The Letov Š-7 was a single seat, single engine biplane fighter aircraft designed and built in Czechoslovakia in the early 1920s. It was designed for a single seat fighter competition but did not reach production.
Design and developmentEdit
The Letov Š-7 was designed for a 1923 government competition for a single engine fighter, to be powered by a Škoda licence-built Hispano-Suiza 8Fb, a 300 hp (224 kW) water-cooled V-8 engine. It was a single bay biplane, the bays defined by parallel pairs of interplane struts. The wings, mounted with modest stagger, were straight edged and had the same constant chord and blunt wing tips. The upper wing was braced to the fuselage with a cabane formed, on each side, by a forward parallel pair of struts from the mid-fuselage and a rear inverted V pair from the upper fuselage. Only the lower planes carried ailerons.
Letov experienced some cooling problems with the Š-7's water cooled engine. The aircraft as first flown had a ring shaped radiator but this was replaced with a transversely mounted, circular cross-section ventral radiator and the engine cowling revised. The modification resulted in a change of designation to Letov Š-7a. The Hispano drove a two blade propeller with a domed spinner. Behind the engine the fuselage had an oval cross-section, with the single open cockpit partially under the wing trailing edge which had a shallow cut-out to enhance his view. The fuselage tapered rearwards to a point behind the tail control surfaces. The straight edged, cropped lozenge shaped horizontal tail was mounted on the fuselage centre line; the fin and rudder were also straight edged. The Š-7 had a fixed, single axle conventional undercarriage, with mainwheels on cross braced V-struts. It was armed with a pair of 7.7 mm (0.303 in) machine guns, mounted in a dip in the engine cowling between the two cylinder banks, firing through the propeller arc.
The Letov Š-7 first flew in 1923 but failed to gain orders and its development was discontinued.
- Letov Š-7
- Original ring shaped radiator.
- Letov Š-7a
- Ventral radiator and modified cowling.
Data from Green and Swanborough p.333General characteristics
- Crew: One
- Length: 6.97 m (22 ft 10 in)
- Wingspan: 9.30 m (30 ft 6 in)
- Height: 2.65 m (8 ft 8 in)
- Wing area: 22.15 m2 (238.4 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 763 kg (1,682 lb)
- Gross weight: 1,050 kg (2,315 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Hispano-Suiza 8Fb V8 water-cooled, 220 kW (300 hp)
- Propellers: 2-bladed
- Maximum speed: 255 km/h (158 mph; 138 kn)
- Time to altitude: 1.5 min to 1,000 m (3,050 ft)</ul>Armament
- Guns: 2 × 7.7 mm (0.303 in) machine guns
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