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Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Awarded by Nazi Germany
Type Neck order
Eligibility Military personnel
Awarded for Awarded to holders of the Iron Cross to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Campaign World War II
Status Obsolete
Statistics
Established 1 September 1939
First awarded 30 September 1939
Last awarded 11 May 1945 / 17 June 1945[a]
Precedence
Next (higher) Grand Cross of the Iron Cross
Next (lower) Iron Cross 1st Class
4. SS-Polizei-Panzergrenadier-Division
Insignia of 4th SS Polizei Panzergrenadier Division

The SS Polizei Division was one of the thirty-eight divisions fielded as part of the Waffen-SS during World War II.

The division was formed in 1939 as part of the SS-controlled Regular Police, and was transferred to the Waffen-SS in 1942. After a variety of splits and reunions it was eventually upgraded to a Panzergrenadier division, the 4th SS Polizei Panzergrenadier Division. It surrendered to the Americans at the end of the war.[1]

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grades were based on four separate enactments. The first enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 [2] of September 1, 1939 instituted the Iron Cross and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. As the war progressed some of the recipients distinguished themselves further and a higher grade, the Oak Leaves to Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was instituted. The Oak Leaves, as they were commonly referred to, were based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 849 [3] of June 3, 1940. In 1941 two higher grades of the Knight's Cross were instituted. The enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 613 [4] of September 28, 1941 introduced the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. At the end of 1944 the last and final grade, the Knight's Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds, based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11 [5] of December 29, 1944 concluded the variants of the Knight's Cross.

PrerequisitesEdit

To qualify for the Knight's Cross, a soldier had to already hold the 1939 Iron Cross First Class, though the Iron Cross I Class was awarded concurrently with the Knight's Cross in rare cases. Unit commanders could also be awarded the medal for exemplary conduct by the unit as a whole.

GradesEdit

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was divided into five grades, excluding the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross:

  • Knights Cross
  • Knights Cross with Oak Leaves
  • Knights Cross with Oak Leaves and swords
  • Knights Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds
  • Knights Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds

Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and SwordsEdit

Knight's Cross with Oak LeavesEdit

Knight's CrossEdit

HQ StaffEdit

1st SS Polizei Schutzen RegimentEdit

  • Karl Schümers, Sturmbannführer II./1st SS Polizei Schützen Regiment 30 September 1942
  • Otto Gieseke, Standartenführer und Oberst der Schupo, commander 1st SS Polezei Schutzen Regiment
  • Wilhelm Dietrich SS-Hauptsturmführer I./1st SS Polizei Schützen Regiment 15 October 1944 [6]

2nd SS Polizei Schutzen RegimentEdit

3rd SS Polizei Schutzen RegimentEdit

2nd SS Polizei RegimentEdit

3rd SS Polizei Panzergrenadier-RegimentEdit

  • Hans Traupe, Sturmbannführer und Major der Schupo, commander I./3rd SS Pol Gren.Rgt 23 February 1944 [6]

SS Polizei Panzergrenadier Regiment 7Edit

  • Otto Prager SS-Sturmbannführer 7th SS Polizei Panzer Grenadier Regiment 9 December 1944 [6]

SS Polizei Panzergrenadier Regiment 8Edit

SS Panzer Battalion 4Edit

SS Polizei Artillery Regiment 4Edit

SS Polizei Panzer Reconnaissance Battalion 4Edit

SS Polizei Panzerjager Battalion 4Edit

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. Encyclopædia Britannica
  2. @ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 1573; 1 September 1939
  3. @ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 849; 3 June 1940
  4. @ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 613; 28 September 1941
  5. @ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11; 29 December 1944
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 "axis.history". http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=9677. 

ReferencesEdit

  • SEEMEN, Gerhard von: Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939-1945. Podzun-Pallas, 1976.
  • SCHERZER, Veit: Knight's Cross Recipients 1939 - 1945 (Paperback) by Enid Blyton, 1999

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