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Around 400 Arab towns and villages were depopulated during the 1948 Palestinian exodus. Some places were entirely destroyed and left uninhabitable;[1][2] others were left with a few hundred residents and were repopulated by Jewish immigrants, then renamed.

Towns and villages are arranged according to the subdistrict of pre-1948 Mandatory Palestine they were situated in.

District of Acre[edit | edit source]

  • 'Amqa, Military assault, 10–11 July 1948.[3]
  • Arab al-Samniyya,
  • al-Bassa, Military assault, Expulsion by Yishuv forces, 14 May 1948.[3]
  • al-Birwa, Military assault, 11 June 1948 (?)[3]
  • al-Damun, Military assault, July 15–16, 1948.[3]
  • Dayr al-Qassi
  • al-Ghabisiyya[3]
  • Iqrit, Expulsion by Yishuv forces, early November 1948.[3]
  • Iribbin, Khirbat
  • Jiddin, Khirbat
  • al-Kabri, Military assault, fear, 21 May 1948.[3]
  • Kafr Bir'im, Expulsion by Yishuv forces, early November 1948.[3]
  • Kafr 'Inan, Expulsion by Yishuv forces, February 1949.[3]
  • Kuwaykat, Military assault, 10 July 1948.[3]
  • Al-Manshiyya, Military assault, 14 May 1948.[3]
  • al-Mansura, Expulsion by Yishuv forces, early November[3]
  • Mi'ar
  • al-Nabi Rubin
  • al-Nahr, Military assault, 21 May 1948.[3]
  • al-Ruways
  • Sha'ab[4]
  • Suhmata, Military assault, 30 October 1948.[3]
  • al-Sumayriyya Military assault,14 May 1948.[3]
  • Suruh, Expulsion by Yishuv forces, early November 1948.[3]
  • al-Tall, Acre, Military assault, 21 May 1948.[3]
  • Tarbikha, Expulsion by Yishuv forces, early November 1948.[3]
  • Umm al-Faraj, Military assault, 21 May 1948.[3]
  • al-Zeeb (Zib), Military assault, 14 May 1948.[3]

District of Baysan[edit | edit source]

  • Arab al-'Arida
  • Arab al-Bawati
  • Arab al-Safa
  • al-Ashrafiyya
  • Al-Bira, Baysan
  • Danna, Baysan
  • Farwana
  • al-Fatur
  • al-Ghazzawiyya
  • al-Hamidiyya
  • Al-Hamra, Baysan
  • Jabbul
  • Kafra
  • Kawkab al-Hawa
  • al-Khunayzir
  • Masil al-Jizl
  • al-Murassas
  • Qumya
  • al-Sakhina
  • al-Samiriyya
  • Sirin, Arab evacuation order, April–May 1948.[5]
  • Tall al-Shawk
  • al-Taqa, Khirbat
  • al-Tira (Beisan)
  • Umm 'Ajra
  • Umm Sabuna, Khirbat
  • Yubla
  • Zab'a
  • al-Zawiya, Khirbat

District of Beersheba[edit | edit source]

  • Beersheba, military assault, expulsions, October 20
  • al-Imara
  • al-Jammama
  • al-Khalasa

District of Gaza[edit | edit source]

(British Mandate boundaries. Not to be confused with what is commonly known of as Gaza since Israel occupied it from '67 to '05, not captured in the '48 war.)

  • Arab Suqrir
  • Barbara, Gaza
  • Barqa, Palestine
  • al-Batani al-Gharbi
  • al-Batani al-Sharqi
  • Beit Daras
  • Bayt 'Affa
  • Bayt Jirja
  • Bayt Tima
  • Bil'in, Gaza
  • Burayr
  • Dayr Sunayd
  • Dimra
  • al-Faluja
  • Hamama
  • Hatta
  • Hiribya
  • Huj
  • Hulayqat
  • Ibdis
  • Iraq al-Manshiyya
  • Iraq Suwaydan
  • Isdud
  • al-Jaladiyya
  • al-Jiyya
  • Julis
  • al-Jura
  • Jusayr
  • Karatiyya
  • Kawfakha
  • Kawkaba
  • al-Khisas
  • Al-Majdal, Askalan
  • al-Masmiyya al-Kabira
  • al-Masmiyya al-Saghira
  • al-Muharraqa
  • Najd
  • Ni'ilya
  • Qastina
  • al-Sawafir al-Gharbiyya
  • al-Sawafir al-Shamaliyya
  • al-Sawafir al-Sharqiyya
  • Simsim
  • Summil
  • Tall al-Turmus
  • Yasur

District of Haifa[edit | edit source]

  • Abu Shusha
  • Abu Zurayq
  • Arab al-Fuqara
  • Arab al-Nufay'at
  • Arab Zahrat al-Dumayri
  • Ayn Ghazal
  • Balad al-Shaykh
  • Barrat Qisarya
  • Beisan (Beit She'an)
  • Burayka
  • al-Burj, Khirbat
  • al-Butaymat
  • Daliyat al-Rawha'
  • al-Dumun, Khirbat
  • Ain Hawd
  • al-Ghubayya al-Fawqa
  • al-Ghubayya al-Tahta
  • Hawsha
  • Ijzim
  • Jaba'
  • al-Jalama
  • Kabara
  • al-Kafrayn
  • Kafr Lam
  • al-Kasayir, Khirbat
  • Khubbayza
  • Lid, Khirbat
  • al-Manara, Khirbat
  • al-Mansi
  • al-Mansura, Khirbat
  • al-Mazar
  • al-Naghnaghiyya
  • Qannir
  • Qira
  • Qisarya
  • Qumbaza
  • al-Rihaniyya
  • Sabbarin
  • al-Sarafand
  • al-Sarkas, Khirbat
  • Sa'sa', Khirbat
  • al-Sawamir
  • al-Shuna, Khirbat
  • al-Sindiyana
  • al-Tantura
  • al-Tira
  • Tiberias
  • Umm al-Shawf
  • Umm al-Zinat
  • Wa'arat al-Sarris
  • Yajur, Haifa

District of Hebron[edit | edit source]

  • Ajjur
  • Barqusya
  • Bayt Jibrin
  • Bayt Nattif
  • al-Dawayima, massacre[6]
  • Dayr al-Dubban
  • Dayr Nakhkhas
  • Kudna
  • Mughallis
  • al-Qubayba
  • Ra'na
  • Tall al-Safi
  • Umm Burj, Khirbat
  • az-Zakariyya
  • Zayta, Hebron
  • Zikrin

District of Jaffa[edit | edit source]

  • al-'Abbasiyya
  • Abu Kishk
  • Bayt Dajan
  • Biyar 'Adas
  • Fajja
  • al-Haram (Palestine)
  • Ijlil al-Qibliyya
  • Ijlil al-Shamaliyya
  • al-Jammasin al-Gharbi
  • al-Jammasin al-Sharqi
  • Jarisha
  • Kafr 'Ana
  • al-Khayriyya
  • al-Mas'udiyya
  • al-Mirr
  • al-Muwaylih
  • Rantiya
  • al-Safiriyya
  • Salama
  • Saqiya
  • al-Sawalima
  • al-Shaykh Muwannis
  • Yazur

District of Jerusalem[edit | edit source]

  • Allar, Jerusalem
  • Aqqur
  • Artuf
  • Bayt 'Itab
  • Bayt Mahsir
  • Bayt Naqquba
  • Bayt Thul
  • Bayt Umm al-Mays
  • al-Burayj
  • Dayr Aban
  • Dayr 'Amr
  • Dayr al-Hawa
  • Dayr Rafat
  • Dayr al-Shaykh
  • Deir Yassin, massacre, April 9–11[6]
  • Ein Karim
  • Ishwa
  • Islin
  • Ism Allah, Khirbat
  • Jarash
  • al-Jura
  • Kasla
  • al-Lawz, Khirbat
  • Lifta
  • al-Maliha
  • Nitaf
  • al-Qabu
  • Qalunya
  • al-Qastal
  • Ras Abu 'Ammar
  • Romema
  • Sar'a
  • Saris
  • Sataf
  • Suba
  • Sufla
  • al-Tannur, Khirbat
  • al-'Umur, Khirbat
  • al-Walaja

District of Jenin[edit | edit source]

  • Ayn al-Mansi
  • al-Jawfa, Khirbat
  • al-Lajjun
  • al-Mazar
  • Nuris
  • Zir'in

District of Nazareth[edit | edit source]

  • Indur
  • Ma'lul
  • al-Mujaydil
  • Saffuriyya
  • al-Subeih

District of Ramla[edit | edit source]

  • Abu al-Fadl
  • Abu Shusha
  • Ajanjul
  • Aqir
  • Barfiliya
  • al-Barriyya
  • Bashshit
  • Bayt Far, Khirbat
  • Bayt Jiz
  • Bayt Nabala
  • Bayt Shanna
  • Bayt Susin
  • Bir Ma'in
  • Bir Salim
  • al-Burj
  • al-Buwayra, Khirbat
  • Daniyal
  • Dayr Abu Salama
  • Dayr Ayyub
  • Dayr Muhaysin
  • Dayr Tarif
  • al-Duhayriyya, Khirbat
  • Al-Haditha, Palestine
  • Idnibba
  • Innaba
  • Jilya
  • Jimzu
  • Kharruba
  • al-Khayma
  • Khulda
  • al-Kunayyisa
  • al-Latrun
  • Exodus from Lydda and Ramla
  • al-Maghar
  • Majdal Yaba
  • Al-Mansura, Ramla
  • al-Mukhayzin
  • al-Muzayri'a
  • al-Na'ani
  • Nabi Rubin
  • Qatra
  • Qazaza
  • al-Qubab
  • al-Qubayba
  • Qula
  • Ramla; see Exodus from Lydda and Ramla
  • Sajad
  • Salbit
  • Sarafand al-'Amar
  • Sarafand al-Kharab
  • Saydun
  • Shahma
  • Shilta
  • al-Tina
  • Al-Tira (Ramla)
  • Umm Kalkha
  • Wadi Hunayn
  • Yibna
  • Zakariyya, Khirbat
  • Zarnuqa

District of Safad[edit | edit source]

  • Abil al-Qamh
  • al-'Abisiyya
  • Alma
  • Ammuqa
  • Arab al-Shamalina
  • Arab al-Zubayd
  • Baysamun
  • Biriyya
  • al-Butayha
  • al-Buwayziyya
  • Dallata
  • al-Dawwara
  • Dayshum
  • al-Dirbashiyya
  • al-Dirdara
  • Ein al-Zeitun
  • Fara
  • al-Farradiyya
  • Fir'im
  • Ghabbatiyya
  • Ghuraba
  • al-Hamra'
  • Harrawi
  • Hunin
  • al-Husayniyya
  • Jahula
  • al-Ja'una
  • Jubb Yusuf
  • Kafr Bir'im
  • al-Khalisa
  • Khan al-Duwayr
  • Karraza, Khirbat
  • al-Khisas
  • Khiyam al-Walid
  • Kirad al-Baqqara
  • Kirad al-Ghannama
  • Lazzaza
  • Madahil
  • al-Malikiyya
  • Mallaha
  • al-Manshiyya
  • al-Mansura, Safad
  • Mansurat al-Khayt
  • Marus
  • Mirun
  • al-Muftakhira
  • Mughr al-Khayt
  • al-Muntar, Khirbat
  • al-Nabi Yusha'
  • al-Na'ima
  • Qabba'a
  • Qadas
  • Qaddita
  • Qaytiyya
  • al-Qudayriyya
  • al-Ras al-Ahmar
  • Sabalan
  • Safsaf, massacre[7]
  • Saliha, massacre[6]
  • al-Salihiyya
  • al-Sammu'i
  • al-Sanbariyya
  • Sa'sa'
  • Safad
  • al-Shawka al-Tahta
  • al-Shuna
  • Taytaba
  • Tulayl
  • al-'Ulmaniyya
  • al-'Urayfiyya
  • al-Wayziyya
  • Yarda
  • al-Zahiriyya al-Tahta
  • al-Zanghariyya
  • al-Zawiya
  • al-Zuq al-Fawqani
  • al-Zuq al-Tahtani

District of Tiberias[edit | edit source]

  • Awlam, Arab evacuation order, April–May 1948.[5]
  • al-Dalhamiyya
  • Ghuwayr Abu Shusha
  • Hadatha, Arab evacuation order, April–May 1948.[5]
  • al-Hamma
  • Hittin
  • Kafr Sabt
  • Lubya
  • Ma'dhar, Arab evacuation order, April–May 1948.[5]
  • al-Majdal
  • al-Manara
  • al-Manshiyya
  • al-Mansura, Tiberias
  • Nasir al-Din
  • Nimrin
  • al-Nuqayb
  • Samakh
  • al-Samakiyya
  • al-Samra
  • al-Shajara
  • al-Tabigha
  • al-Ubaydiyya
  • al-Wa'ra al-Sawda', Khirbat
  • Yaquq

District of Tulkarm[edit | edit source]

  • Bayt Lid, Khirbat
  • Bayyarat Hannun
  • Fardisya
  • Ghabat Kafr Sur
  • al-Jalama
  • Kafr Saba
  • al-Majdal, Khirbat
  • al-Manshiyya
  • Miska
  • Qaqun
  • Raml Zayta
  • Tabsur
  • Umm Khalid
  • Wadi al-Hawarith
  • Wadi Qabbani
  • al-Zababida, Khirbat
  • Khirbat Zalafa

See also[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Benny Morris (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. p. 342. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6. http://books.google.com/books?id=uM_kFX6edX8C&pg=PA342. Retrieved 22 May 2013. "About 400 villages and towns were depopulated in the course of the war and its immediate aftermath. By mid-1949, the majority of these sites were either completely or partly in ruins and uninhabitable." 
  2. Naseer Aruri (20 July 2001). Palestinian Refugees: The Right of Return. Pluto Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-7453-1777-9. http://books.google.com/books?id=teC6AAAAIAAJ. Retrieved 22 May 2013. "Of the 418 depopulated villages, 293 (70%) were totally destroyed and 90 (22%) were largely destroyed. Seven survived, including 'Ayn Karim (west of Jerusalem), but were taken by Israeli settlers." 
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 Morris 2004, p. xv
  4. Morris 2004, p. 423, p. 514, p. 536
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Morris, 2004, p.177.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Shavit 2004.
  7. Morris 2004, p. 500.

References[edit | edit source]

  • Morris, Benny. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited, Cambridge University Press, 2004. See in particular pp. xiv–xviii, where Morris lists 389 Palestinian villages depopulated by massacres, expulsions, military assault, or flight.
  • Morris, Benny. 1948: The First Arab–Israeli War. Yale University Press, 2008.
  • Khalidi, Walid. (ed.) All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Institute for Palestine Studies 1992, 2006.
  • Shavit, Ari. Deir Yasian: Survival of the Fittest, interview with Benny Morris, Haaretz, January 9, 2004.

External links[edit | edit source]

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