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This List of Medal of Honor recipients from the 1st West Virginia Volunteer Cavalry Regiment is sortable by recipient, rank, company, place, date, and reason for the award. The 1st West Virginia Volunteer Cavalry Regiment served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Background[edit | edit source]

The First Virginia Cavalry, later to be renamed the 1st West Virginia Cavalry, was formed during the summer and fall of 1861 to fight for the Union in the American Civil War. (Do not confuse this regiment with the Confederate 1st Virginia Cavalry.) Although it started slowly, it became one of the most effective of all West Virginia regiments. The regiment had more Medal of Honor recipients than any other West Virginia regiment.[1] The majority of its fighting took place in Virginia and what is now West Virginia, although the regiment also fought in Maryland and Pennsylvania (including the Battle of Gettysburg). The regiment participated in most of Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign, and was present at Robert E. Lee's surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox. The regiment mustered out July 8, 1865. It lost 10 officers and 71 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, and 126 enlisted men died from disease.[2]

Name Rank Co. Place of action Date of action Action
Adams, James F.James F. Adams Private D Nineveh, Virginia November 12, 1864 Flag capture[3]
Anderson, ThomasThomas Anderson Corporal I Appomattox Station, Virginia April 8, 1865 Flag capture[4][Note 1]
Blackmar, Wilmon W.Wilmon W. Blackmar First Lieutenant H Five Forks, Virginia April 1, 1865 Leadership[6][7]
Boon, Hugh P.Hugh P. Boon Captain B Sayler's Creek, Virginia April 6, 1865 Flag capture[8][9]
Boury, RichardRichard Boury Sergeant C Charlottesville, Virginia March 5, 1865 Flag capture[10]
Capehart, Charles E.Charles E. Capehart Major Monterey Pass, Virginia July 4, 1863 Leadership[11][12]
Capehart, HenryHenry Capehart Colonel Greenbrier River, West Virginia May 22, 1864 Rescue[13][14]
Cunningham, Francis M.Francis M. Cunningham First Sergeant H Sayler's Creek, Virginia April 6, 1865 Flag capture[15][16][17]
Houlton, WilliamWilliam Houlton Commissary Sergeant Sayler's Creek, Virginia April 6, 1865 Flag capture[18]
Rowand, Jr., Archibald H.Archibald H. Rowand, Jr. Private K Virginia March 1865 Carrying dispatches[19][20][21]
Schorn, CharlesCharles Schorn Chief Bugler M Appomattox Station, Virginia April 8, 1865 Flag capture[22][23]
Shahan, EmisireEmisire Shahan Corporal A Sayler's Creek, Virginia April 6, 1865 Flag capture[24]
Shoemaker, LeviLevi Shoemaker Sergeant A Nineveh, Virginia November 12, 1864 Flag capture[25]
Woods, Daniel A.Daniel A. Woods Private K Sayler's Creek, Virginia April 6, 1865 Flag capture[26]

Notes[edit | edit source]

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. The Lee Chapel and Museum of Washington and Lee University has, at times, displayed the Confederate flag captured by Corporal Thomas Anderson. The museum identifies the flag as Battle Flag no. 356[5]

Citations[edit | edit source]

  1. "First Loyal Virginia Troops For the Union Cause". George Tyler Moore Center for the Study of the Civil War - Shepherd University. https://web.archive.org/web/20110718152712/http://www.shepherd.edu/gtmcweb/research_papers.html. Retrieved 2017-07-20. 
  2. "Battle Unit Details - UNION WEST VIRGINIA VOLUNTEERS - 1st Regiment, West Virginia Cavalry". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-battle-units-detail.htm?battleUnitCode=UWV0001RC. Retrieved 2017-08-13. 
  3. "Medal of Honor Recipients - Civil War (A-F) Adams, James F.". U.S. Army Center of Military History. https://history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_af.html#ADAMSJF. Retrieved 2017-12-22. 
  4. "Medal of Honor Recipients - Civil War (A-F) Anderson, Thomas". U.S. Army Center of Military History. https://history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_af.html#ANDERSONT. Retrieved 2017-12-23. 
  5. "The History of the Flags in Lee Chapel and Museum". Washington and Lee University. https://www.wlu.edu/lee-chapel-and-museum/about-the-chapel/history-of-lee-chapel-flags. Retrieved 2017-12-23. 
  6. "Medal of Honor Recipients - Civil War (A-F) Blackmar, Wilson W.". U.S. Army Center of Military History. https://history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_af.html#BLACKMAR. Retrieved 2017-12-21. 
  7. Beyer & Keydel 1907, p. 511
  8. "Medal of Honor Recipients - Civil War (A-F) Boon, Hugh P.". U.S. Army Center of Military History. https://history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_af.html#BOON. Retrieved 2017-12-21. 
  9. Beyer & Keydel 1907, p. 531
  10. "Medal of Honor Recipients - Civil War (A-F) Boury, Richard". U.S. Army Center of Military History. https://history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_af.html#BOURY. Retrieved 2017-12-22. 
  11. "Congressional Medal of Honor Society - Capehart, Charles E.". Congressional Medal of Honor Society. http://www.cmohs.org/recipient-detail/216/capehart-charles-e.php. Retrieved 2017-11-17. 
  12. Wittenberg, Petruzzi & Nugent 2008, p. 65
  13. "Medal of Honor Recipients - Civil War (A-F) Capehart, Henry". U.S. Army Center of Military History. https://history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_af.html#CAPEHARTH. Retrieved 2017-12-20. 
  14. Beyer & Keydel 1907, pp. 344–346
  15. "Medal of Honor Recipients - Civil War (A-F) Cunningham, Francis M.". U.S. Army Center of Military History. https://history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_af.html#CUNNINGHAMFM. Retrieved 2017-12-21. 
  16. Beyer & Keydel 1907, pp. 528–530
  17. Wallace 1897, pp. 641–643
  18. "Medal of Honor Recipients - Civil War (G-L) Houlton, William". U.S. Army Center of Military History. https://history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_gl.html#HOULTON. Retrieved 2017-12-21. 
  19. "Secrets of a Union spy". Mark Roth, (Pittsburgh) Post-Gazette assistant managing editor. http://old.post-gazette.com/regionstate/19980508bbbrowand7.asp. Retrieved 2017-12-24. 
  20. "West Virginia History on View - Union Army Private Archibald H. Rowand Jr., in Confederate Uniform". West Virginia University. http://wvhistoryonview.org/catalog/wvulibraries:22480. Retrieved 2017-12-24. 
  21. Wallace 1897, pp. 426–428
  22. "Medal of Honor Recipients - Civil War (S-Z) Schorn, Charles". U.S. Army Center of Military History. https://history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_sz.html#SCHORN. Retrieved 2017-12-23. 
  23. Speicher 2009, p. 259
  24. "Medal of Honor Recipients - Civil War (S-Z) Shahan, Emisire". U.S. Army Center of Military History. https://history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_sz.html#SHAHAN. Retrieved 2017-12-21. 
  25. "Medal of Honor Recipients - Civil War (S-Z) Shoemaker, Levi". U.S. Army Center of Military History. https://history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_af.html#ADAMSJF. Retrieved 2017-12-22. 
  26. "Medal of Honor Recipients - Civil War (S-Z) Woods, Daniel A.". U.S. Army Center of Military History. https://history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_sz.html#WOODSDA. Retrieved 2017-12-21. 

References[edit | edit source]


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