278,266 Pages

Leicester FitzGerald Charles Stanhope, 5th Earl of Harrington CB (2 September 1784 – 7 September 1862),[1] styled The Honourable Leicester Stanhope until 1851, was an English peer and soldier.

Early life[edit | edit source]

Leicester Stanhope was born in Dublin in 1784, the third son of Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl of Harrington, and Jane Stanhope, Countess of Harrington.

Career[edit | edit source]

Stanhope became a Cornet and Sublieutenant in the 1st Regiment of Life Guards on 1 October 1799.[2] He was promoted lieutenant on 20 October 1802.[1] He exchanged into the 9th Regiment of Foot on 19 March 1803,[3] and on 2 April 1803 purchased a captaincy in the 10th (Prince of Wales's Own) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons.[4] On 9 November 1803, he exchanged into the Carabiniers (6th Dragoon Guards),[5] and on 27 January 1813, into the 17th Regiment of Light Dragoons.[6] Promoted major, he was appointed Deputy Adjutant-General in the East Indies on 29 June 1815, as a brevet lieutenant-colonel.[7] He exchanged into the 47th Regiment of Foot while serving there and was appointed Deputy Quartermaster-General on 24 April 1817.[8]

From late 1817 to 1818, Stanhope and his regiment took part in the Third Anglo-Maratha War. On 14 October 1818, he was appointed a Companion of the Bath for his service in the conflict.[9] He resigned as quartermaster on 29 March 1821[10] and purchased an unattached lieutenant-colonelcy on 26 June 1823.[11] He was brevetted colonel on 10 January 1837.[12]

Personal life and death[edit | edit source]

On 23 April 1831, at St James's Church, Piccadilly, he married Elizabeth Green, daughter of William Green[1] and Ann Rose Hall, both of Jamaica. They had four children:

In 1851, he inherited the earldom from his brother, Charles Stanhope, 4th Earl of Harrington.

Front View of Harrington House, 1852

In 1852 Stanhope acquired a plot of land formerly belonging to the kitchen garden of Kensington Palace: he constructed Harrington House (or No. 13 Kensington Palace Gardens), which was built in his favourite gothic style, at the cost of £15,000.[13] Harrington House was owned by the family until the First World War; Since 1930 Harrington House has been home to the Russian Embassy.[13] The exterior of the house was designed by Decimus Burton, following plans sketched by the Earl.[14] Works were carried under the supervision of C.J. Richardson, who was the surveyor to the Earl's vast South Kensington estate.[14] Details and the final plans are thought to have been left to Richardson; he did, however, acknowledge the "great measure" the Earl was involved in the design.[14] The house's unorthodox architecture was widely criticised, including by Richardson; Lord Harrington, however, thought it to be "a house without a fault".[14]

Stanhope died 7 September 1862, at Harrington House.[15]
He was succeeded by his son: Sydney Seymour Hyde Stanhope, 6th Earl of Harrington

Styles of address[edit | edit source]

  • 1784–1818: The Hon Leicester FitzGerald Charles Stanhope
  • 1818–1851: The Hon Leicester FitzGerald Charles Stanhope CB
  • 1851–1862: The Rt Hon The Earl of Harrington CB

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Doyle, James William Edmund (1886). The Official Baronage of England, v. 2. London: Longmans, Green. p. 136. https://books.google.com/books?id=mFpmAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA136. 
  2. "No. 15188". 28 September 1799. p. 995. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/15188/page/995 
  3. "No. 15567". 15 March 1803. pp. 287–288. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/15567/page/287 
  4. "No. 15571". 29 March 1803. p. 369. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/15571/page/369 
  5. "No. 15641". 8 November 1803. p. 1545. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/15641/page/1545 
  6. "No. 16697". 23 January 1813. p. 186. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/16697/page/186 
  7. "No. 17037". 8 July 1815. p. 1355. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/17037/page/1355 
  8. "No. 17248". 6 May 1817. p. 1087. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/17248/page/1087 
  9. "No. 17409". 18 October 1818. p. 1851. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/17409/page/1851 
  10. "No. 17695". 7 April 1821. p. 782. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/17695/page/782 
  11. "No. 17937". 5 July 1823. p. 1090. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/17937/page/1090 
  12. "No. 19456". 10 January 1837. p. 65. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/19456/page/65 
  13. 13.0 13.1 "NO.13 KENSINGTON PALACE GARDENS: HARRINGTON HOUSE". Russian Embassy. http://www.rusemblon.org/history/. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Sheppard (ed.), F. H. W. (1973). Survey of London: volume 37: Northern Kensington: The Crown estate in Kensington Palace Gardens: Individual buildings. pp. 162–193. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=49873#s9. 
  15. Leslie, Sir Stephen (1885). Dictionary of national biography: Volume 54. https://archive.org/details/dictionaryofnati54stepuoft. 

External links[edit | edit source]

Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Charles Stanhope
Earl of Harrington
1851–1862
Succeeded by
Sydney Seymour Hyde Stanhope

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.