Lebed class vessel on the deck of a transport ship, 1985
|Name:||Lebed class LCAC|
|Succeeded by:||Tsaplya class LCAC|
|General characteristics |
|Type:||Air-cushioned landing craft|
108 long tons (110 t) standard|
114 long tons (116 t) full load
|Length:||24.6 m (80 ft 9 in)|
|Beam:||10.8 m (35 ft 5 in)|
|Draught:||1.3 m (4 ft 3 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × 10,000 hp (7,457 kW) MT-70 gas turbines|
|Speed:||55 knots (102 km/h; 63 mph)|
|Range:||100 nmi (190 km; 120 mi) at 50 kn (93 km/h; 58 mph)|
|Complement:||6 (2 officers)|
|Sensors and |
|Kivach-2 navigation radar|
|Armament:||1 × twin 12.7 mm "Utes-M" NSV machine gun|
The Kalmar class (Project 1206, NATO reporting name Lebed) are a class of medium-sized assault hovercraft designed for the Soviet Navy. The few remaining craft are operated by the Russian Navy. Designed by the design bureau wing of Almaz shipbuilding company early in the 1970s, production started in 1972 and continued until 1985 in plants at Leningrad and Theodosia.
The Lebed class is the Russian Navy equivalent to the U.S. Navy LCAC, though the U.S. version entered service seven years later. The Lebed class entered service in 1975, and by the early 1990s twenty had been produced. The ship has a bow ramp with a gun on the starboard side and the bridge to port. The Lebed class can be carried by the Ivan Rogov-class landing ship. The type began to be withdrawn following the fall of the Soviet Union, and by 2004 only three remained. Number 533 is in the Northern Fleet, while 639 and 640 took part in the Caspian Sea exercises of 2002.
Each hovercraft can carry up to 40 tons of cargo.
- "Air-cushion landing craft - Project 1206". russian-ships.info. 2012. http://russian-ships.info/eng/warships/project_1206.htm. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- "Lebed Class Amphibious Assault Hovercraft Kaspiysk". wikimapia.org. 2012. http://wikimapia.org/20855733/x3-Lebed-Class-Amphibious-Assault-Hovercraft. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- Saunders, Stephen (RN) Jane's Fighting Ships 2003-2004, ISBN 0-7106-2546-4
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