282,643 Pages

Life Regiment Grenadiers
Livregementets grenadjärer
Livregementets grenadjärgrupp vapen.svg
Active 1815–2000
Country  Sweden
Allegiance Swedish Armed Forces
Branch Swedish Army
Type Infantry
Size Regiment
Part of 5th Military District (1833–1847)
4th Military District (1847–1893)
4th Army Division (1893–1901)
IV Army Division (1902–1927)
Eastern Army Division (1928–1936)
IV Army Division (1937–1942)
V Military Area (1942–1966)
Bergslagen Military Area (1966–1991)
Middle Military Area (1991–2000)
Garrison/HQ Örebro
Motto(s) Artibus et armis recuperatur gloria[note 1]
Colors Light blue and white
March "Livregementets grenadjärers marsch" (Eilhardt)[note 2]
Anniversaries 4 December (Battle of Lund 1676)
Battle honours Lützen (1632), Oldendorf (1633), Wittstock (1636), Leipzig (1642), Warsaw (1656), Frederiksodde (1657), Tåget över Bält (1658), Lund (1676), Landskrona (1677), Narva (1700), Düna (1701)
Kliszów (1702), Fraustadt (1706), Holowczyn (1708), Malatitze (1708), Hälsingborg (1710), Gadebusch (1712), Svensksund (1790)
Insignia
Branch insignia Truppslagstecken för kavalleriet.jpg
Unit insignia AM.090976-I 3, K 3 (01).jpg

Life Regiment Grenadiers (Swedish language: Livregementets grenadjärer ), also I 3, was a Swedish Army infantry unit that was active in various forms 1815–2000. The unit was based in Örebro Garrison in Örebro and belonged to the King's Life and Household Troops (Kungl. Maj:ts Liv- och Hustrupper) until 1974.[3][4][5]

Locations and training areas[edit | edit source]

Barracks[edit | edit source]

During the period that the regiment had its military camp at Utnäslöt, there was an office in Västerås. When the Life Regiment Grenadier Corps and Närke Regiment were amalgamated in 1893 and formed the Life Regiment of Foot, the greater part of the Life Regiment Grenadier Corps was transferred to Sannahed. From 1 October 1904, the regiment moved its office to Örebro, where it took over the former chancery building of the Life Regiment Hussars.[5] In 1913, the regiment left its military camp at Sannahed and moved into the barracks in Örebro on 2 March.[5] In Örebro, three barracks had been erected in connection with the neighborhood of Rynninge. The barracks were later (1958) named after three of the major victories of the Life Regiment Grenadier Corps and Närke-Värmland Regiment, respectively. Barracks 1 was named after Lund, Barracks 2 was named after Narva and Barracks 3 was named after Kliszów. The barracks along with the chancery building framed a large barracks yard in classic regiment architecture signed Viktor Bodin. Plans were in place to add a fourth barracks and with it form an open square around the barracks yard. The barracks establishment was erected after the 1901 Army Program following the Barracks Building Board's (Kasernbyggnadsnämnden) first series of type drawings. In total, some 80 buildings were erected in the area.[6] In connection with the barracks yard, the Swedish Missionary Society, through the association Soldaternas vänner i Örebro län ("Friends of the Soldiers in Örebro County") erected a so-called soldathem ("soldier's home") on Höglundagatan 2.

After the conscription training ended in the summer of 1992, the barracks yard was divided into an older and a younger section. The older southwest part of the barracks, among other things, was sold to Örebro Municipality. The younger northeast part consisting of, among other things, a hospital building, vehicle area, workshops and storage areas remained as a military area until 1999. Originally it was intended that the regimental staff would be grouped in the former hospital building. However, the staff remained in the chancery building and the Home Guard and volunteer sections of the regiment in their building in the southwest part. These two buildings were leased until the regiment was disbanded. After the Swedish Armed Forces left the northeast area in 2002, the area was developed into the neighborhood of Grenadjärstaden.[6]

Training areas[edit | edit source]

When the Life Regiment was divided, the Life Regiment Grenadier Corps from 1780 came to have its military camp and training area at Utnäslöt just over 3 km northeast of Strömsholm Palace. The camp was left in 1894 (the last exercises were held there in 1893), but the place was maintained until 1902 as a remount depot. When the Life Regiment Grenadier Corps and Närke Regiment were amalgamated and formed the Life Regiment of Foot, Närke Regiment's military camp was taken over at Sannahed. There the regiment trained until 1912, after which the operations were transferred to Örebro. Sannahed came during World War II to act as an training area for the Landstormen as well as parts of the regiment's units that did not fit in Örebro.[5]

In 1944, the regiment added a new training area, Villingsberg, in Kilsbergen. The area was shared with the newly established Bergslagen Artillery Regiment (A 9).[7]

Heraldry and traditions[edit | edit source]

Colours, standards and guidons[edit | edit source]

The colour of the Life Regiment Grenadiers is drawn by Brita Grep and embroidered by hand in insertion technique by the company Libraria. The colour was presented to the regiment by His Majesty the King Gustaf VI Adolf on 12 December 1956. It was used as regimental colour by I 3/Fo 51 until 1 July 2000. Blazon: "On white cloth in the centre the Royal Swedish coat of arms as to the law without mantle. In each corner three yellow open crowns placed two and one. Battle honours (Lützen 1632, Oldendorf 1633, Wittstock 1636, Leipzig 1642, Warsaw 1656, Frederiksodde 1657, Tåget över Bält 1658, Lund 1676, Landskrona 1677, Narva 1700, Düna 1701, Kliszów 1702, Fraustadt 1706, Holowczyn 1708, Malatitze 1708, Hälsingborg 1710, Gadebusch 1712, Svensksund 1790) in yellow horizontally placed around the coat of arms."[8]

Coat of arms[edit | edit source]

The coat of arms of the unit was used from 1977 to 2000. Blazon: "Azure, the Swedish minor coat of arms, three open crowns or placed two and one. The shield surmounted two muskets in saltire and is surrounded by a roundel of straw placed under muskets and crown, all or."[9]

Medals[edit | edit source]

In 1937, the Örebro försvarsområdes och Livregementets grenadjärers förtjänstmedalj ("Örebro Defence District and Life Regiment Grenadiers Medal of Merit") in gold, silver and bronze (Fo51/I3GM/SM/BM) of the 8th size was established. In 1991, it was renamed Livregementets grenadjärers (I 3) förtjänstmedalj ("Life Regiment Grenadiers (I 3) Medal of Merit") in gold, silver and bronze (LivreggrenGM/SM/BM). The medal ribbon is of white moiré with pale blue edges and a pale blue stripe on the middle.[10]

In 2000, the Livregementets grenadjärers (I 3) minnesmedalj ("Life Regiment Grenadiers (I 3) Commemorative Medal") in silver (LivreggrenSMM) of the 8th size was established. The medal ribbon is of red moiré with a white stripe on the middle followed on both sides by a blue stripe.[11]

Commanding officers[edit | edit source]

The regimental commander, His Majesty King Gustaf VI Adolf (center) and the executive officer, Colonel Ebbe Gyllenstierna (right) in 1967.

Executive officers (Sekundchefer) and regimental commanders from 1815 to 2000. Sekundchef was a title used until 31 December 1974 in the regiments that were included in the King's Life and Household Troops (Kungl. Maj:ts Liv- och Hustrupper). From 1791 to 1809 the Crown Prince was regimental commander. From 1818 to 1974 His Majesty the King was regimental commander. From 1975 to 2000, the monarch was honorary commander of the regiment. However, Åke Hultin retained the title of Sekundchef until his departure in 1977.[12]

Regimental commanders[edit | edit source]

Executive officers[edit | edit source]

  • 1815–1821: C U Ridderstolpe
  • 1821–1853: J E af Wetterstedt
  • 1853–1861: N H Hägerflycht
  • 1861–1865: O M von Knorring
  • 1865–1875: H M Falkenberg
  • 1875–1879: O E F Flemming
  • 1879–1881: A H Leijonhufvud
  • 1881–1884: H O E d'Ailly
  • 1884–1893: C G von Ehrenheim
  • 1893–1897: J F Lilliehök
  • 1897–1902: Carl Axel Mauritz Nordenskjöld
  • 1902–1911: Hugo Jungstedt
  • 1911–1917: Hans Ludvig von Dardel
  • 1917–1922: Carl August Pontus Axelsson Sjögren
  • 1922–1927: Hugo Oskar Herman Wikner
  • 1928–1931: Ernst Nils David af Sandeberg
  • 1931–1936: Hugo Cederschiöld
  • 1936–1937: Helge Jung
  • 1936–1937: Axel Gyllenkrok (acting)
  • 1937–1942: Manne Brandel
  • 1942–1948: Alf Meyerhöffer
  • 1949–1952: Anders Engelbrekt Flodström
  • 1952–1955: Carl Fredrik Lemmel
  • 1955–1963: Per Wollrath Sebastian H:son Tamm
  • 1963–1963: Sten Wåhlin
  • 1964–1966: Ove Ljung
  • 1966–1972: Ebbe Gyllenstierna
  • 1972–1974: Erik Åke Hultin

Names, designations and locations[edit | edit source]

Name Translation From To
Kungl. Livregementets grenadjärkår Royal Life Regiment Grenadier Corps 1815-12-16 1893-12-14
Kungl. Livregementet till fot Royal Life Regiment of Foot 1893-12-15 1904-12-07
Kungl. Livregementet grenadjärer Royal Life Regiment Grenadiers 1904-12-08 1974-12-31
Livregementets grenadjärer Life Regiment Grenadiers 1975-01-01 2000-06-30
Avvecklingsorganisation Örebro Decommissioning Organisation Örebro 2000-07-01 2000-12-31
Designation From To
No. 3 1816-10-01 1914-09-30
I 3 1914-10-01 1975-06-30
I 3/Fo 51 1975-07-01 1992-06-30
Fo 51 1992-07-01 1994-06-30
I 3/Fo 51 1994-07-01 2000-06-30
Ao Öre 2000-07-01 2000-12-31
Location From To
Örebro Garrison 1904-10-01 2000-12-31

See also[edit | edit source]

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. In 1957, the Chief of the Army acknowledged that this motto, originally used by Närke-Värmland Regiment on a colour from 1658, was allowed to be used by the regiment.[1]
  2. The march was adopted in 1893 and established in 1953 by Army Order 33/1953. The march was used by the Livregementets grenadjärgrupp from 2000 to 2005, and of the Örebro-Värmlandsgruppen since 2005.[2]

References[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

Print[edit | edit source]

Further reading[edit | edit source]

  • Ardefors, Johan; Lyth, Einar (2012) (in Swedish). Bielkemässen: officersmässen vid Livregementets grenadjärer i Örebro 1912-2006. Örebro: Livregementets grenadjärers officerskår. ISBN 9789163705458. 13987548. 
  • Forsman, Jonas; Westlund, Morgan; Werge, Henrik (1990) (in Swedish). Ära, mod och högantenner: bilder från I3/Fo 51 Örebro : [ett brigadstabskompani i närbild]. [Örebro]: [M. Westlund]. ISBN 916300190X. 7448347. 
  • Jonsson, Ulla-Britt (1992) (in Swedish). Regementet I 3 Örebro 1991 (1st ed.). [Örebro]: [U.-B. Jonsson]. ISBN 9163010593. 7448949. 
  • Lilja, Lars (2013) (in Swedish). Närkes krigsmannaminne D. 1 Biografiska anteckningar rörande officerare och likställda vid Närkes regemente 1812-1892. Närkes militärhistoria, 99-0884938-7 ; 4. Örebro: Stiftelsen Nerikes regementen. ISBN 9789163722974. 13941273. 
  • (in Swedish) Försvar i Örebro län: 1900-talet. Närkes militärhistoria, 99-0884938-7 ; 3. Örebro: Stift. Nerikes regementen. 1993. ISBN 9163017776. 7449440. 
  • Lyth, Einar; Lannerbäck, Alf (2007) (in Swedish). Klart bakåt!: livet i fält. Stockholm: Svenskt militärhistoriskt bibliotek. ISBN 9789185789108. 10645008. 
  • Petersens, Magnus af, ed (1967) (in Swedish). Livregementets historia. Kumla: [Livregementet]. 868709. 
  • Rosengren, Erik, ed (1948) (in Swedish). I fält 1939-1945: närkingar och bergslagsfolk under beredskapen. [Örebro]: [s.n.]. 1408340. 
  • Tapper, Tage (1967) (in Swedish). Den gamla officersmässen: anteckningar vid återinvigningen av officersmässen vid Sannahed den 27 augusti 1967. Kumla: [Dohlwitz bokh.]. 2068353. 

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.