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Lee Marvin
Marvin in 1971.
Born (1924-02-19)February 19, 1924
New York City, New York, U.S.
Died August 29, 1987(1987-08-29) (aged 63)
Tucson, Arizona, U.S.
Cause of death Heart failure
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia
Residence Tucson, Arizona
Nationality American
Occupation Actor
Years active 1950–1986
Home town Hartford, Connecticut
Spouse(s) Betty Ebeling (1951–67; divorced) 4 children
Pamela Feeley (1970–87; his death)
Partner(s) Michelle Triola (1965-1970)
Children Christopher (b. 1952-d. 2013[1])
Courtenay (b. 1954)
Cynthia (b. 1956)
Claudia (b. 1958)
Military career
Allegiance United States
Service/branch USMC logo.svg United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1942–1945
Rank Private First Class
Unit 24th Marine Regiment

World War II

Awards Purple Heart BAR.svg Purple Heart

Lee Marvin (February 19, 1924 – August 29, 1987) was an American film actor.[2] Known for his gravelly voice, white hair and 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)[3] stature, Marvin at first did supporting roles, mostly villains, soldiers and other hardboiled characters, but after winning an Academy Award for Best Actor for his dual roles in Cat Ballou (1965), he landed more heroic and sympathetic leading roles. He was perhaps best known for his starring role as Detective Lieutenant Frank Ballinger in the 1957–1960 NBC hit crime series, M Squad.[citation needed]

Early life[edit | edit source]

Marvin was born in New York City. He was the son of Lamont Waltman Marvin, an advertising executive and the head of the New York and New England Apple Institute, and his wife Courtenay Washington (née Davidge), a fashion writer and beauty consultant.[4] As with his older brother, Robert, he was named in honor of Confederate General Robert E. Lee, who was his first cousin, four times removed.[citation needed] His father was a direct descendant of Matthew Marvin, Sr., who emigrated from Great Bentley, Essex, England in 1635 and helped found Hartford, Connecticut.[4]

Marvin studied violin when he was young.[5] As a teenager, Marvin "spent weekends and spare time hunting deer, puma, wild turkey and bobwhite in the wilds of the then-uncharted Everglades."[6]

Marvin attended Manumit School, a socialist boarding school in Pawling, New York, in the late 1930s. He attended St. Leo College Preparatory School in St. Leo, Florida after being expelled from several other schools for bad behavior.[7]

Military service[edit | edit source]

Marvin left school to enlist in the United States Marine Corps in August 1942, serving in the 4th Marine Division.[8] He was wounded in action during the World War II Battle of Saipan, in the assault on Mount Tapochau, during which most of his company ("I" Company, 24th Marines, 4th Marine Division) were killed.[9] Marvin's wound (in the buttocks) was from machine gun fire, which severed his sciatic nerve.[10] Marvin was awarded the Purple Heart and was given a medical discharge with the rank of Private First Class in 1945 at Philadelphia.[11] Marvin's awards are the Purple Heart, Presidential Unit Citation, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, and World War II Victory Medal. Contrary to rumors, Marvin did not serve with producer and actor Bob Keeshan during World War II.[11]

Career[edit | edit source]

After the war, while working as a plumber's assistant at a local community theatre in Upstate New York, Marvin was asked to replace an actor who had fallen ill during rehearsals. He then began an amateur Off-Broadway acting career in New York City and eventually made it to Broadway with a small role in the original production of Billy Budd.[12]

In 1950, Marvin moved to Hollywood. He found work in supporting roles, and from the beginning was cast in various war films. As a decorated combat veteran, Marvin was a natural in war dramas, where he frequently assisted the director and other actors in realistically portraying infantry movement, arranging costumes, and the use of firearms. His debut was in You're in the Navy Now (1951), and in 1952 he appeared in several films, including Don Siegel's Duel at Silver Creek, Hangman's Knot, and the war drama Eight Iron Men. He played Gloria Grahame's vicious boyfriend in Fritz Lang's The Big Heat (1953). Marvin had a small but memorable role in The Wild One (1953) opposite Marlon Brando (Marvin's gang in the film was called "The Beetles"), followed by Seminole (1953) and Gun Fury (1953). He also had a notable small role as smart-aleck sailor Meatball in The Caine Mutiny. He had a substantially more important part as Hector, the small-town hood in Bad Day at Black Rock (1955) with Spencer Tracy.[13]

During the mid-1950s, Marvin gradually began playing more important roles. He starred in Attack, (1956) and had a good supporting role in the Western Seven Men from Now (1956). He also starred in The Missouri Traveler (1958) but it took over 100 episodes as Chicago cop Frank Ballinger in the successful 1957–1960 television series M Squad to actually give him name recognition.[14]

One critic described the show as "a hyped-up, violent Dragnet... with a hard-as-nails Marvin" playing a tough police lieutenant. Marvin received the role after guest-starring in a memorable Dragnet episode as a serial killer.[15]

Marvin in Attack

In the 1960s, Marvin was given prominent supporting roles in such films as The Comancheros (1961), John Ford's The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962), and Donovan's Reef (1963), all starring John Wayne, with Marvin's roles getting larger with each film. As the vicious Liberty Valance, Marvin played his first title role and held his own with two of the screen's biggest stars (Wayne and James Stewart).[16]

For director Don Siegel, Marvin appeared in The Killers (1964) playing an efficient professional assassin alongside Clu Gulager. The Killers was also the first film in which Marvin received top billing.[17]

Playing alongside Vivien Leigh and Simone Signoret, Marvin won the 1966 National Board of Review Award for male actors for his role in Ship of Fools (1965).[18][N 1] Marvin won the 1965 Academy Award for Best Actor for his comic role in the offbeat Western Cat Ballou starring Jane Fonda. He also won the 1965 Silver Bear for Best Actor at the 15th Berlin International Film Festival.[22]

Marvin in 1959 from the set of M Squad

Marvin next performed in the hit Western The Professionals (1966), in which he played the leader of a small band of skilled mercenaries (Burt Lancaster, Robert Ryan, and Woody Strode) rescuing a kidnap victim (Claudia Cardinale) shortly after the Mexican Revolution. He followed that film with the hugely successful World War II epic The Dirty Dozen (1967) in which top-billed Marvin again portrayed an intrepid commander of a colorful group (future stars John Cassavetes, Charles Bronson, Telly Savalas, Jim Brown, and Donald Sutherland) performing an almost impossible mission. In the wake of these two films and after having received an Oscar, Marvin was a huge star, given enormous control over his next film Point Blank.

In Point Blank, an influential film for director John Boorman, he portrayed a hard-nosed criminal bent on revenge. Marvin, who had selected Boorman himself for the director's slot, had a central role in the film's development, plot line, and staging. In 1968, Marvin also appeared in another Boorman film, the critically acclaimed but commercially unsuccessful World War II character study Hell in the Pacific, also starring famed Japanese actor Toshiro Mifune. Marvin was originally cast as Pike Bishop (later played by William Holden) in The Wild Bunch (1969), but fell out with director Sam Peckinpah and pulled out in order to star in the Western musical Paint Your Wagon (1969), in which he was top-billed over a singing Clint Eastwood. Despite his limited singing ability, he had a hit song with "Wand'rin' Star". By this time he was getting paid a million dollars per film, $200,000 less than top star Paul Newman was making at the time; yet he was ambivalent about the film business, even with its financial rewards:[5]

"You spend the first forty years of your life trying to get in this business, and the next forty years trying to get out. And then when you're making the bread, who needs it?"

Marvin had a much greater variety of roles in the 1970s and 1980s, with fewer 'bad-guy' roles than in earlier years. His 1970s films included Monte Walsh (1970) with Jeanne Moreau, the violent Prime Cut (1972) with Gene Hackman, Pocket Money (1972) with Paul Newman, Emperor of the North Pole (1973) opposite Ernest Borgnine, as Hickey in The Iceman Cometh (1973) with Fredric March and Robert Ryan, The Spikes Gang (1974) with Noah Beery, Jr., The Klansman (1974) with Richard Burton, Shout at the Devil (1976) with Roger Moore, The Great Scout and Cathouse Thursday (1976) with Oliver Reed, and Avalanche Express (1978) with Robert Shaw. Marvin was offered the role of Quint in Jaws (1975) but declined, stating "What would I tell my fishing friends who'd see me come off a hero against a dummy shark?".[23] Marvin's immediately previous co-star Robert Shaw accepted the part, which gave Shaw his most prominent role and vaulted the supporting player into mainstream leading man status.

Marvin's last big role was in Samuel Fuller's The Big Red One (1980), a war film based on Fuller's own war experiences. His remaining films were Death Hunt (1981) with Charles Bronson, Gorky Park (1983), Dog Day (1984), and The Dirty Dozen: The Next Mission (1985; a sequel with Marvin, Ernest Borgnine, and Richard Jaeckel picking up where they'd left off despite being 18 years older); his final appearance was in The Delta Force (1986) with Chuck Norris.[24]

Personal life[edit | edit source]

A father of four, Marvin was married twice. His first marriage to Betty Ebeling began in February 1951 and ended in divorce on January 5, 1967; during this time his hobbies included sport fishing off the Baja California coast and duck hunting along the Mexican border near Mexicali.[6] He and Ebeling had a son, Christopher (1952-2013),[25] and three daughters: Courtenay (b. 1954), Cynthia (b. 1956) and Claudia (b. 1958).[26] Claudia passed away on November 27, 2012.[27]

Marvin was married to Pamela Feeley (who had been his girlfriend in Woodstock, New York, a quarter century earlier) from October 18, 1970 until his death.[28]

Gravestone, Arlington National Cemetery

During the 1970s, Marvin resided off and on in Woodstock, caring for his dying father,[29] and would make regular trips to Australia to engage in fishing for marlin at Cairns and Great White Shark at Port Fairy, .[30] In 1975 Marvin and Pamela moved to Tucson, where he lived until his death.

Despite starring in conservative films, Marvin was a liberal Democrat who opposed the Vietnam War. He publicly endorsed John F. Kennedy in the 1960 presidential election.[17]

Death[edit | edit source]

In December 1986, Marvin underwent intestinal surgery after suffering abdominal pains while at his ranch outside Tucson. Doctors said then that there was an inflammation of the (anatomy), but that no malignancy was found. After being hospitalized for more than two weeks because of "a run-down condition related to the flu," Marvin died of a heart attack on August 29, 1987.[31] He is interred at Arlington National Cemetery where his headstone reads "Lee Marvin, PFC, US Marine Corps, World War II".[32]

Community property case[edit | edit source]

See also Marvin v. Marvin

In 1971, Marvin was sued by Michelle Triola, his live-in girlfriend from 1965 to 1970, who legally changed her surname to "Marvin".[5] Although the couple never married, she sought financial compensation similar to that available to spouses under California's alimony and community property laws. Triola claimed Marvin made her pregnant three times and paid for two abortions, while one pregnancy ended in miscarriage.[33] She claimed the second abortion left her unable to bear children.[33] The result was the landmark "palimony" case, Marvin v. Marvin, 18 Cal. 3d 660 (1976).[34] In 1979, Marvin was ordered to pay $104,000 to Triola for "rehabilitation purposes" but the court denied her community property claim for one-half of the $3.6 million which Marvin had earned during their six years of cohabitation - distinguishing non-marital relationship contracts from marriage, with community property rights only attaching to the latter by operation of law. Rights equivalent to community property only apply in non-marital relationship contracts when the parties expressly, whether orally or in writing, contract for such rights to operate between them. After the case, Marvin was the subject of controversy when he said that the trial was a "circus" and that "everyone was lying, even I lied."

In August 1981, the California Court of Appeal found there was no such contract, and thus nullified the award she had been made.[35][36] Michelle Triola died of lung cancer on October 30, 2009.[37]

This case was used as fodder for a mock debate skit on Saturday Night Live called "Point Counterpoint",[38] and on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson as a skit with Carson as Adam, and Betty White as Eve.[39]

Partial filmography[edit | edit source]

Year Film Role Notes
1951 You're in the Navy Now Radio Man uncredited film debut
1952 Hangman's Knot Rolph Bainter
We're Not Married! "Pinky" uncredited
Eight Iron Men Sgt. Joe Mooney
1953 The Big Heat Vince Stone
Gun Fury Blinky
The Wild One Chino
1954 The Caine Mutiny "Meatball"
The Raid Lt. Keating
1955 Pete Kelly's Blues Al Gannaway
Bad Day at Black Rock Hector David
Violent Saturday Dill, Bank Robber
1956 Attack Lt. Col. Clyde Bartlett
Seven Men from Now Bill Masters
1957 Raintree County Orville "Flash" Perkins Laurel Award for Best Supporting Performance, Male (5th place)
1958 The Missouri Traveler Tobias Brown
1961 The Comancheros Tully Crow Laurel Award for Best Supporting Performance, Male (5th place)
1962 The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance Liberty Valance Laurel Award for Best Action Performance (4th place)
Bronze Wrangler for Best Theatrical Motion Picture
1963 Donovan's Reef Thomas Aloysius "Boats" Gilhooley
1964 The Killers Charlie Strom BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role (also for Cat Ballou)
Laurel Award for Best Action Performance (5th place)
1965 Cat Ballou Kid Shelleen and Tim Strawn Academy Award for Best Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role (also for 1964 film)
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Laurel Award for Best Comedy Performance, Male
National Board of Review Award for Best Actor (also for Ship of Fools)
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor (3rd place)
Silver Bear for Best Actor
Ship of Fools Bill Tenny National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
1966 The Professionals Henry "Rico" Fardan Laurel Award for Best Action Performance
1967 The Dirty Dozen Major Reisman Laurel Award for Best Action Performance
Point Blank Walker
1968 Hell in the Pacific American Pilot
1969 Paint Your Wagon Ben Rumson Nominated-Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1970 Monte Walsh Monte Walsh Laurel Award for Best Action Performance (3rd place)
1972 Prime Cut Nick Devlin
Pocket Money Leonard
1973 Emperor of the North Pole A No. 1
The Iceman Cometh Hickey
1974 The Spikes Gang Harry Spikes
The Klansman Sheriff Track Bascomb
1976 The Great Scout & Cathouse Thursday Sam Longwood
Shout at the Devil Col. Flynn O'Flynn
1979 Avalanche Express Wargrave
1980 The Big Red One The Sergeant
1981 Death Hunt Millen
1983 Gorky Park Jack Osborne
1984 Dog Day Jimmy Cobb
1985 The Dirty Dozen: The Next Mission Maj. John Reisman
1986 The Delta Force Col. Nick Alexander

Television appearances[edit | edit source]

Marvin's appearances on television included Suspense (Television debut, March 14, 1950, Season 2, episode 28, "The Parcel";[40]), Rebound, M Squad, Climax!, Biff Baker, U.S.A., Dragnet, The Ford Show Starring Tennessee Ernie Ford, General Electric Theater, The Americans, The Investigators, The Barbara Stanwyck Show, Route 66, The Untouchables, Checkmate, The Dick Powell Show, Combat!, The Twilight Zone, Kraft Suspense Theatre, Dr. Kildare, Wagon Train, Bonanza, and The Virginian.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. The film proved to be Leigh's last film and her anguished portrayal of a desperate older woman was punctuated by her real-life "battle with demons".[19] Leigh's performance was tinged by paranoia and resulted in outbursts that marred her relationship with other actors, although both Simone Signoret and Marvin were sympathetic and understanding.[20] In one unusual instance, she hit Marvin so hard with a spiked shoe, that it marked his face.[21]

Citations[edit | edit source]

  1. http://www.independent.com/obits/2013/oct/23/christopher-marvin/
  2. Obituary Variety, September 2, 1987.
  3. "Lee Marvin height: 6 ft 2 in (188 cm)." celebheights.com. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Lee Marvin's ancestors." freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ebert, Roger. "An interview with Lee Marvin." Chicago Sun-Times for Esquire, October 1970.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Elk Hunting with Lee Marvin." Gun World, May 1964. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  7. Zec 1980, pp. 20–25.
  8. Wise and Rehill 1999, p. 43.
  9. Zec 1980, p. 38.
  10. "The real thing: Marvin and Point Blank." The First Post, February 15, 2007. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Captain Kangaroo Court." Snopes, May 24, 2009. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  12. Epstein 2013, p. 67.
  13. Epstein 2013, pp. 95–96.
  14. Epstein 2013, p. 112.
  15. Epstein 2013, p. 79.
  16. Epstein 2013, p. 124.
  17. 17.0 17.1 Epstein 2013, p. 135.
  18. "Awards: Ship of Fools (1965)." IMDb. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  19. Bean 2013, p. 155.
  20. David 1995, p. 46.
  21. Walker 1987, p. 281.
  22. "Berlinale 1965: Prize Winners". Internationale Filmfestspiele Berlin. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  23. Zec 1980, p. 217.
  24. Epstein 2013, p. 202.
  25. "Obituary Christopher Marvin"
  26. Epstein 2013, p. 256.
  27. "Obituary: Claudia Leslie Marvin ." All-States Cremation. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  28. Marvin 1997, p. 12.
  29. Flick, A.J. "Marvin in Love". Classic Movies, 1997. Retrieved: October 12, 2013.
  30. "Want to see a marlin?" The Cairns Post website. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  31. Hevesi, Dennis. "Lee Marvin, Movie Tough Guy, Dies." The New York Times, August 31, 1987. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  32. "Lee Marvin." FindAGrave.com. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  33. 33.0 33.1 Woo, Elaine. "Michelle Triola Marvin dies at 75; her legal fight with ex-lover Lee Marvin added 'palimony' to the language." Los Angeles Times, October 31, 2009. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  34. "18 C3d 660: Marvin v. Marvin (1976)." online.ceb.com. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  35. Laskin, Jerry. "California 'Palimony' Law; An Overview." Goldman & Kagon Law Corporation. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  36. "Unmarried Cohabitant's Right to Support and Property." peoples-law.org. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  37. " 'Palimony' figure Michelle Triola Marvin dies." Associated Press, October 30, 2009.
  38. "Point Counterpoint: Lee Marvin & Michelle Triola". NBC, March 17, 1979. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  39. "The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson." Carson Entertainment Group, February 9, 1979. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  40. "The Parcel (March 14, 1950)." IMDb. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Bean, Kendra. Vivien Leigh: An Intimate Portrait. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Running Press, 2013. ISBN 978-0-76245-099-2.
  • David, Catherine. Simone Signoret. New York: Overlook Press, 1995. ISBN 978-0-87951-581-2.
  • Epstein, Dwayne. Lee Marvin: Point Blank. Tucson, Arizona: Schaffner Press, Inc., 2013. ISBN 978-1-93618-240-4.
  • Marvin, Pamela. Lee: A Romance. London: Faber & Faber Limited, 1997. ISBN 978-0-571-19028-7..
  • Walker, Alexander. Vivien: The Life of Vivien Leigh. New York: Grove Press, 1987. ISBN 0-8021-3259-6.
  • Wise, James E. and Anne Collier Rehill. Stars in the Corps: Movie Actors in the United States Marines. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1999. ISBN 978-1-55750-949-9.
  • Zec, Donald. Marvin: The Story of Lee Marvin. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1980. ISBN 0-312-51780-7.

External links[edit | edit source]

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