File:Vol. Larry Marley.jpg|
|Birth name||Laurence Marley|
|Died||2 April 1987 (aged 40–41)|
|Place of birth||Belfast, Northern Ireland|
|Place of death||Ardoyne, Belfast|
|Allegiance||Provisional Irish Republican Army|
Laurence "Larry" Marley (c. 1946 – 2 April 1987) was a Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) member from Ardoyne, North Belfast. He was one of the masterminds behind the 1983 mass escape of republican prisoners from the Maze Prison, where Marley was imprisoned at the time, although he did not participate in the break-out. Marley was described by British journalist Peter Taylor as having been a close friend of Sinn Féin president Gerry Adams. Marley was shot dead by an Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) unit two years after his release from the Maze. His shooting was in retaliation for the killing of leading UVF member John Bingham the previous September by the Ardoyne IRA.
IRA[edit | edit source]
Lawrence Marley was born in Belfast in July 1945 and was raised a Roman Catholic. He grew up in the Ardoyne area and attended Holy Cross Boy's Primary and St. Gabriel's Secondary schools. He became involved with the IRA in the early stages of The Troubles, and was a member of an active service unit (ASU) in the Belfast Brigade until his arrest in late 1972. At the time he was married to Kate and the father of three sons. He was sent to Long Kesh (Maze Prison). In March 1975, he, along with nine other IRA men, escaped from Newry courthouse, where he was on trial for an attempted escape from Long Kesh. He went on the run but was recaptured in Belfast in 1977. Charged with possession of weapons, Marley was sentenced to another 10 years in Long Kesh.
Together with Brendan McFarlane and Pat McGeown, he made an attempt to escape in 1978 dressed as a prison warden, but they were caught before they reached the prison perimeter. That plan having failed to come to fruition, he joined the blanket protest in the Maze's H-Blocks for four years. In September 1983, he helped Brendan McFarlane, Bobby Storey and Gerry Kelly to orchestrate the successful mass escape of 38 republican prisoners from the Maze. It was the largest prison escape in British penal history. According to a BBC documentary about the escape, Marley was the mastermind, having come up with the idea with the aim of embarrassing British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, as the Maze was considered to be one of the world's most secure prisons. Marley, unlike his three co-conspirators, did not take part in the break-out as his own release date was coming up.
Marley was released from prison in November 1985 and returned to his home in Ardoyne, North Belfast. Because of his major role in masterminding the prison escape, Marley became a hate figure for the British security forces in Northern Ireland and the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC).
Death[edit | edit source]
Lawrence Marley was fatally shot shortly after 9.00 p.m. on 2 April 1987 by a UVF unit that drove up this home in Ardoyne. Two gunmen got out of the car; one was armed with a Browning pistol and his companion carried an automatic shotgun. The men knocked at the front door, and just as Marley arrived to open it, they began firing at him through the door. He was mortally wounded and died of his injuries ninety minutes later in hospital. He was 41 years old at the time of his death and had six sons, the youngest aged two weeks. According to journalist Peter Taylor, he was a close friend of Sinn Féin president Gerry Adams, the two men having met in prison. The shooting was in retaliation for the Ardoyne IRA's killing of leading UVF member John Bingham the previous September.
The UVF released a statement afterwards regarding the shooting:
"Laurence Marley had served a long prison sentence for IRA activities including blackmail and possession of arms and explosives. Upon his release, he became re-involved with the organisation and this re-involvement cost him his life"
Lawrence Marley's funeral was delayed for three days as the RUC refused to allow military displays at the graveside and formed a heavily armed cordon around his Ardoyne home. There was intense rioting in north and west Belfast due to the delay. Finally, the police compromised and the funeral took place with thousands of mourners following the cortege, which was preceded by 35 armoured RUC Land Rovers, to the Republican Plot in the Milltown Cemetery. According to Gerry Adams, Marley's funeral witnessed the largest "display of Republican support since the hunger strikes" in 1981. Marley was described as having been determined, unselfish, possessed of a resourceful intelligence and a readiness to help his friends and fellow volunteers.
Aftermath[edit | edit source]
The IRA avenged Marley's death at the end of the month by shooting dead William "Frenchie" Marchant in the loyalist stronghold of the Shankill Road from a passing car as Marchant stood outside the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) offices. Marchant, who held the rank of major in the UVF, was implicated in the 1974 Dublin car bombings.
UVF member Gerry Spence was one of the men later charged with Marley's killing; although when he was brought to trial in April 1988, he was acquitted of Marley's murder.
There is a memorial plaque commemorating Marley in Ardoyne Avenue, close to its junction with Havana Gardens.
References[edit | edit source]
- Logue/Marley – Crumlin. Sinn Fein
- "The Great Escape". Irish Independent. David McKittrick. 17 September 2003
- "Breakout: A documentary about the 1983 mass escape of IRA prisoners from the Maze Prison". Organized Rage. 30 September 2008
- Taylor, Peter (1999). Loyalists. London:Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. p.197
- Adams, Gerry (2003). Hope and History: Making Peace in Ireland. Australia: Hardie Grant Books. p.52
- Coogan, Tim Pat (2002). The IRA. New York: Palgrave. p.578
- Adams, Gerry (2003). Hope and History: Making Peace in Ireland. Australia: Hardie Grant Books. p.53
- Houses of the Oireachtas: Joint Committee on Justice, Equality, Defence and Women's Rights: Interim Report on the Report of the Independent Commission of Inquiry into the Dublin and Monaghan Bombings. December 2003. (The Barron Report 2003): Appendices: The Hidden Hand: The Forgotten Massacre. pp.14–15
- Taylor, p.198
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