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Liinahamari harbour.jpg
Coordinates: 69°38′00″N 031°15′00″E / 69.6333333°N 31.25°E / 69.6333333; 31.25
04 liinahamari lahti

Harbour of Liinahamari in Petsamo, Finland during the 1930s

Liinakhamari (Russian: Лиинахамари; Finnish language: Liinahamari

Swedish language

) is an ice-free harbour and a rural locality in Pechengsky District of Murmansk Oblast, Russia. The harbour belonged to Finland from 1920 until 1944 when it was handed over to the Soviet Union.

Liinakhamari was handed over to Finland after the Treaty of Tartu in 1920. Liinakhamari was Finland's only ocean harbour. The so-called Arctic Sea Road from Rovaniemi to Liinakhamari was ready by 1931. The harbour housed a toll, a fish factory, and a hotel. The harbour was extended by the end of the 1930s.

During the Russo-Finnish Winter War, the Soviet Union conquered Liinakhamari, but it was given back to Finland in the Moscow Peace Treaty. During 1940–1941, the peace-time period between the Winter War and the Continuation War, Liinakhamari was Finland's and Sweden's only route past the German and Soviet areas of influence. Ten thousand men were working along the Arctic Sea Road helping thousands of trucks to transport cargo from the northernmost railway station in Rovaniemi to Liinakhamari harbour. The trip was almost 700 miles up North along the narrow gravelled road, in the middle of sparsely inhabited Arctic taiga.

During the Continuation War 1941–1944 Liinakhamari was governed by German forces. The harbour was attacked by Royal Air Force Fairey Albacore and Fairey Swordfish bomber aircraft on 30 July 1941. Fairey Fulmar fighters were covering the bombers. (See Raid on Kirkenes and Petsamo.) The United Kingdom announced the declaration of war between UK and Finland half a year later.

Finnish civilians were evacuated when Lapland War between Germany and the Finns broke out autumn 1944. The harbour was conquered from the Germans by Soviet troops on 12 October 1944. Liinakhamari was handed over to the Soviet Union according to rules of the Moscow armistice.

Liinakhamari is currently a military harbor. During the Cold War, the harbor was a submarine base and at present it is housing border patrol boats.


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