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The LXXXVI Army Corps (German language: LXXXVI. Armeekorps) was an army corps of the German Wehrmacht during World War II. It was formed in 1942 and existed until 1945.

History[]

The LXXXVI Army Corps was formed on 19 November 1942 under the supervision of Oberbefehlshaber West (Army Group D). The corps was initially headquartered at Dax in southwestern France.[1] The initial commander of the LXXXVI Army Corps was Bruno Bieler.[2] The corps was put under the supervision of the 1st Army in December 1942.[3]

After the Normandy landings of 6 June 1944, the LXXXVI Army Corps was called away from the defensive position in the southwest to help the defense of Normandy. The corps was assigned to the 5th Panzer Army under Army Group B.[4] Subsequently, it was driven back by the Allied advance to the Lille area, where it served under the 15th Army in September.[5] The LXXXVI Army Corps was successively driven back to the Venlo and the Lower Rhine regions, where it served under the 1st Parachute Army and again under the 5th Panzer Army.[1][4][6]

The corps fought between December 1944 and May 1945 as part of the 1st Parachute Army under Army Group H in Northwest Germany.[1][6] Its final commander before German surrender was Erich Straube.[2]

Structure[]

Organizational chart of the LXXXVI (86th) Wehrmacht Army Corps[1]
Year Date Commander[2] Subordinate units[3][4][5][6] Army Army Group Operational area
1942 December Bruno Bieler None None Army Group D Southwest France (Dax)
1943 1 January 344th Infantry, 715th Infantry 1st Army
3 February 344th Infantry, 715th Infantry, 18th LFD
4 March
9 April Erwin Jaenecke 344th Infantry, 715th Infantry
1 May 344th Infantry
1 June
7 July Gustav Fehn
5 August
5 September Hans von Obstfelder
4 October
8 November
3 December
1944 1 January 276th Infantry, 344th Infantry
12 February 2nd SS Panzer, 159th Infantry, 276th Infantry
11 March
8 April 159th Infantry, 276th Infantry
11 May Army Group G
12 June
15 July 12th SS Panzer, 21st Panzer, 346th Infantry, 711th Infantry, 16th LFD 5th Panzer Army[Note 1] Army Group B Normandy
31 August 346th Infantry, 711th Infantry
16 September 59th Infantry, 712th Infantry 15th Army Lille
13 October 176th Infantry, 180th Infantry, Panzerbrigade 107 1st Parachute Army Venlo / Lower Rhine
5 November 180th Infantry, 344th Infantry, Panzerbrigade 107, Erdmann 5th Panzer Army
26 November 180th Infantry, 606th Infantry, 7th Parachute 1st Parachute Army Army Group H
31 December Erich Straube 84th Infantry, 180th Infantry, 190th Infantry
1945 19 February 15th Infantry, 180th Infantry, 7th Parachute
1 March 190th Infantry
12 April 15th Infantry, 325th Infantry, 471st Infantry, Panzerverband Großdeutschland Oberbefehlshaber Nordwest Ems / Weser

Noteworthy individuals[]

  • Bruno Bieler, corps commander of LXXXVI Army Corps (16 November 1942 – 1 April 1943).[2]
  • Erwin Jaenecke, corps commander of LXXXVI Army Corps (1 April 1943 – 3 June 1943).[2]
  • Gustav Fehn, corps commander of LXXXVI Army Corps (1 July 1943 – 25 August 1943).[2]
  • Hans von Obstfelder, corps commander of LXXXVI Army Corps (25 August 1943 – 30 November 1944).[2]
  • Carl Püchler, corps commander of LXXXVI Army Corps (30 November 1944 – 15 December 1944).[2]
  • Erich Straube, corps commander of LXXXVI Army Corps (15 December 1944 – May 1945).[2]

Notes[]

  1. Before 5 August 1944: known as Panzergruppenkommando West.

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Tessin, Georg (1977). "Generalkommando LXXXV. Ameekorps (röm. 85. AK)" (in German). Die Landstreitkräfte 71-130. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945. 6. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag. pp. 86. ISBN 3764810971. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 MacLean, French L. (2014). Unknown Generals - German Corps Commanders In World War II. Pickle Partners Publishing. pp. 119–120. ISBN 9781782895220. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Tessin, Georg (1977). "1. Armee (AOK 1)" (in German). Die Landstreitkräfte 1-5. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945. 2. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag. pp. 1–4. ISBN 3764810971. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Tessin, Georg (1977). "5. Panzer-Armee (Pz. AOK 5)" (in German). Die Landstreitkräfte 1-5. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945. 2. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag. pp. 282–283. ISBN 3764810971. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Tessin, Georg (1977). "15. Armee (AOK 15)" (in German). Die Landstreitkräfte 15-30. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945. 4. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag. pp. 1–5. ISBN 3764810971. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Tessin, Georg (1977). "1. Fallschirm-Armee (Fs. AOK 1)" (in German). Die Landstreitkräfte 1-5. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945. 2. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag. pp. 11–12. ISBN 3764810971. 

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