edit | edit source]
The battle began with the forcing of the South Morava by the Bulgarian 1st Army and ended with the total defeat of the Serbian army. The main blow was made by the 1st Army at the direction Niš-Pristina. For 2 days, the Serbian army seized Prokuplje, where they mounted a short-lived resistance. The greatly outnumbered Serbian army retreated, then made a futile stand near the city of Gnjilane. The Serbs then tried a desperate counter-attack towards Vranje and Kumanovo to join the Anglo-French troops but were again defeated. The 6th and 9th Infantry Divisions of 1st Army easily took Priština on 24 November. Then the whole of the Bulgarian army advanced, supported from the north by parts of 11th German Army and the Austro-Hungarian 3rd Army. The battle ended on 4 December when Debar was captured. The Serbs lost 30,000 soldiers, 199 guns, 150 cars and vast quantity of other military equipment. The Serbian army subsequently retreated into Albania, eventually being transported to the Greek island of Corfu.
Footnotes[edit | edit source]
- Българската армия в Световната война, vol. V (1946), pg. 143. The strength listed is as of 2 of November 1915.
- Българската армия в Световната война, vol. V (1946), pg. 242. This figure is estimated by the Austro-Hungarian General Staff.
References[edit | edit source]
- Атанас Пейчев и колектив, 1300 години на стража, Военно издателство, София 1984.
- Министерство на войната, Щаб на войската (1946). Българската армия в Световната война 1915 - 1918, Vol. V. Косовската операция. Печатница на щаба навойската, София.
Bulgaria in World War I Prelude South-western front: Serbian Campaign, Macedonian front Romanian front • Outcome • Others Important persons
Kingdom of Bulgaria
Kingdom of Serbia: Radomir Putnik • Živojin Mišić • Stepa Stepanović • Petar Bojović;
France: Maurice Sarrail • Adolphe Guillaumat • Franchet d'Esperey;
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: George Milne;
Kingdom of Greece: Panagiotis DanglisField ArmiesBattles
Kingdom of BulgariaField ArmiesBattles
- Vasil Radoslavov
- Alexander Malinov
- Aleksandar Stamboliyski
- Aleksandar Protogerov
- August von Mackensen
- Boris Drangov
- Vladimir Vazov
- Georgi Todorov (general)
- Ivan Kolev
- Kliment Boyadzhiev
- Konstantin Zhostov
- Krastyu Zlatarev
- Nikola Zhekov
- Panteley Kiselov
- Stefan Toshev
- Stefan Nerezov
- Todor Kantardzhiev
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