The Battle of Opequon, more commonly known as the Third Battle of Winchester, was fought in Winchester, Virginia, on September 19, 1864, during the Valley Campaigns of 1864 in the American Civil War. Fourteen Union Army enlisted men and one officer were awarded the Medal of Honor for gallantry during the battle.
The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.
Recipients[edit | edit source]
|Chester B. Bowen||Corporal||1st New York Dragoons||Captured the enemies flag|
|Gabriel Cole||Corporal||5th Michigan Cavalry||Captured the enemies flag|
|Henry W. Downs||Sergeant||8th Vermont Infantry||Sergeant Downs and another soldier voluntarily went for ammunition twice, exposing themselves to enemy fire and returning with the needed ammunition.|
|Henry M. Fox||Sergeant||5th Michigan Cavalry||Captured the enemies flag|
|Andrew J. Lorish||Commissary Sergeant||1st New York Dragoons||Captured the enemies flag|
|Alphonso M. Lunt||Sergeant||38th Massachusetts Infantry||After refusing the enemies demand for his surrender, he withdrew from the battle without losing the units flag|
|Joel H. Lyman||Quartermaster Sergeant||9th New York Cavalry||"In an attempt to capture a Confederate flag he captured one of the enemy's officers and brought him within the lines."|
|Patrick H. McEnroe||Sergeant||6th New York Cavalry||Captured the colors of the 36th Virginia Infantry (Confederate States of America).|
|George E. Meach||Farrier||6th New York Cavalry||Captured the enemies flag|
|George Reynolds||Private||6th New York Cavalry||Captured the Virginia State flag|
|Peter J. Ryan||Private||11th Indiana Infantry||Captured 14 Confederate soldiers as prisoners|
|James M. Schoonmaker||Colonel||14th Pennsylvania Cavalry||led a cavalry charge against the enemy driving them out of their location and captured many prisoners.|
|Conrad Schmidt||First Sergeant||2nd U.S. Cavalry||Risked his life to rescue his regimental commander after his horse had been killed|
|Charles H. Seston||Sergeant||11th Indiana Infantry||Killed while carrying the regimental colors|
|John T. Sterling||Private||11th Indiana Infantry||Captured 14 of enemy soldiers as prisoners|
Notes[edit | edit source]
- "A Brief History—The Medal of Honor". Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Department of Defense. August 8, 2006. http://www.defenselink.mil/faq/pis/med_of_honor.html. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
References[edit | edit source]
- "Medal of Honor recipients". Listing of Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and Coast Guardsmen who received the Medal of Honor during World War II. United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/moh.html. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
- "Medal of Honor recipients". American Medal of Honor recipients for the American Civil War (A-L). United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwaral.html. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
- "Medal of Honor recipients". American Medal of Honor recipients for the American Civil War (M-Z). United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwarmz.html. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
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