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Arlington National Cemetery is a United States military cemetery located in Arlington County, Virginia near The Pentagon and directly across the Potomac River from the Lincoln Memorial. The cemetery has graves for thousands of casualties and deceased veterans of the nation's conflicts, beginning with the American Civil War but includes reinterred dead from earlier wars as well. It was established during the Civil War on the grounds of Arlington House, which had been the estate of the family of Confederate general Robert E. Lee's wife Mary Anna (Custis) Lee (a great-granddaughter of Martha Washington).

The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.[1]

American Civil War[edit | edit source]

Indian Wars[edit | edit source]

Image Name Service Rank Death date Burial location Comments[2]
Cheever, Jr., Benjamin H.Benjamin H. Cheever, Jr. Army First Lieutenant October 21, 1930 Section 1, Site 421 Headed the advance of his unit across the partly frozen White River.
Charles Frederic Humphrey.jpg Humphrey, Sr., Charles FredericCharles Frederic Humphrey, Sr. Army First Lieutenant June 4, 1926 Section 4 Lot 3115 Although under fire by Indians he volunteered to help a party that had recovered an an abandoned howitzer and 2 Gatling guns that was lying a few yards from the Indians.
Heyl, Charles H.Charles H. Heyl Army Second Lieutenant October 12, 1926 Section 1, Site 135-B E "Charged with 3 men upon 6 Indians who were entrenched upon a hillside."
Edward John McClernand.png McClernand, Edward JohnEdward John McClernand Army Second Lieutenant February 9, 1936 Section 3, Lot 1931-SW "Gallantly attacked a band of hostiles and conducted the combat with excellent skill and boldness."
Edward godfrey3.jpg Godfrey, Edward SettleEdward Settle Godfrey Army Captain April 1, 1932 Section 3, Site 4175-F "Led his command into action when he was severely wounded."
Ernest Albert Garlington 1911.jpg Garlington, Ernest AlbertErnest Albert Garlington Army First Lieutenant October 16, 1934 The citation simply reads, "Distinguished gallantry."
Dodge, Francis S.Francis S. Dodge Army Captain February 19, 1908 Section 3, Grave 1874 "With a force of 40 men rode all night to the relief of a command that had been defeated and was besieged by an overwhelming force of Indians, reached the field at daylight, joined in the action and fought for 3 days."
Frank Baldwin Brady-Handy oval.png Baldwin, FrankFrank Baldwin Army First Lieutenant April 22, 1923 Section 3, lot 1894 Second award: Rescued, with 2 companies, 2 white girls by a voluntary attack upon Indians whose superior numbers and strong position would have warranted delay for reinforcements, but which delay would have permitted the Indians to escape and kill their captives.
Col Frank West.jpg West, FrankFrank West Army First Lieutenant August 26, 1923 Section 1, Lot 549 "Rallied his command and led it in the advance against the enemy's fortified position."
George Emerson Albee.jpg Albee, George E.George E. Albee Army First Lieutenant March 24, 1918 First Lieutenant "Attacked with 2 men a force of 11 Indians, drove them from the hills, and reconnoitered the country beyond."
George Horace Morgan.png Morgan, George H.George H. Morgan Army Second Lieutenant February 14, 1948 Section 3, Lot 2053 "Gallantly held his ground at a critical moment and fired upon the advancing enemy (hostile Indians) until he was disabled by a shot."
Burnett, George RitterGeorge Ritter Burnett Army Second Lieutenant November 1, 1908 Section 3 "Saved the life of a dismounted soldier, who was in imminent danger of being cut off, by alone galloping quickly to his assistance under heavy fire and escorting him to a place of safety, his horse being twice shot in this action."
Hawthorne, Harry L.Harry L. Hawthorne Army Second Lieutenant April 10, 1948 Section 3, Site 1952WS "Distinguished conduct in battle with hostile Indians."
Henry Johnson, MOH.jpg Johnson, HenryHenry Johnson Army Private January 31, 1904 Section 23, Lot 16547 "Voluntarily left fortified shelter and under heavy fire at close range made the rounds of the pits to instruct the guards, fought his way to the creek and back to bring water to the wounded."
Tilton, Henry R.Henry R. Tilton Army Colonel June 25, 1906 Section 1 Lot 392 "Fearlessly risked his life and displayed great gallantry in rescuing and protecting the wounded men."
Mays, IsaiahIsaiah Mays Army Corporal May 2, 1925 "Gallantry in the fight between Paymaster Wham's escort and robbers. Mays walked and crawled 2 miles to a ranch for help."
Kerr, John BrownJohn Brown Kerr Army Brigadier general February 27, 1928 Section 3, Lot 1950-SH "For distinguished bravery on 1 January 1891, while in command of his troop of the 6th U.S. Cavalry, in action against hostile Sioux Indians on the north bank of the White River, near the mouth of Little Grass Creek, South Dakota, where he defeated a force of 300 Brule Sioux warriors, and turned the Sioux tribe, which was endeavoring to enter the Bad Lands, back into the Pine Ridge Agency"
Schou, JuliusJulius Schou Army Sergeant November 19, 1929 Section 17, Lot 21, 482 "Carried dispatches to Fort Buford"
Wood, LeonardLeonard Wood Army Major general August 7, 1927 "Voluntarily carried dispatches through a region inhabited by hostile Indians, making a journey of 70 miles in one night and walking 30 miles the next day. Also for several weeks, while in close pursuit of Geronimo's band and constantly expecting an encounter, commanded a detachment of Infantry, which was then without an officer, and to the command of which he was assigned upon his own request."
Brett, Lloyd MiltonLloyd Milton Brett Army Brigadier general September 23, 1927 Section 6, Grave 8367 "Fearless exposure and dashing bravery in cutting off the Indians' pony herd, thereby greatly crippling the hostiles"
Maus, Marion PerryMarion Perry Maus Army Brigadier general February 9, 1930 Section 3, Lot 3886-B "Most distinguished gallantry in action with hostile Apaches led by Geronimo and Natchez."
Carter, Robert G.Robert G. Carter Army
Cruse, ThomasThomas Cruse Army
Shaw, ThomasThomas Shaw Army
Barnes, Will C.Will C. Barnes Army
Carter, William HardingWilliam Harding Carter Army
William McBryar, USV.jpg McBryar, WilliamWilliam McBryar Army Sergeant March 8, 1941 Section 4, lot 2738-B "Distinguished himself for coolness, bravery and marksmanship while his troop was in pursuit of hostile Apache Indians."
William Preble Hall.jpg Hall, William PrebleWilliam Preble Hall Army First Lieutenant December 14, 1927 Section 1, lot 653 "With a reconnoitering party of 3 men, was attacked by 35 Indians and several times exposed himself to draw the fire of the enemy, giving his small party opportunity to reply with much effect."
Woodall, Zachariah T.Zachariah T. Woodall Army Sergeant September 12, 1899 Section 22, lot 15788 "While in command of 5 men and carrying dispatches, was attacked by 125 Indians, who, he with his command fought throughout the day, he being severely wounded."

Spanish American War[edit | edit source]

Image Name Service Rank Death date Burial location Comments[3]
Bell, DennisDennis Bell Army Private September 25, 1953(1953-09-25) Section 31, lot 349[4] Voluntarily went ashore in the face of the enemy and aided in the rescue of his wounded comrades; this after several previous attempts at rescue had been frustrated.
Blume, RobertRobert Blume Navy Seaman September 16, 1937(1937-09-16) Section 6, grave 9752-SS[5] For setting an example of extraordinary bravery and coolness under fire.
Carter, Joseph E.Joseph E. Carter Navy Blacksmith June 19, 1950(1950-06-19) Section 34, lot 2631-1.[6] For setting an example of extraordinary bravery and coolness under fire.
Head of a white man with neatly combed hair and a bushy mustache wearing a double-breasted military jacket with two columns of large buttons down the chest. Charrette, GeorgeGeorge Charrette Navy Gunner's Mate First Class February 7, 1938(1938-02-07) For displaying extraordinary heroism while under heavy fire from Spanish batteries.
Church, James R.James R. Church Army Assistant Surgeon May 18, 1923(1923-05-18) Section 3 Lot 1409-A[7][8] In addition to performing gallantly the duties pertaining to his position, voluntarily and unaided carried several seriously wounded men from the firing line to a secure position in the rear, each instance being subjected to a very heavy fire and great exposure and danger.
Eglit, JohnJohn Eglit Navy Seaman For setting an example of extraordinary bravery and coolness under fire.
Hardaway, Benjamin F.Benjamin F. Hardaway Army First Lieutenant For assisting in the rescue of the wounded while under heavy fire.
Jardine, AlexanderAlexander Jardine Navy Fireman First Class On board the U.S.S. Potomac during the passage of that vessel from Cat Island to Nassau, 14 November 1898.
Johanson, John P.John P. Johanson Navy Seaman December 14, 1937(1937-12-14) Section 6, site 9768[9][10] On board the U.S.S. Marblehead during the operation of cutting the cable leading from Cienfuegos, Cuba, 11 May 1898.
Johansson, Johan J.Johan J. Johansson Navy Ordinary Seaman December 4, 1948(1948-12-04) Section 13, site 720[11][12] On board the U.S.S. Nashville during the operation of cutting the cable leading from Cienfuegos, Cuba, 11 May 1898.
Keefer, Philip B.Philip B. Keefer Navy Coppersmith January 1, 1949(1949-01-01) Section 11, Lot 527[13] On board the U.S.S. Iowa off Santiago de Cuba, 20 July 1898.
Head and shoulders of a young white man with thick hair wearing a flat cap and a sailor suit with three medals on the left breast. Miller, WillardWillard Miller Navy Seaman For displaying extraordinary bravery and coolness under fire.
Muller, FrederickFrederick Muller Navy Mate June 9, 1946(1946-06-09) Section 8, lot 6035[14][15] For displaying heroism and gallantry under fire.
Roberts, Charles DuValCharles DuVal Roberts Army Second Lieutenant October 24, 1966(1966-10-24) Section 2, site 3671[16] For assisting in the rescue of the wounded while under heavy fire.
Russell, Henry P.Henry P. Russell Navy Landsman December 1, 1956(1956-12-01) Section 31, lot 6377[17][18] For displaying extraordinary bravery and coolness under fire.
Wanton, George H.George H. Wanton Army Private November 27, 1940(1940-11-27) Section 4, Lot 2749[19] Voluntarily went ashore in the face of the enemy and aided in the rescue of his wounded comrades; this after several previous attempts at rescue had been frustrated.

World War I[edit | edit source]

World War II[edit | edit source]

Korean War[edit | edit source]

Vietnam War[edit | edit source]

Post Vietnam[edit | edit source]

Image Name Service Rank Death date Grave location Comments
Head and shoulders of a smiling young man in circa 2000 U.S. Army uniform with beret, before a large American flag. McGinnis, Ross A.Ross A. McGinnis Army Specialist December 4, 2006 Section 60, site 8544[20] Saved the lives of four soldiers by diving on a grenade while inside HMMWV (Humvee)[21]
Head and shoulders of smiling man in circa 2000 U.S. Army battle dress. Smith, Paul R.Paul R. Smith Army Sergeant First Class April 4, 2003 Section D, lot 67[22] Held the enemy at bay allowing for the wounded to be carried out, died in the process[23]

Other conflicts[edit | edit source]

Image Name Service Rank Conflict Death date Burial location Comments[24]
Edwin Anderson, Jr. Anderson, Jr., EdwinEdwin Anderson, Jr. Navy Captain Veracruz September 23, 1933 Section 2, grave 3798[25] Showed fearlessness and courage in battle, during the engagement of Veracruz, April 22, 1914, in command of the Second Seaman Regiment
Oscar C. Badger II Badger II, Oscar C.Oscar C. Badger II Navy Ensign Veracruz November 30, 1958 Section 2, lot 3760-WS[26] Led his men in both days' fighting at the head of his company
Randolph C. Berkeley Berkeley, Randolph C.Randolph C. Berkeley Marine Corps Major Veracruz January 31, 1960 Section 3, site 1591-5[27] ”For distinguished conduct in battle, engagements of Veracruz, 21 – 22 April 1914”; was eminent and conspicuous in command of his battalion; was in the fighting of both days, and exhibited courage and his skill in leading his men through action. His cool judgment and courage and his skill in handling his men in encountering and overcoming the machine gun and rifle fire down Cinco de Mayo and parallel streets accounts for the small percentage of the losses of Marines under his command.
Frank J. Fletcher Fletcher, Frank JackFrank Jack Fletcher Navy Lieutenant Veracruz April 25, 1973 Section 2, lot 4736-E[28] ”For distinguished conduct in battle, engagements of Veracruz, 21 – 22 April 1914”

Notes[edit | edit source]


References[edit | edit source]

  1. "A Brief History—The Medal of Honor". Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Department of Defense. August 8, 2006. http://www.defenselink.mil/faq/pis/med_of_honor.html. Retrieved December 27, 2010. 
  2. "Medal of Honor recipients". Indian War Campaigns. United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. https://history.army.mil/html/moh/indianwars.html. Retrieved November 17, 2015. 
  3. "War with Spain Medal of Honor recipients". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. July 24, 2013. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/warspain.html. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  4. "List of Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/6127825. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  5. "List of Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/22788. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  6. "List of Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/6162654. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  7. "List of Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/6164698. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  8. "James Robb Church, Colonel, United States Army at www.arlingtoncemetery.net Arlington Cemetery". http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/jrchurch.htm. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  9. "List of Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/23234. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  10. "John Peter Johanson; Seaman, United States Navy". Arlington National Cemetery Website.net. August 21, 2000. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/johanson.htm. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  11. "List of Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7866946. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  12. "John J. Johansson; Seaman, United States Navy". Arlington National Cemetery Website.net. August 21, 2000. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/johanssn.htm. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  13. "List of Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7867519. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  14. "List of Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7866853. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  15. "Frederick Muller; Lieutenant Commander, United States Navy". Medal of Honor recipients buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Arlington National Cemetery website. January 21, 2008. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/fmuller.htm. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  16. "Charles DuVal Roberts". Arlington National Cemetery. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/charlesd.htm. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  17. "List of Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7880892. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  18. "Arlington National Cemetery website". http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/hprussel.htm. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  19. "List of Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7866816. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  20. "Ross McGinnis, Medal of Honor recipient". Arlington National Cemetery Biography. Arlington National Cemetery profile. December 9, 2006. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/ramcginnis.htm. Retrieved October 31, 2015. 
  21. "Private First Class Ross A. McGinnis". Iraq War Medal of Honor recipients. Army Center of Military History. May 7, 2015. http://www.history.army.mil/moh/iraq.html#McGinnis. Retrieved October 31, 2015. 
  22. "List of Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7337801. Retrieved October 31, 2015. 
  23. "Medal of Honor - Sergeant First Class Paul R. Smith". http://www.army.mil/medalofhonor/smith/citation/index.html. Retrieved October 31, 2015. 
  24. "Mexican Campaign (Vera Cruz)". Medal of Honor recipients. United States Army Center of Military History (CMH). http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/mohmex.html. Retrieved October 31, 2015. 
  25. "List of Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/5746379. Retrieved 2007-10-26. 
  26. "List of Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/6239034. Retrieved October 31, 2015. 
  27. "Randolph Carter Berkeley, Jr., Colonel, United States Marine Corps". Arlington National Cemetery.net. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/rcberkeleyjr.htm. Retrieved OCtober 31, 2015. 
  28. "List of Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/6623703. Retrieved October 31, 2015. 

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

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