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Kurt Pflugbeil
Born 9 May 1890
Died 31 May 1955(1955-05-31) (age 64)
Place of birth Hütten
Place of death Weede
Allegiance German Empire German Empire (to 1918)
Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Deutsches Heer (1910–1918)
Reichswehr (1918–1933)
Heer (1933–1934)
Luftwaffe (1934–1945)
Years of service 1910–1945
Rank General der Flieger
Commands held IV. Fliegerkorps
Luftflotte 1
Battles/wars

World War I
World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Relations Johann Pflugbeil (brother)

Kurt Leopold Pflugbeil (9 May 1890 – 31 May 1955) was a highly decorated General der Flieger in the Wehrmacht during World War II, and one of only 882 recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Pflugbeil saw notable action on the Eastern Front, where he managed VI Fliegerkorps during the Second Battle of Kharkov, Battle of Stalingrad and Siege of Sevastopol. Kurt Pflugbeil was captured by Soviet troops in the Courland Pocket in 1945. In 1950 he was sentenced to 25 years hard labour, but was released early in 1954 due to ill health.

Awards and decorationsEdit

References in the WehrmachtberichtEdit

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
Saturday, 30 May 1942 Die Luftwaffenverbände des Generalobersten Löhr und des Generals der Flieger Pflugbeil unterstützten in schonungslosem Einsatz die Kämpfe des Heeres in der Abwehr wie im Angriff und schlugen die feindliche Luftwaffe aus dem Felde.[4] The Luftwaffe forces under the leadership of Generoberst Löhr and General der Flieger Pflugbeil supported in ruthless commitment the defensive as well as offensive combat of the Army and forced the enemy air force from the battle area.

ReferencesEdit

Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Thomas 1998, p. 151.
  2. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 275.
  3. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 74.
  4. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 144.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 (in German). Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Hayward, Joal S. A. The German use of air power at Kharkov, May 1942. Air Power History, Summer 1997, Volume 44, Number 2.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 3-7648-2300-3.
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, 1. September 1939 bis 31. Dezember 1941 (in German). München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3.
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 (in German). München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3.
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 (in German). München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3.
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External linksEdit

Military offices
Preceded by
Generaloberst Alfred Keller
Commander of IV. Fliegerkorps
20 August 1940 – 24 August 1943
Succeeded by
General der Flieger Rudolf Meister
Preceded by
Generaloberst Günther Korten
Commander of Luftflotte 1
24 August 1943 – 16 April 1945
Succeeded by
None


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