The Battle of Cedar Creek was fought near Middletown, Virginia on October 19, 1864. The battle was the decisive engagement of Major General Philip Sheridan's Valley Campaigns of 1864 and was the largest battle fought in the Shenandoah Valley. Twelve Union Army enlisted men and nine officers were awarded the Medal of Honor for gallantry during the battle.
The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.
Recipients[edit | edit source]
|John W. Blunt||First Lieutenant||6th New York Cavalry||Risked his life by voluntarily leading a charge across a narrow bridge over the creek and against the lines of the enemy.|
|Henry H. Crocker||Captain||2nd Massachusetts Cavalry||Risked his life by voluntarily leading a charge, which resulted in the capture of 14 prisoners and in which he himself was wounded.|
|Ulric L. Crocker||Private||6th Michigan Cavalry||Captured the flag of the 18th Georgia forces.|
|Henry A. du Pont||Captain||5th U.S. Artillery||Voluntarily exposed himself to the enemy's fire at a critical moment. When the Union line had been broken, encouraged his men to stand to their guns, checked the advance of the enemy, and brought off most of his pieces.|
|Edwin Goodrich||First Lieutenant||9th New York Cavalry||"While the command was falling back, First Lieutenant Goodrich returned, and in the face of the enemy rescued a sergeant from under his fallen horse."|
|William W. Henry||Colonel||10th U.S. Infantry||"Though suffering from severe wounds, rejoined his regiment and let it in a brilliant charge, recapturing the guns of an abandoned battery."|
|Ira Hough||Private||8th Indiana Infantry||Captured an enemy units flag|
|George M. Love||Colonel||116th New York Infantry||Captured the battle flag of the 2d South Carolina.|
|Frederick Lyon||Corporal||1st Vermont Cavalry||"With 1 companion, captured the flag of a Confederate regiment, 3 officers, and an ambulance with its mules and driver."|
|Andrew J. McGonnigle||Captain||U.S. Volunteers||"While acting chief quartermaster of General Sheridan's forces operating in the Shenandoah Valley, Captain McGonnigle was severely wounded while voluntarily leading a brigade of infantry and was commended for the greatest gallantry by General Sheridan."|
|Harry J. Parks||Private||9th New York Cavalry||"While alone and in advance of his unit and attempting to cut off the retreat of a supply wagon, he fought and sent to flight a Confederate color bearer. After capturing the color bearer and leaving him in the rear, he returned to the front and captured 3 more wagons and drivers."|
|Daniel P. Reigle||Corporal||87th Pennsylvania Infantry||Risked his life by rushing forward to capture a Confederate flag at the stone fence where the enemy's last stand was made.|
|David H. Scofield||Quartermaster Sergeant||5th New York Cavalry||For capturing the flag of the 13th Virginia Infantry.|
|James Sweeney||Private||1st Vermont Cavalry||Captured the state flag of a North Carolina regiment along with three officers and an ambulance with its mules and driver.|
|Richard Taylor||Private||18th Indiana Infantry||Captured an enemy units flag|
|Stephen Thomas||Colonel||8th Vermont Infantry||"Distinguished conduct in a desperate hand to hand encounter, in which the advance of the enemy was checked."|
|Amasa Tracy||Lieutenant Colonel||2nd Vermont Infantry||Took command of the brigade in an assault on the enemy's works|
|John Walsh||Corporal||5th New York Cavalry||Recaptured the flag of the 15th New Jersey Infantry.|
|Martin Wambsgan||Private||90th New York Infantry||"While the enemy were in close proximity, Private Wambsgan sprang forward and bore off in safety the regimental colors, the Color Bearer having fallen on the field of battle."|
|Thomas M. Wells||Chief Bugler||6th New York Cavalry||Captured the colors of the 44th Georgia Infantry|
|Eri D. Woodbury||Sergeant||1st Vermont Cavalry||Forced four Confederate infantrymen to surrender along with their rifles and the 12th North Carolina (Confederate States of America) regimental flag.|
Notes[edit | edit source]
- "A Brief History—The Medal of Honor". Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Department of Defense. August 8, 2006. http://www.defenselink.mil/faq/pis/med_of_honor.html. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
References[edit | edit source]
- "Medal of Honor recipients". Listing of Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and Coast Guardsmen who received the Medal of Honor during World War II. United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/moh.html. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
- "Medal of Honor recipients". American Medal of Honor recipients for the American Civil War (A-L). United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwaral.html. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
- "Medal of Honor recipients". American Medal of Honor recipients for the American Civil War (M-Z). United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwarmz.html. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
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