Canada’s role in the development of and participation in peacekeeping during the 20th century led to the establishment of Canada as a prominent world power. Canada's commitment to multilateralism has been closely related to peacekeeping efforts. Canadian Nobel Peace Prize laureate Lester B. Pearson is considered to be the father of modern United Nations Peacekeeping. Prior to Canada’s role in the Suez Canal Crisis, Canada was viewed by many as insignificant in issues of the world’s traditional powers. Canada’s successful role in the conflict gave Canada credibility and established it as a nation fighting for the common good of all the world’s nations and not just their allies. Since 1995, however, Canadian direct participation in United Nations peacekeeping efforts has greatly declined. That number decreased largely because Canada began to direct its participation to UN-sanctioned military operations through NATO, rather than directly to the UN. In July 2006, for instance, Canada ranked 51st on the list of UN peacekeepers, contributing 130 peacekeepers out of a total UN deployment of over 70,000; where in November 1990 Canada had 1,002 troops out of a total UN deployment of 10,304.
- Below is a list of major peacekeeping missions undertaken by Canada from 1956 to present.
See also[edit | edit source]
- Canadian military victories
- List of Canadian military operations
- List of conflicts in Canada
- Military history of Canada
- Peacekeepers' Day
- Canadian Peacekeeping Service Medal
References[edit | edit source]
- "Peacekeeping: Concepts, Evolution, and Canada's Role". Public Works and Government Services Canada. 197. http://www.dnd.ca/somalia/vol1/v1c10e.htm. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- Banerjee & Sharma (1 March 2008). Reinventing the United Nations. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.. p. 63. ISBN 978-81-203-3282-9. http://books.google.com/books?id=j-xHSiPhueEC&pg=PA63.
- Cohen, Andrew (2008). Lester B. Pearson. Toronto: Penguin Canada. pp. 114–116.
- Gaffen, Fred (1987). In The Eye of The Storm: A History of Canadian Peacekeeping. Toronto: Deneau & Wayne Publishers LTD.. p. 43.
- Lauri Johnson; Reva Joshee (2007). Multicultural education policies in Canada and the United States. UBC Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-7748-1325-9. http://books.google.com/books?id=I8jr_pE3YPwC&pg=PA23.
- Linda McQuaig (4 June 2010). Holding the Bully's Coat: Canada and the U.S. Empire. Random House Digital, Inc.. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-385-67297-9. http://books.google.com/books?id=9g4Xd12rIGYC&pg=PT50.
- "Ranking of Military and Police Contributions to UN Operations" (PDF). United Nations. Archived from the original on 2006-08-23. http://web.archive.org/web/20060823142352/http://www.un.org/Depts/dpko/dpko/contributors/2006/july06_2.pdf. Retrieved 2011-02-24.
- "Troop and police contributors archive (1990 - 2011)". United Nations. 2010. http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/resources/statistics/contributors_archive.shtml. Retrieved 2012-01-01.
- "Peacekeeping". canadiansoldiers. 2008. http://www.canadiansoldiers.com/history/peacekeeping/peacekeeping.htm. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- John Conrad; Lieutenant-Colonel John Conrad (15 September 2011). Scarce Heard Amid the Guns: An Inside Look at Canadian Peacekeeping. Dundurn Press Ltd.. ISBN 978-1-4597-0096-3. http://books.google.com/books?id=LxmxBkiubkwC&pg=PP1.
- Granatstein, J. L (2004). "Canada's army: waging war and keeping the peace". University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0802086969. http://books.google.ca/books?id=jqxyhNcha3sC&lpg=PP1&dq=Army%20%20of%20Canada&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true.
- National Defence Headquarters (1995) Peacekeeping 1815 to Today National Defence, Ottawa (Downloadable PDF) ISBN 0662620623
[edit | edit source]
- Canada and UN Peacekeeping - United Nations Association in Canada
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