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The Siege of Vicksburg, also known as the Battle of Vicksburg, (May 18 – July 4, 1863) was the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. In a series of maneuvers, Union Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and his Army of the Tennessee crossed the Mississippi River and drove the Confederate Army of Vicksburg led by Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton into the defensive lines surrounding the fortress city of Vicksburg, Mississippi.

When two major assaults (May 19 and 22, 1863) against the Confederate fortifications were repulsed with heavy casualties, Grant decided to besiege the city beginning on May 25. With no reinforcement, supplies nearly gone, and after holding out for more than forty days, the garrison finally surrendered on July 4. This action (combined with the surrender of Port Hudson to Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks on July 9) yielded command of the Mississippi River to the Union forces, who would hold it for the rest of the conflict.

The Confederate surrender following the siege at Vicksburg is sometimes considered, when combined with Gen. Robert E. Lee's defeat at Gettysburg by Maj. Gen. George G. Meade the previous day, the turning point of the war. It cut off the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas from the rest of the Confederacy, as well as communication with Confederate forces in the Trans-Mississippi Department for the remainder of the war.

The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.[1]

Recipients[edit | edit source]

Name Service Rank Date Comments[2][3][4][4]
Albert, ChristianChristian Albert Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Archinal, William J.William J. Archinal Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Armstrong, Clinton L.Clinton L. Armstrong Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Ayers, DavidDavid Ayers Army E-05Sergeant May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Ayers, John G. K.John G. K. Ayers Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Ballen, FrederickFrederick Ballen Army E-01Private May 3, 1863 Was one of a party that volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and 2 barges loaded with subsistence stores.
Barringer, William H.William H. Barringer Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party.
Bickford, MatthewMatthew Bickford Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party.
Blasdel, Thomas A.Thomas A. Blasdel Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party.
Bois, FrankFrank Bois Navy Quartermaster May 27, 1863 Served as quartermaster aboard the USS Cincinnati during the attack on the Vicksburg batteries and at the time of her sinking, 27 May 1863.
Bowen, EmmerEmmer Bowen Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party"
Brown, John H.John H. Brown Army E-08First Sergeant May 19, 1863 Voluntarily carried a verbal message from Col. A. C. Parry to Gen. Hugh Ewing through a terrific fire and in plain view of the enemy.
Brown, UriahUriah Brown Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Despite the death of his captain at his side during the assault he continued carrying his log to the defense ditch. While he was laying his log in place he was shot down and thrown into the water. Unmindful of his own wound he, despite the intense fire, dragged 5 of his comrades from the ditch, wherein they lay wounded, to a place of safety.
Brownell, William P.William P. Brownell Navy Coxswain May 2, 1863 and May 22, 1863 Served as coxswain on board the USS Benton during the attack on Great Gulf Bay, 2 May 1863, and Vicksburg, 22 May 1863. Carrying out his duties with coolness and courage, Brownell served gallantly against the enemy as captain of a 9-inch gun in the attacks on Great Gulf and Vicksburg and as a member of the Battery Benton before Vicksburg.
Buckley, John C.John C. Buckley Army E-05Sergeant May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Buhrman, Henry G.Henry G. Buhrman Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Burritt, William W.William W. Burritt Army E-01Private Apr 27, 1863 Voluntarily acted as a fireman on a steam tug which ran the blockade and passed the batteries under a heavy fire.
Campbell, WilliamWilliam Campbell Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Carmin, Isaac H.Isaac H. Carmin Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Saved his regimental flag; also seized and threw a shell, with burning fuse, from among his comrades.
Casey, HenryHenry Casey Army E-01Private Apr 22, 1863 Voluntarily served as one of the crew of a transport that passed the forts under a heavy fire.
Chisman, William W.William W. Chisman Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Colby, Carlos W.Carlos W. Colby Army E-05Sergeant May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Conaway, John W.John W. Conaway Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Corcoran, Thomas E.Thomas E. Corcoran Navy Landsman May 27, 1863 Served on board the USS Cincinnati during the attack on the Vicksburg batteries and at the time of her sinking
Cox, Robert M.Robert M. Cox Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Bravely defended the colors planted on the outward parapet of Fort Hill.
Cunningham, James S.James S. Cunningham Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Davidson, AndrewAndrew Davidson Army Assistant Surgeon May 3, 1863 Voluntarily attempted to run the enemy's batteries.
Davis, Martin K.Martin K. Davis Army E-05Sergeant May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Day, David F.David F. Day Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Dewitt, Richard W.Richard W. DeWitt Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of a "volunteer storming party."
Dickie, DavidDavid Dickie Army E-05Sergeant May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Dorman, John HenryJohn Henry Dorman Navy E-01Seaman February 6, 1862 and May 22, 1863 Carrying out his duties courageously throughout the actions of the USS Carondelet, Dorman, although wounded several times invariably returned to duty and constantly presented an example of devotion to the flag.
Dow, HenryHenry Dow Navy Boatswain's Mate May 27, 1863 Served on board the USS Cincinnati during the attack on the Vicksburg batteries and at the time of her sinking, 27 May 1863.
Dunne, JamesJames Dunne Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Carried with others by hand a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's works.
Eckes, John N.John N. Eckes Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Elision, James M.James M. Elision Army E-05Sergeant May 22, 1863 Carried the colors in advance of his regiment and was shot down while attempting to plant them on the enemy's works.
Fisher, John H.John H. Fisher Army O-02First Lieutenant May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Flynn, James E.James E. Flynn Army E-05Sergeant May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Frantz, JosephJoseph Frantz Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Fraser, William W.William W. Fraser Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Last name sometimes spelled "Frazier"
Frey, FranzFranz Frey Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Frizzell, Henry F.Henry F. Frizzell Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Last name sometimes spelled "Frazell"
Geschwind, NicholasNicholas Geschwind Army Captain May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Godley, Leonidas M.Leonidas M. Godley Army E-08First Sergeant May 22, 1863 Led his company in the assault on the enemy's works and gained the parapet, there receiving 3 very severe wounds. He lay all day in the sun, was taken prisoner, and had his leg amputated without anesthetics.
Goldsbery, Andrew E.Andrew E. Goldsbery Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Gould, Newton T.Newton T. Gould Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Guinn, ThomasThomas Guinn Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Hack, JohnJohn Hack Army E-01Private May 3, 1863 Was one of a party which volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and 2 barges loaded with subsistence stores.
Hamilton, Thomas W.Thomas W. Hamilton Navy Quartermaster May 27, 1863 Serving as quartermaster on board the USS Cincinnati during the attack on the Vicksburg batteries and at the time of her sinking, 27 May 1863.
Hanks, JosephJoseph Hanks Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Voluntarily and under fire went to the rescue of a wounded comrade lying between the lines, gave him water, and brought him off the field.
Harris, SampsonSampson Harris Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Hathaway, Edward W.Edward W. Hathaway Navy E-01Seaman June 28, 1862 Struck by a bullet which severed his left arm above the elbow, Hathaway displayed exceptional courage as his ship, USS Sciota, sustained numerous damaging hits from stem to stern while proceeding down the river to fight the battle of Vicksburg.
Helms, David H.David H. Helms Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Henry, JamesJames Henry Army E-05Sergeant May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Higgins, Thomas J.Thomas J. Higgins Army E-05Sergeant May 22, 1863 Received the Medal of Honor at the request of the Confederates who captured him.
Hodges, Addison J.Addison J. Hodges Army E-01Private May 3, 1863 Was one of a party that volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and 2 barges loaded with subsistence stores.
Howe, Orion P.Orion P. Howe Army Musician May 19, 1863 A drummer boy, 14 years of age, and severely wounded and exposed to a heavy fire from the enemy, he persistently remained upon the field of battle until he had reported to Gen. W. T. Sherman the necessity of supplying cartridges for the use of troops under command of Colonel Malmborg.
Hunt, Louis T.Louis T. Hunt Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Hyatt, TheodoreTheodore Hyatt Army E-08First Sergeant May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Jardine, JamesJames Jardine Army E-05Sergeant May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Jenkins, ThomasThomas Jenkins Navy E-01Seaman May 27, 1863 Served on board the USS Cincinnati during the attack on the Vicksburg batteries and at the time of her sinking, 27 May 1863.
John, WilliamWilliam John Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Johns, ElishaElisha Johns Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Last name sometimes spelled "Jones"
Johnson, AndrewAndrew Johnson Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Johnston, DavidDavid Johnston Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Jones, DavidDavid Jones Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Kephart, JamesJames Kephart Army E-01Private May 19, 1863 Voluntarily and at the risk of his life, under a severe fire of the enemy, aided and assisted to the rear an officer who had been severely wounded and left on the field.
Kirby, Dennis T.Dennis T. Kirby Army O-04Major May 22, 1863 Seized the colors when the color bearer was killed and bore them himself in the assault.
Kloth, Charles H.Charles H. Kloth Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Carried with others by hand a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's works.
Kretsinger, GeorgeGeorge Kretsinger Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Carried with others by hand a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's works.
Labill, Joseph S.Joseph S. Labill Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Larrabee, James W.James W. Larrabee Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Lewis, HenryHenry Lewis Army E-04Corporal May 3, 1863 Was one of a party that volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and two barges loaded with subsistence stores.
Longshore, William H.William H. Longshore Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party.
Lower, Robert A.Robert A. Lower Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party
McClelland, James M.James M. McClelland Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
McCornack, AndrewAndrew McCornack Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
McGinn, EdwardEdward McGinn Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
McGonagle, WilsonWilson McGonagle Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
McGuire, PatrickPatrick McGuire Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Carried with others by hand a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's work.
McHugh, MartinMartin McHugh Navy E-01Seaman May 27, 1863 Serving on board the USS Cincinnati during the attack on the Vicksburg batteries and at the time of her sinking, 27 May 1863.
Miller, Jacob C.Jacob C. Miller Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Morford, JeromeJerome Morford Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Murphy, Thomas C.Thomas C. Murphy Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Voluntarily crossed the line of heavy fire of Union and Confederate forces, carrying a message to stop the firing of one Union regiment on another.
Nash, Henry H.Henry H. Nash Army E-04Corporal May 3, 1863 Was one of a party that volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and 2 barges loaded with subsistence stores.
North, Jasper N.Jasper N. North Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
ODea, JohnJohn O'Dea Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party
ODonnell, MenomenMenomen O'Donnell Army O-02First Lieutenant May 22, 1863 and Mar 14, 1864 Voluntarily joined the color guard in the assault on the enemy's works when he saw indications of wavering and caused the colors of his regiment to be planted on the parapet. Voluntarily placed himself in the ranks of an assaulting column (being then on staff duty) and rode with it into the enemy's works, being the only mounted officer present, was twice wounded in battle.
Orbansky, DavidDavid Orbansky Army E-01Private 1862 – 1863 Gallantry in actions.
Overturf, Jacob H.Jacob H. Overturf Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Parsons, JoelJoel Parsons Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Pearsall, PlattPlatt Pearsall Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Peters, Henry C.Henry C. Peters Army E-01Private May 3, 1863 Was one of a party that volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and 2 barges loaded with subsistence stores
Putnam, Winthrop D.Winthrop D. Putnam Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Carried, with others, by hand, a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's works.
Reed, WilliamWilliam Reed Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Renninger, LouisLouis Renninger Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Rock, FrederickFrederick Rock Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Rundle, Charles W.Charles W. Rundle Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Sanford, JacobJacob Sanford Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Schenck, Benjamin W.Benjamin W. Schenck Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party.
Schmauch, AndrewAndrew Schmauch Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Schnell, ChristianChristian Schnell Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Smalley, ReubenReuben Smalley Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Sprague, BenonaBenona Sprague Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Steinmetz, WilliamWilliam Steinmetz Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Stephens, William G.William G. Stephens Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Carried with others by hand a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's works.
Stockman, George H.George H. Stockman Army O-02First Lieutenant May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Stolz, FrankFrank Stolz Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Summers, James C.James C. Summers Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Swegheimer, JacobJacob Swegheimer Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Sype, PeterPeter Sype Army E-01Private May 3, 1863 Was one of a party that volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and 2 barges loaded with subsistence stores.
Taylor, Henry H.Henry H. Taylor Army E-05Sergeant Jun 25, 1863 Was the first to plant the Union colors upon the enemy's works.
Toomer, WilliamWilliam Toomer Army E-05Sergeant May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Trogden, Howell G.Howell G. Trogden Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party." He carried his regiment's flag and tried to borrow a gun to defend it.
Vernay, James D.James D. Vernay Army O-01Second Lieutenant Apr 22, 1863 Served gallantly as a volunteer with the crew of the steamer Horizon that, under a heavy fire, passed the Confederate batteries.
Wagner, John W.John W. Wagner Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Ward, Thomas J.Thomas J. Ward Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Ward, William H.William H. Ward Army O-03Captain May 3, 1863 Voluntarily commanded the expedition which, under cover of darkness, attempted to run the enemy's batteries.
Warden, JohnJohn Warden Army E-04Corporal May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Welsh, EdwardEdward Welsh Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
White, Patrick H.Patrick H. White Army O-03Captain May 22, 1863 Carried with others by hand a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's works.
Widick, Andrew J.Andrew J. Widick Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Wood, Richard H.Richard H. Wood Army O-03Captain May 22, 1863 Led the "volunteer storming party," which made a most gallant assault upon the enemy's works.
Wortick, JosephJoseph Wortick Army E-01Private May 22, 1863 Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party." Last name sometimes spelled "Wertick"

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. "A Brief History—The Medal of Honor". Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Department of Defense. August 8, 2006. http://www.defenselink.mil/faq/pis/med_of_honor.html. Retrieved December 27, 2010. 
  2. "Medal of Honor recipients". American Medal of Honor recipients for the American Civil War (A-F). United States Army Center of Military History. July 29, 2013. http://www.history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_af.html. Retrieved March 19, 2015. 
  3. "Medal of Honor recipients". American Medal of Honor recipients for the American Civil War (G-L). United States Army Center of Military History. August 13, 2013. http://www.history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_gl.html. Retrieved March 19, 2015. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Medal of Honor recipients". American Medal of Honor recipients for the American Civil War (M-R). United States Army Center of Military History. August 13, 2013. http://www.history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_mr.html. Retrieved March 19, 2015.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "AMOHWM-R" defined multiple times with different content

References[edit | edit source]

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