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Leicester FitzGerald Charles Stanhope, 5th Earl of Harrington CB (2 September 1784 – 7 September 1862),[1] styled The Honourable Leicester Stanhope until 1851, was an English peer and soldier.

Early life[edit | edit source]

Leicester Stanhope was born in Dublin in 1784, the third son of Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl of Harrington, and Jane Stanhope, Countess of Harrington.

Career[edit | edit source]

Stanhope became a Cornet and Sublieutenant in the 1st Regiment of Life Guards on 1 October 1799.[2] He was promoted lieutenant on 20 October 1802.[1] He exchanged into the 9th Regiment of Foot on 19 March 1803,[3] and on 2 April 1803 purchased a captaincy in the 10th (Prince of Wales's Own) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons.[4] On 9 November 1803, he exchanged into the Carabiniers (6th Dragoon Guards),[5] and on 27 January 1813, into the 17th Regiment of Light Dragoons.[6] Promoted major, he was appointed Deputy Adjutant-General in the East Indies on 29 June 1815, as a brevet lieutenant-colonel.[7] He exchanged into the 47th Regiment of Foot while serving there and was appointed Deputy Quartermaster-General on 24 April 1817.[8]

From late 1817 to 1818, Stanhope and his regiment took part in the Third Anglo-Maratha War. On 14 October 1818, he was appointed a Companion of the Bath for his service in the conflict.[9] He resigned as quartermaster on 29 March 1821[10] and purchased an unattached lieutenant-colonelcy on 26 June 1823.[11] He was brevetted colonel on 10 January 1837.[12]

Personal life and death[edit | edit source]

On 23 April 1831, at St James's Church, Piccadilly, he married Elizabeth Green, daughter of William Green[1] and Ann Rose Hall, both of Jamaica. They had four children:

In 1851, he inherited the earldom from his brother, Charles Stanhope, 4th Earl of Harrington.

Front View of Harrington House, 1852

In 1852 Stanhope acquired a plot of land formerly belonging to the kitchen garden of Kensington Palace: he constructed Harrington House (or No. 13 Kensington Palace Gardens), which was built in his favourite gothic style, at the cost of £15,000.[13] Harrington House was owned by the family until the First World War; Since 1930 Harrington House has been home to the Russian Embassy.[13] The exterior of the house was designed by Decimus Burton, following plans sketched by the Earl.[14] Works were carried under the supervision of C.J. Richardson, who was the surveyor to the Earl's vast South Kensington estate.[14] Details and the final plans are thought to have been left to Richardson; he did, however, acknowledge the "great measure" the Earl was involved in the design.[14] The house's unorthodox architecture was widely criticised, including by Richardson; Lord Harrington, however, thought it to be "a house without a fault".[14]

Stanhope died 7 September 1862, at Harrington House.[15]
He was succeeded by his son: Sydney Seymour Hyde Stanhope, 6th Earl of Harrington

Styles of address[edit | edit source]

  • 1784–1818: The Hon Leicester FitzGerald Charles Stanhope
  • 1818–1851: The Hon Leicester FitzGerald Charles Stanhope CB
  • 1851–1862: The Rt Hon The Earl of Harrington CB

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Doyle, James William Edmund (1886). The Official Baronage of England, v. 2. London: Longmans, Green. p. 136. https://books.google.com/books?id=mFpmAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA136. 
  2. "No. 15188". 28 September 1799. p. 995. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/15188/page/995 
  3. "No. 15567". 15 March 1803. pp. 287–288. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/15567/page/287 
  4. "No. 15571". 29 March 1803. p. 369. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/15571/page/369 
  5. "No. 15641". 8 November 1803. p. 1545. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/15641/page/1545 
  6. "No. 16697". 23 January 1813. p. 186. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/16697/page/186 
  7. "No. 17037". 8 July 1815. p. 1355. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/17037/page/1355 
  8. "No. 17248". 6 May 1817. p. 1087. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/17248/page/1087 
  9. "No. 17409". 18 October 1818. p. 1851. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/17409/page/1851 
  10. "No. 17695". 7 April 1821. p. 782. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/17695/page/782 
  11. "No. 17937". 5 July 1823. p. 1090. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/17937/page/1090 
  12. "No. 19456". 10 January 1837. p. 65. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/19456/page/65 
  13. 13.0 13.1 "NO.13 KENSINGTON PALACE GARDENS: HARRINGTON HOUSE". Russian Embassy. http://www.rusemblon.org/history/. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Sheppard (ed.), F. H. W. (1973). Survey of London: volume 37: Northern Kensington: The Crown estate in Kensington Palace Gardens: Individual buildings. pp. 162–193. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=49873#s9. 
  15. Leslie, Sir Stephen (1885). Dictionary of national biography: Volume 54. https://archive.org/details/dictionaryofnati54stepuoft. 

External links[edit | edit source]

Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Charles Stanhope
Earl of Harrington
Succeeded by
Sydney Seymour Hyde Stanhope

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