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{{Military history of South Africa}}
{{Use dmy dates|date=December 2012}}
 
  +
This article lists the '''[[South Africa]]n military chiefs'''. From 1958 until the first post-apartheid general election in 1994, the present-day [[South African National Defence Force]] was known as the [[South African Defence Force]]. From 1912 to 1958, the military was known as the [[Union Defence Force (South Africa)|Union Defence Force]].
{{Use South African English|date=December 2012}}
 
  +
The following is a list of '''South African military chiefs'''. From 1958 until the first post-apartheid election in 1994, the present-day [[South African National Defence Force]] was known as the [[South African Defence Force]]. From 1912 to 1958, the military was known as the [[Union Defence Force (South Africa)|Union Defence Force]].
 
  +
In terms of section 202(1) of the [[Constitution of South Africa]], the military command of the Defence Force consists of<ref>{{cite book|title=Defence Act (Act No. 42 of 2002)|date=2002|publisher=Parliament of South Africa|chapter=Chapter 1 : Introductory Provisions 4A. Military Command of Defence Force}}</ref> the Chief of the Defence Force plus the Chiefs of the combat arms (Army, Air Force and Navy) as well as
  +
* the Surgeon-General of the South African Military Health Service;
  +
* the Chief of Joint Operations of the Defence Force;
  +
* the Chief of Defence Intelligence;
  +
* the Chief of Human Resources; and
  +
* the Chief of Logistics.
   
 
==Head of the Defence Force==
 
==Head of the Defence Force==
The Defence Force consists of the [[South African Army]], [[South African Air Force]], [[South African Navy]], and [[South African Medical Service]] (which was renamed [[South African Military Health Service]] in 1998). The Chief of the [[South African National Defence Force]] (SANDF) is the senior military commander and the chiefs of the four service arms report to him. {{As of|July 2012}} the Chief of the SANDF is Gen. [[Solly Shoke]] SBS MMS.
+
The Defence Force consists of the [[South African Army|Army]], [[South African Air Force|Air Force]], [[South African Navy|Navy]], and [[South African Medical Service|Medical Service]] (which was renamed [[South African Military Health Service|Military Health Service]] in 1998). The Chief of the [[South African National Defence Force]] (SANDF) is the senior military commander and the chiefs of the four services, in addition to the chiefs of Joint Operations, Defence Intelligence, and Corporate Staff, report to him.<ref>{{cite book|title=Defence Act (Act No. 42 of 2002)|date=2002|publisher=Parliament of South Africa}}</ref> {{As of|September 2018}} the Chief of the SANDF is General [[Solly Shoke]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|OMBG|SBS|MMS|OMS}}.
   
===Chief of the Union Defence Force===
+
===Chief of the UDF===
The Union Defence Force (UDF) consisted initially of land forces. An aviation corps was formed in 1915 and replaced by the South African Air Force in 1920. A naval branch was added in 1922, and the South African Division of the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve was incorporated into it in 1942.
+
The [[Union Defence Force (South Africa)|Union Defence Force]] (UDF) consisted initially of land forces. An aviation corps was formed in 1915 and replaced by the South African Air Force in 1920. A naval branch was added in 1922, and the South African Division of the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve was incorporated into it in 1942.
   
 
In 1951, the defence forces were reorganised into three distinct combat services: the South African Army, the South African Air Force, and the South African Navy. The organisation was renamed "South African Defence Force" in 1958.
 
In 1951, the defence forces were reorganised into three distinct combat services: the South African Army, the South African Air Force, and the South African Navy. The organisation was renamed "South African Defence Force" in 1958.
   
The UDF had no overall commander for the first nine and a half years. From January 1922, the Chief of the General Staff, previously responsible only for the Defence Headquarters staff, was the executive commander of the UDF. The title was changed to 'Commandant General UDF' in September 1956.
+
The UDF had no overall commander for the first nine and a half years. From January 1922, the Chief of the General Staff, previously responsible only for the Defence Headquarters staff, was the executive commander of the UDF. The title was changed to 'Commandant General UDF' in September 1956.
   
  +
{{Officeholder table start
{| class="wikitable"
 
  +
| showorder = y
|-
 
! Name !! Start of term !! End of term
+
| showimage = y
  +
| officeholder_title = Chief of the UDF
|-
 
  +
| showtermlenght = y
|Maj Gen [[Andries Brink]] DTD DSO ||1 October 1922 || 1 May 1933
 
  +
| showparty = n
|-
 
  +
| showdefencebranch = y
|Gen Sir [[Pierre van Ryneveld]] KBE CB DSO MC ||2 May 1933 || 1 May 1949
 
  +
| showref = y
|-
 
  +
}}
|Lt Gen [[Leonard Beyers]] ||2 May 1949 || 15 March 1950
 
  +
{{Officeholder table
|-
 
  +
| order = 1
|Lt Gen [[Christiaan du Toit]] DSO ||16 March 1950 || 22 September 1956
 
  +
| image = Andries Brink.jpg
|-
 
  +
| military_rank = Major general
|Gen [[Hendrik Klopper]] DSO ||23 September 1956 || 24 September 1958
 
  +
| officeholder = [[Andries Brink]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|CBE|DTD|DSO}}
|-
 
  +
| officeholder_sort = Brink, Andries
|Gen [[Stephen Melville]] SSA OBE ||25 September 1958 || 31 October 1958
 
  +
| born_year = 1877
|-
 
  +
| died_year = 1947
|}
 
  +
| term_start = 1 October 1922
  +
| term_end = 1 May 1933
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1922|10|01|1933|05|01}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa|1951}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 2
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = General
  +
| officeholder = Sir [[Pierre van Ryneveld]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|KBE|CB|DSO|MC}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Ryneveld, Pierre
  +
| born_year = 1891
  +
| died_year = 1972
  +
| term_start = 2 May 1933
  +
| term_end = 1 May 1949
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1933|05|02|1949|05|01}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{air force|South Africa|1940}}
  +
| ref = <ref name="Ellis">{{cite journal | url=http://scientiamilitaria.journals.ac.za/pub/article/view/175/221 | title=Oswald Pirow's Five-Year Plan for the Reorganisation of the Union Defence Force, 1933–1938 | author=Ellis, Johan | journal=South African Journal of Military Studies | year=2000 | volume=30 | issue=2}}</ref>
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 3
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Leonard Beyers]]
  +
| officeholder_sort = Beyers, Leonard
  +
| born_year = 1894
  +
| died_year = 1959
  +
| term_start = 2 May 1949
  +
| term_end = 15 March 1950
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1949|05|02|1950|03|15}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa|1951}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 4
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Christiaan du Toit]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|DSO}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Toit, Christiaan
  +
| born_year = 1901
  +
| died_year = 1982
  +
| term_start = 16 March 1950
  +
| term_end = 22 September 1956
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1950|03|16|1956|09|22}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa|1951}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 5
  +
| image = MajGenHBKlopper.JPG
  +
| military_rank = General
  +
| officeholder = [[Hendrik Klopper]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|DSO}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Klopper, Hendrik
  +
| born_year = 1903
  +
| died_year = 1977
  +
| term_start = 23 September 1956
  +
| term_end = 24 September 1958
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1956|09|23|1958|09|24}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa|1951}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 6
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = General
  +
| officeholder = [[Stephen Melville]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA|OBE}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Melville, Stephen
  +
| born_year = 1904
  +
| died_year = 1977
  +
| term_start = 25 September 1958
  +
| term_end = 31 October 1958
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1958|09|25|1958|10|31}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{air force|South Africa|1958}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table end}}
   
 
===Chief of the SADF===
 
===Chief of the SADF===
The UDF was renamed 'South African Defence Force' in November 1958.<ref>http://www.dod.mil.za/documents/acts/defence%20act44of1957.pdf</ref> The Commandant General's title was then changed to 'Commandant General SADF'. It was changed to 'Chief of the SADF' in July 1973. After South Africa's first democratic elections the [[South African Defence Force]] became the [[South African National Defence Force]].
+
The UDF was renamed 'South African Defence Force' in November 1958.<ref>http://www.dod.mil.za/documents/acts/defence%20act44of1957.pdf</ref> The Commandant General's title was then changed to 'Commandant General SADF'. It was changed to 'Chief of the SADF' in July 1973, after Admiral Hugo Biermann assumed the post the year before. After South Africa's first democratic election, the [[South African Defence Force]] (SADF) became the [[South African National Defence Force]] (SANDF).
   
  +
{{Officeholder table start
{| class="wikitable"
 
  +
| showorder = y
|-
 
! Name !! Start of term !! End of term
+
| showimage = y
  +
| officeholder_title = Chief of the SADF
|-
 
  +
| showtermlenght = y
|Gen [[Stephen Melville]] SSA OBE ||1 November 1958 || 31 December 1960
 
  +
| showparty = n
|-
 
  +
| showdefencebranch = y
|Gen [[Pieter Grobbelaar]] SSA DSO ||1 January 1961 || 30 December 1965
 
  +
| showref = y
|-
 
  +
}}
|Gen [[Rudolph Hiemstra]] SSA SM ||1 January 1966 || 31 March 1972
 
  +
{{Officeholder table
|-
 
|Adm [[Hugo Biermann]] SSA SD OBE ||1 April 1972 || 31 August 1976
+
| order = 1
  +
| image = blank.png
|-
 
  +
| military_rank = General
|Gen [[Magnus Malan]] SSA SD SM ||1 September 1976 || 6 October 1980
 
  +
| officeholder = [[Stephen Melville]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA|OBE}}
|-
 
  +
| officeholder_sort = Melville, Stephen
|Gen [[Constand Viljoen]] SSA SD SOE SM ||7 October 1980 || 30 October 1985
 
  +
| born_year = 1904
|-
 
  +
| died_year = 1977
|Gen [[Johannes Geldenhuys]] SSA SD SOE SM ||1 November 1985 || 31 October 1990
 
  +
| term_start = 1 November 1958
|-
 
|Gen [[Andreas Liebenberg]] SSA SD SOE SM MMM ||1 November 1990 || 31 October 1993
+
| term_end = 31 December 1960
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1958|11|01|1960|12|31}}
|-
 
  +
| defence_branch = {{air force|South Africa|1958}}
|Gen [[Georg Meiring|Georg Lodewyk Meiring]] SSAS SD SM MMM ||1 November 1993 || 30 April 1994
 
  +
| ref = —
|-
 
|}
+
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 2
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = General
  +
| officeholder = [[Pieter Grobbelaar]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA|DSO}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Grobbelaar, Pieter
  +
| born_year = 1908
  +
| died_year = 1988
  +
| term_start = 1 January 1961
  +
| term_end = 31 December 1965
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1961|01|01|1965|12|31}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa|1951}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 3
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = General
  +
| officeholder = [[Rudolph Hiemstra]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA|SM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Hiemstra, Rudolph
  +
| born_year = 1912
  +
| died_year = 2007
  +
| term_start = 1 January 1966
  +
| term_end = 31 March 1972
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1966|01|01|1972|03|31}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{air force|South Africa|1958}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 4
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Admiral
  +
| officeholder = [[Hugo Biermann]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA52|SD|OBE|GCIH}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Biermann, Hugo
  +
| born_year = 1916
  +
| died_year = 2012
  +
| term_start = 1 April 1972
  +
| term_end = 31 August 1976
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1972|04|01|1976|08|31}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{navy|South Africa|1952}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 5
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = General
  +
| officeholder = [[Magnus Malan]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAG|OMSG|SD|SM52}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Malan, Magnus
  +
| born_year = 1930
  +
| died_year = 2011
  +
| term_start = 1 September 1976
  +
| term_end = 6 October 1980
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1976|09|01|1980|10|06}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa|1973}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 6
  +
| image = General Constand Viljoen.jpg
  +
| military_rank = General
  +
| officeholder = [[Constand Viljoen]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAG|SD|SOE|SM52|MMM|ORB}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Viljoen, Constand
  +
| born_year = 1933
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 7 October 1980
  +
| term_end = 30 October 1985
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1980|10|07|1985|10|30}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa|1973}}
  +
| ref = <ref name=DaysGen>{{cite book|last1=Hamann|first1=Hilton|title=Days of the Generals|date=2001|publisher=Zebra Press (Struck Publishers)|location=Cape Town|chapter=Introduction|isbn=1-86872-340-2|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=mYgWcHq8lE8C}}</ref>
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 7
  +
| image = GeldenHuys.jpg
  +
| military_rank = General
  +
| officeholder = [[Johannes Geldenhuys]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAS|SD|SOE|SM|GCIH|ORB}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Geldenhuys, Johannes
  +
| born_year = 1935
  +
| died_year = 2018
  +
| term_start = 1 November 1985
  +
| term_end = 31 October 1990
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1985|11|01|1990|10|31}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa|1973}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 8
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = General
  +
| officeholder = [[Andreas Liebenberg]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAS|SD|SOE|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Liebenberg, Andreas
  +
| born_year = 1938
  +
| died_year = 1998
  +
| term_start = 1 November 1990
  +
| term_end = 31 October 1993
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1990|11|01|1993|10|31}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa|1973}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 9
  +
| image = George meiring.jpg
  +
| military_rank = General
  +
| officeholder = [[Georg Meiring]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAS|SD|SM|MMM|ORB}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Meiring, Georg
  +
| born_year = 1939
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 November 1993
  +
| term_end = 30 April 1994
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1993|11|01|1994|04|30}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa|1973}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table end}}
   
 
===Chief of the SANDF===
 
===Chief of the SANDF===
  +
{{main|Chief of the South African National Defence Force}}
The SADF amalgamated with the [[Azanian People's Liberation Army]], [[Umkhonto we Sizwe]], and the homeland defence forces to form the South African National Defence Force in 1994. The SANDF was based on the existing SADF structure of [[South African Army]], [[South African Air Force]], [[South African Navy]], and [[South African Medical Service]] (which was renamed [[South African Military Health Service]] in 1998).
 
  +
The SADF amalgamated with the [[Azanian People's Liberation Army]] (APLA), [[Umkhonto we Sizwe]] (MK), and the homeland defence forces to form the South African National Defence Force in 1994. The SANDF was based on the existing SADF structure of [[South African Army|Army]], [[South African Air Force|Air Force]], [[South African Navy|Navy]], and [[South African Medical Service|Medical Service]] (which was renamed [[South African Military Health Service|Military Health Service]] in 1998).
{| class="wikitable"
 
  +
|-
 
  +
{{Officeholder table start
! Name !! Start of Term !! End of Term
 
  +
| showorder = y
|-
 
  +
| showimage = y
| Gen [[Georg Meiring|Georg Lodewyk Meiring]] SSA SD SM MMM || 27 April 1994 || 31 May 1998
 
  +
| officeholder_title = Chief of the SANDF
|-
 
  +
| showtermlenght = y
| Gen [[Siphiwe Nyanda]] SSA SBS CSL DMG MMS MMM || 1 June 1998 || 31 May 2005
 
  +
| showparty = n
|-
 
  +
| showdefencebranch = y
| Gen [[Godfrey Ngwenya]] MMS || 1 June 2005 || 1 May 2011
 
  +
| showref = y
|-
 
  +
}}
| Gen [[Solly Shoke]] SBS MMS || 2 May 2011 || current
 
  +
{{Officeholder table
|-
 
  +
| order = 1
|}
 
  +
| image = George meiring.jpg
  +
| military_rank = General
  +
| officeholder = [[Georg Meiring]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAS|SD|SM|MMM|ORB}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Meiring, Georg
  +
| born_year = 1939
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 27 April 1994
  +
| term_end = 31 May 1998
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1994|04|27|1998|05|31}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 2
  +
| image = Siphiwe Nyanda c. 1996.jpg
  +
| military_rank = General
  +
| officeholder = [[Siphiwe Nyanda]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAG|SBS|CLS|DMG|MMS|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Nyanda, Siphiwe
  +
| born_year = 1950
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 June 1998
  +
| term_end = 31 May 2005
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1998|06|01|2005|05|31}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 3
  +
| image = Godfrey Ngwenya 100520-N-0696M-086.jpg
  +
| military_rank = General
  +
| officeholder = [[Godfrey Ngwenya]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SBG|DMG|MMS|LOM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Ngwenya, Godfrey
  +
| born_year = 1950
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 June 2005
  +
| term_end = 1 May 2011
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2005|06|01|2011|05|01}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 4
  +
| image = General Solly Shoke - SEAC visits Africom.jpg
  +
| military_rank = General
  +
| officeholder = [[Solly Shoke]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|OMBG|SBS|MMS|OMS}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Shoke, Solly
  +
| born_year = 1956
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 2 May 2011
  +
| term_end = ''Incumbent''
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2011|05|02}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa}}
  +
| ref = <ref name="DOD">{{cite web | url=http://www.dod.mil.za/csandf/chief.htm | title=Chief of the SANDF, General S. Shoke | publisher=Department of Defence | accessdate=January 16, 2018}}</ref>
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table end}}
  +
  +
{{SA Defence Chiefs}}
   
 
==Chief of the Army==
 
==Chief of the Army==
  +
The Chief of the [[South African Army]] is the professional head of the Army. There was no separate army commander until 1948. The post was called 'Director-General of Land Forces'<ref name="Lillie">{{cite journal|last1=Lillie|first1=Ashley C.|title=The Origin and Development of the South African Army|journal=Scientia Militaria - South African Journal of Military Studies|date=2012|volume=12|issue=2|doi=10.5787/12-2-618|issn=2224-0020}}</ref> 1948–51 and 'Army Chief of Staff' 1951–66, and has been 'Chief of the Army' since 1966.
   
  +
{{Officeholder table start
The Chief of the [[South African Army]] is the professional head of the Army. There was no separate army commander until 1948. The post was called 'Director-General of Land Forces' 1948–51 and 'Army Chief of Staff' 1951–66, and has been 'Chief of the Army since 1966.
 
  +
| showorder = y
  +
| showimage = y
  +
| officeholder_title = Chief of the Army
  +
| showtermlenght = y
  +
| showparty = n
  +
| showdefencebranch = n
  +
| showref = y
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 1
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Brigadier
  +
| officeholder = [[Christiaan du Toit]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|DSO}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = du Toit, Christian
  +
| born_year = 1901
  +
| died_year = 1982
  +
| term_start = 10 November 1948
  +
| term_end = 15 March 1950
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1948|11|10|1950|03|15}}
  +
| ref = <ref name="Lillie" /><ref name=Leiers>{{cite journal|last1=Nöthling|first1=C.J.|last2=Meyers|first2=E.M.|title=LEIERS DEUR DIE JARE (1912-1982)|journal=Scientia Militaria - South African Journal of Military Studies|date=1982|volume=12|issue=2|doi=10.5787/12-2-631|issn=2224-0020|language=Afrikaans|pages=89–98}}</ref>{{Rp|92}}
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 2
  +
| image = MajGenHBKlopper.JPG
  +
| military_rank = Brigadier
  +
| officeholder = [[Hendrik Klopper]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|DSO}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Klopper, Hendrik
  +
| born_year = 1903
  +
| died_year = 1977
  +
| term_start = 16 March 1950
  +
| term_end = 30 April 1953
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1950|03|16|1953|04|30}}
  +
| ref = <ref name=Leiers />{{Rp|94}}
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 3
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Major general
  +
| officeholder = [[Pieter Grobbelaar]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA|DSO}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Grobbelaar, Pieter
  +
| born_year = 1908
  +
| died_year = 1988
  +
| term_start = 1 May 1953
  +
| term_end = 24 September 1958
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1953|05|01|1958|09|24}}
  +
| ref = <ref name=Leiers />{{Rp|93}}
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 4
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Major general
  +
| officeholder = [[Nick Bierman]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA52|SM52|CBE}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Bierman, Nick
  +
| born_year = 1910
  +
| died_year = 1977
  +
| term_start = 25 September 1958
  +
| term_end = 31 October 1959
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1958|09|25|1959|10|31}}
  +
| ref = <ref name=Leiers />{{Rp|89}}
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 5
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Major general
  +
| officeholder = [[Sybrand Engelbrecht (soldier)|Sybrand Engelbrecht]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SM52}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Engelbrecht, Sybrand
  +
| born_year = 1913
  +
| died_year = 1994
  +
| term_start = 1 November 1959
  +
| term_end = 3 March 1963
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1959|11|01|1963|03|03}}
  +
| ref = <ref name=Leiers />{{Rp|92}}
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 6
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Major general
  +
| officeholder = [[Petrus Jacobs]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA52|SM52}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Jacobs, Petrus
  +
| born_year = 1910
  +
| died_year = 1967
  +
| term_start = 4 March 1963
  +
| term_end = 31 December 1965
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1963|03|04|1965|12|31}}
  +
| ref = <ref name=Leiers />{{Rp|93}}
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 7
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Charles 'Pop' Fraser]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA52|SM52}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Fraser, Charles
  +
| born_year = 1915
  +
| died_year = 1994
  +
| term_start = 1 January 1966
  +
| term_end = 30 November 1967
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1966|01|01|1967|11|30}}
  +
| ref = <ref name=Leiers />{{Rp|92}}
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 8
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Willem Louw]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA52|SM52}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Louw, Willem
  +
| born_year = 1920
  +
| died_year = 1980
  +
| term_start = 1 December 1967
  +
| term_end = 30 June 1973
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1967|12|01|1973|06|30}}
  +
| ref = <ref name=Leiers />{{Rp|94}}
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 9
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Magnus Malan]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAG|OMSG|SD|SM52}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Malan, Magnus
  +
| born_year = 1930
  +
| died_year = 2011
  +
| term_start = 1 July 1973
  +
| term_end = 31 August 1976
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1973|07|01|1976|08|31}}
  +
| ref = <ref name=Leiers />{{Rp|95}}
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 10
  +
| image = General Constand Viljoen.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Constand Viljoen]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAG|SD|SOE|SM52|MMM|ORB}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Viljoen, Constand
  +
| born_year = 1933
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 September 1976
  +
| term_end = 6 October 1980
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1976|09|01|1980|10|01}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 11
  +
| image = GeldenHuys.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Johannes Geldenhuys]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA|SD|SOE|SM|MMM|GCIH|ORB}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Geldenhuys, Johannes
  +
| born_year = 1935
  +
| died_year = 2018
  +
| term_start = 7 October 1980
  +
| term_end = 30 October 1985
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1980|10|07|1985|10|30}}
  +
| ref = <ref name=Leiers />{{Rp|92}}
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 12
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Andreas Liebenberg]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAS|SD|SOE|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Liebenberg, Andreas
  +
| born_year = 1938
  +
| died_year = 1998
  +
| term_start = 1 November 1985
  +
| term_end = 28 February 1990
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1985|11|01|1990|02|28}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 13
  +
| image = George meiring.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Georg Meiring]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAG|SD|SM|MMM|ORB}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Meiring, Georg
  +
| born_year = 1939
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 March 1990
  +
| term_end = 31 October 1993
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1990|03|01|1993|10|31}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 14
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Hattingh Pretorius]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SD|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Pretorius, Hattingh
  +
| born_year = 1942
  +
| died_year = 2008
  +
| term_start = 1 November 1993
  +
| term_end = 31 December 1994
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1993|11|01|1994|12|31}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 15
  +
| image = Reginald Otto.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Reginald Otto]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SD*|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Otto, Reginald
  +
| born_year = 1943
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 January 1995
  +
| term_end = 30 June 1998
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1995|01|01|1998|06|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 16
  +
| image = Lt Genl Gilbert Romano.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Gilbert Ramano]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAS|SD|MMS|MMM|MMB}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Ramano, Gilbert
  +
| born_year = 1939
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 July 1998
  +
| term_end = 31 May 2004
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1998|07|01|2004|05|31}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 17
  +
| image = General Solly Shoke - SEAC visits Africom.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Solly Shoke]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|OMBG|SBS|MMS|OMS}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Shoke, Solly
  +
| born_year = 1956
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 June 2004
  +
| term_end = 1 May 2011
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2004|06|01|2011|05|01}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 18
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Vusumuzi Masondo]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Masondo, Vusumuzi
  +
| born_year = 1957
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 October 2011
  +
| term_end = 31 January 2016
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2011|10|01|2016|01|31}}
  +
| ref = <ref name="dod.mil.za">{{Cite web | url=http://www.dod.mil.za/news/news%202011/September2011/springbok.htm | title=SANDF support to Springbok}}</ref>
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 19
  +
| image = General Yam - DRC.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Lindile Yam]]
  +
| officeholder_sort = Yam, Lindile
  +
| born_year = 1960
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 February 2016
  +
| term_end = ''Incumbent''
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2016|02|01}}
  +
| ref = <ref name=MasondoNewCCS>{{cite web|title=Yam takes over from Masondo as Army Chief|url=http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=42023:yam-takes-over-from-masondo-as-army-chief&catid=111:sa-defence&Itemid=242|website=defenceweb.co.za|publisher=DefenceWeb|accessdate=19 January 2016|date = 19 January 2016}}</ref>
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table end}}
   
  +
Lieutenant general [[Werndly van der Riet]] spent some time acting as Head of the Army.<ref name=Leiers />{{Rp|98}}
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
! Name !! Start of term !! End of term
 
|-
 
|Brig [[Christiaan du Toit]] DSO||10 November 1948 || 15 March 1950
 
|-
 
|Brig [[Hendrik Klopper]] DSO||16 March 1950 || 30 April 1953
 
|-
 
|Maj Gen [[Pieter Grobbelaar]] DSO||1 May 1953 || 24 September 1958
 
|-
 
|Maj Gen [[Nick Bierman]] CBE||25 September 1958 || 31 October 1959
 
|-
 
|Maj Gen [[Sybrand Engelbrecht (soldier)|Sybrand Engelbrecht]] SM||1 November 1959 || 3 March 1963
 
|-
 
|Maj Gen [[Petrus Jacobs]] SSA SM||4 March 1963 || 31 December 1965
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Charles 'Pop' Fraser]] SSA SM||1 October 1966 || 30 November 1967
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Willem Louw]] SM||1 December 1967 || 30 June 1973
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Magnus Malan]] SSA SM||1 July 1973 || 31 August 1976
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Constand Viljoen]] SSA SM||1 September 1976 || 6 October 1980
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Johannes Geldenhuys]] SSA SD SM||7 October 1980 || 30 October 1985
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Andreas Liebenberg]] SSAS SD ||1 November 1985 || 28 February 1990
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Georg Meiring]] SSAS SD SM MMM||1 March 1990 || 31 October 1993
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Hattingh Pretorius]] SD SM MMM ||1 November 1993 || 31 December 1994
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Reginald Otto]] SD SM MMM||1 January 1995 || 30 June 1998
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Gilbert Ramano]] SSAS SD MMS MMM MMB||1 July 1998 || 31 May 2004
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Solly Shoke]] SBS MMS||1 June 2004 || 1 May 2011
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Vusumuzi Masondo]] MMM||1 October 2011<ref>http://www.dod.mil.za/news/news%202011/September2011/springbok.htm</ref> || present
 
|-
 
   
  +
{{SA Army Chiefs}}
|}
 
  +
{{Chief of the army by country}}
   
 
==Chief of the Air Force==
 
==Chief of the Air Force==
  +
The Chief of the [[South African Air Force]] is the professional head of the Air Force. The post was called 'Director of Air Services' 1920–33, 'Director of Air & Technical Services' 1937–39, 'Director-General of Air Services' 1939–41, 'Director-General of the Air Force' 1941–51, and 'Air Chief of Staff' 1951–66, and has been 'Chief of the Air Force' since 1966.
   
  +
{{Officeholder table start
The Chief of the [[South African Air Force]] is the professional head of the Air Force. The post was called 'Director of Air Services' 1920–33, 'Director of Air & Technical Services' 1937–39, 'Director-General of Air Services' 1939–41, 'Director-General of the Air Force' 1941–51, and 'Air Chief of Staff' 1951–66, and has been 'Chief of the Air Force' since 1966.
 
  +
| showorder = y
  +
| showimage = y
  +
| officeholder_title = Chief of the Air Force
  +
| showtermlenght = y
  +
| showparty = n
  +
| showdefencebranch = n
  +
| showref = y
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 1
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Colonel
  +
| officeholder = Sir [[Pierre van Ryneveld]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|KBE|CB|DSO|MC}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = van Ryneveld, Pierre
  +
| born_year = 1891
  +
| died_year = 1972
  +
| term_start = 1 February 1920
  +
| term_end = 30 September 1937
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1920|02|01|1937|09|30}}
  +
| ref = <ref name="FactFile">{{cite web | url=http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=724:fact-file-chiefs-of-the-sa-air-force&catid=35:Aerospace&Itemid=107 | title=Fact file: Chiefs of the SA Air Force | publisher=DefenceWeb.co.za | accessdate=July 24, 2014| date=21 January 2010}}</ref>
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 2
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Colonel
  +
| officeholder = [[Francis Hoare]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|CB|CBE}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Hoare, Francis
  +
| born_year = 1879
  +
| died_year = 1959
  +
| term_start = 1 October 1937
  +
| term_end = 31 October 1937
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1937|10|01|1937|10|31}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 3
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant colonel
  +
| officeholder = [[Hector Daniel]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|CBE|MC|AFC}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Daniel, Hector
  +
| born_year = 1898
  +
| died_year = 1953
  +
| term_start = 1 November 1937
  +
| term_end = 12 September 1939
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1937|11|01|1939|12|12}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 4
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Colonel
  +
| officeholder = [[John Holthouse]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|OBE}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Holthouse, John
  +
| born_year = 1891
  +
| died_year = 1964
  +
| term_start = 13 September 1939
  +
| term_end = 30 September 1940
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1939|09|13|1940|09|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 5
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Major general
  +
| officeholder = [[Christoffel Venter]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|CB|DFC*}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Venter, Christoffel
  +
| born_year = 1892
  +
| died_year = 1977
  +
| term_start = 1 October 1940
  +
| term_end = 16 October 1945
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1940|10|01|1945|10|16}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 6
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Brigadier
  +
| officeholder = [[Harold Willmott]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|CBE}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Willmott, Harold
  +
| born_year = 1899
  +
| died_year = 1993
  +
| term_start = 17 October 1945
  +
| term_end = 10 September 1946
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1945|10|17|1946|09|10}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 7
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Brigadier
  +
| officeholder = [[Jimmy Durrant|James 'Jimmy' Durrant]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|CB|DFC}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Durrant, Jimmy
  +
| born_year = 1913
  +
| died_year = 1990
  +
| term_start = 1 October 1946
  +
| term_end = 30 June 1951
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1946|10|01|1951|06|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = (6)
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Brigadier
  +
| officeholder = [[Harold Willmott]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|CBE}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Willmott, Harold
  +
| born_year = 1899
  +
| died_year = 1993
  +
| term_start = 1 July 1951
  +
| term_end = 24 August 1954
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1951|07|01|1954|08|24}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 8
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Brigadier
  +
| officeholder = [[Stephen Melville]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA|OBE}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Melville, Stephen
  +
| born_year = 1904
  +
| died_year = 1977
  +
| term_start = 25 August 1954
  +
| term_end = 22 September 1956
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1954|08|25|1956|09|22}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 9
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Major general
  +
| officeholder = [[Barend Viljoen]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA52|OBE}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Viljoen, Barend
  +
| born_year = 1908
  +
| died_year = 1995
  +
| term_start = 23 September 1956
  +
| term_end = 30 April 1965
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1956|09|23|1965|04|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 10
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Kalfie Martin|Henry 'Kalfie' Martin]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SM52|CBE|DFC}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Martin, Kalfie
  +
| born_year = 1910
  +
| died_year = 2000
  +
| term_start = 1 May 1965
  +
| term_end = 30 November 1967
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1965|05|01|1967|11|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 11
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Jacobus Verster]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA52|SM52}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Verster, Jacobus
  +
| born_year = 1919
  +
| died_year = 1981
  +
| term_start = 1 December 1967
  +
| term_end = 28 February 1975
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1967|12|01|1975|02|28}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 12
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Bob Rogers (SAAF officer)|Robert 'Bob' Rogers]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA|SM|MMM|DSO|DFC*}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Rogers, Bob
  +
| born_year = 1921
  +
| died_year = 2000
  +
| term_start = 1 March 1975
  +
| term_end = 30 November 1979
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1975|03|01|1979|11|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 13
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Michal Muller]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAS|SD}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Muller, Michal
  +
| born_year = 1930
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 December 1979
  +
| term_end = 29 February 1984
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1979|12|01|1984|02|29}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 14
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Denis Earp]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAG|SD|SM52|SOE}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Earp, Denis
  +
| born_year = 1930
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 March 1984
  +
| term_end = 30 June 1988
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1984|03|01|1988|06|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 15
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Jan van Loggerenberg]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAS|SD|SOE|SM|MMM|ORB}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = van Loggerenberg, Jan
  +
| born_year = 1935
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 July 1988
  +
| term_end = 31 October 1991
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1988|07|01|1991|10|31}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 16
  +
| image = Maj Gen James Kriel, 1990.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[James Kriel]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAS|SD|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Kriel, James
  +
| born_year = 1942
  +
| died_year = 2016
  +
| term_start = 1 November 1991
  +
| term_end = 30 April 1996
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1991|11|01|1996|04|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 17
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Willem Hechter]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA|SD|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Hechter, Willem
  +
| born_year = 1942
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 May 1996
  +
| term_end = 29 February 2000
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1996|05|01|2000|02|29}}
  +
| ref = <ref name="FactFile" />
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 18
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Roelf Beukes]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SD|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Beukes, Roelf
  +
| born_year =
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 March 2000
  +
| term_end = 28 February 2005
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2000|03|01|2005|02|28}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 19
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Carlo Gagiano]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Gagiano, Carlo
  +
| born_year = 1951
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 March 2005
  +
| term_end = 30 September 2012
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2005|03|01|2012|09|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 20
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Fabian Msimang]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Msimang, Fabian
  +
| born_year = 1960
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 October 2012
  +
| term_end = ''Incumbent''
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2012|10|01}}
  +
| ref = <ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.af.mil.za/news/2012/046_2012.html|title=Lt General Msimang Takes Over Command Of SAAF}}</ref>
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table end}}
   
  +
{{Chief of the air force by country}}
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|Col Sir [[Pierre van Ryneveld]] KBE DSO MC||1 February 1920 || 30 September 1937
 
|-
 
|Col [[Francis Hoare]] CBE||1 October 1937||31 October 1937
 
|-
 
|Lt Col [[Hector Daniel]] MC AFC||1 November 1937 || 12 September 1939
 
|-
 
|Col [[John Holthouse]] OBE||13 September 1939 || 30 September 1940
 
|-
 
|Maj Gen [[Christoffel Venter]] CB DFC||1 October 1940 || 16 October 1945
 
|-
 
|Brig [[Harold Willmott]] CBE||17 October 1945 || 10 September 1946
 
|-
 
|Brig [[JT Durrant|James 'Jimmy' Durrant]] CB DFC||1 October 1946 || 30 June 1951
 
|-
 
|Brig [[Harold Willmott]] CBE||1 July 1951 ||24 August 1954
 
|-
 
|Brig [[Stephen Melville]] OBE||25 August 1954 || 22 September 1956
 
|-
 
|Maj Gen [[Barend Viljoen]] SSA OBE||23 September 1956 || 30 April 1965
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Kalfie Martin|Henry "Kalfie" Martin]] SM CBE DFC||1 May 1965 || 30 November 1967
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Jacobus Verster]] SSA SM||1 December 1967 || 28 February 1975
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Robert 'Bob' Rogers]] SSA SM DSO DFC|| 1 March 1975 || 30 November 1979
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Michal Muller]] SSAS SD||1 December 1979 || 29 February 1984
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Denis Earp]] SSA SD SM||1 March 1984 || 30 June 1988
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Jan van Loggerenberg]] SSAS SD SOE||1 July 1988 || 31 October 1991
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[James Kriel]] SSAS SD SM MMM||1 November 1991 || 30 April 1996
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Willem Hechter]] SSAS||1 May 1996 || 29 February 2000
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Roelf Beukes]] SD SM MMM||1 March 2000 || 28 February 2005
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Carlo Gagiano]] SM MMM ||1 March 2005 || 30 September 2012
 
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Fabian Msimang]] ||1 October 2012 || present
 
|-
 
|}
 
   
 
==Chief of the Navy==
 
==Chief of the Navy==
  +
The Chief of the [[South African Navy]] is the professional head of the Navy. The post was called 'Officer Commanding South African Naval Service' 1922{{ndash}}32, 'Director, Seaward Defence Force' 1940{{ndash}}42, 'Director, South African Naval Forces' 1942{{ndash}}51, 'Naval & Marine Chief of Staff' 1951{{ndash}}55, and 'Naval Chief of Staff' 1955{{ndash}}66, and has been 'Chief of the Navy' since 1966.
   
  +
{{Officeholder table start
The Chief of the [[South African Navy]] is the professional head of the Navy. The post was called 'Officer Commanding South African Naval Service' 1922–32, 'Director, Seaward Defence Force' 1940–42, 'Director, South African Naval Forces' 1942–51, 'Naval & Marine Chief of Staff' 1951–55, and 'Naval Chief of Staff' 1955–66, and has been 'Chief of the Navy' since 1966.
 
  +
| showorder = y
  +
| showimage = y
  +
| officeholder_title = Chief of the Navy
  +
| showtermlenght = y
  +
| showparty = n
  +
| showdefencebranch = n
  +
| showref = y
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 1
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Commander
  +
| officeholder = [[Norman Rankin]]
  +
| officeholder_sort = Rankin, Norman
  +
| born_year =
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 April 1922
  +
| term_end = 3 June 1928
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1922|04|01|1928|06|03}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 2
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Commander
  +
| officeholder = [[Robert F.U.P. Fitzgerald]]
  +
| officeholder_sort = Fitzgerald, Robert
  +
| born_year =
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 4 June 1928
  +
| term_end = 4 November 1932
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1928|06|04|1932|11|04}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
|-style="text-align:center;"
  +
! colspan=7|Position of the Chief of the Navy did not exist from 1932–39{{efn|During this period, the Navy disposed of its ships and reduced personnel to a few administrative staff due to the [[Great Depression in South Africa|Great Depression]].}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 3
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Rear admiral
  +
| officeholder = [[Guy Hallifax]] {{post-nominals|country=GBR|size=75%|sep=,|CMG}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Hallifax, Guy
  +
| born_year = 1884
  +
| died_year = 1941
  +
| died = y
  +
| term_start = 16 September 1939
  +
| term_end = 28 March 1941
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1939|09|16|1941|03|28}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 4
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Commodore
  +
| officeholder = [[James Dalgleish]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|CBE}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Dalgleish, James
  +
| born_year = 1891
  +
| died_year = 1964
  +
| term_start = 28 March 1941
  +
| term_end = 30 November 1946
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1941|03|28|1946|11|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 5
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Commodore
  +
| officeholder = [[Frederick Dean (SA Navy)|Frederick Dean]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|OBE}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Dean, Frederick
  +
| born_year = 1900
  +
| died_year = 1983
  +
| term_start = 1 December 1946
  +
| term_end = 30 June 1951
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1946|12|01|1951|06|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 6
  +
| image = Pieter de Waal.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Brigadier
  +
| officeholder = [[Pieter de Waal]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|CB|CBE}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = de Waal, Pieter
  +
| born_year = 1899
  +
| died_year = 1977
  +
| term_start = 1 July 1951
  +
| term_end = 30 November 1952
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1951|07|01|1952|11|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 7
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Vice admiral
  +
| officeholder = [[Hugo Biermann]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA52|SD|OBE|GCIH}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Biermann, Hugo
  +
| born_year = 1916
  +
| died_year = 2012
  +
| term_start = 1 December 1952
  +
| term_end = 31 March 1972
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1952|12|01|1972|03|31}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 8
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Vice admiral
  +
| officeholder = [[James Johnson (South African Navy officer)|James 'Flam' Johnson]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAG|SM|DSC}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Johnson, James
  +
| born_year = 1918
  +
| died_year = 1990
  +
| term_start = 1 April 1972
  +
| term_end = 30 September 1977
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1972|04|01|1977|09|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 9
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Vice admiral
  +
| officeholder = [[Johan Charl Walters]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SD|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Walters, Johan Charl
  +
| born_year = 1919
  +
| died_year = 1993
  +
| term_start = 1 October 1977
  +
| term_end = 30 January 1980
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1977|10|01|1980|01|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 10
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Vice admiral
  +
| officeholder = [[Ronald A. Edwards]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAS|SM52|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Edwards, Ronald A.
  +
| born_year = 1923
  +
| died_year = 2014
  +
| term_start = 1 February 1980
  +
| term_end = 30 September 1982
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1980|02|01|1982|09|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 11
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Vice admiral
  +
| officeholder = [[Andries Putter|Andries P 'Dries' Putter]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAS|SD|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Putter, Andries
  +
| born_year = 1935
  +
| died_year = 2014
  +
| term_start = 1 October 1982
  +
| term_end = 30 June 1985
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1982|10|01|1985|06|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 12
  +
| image = VADM Syndecombe painting SA Naval Museum.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Vice admiral
  +
| officeholder = [[Glen Syndercombe]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAG|SD|SOE|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Syndercombe, Glen
  +
| born_year = 1931
  +
| died_year = 2005
  +
| term_start = 1 July 1985
  +
| term_end = 31 March 1989
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1985|07|01|1989|03|31}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = (11)
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Vice admiral
  +
| officeholder = [[Andries Putter|Andries P 'Dries' Putter]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAS|SD|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Putter, Andries
  +
| born_year = 1935
  +
| died_year = 2014
  +
| term_start = 1 April 1989
  +
| term_end = 30 June 1990
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1989|04|01|1990|06|30}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 13
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Vice admiral
  +
| officeholder = [[Lambert Jackson Woodburne|Lambert J 'Woody' Woodburne]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|DVR|SD|SM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Woodburne, Lambert
  +
| born_year = 1939
  +
| died_year = 2013
  +
| term_start = 1 July 1990
  +
| term_end = 31 August 1992
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1990|07|01|1992|08|31}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 14
  +
| image = VADM Simpson-Anderson painting SA Naval Museum.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Vice admiral
  +
| officeholder = [[Robert Simpson-Anderson]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAS|SD|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Simpson-Anderson, Robert
  +
| born_year = 1942
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 September 1992
  +
| term_end = 31 October 2000
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1992|09|01|2000|10|31}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 15
  +
| image = VADM Retief painting SA Naval Museum.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Vice admiral
  +
| officeholder = [[Johan Retief]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SD*|PG|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Retief, Johan
  +
| born_year = 1946
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 November 2000
  +
| term_end = 28 February 2005
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2000|11|01|2005|02|28}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 16
  +
| image = Vice Admiral Mudimu.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Vice admiral
  +
| officeholder = [[Refiloe Johannes Mudimu]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|CLS|DMG|SM|MMS|MMM|MMB}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Mudimu, Refiloe Johannes
  +
| born_year = 1954
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 March 2005
  +
| term_end = 31 March 2014
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2005|03|01|2014|03|31}}
  +
| ref = <ref name="DefenceWeb220114">{{cite web | url=http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=33322:hlongwane-named-new-navy-chief&catid=55:SANDF&Itemid=108 | title=Hlongwane named new Navy Chief | publisher=Defenceweb | accessdate=January 23, 2014 | author=Helfrich, Kim| date=23 January 2014}}</ref>
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 17
  +
| image = Samuel Hlongwane.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Vice admiral
  +
| officeholder = [[Samuel Hlongwane]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|MMS|MMB}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Hlongwane, Samuel
  +
| born_year = 1962
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 April 2014
  +
| term_end = ''Incumbent''
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2014|04|01}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table end}}
   
  +
{{SA Navy Chiefs}}
{| class="wikitable"
 
  +
{{Chief of the navy by country}}
|-
 
|Cdr [[Norman Rankin]] (1922–1928)||1 April 1922 || 3 June 1928
 
|-
 
|Cdr [[Robert F.U.P. Fitzgerald]] (1928–1932)||4 June 1928 || 4 November 1932
 
|-
 
|Vacant – the navy disposed of its ships and reduced personnel to a few administrative staff ||1933 || 1939
 
|-
 
|R Adm [[Guy Hallifax]] CMG (1940–1941)||16 September 1939 || 28 March 1941
 
|-
 
|Cdre [[James Dalgleish]] CBE (1941–1946)||21 March 1941 || 30 November 1946
 
|-
 
|Cdre [[Frederick Dean (SA Navy)|Frederick Dean]] OBE (1946–1951)||1 December 1946 || 30 June 1951
 
|-
 
|Brig [[Pieter de Waal]] CB CBE (1951–1952)||1 July 1951 || 30 November 1952
 
|-
 
|V Adm [[Hugo Biermann|Hugo H Biermann]] [[Star of South Africa (Decoration)|SSA]] [[Southern Cross Decoration|SD]] [[Order of the British Empire|OBE]]||1 December 1952 || 31 March 1972
 
|-
 
|V Adm [[James Johnson (SA Navy)|James 'Flam' Johnson]] [[Star of South Africa (Decoration)|SSA]] [[Southern Cross Medal|SM]] [[Distinguished Service Cross (United Kingdom)|DSC]]||1 April 1972 || 30 September 1977
 
|-
 
|V Adm [[Johan Charl Walters|J Charl Walters]] [[Southern Cross Decoration|SD]] [[Southern Cross Medal|SM]]||1 October 1977 || 30 January 1980
 
|-
 
|V Adm [[Ronald A Edwards]] [[Order of the Star of South Africa|SSAS]] [[Southern Cross Medal|SM]]||1 February 1980 || 30 September 1982
 
|-
 
|V Adm [[Andries P Putter|Andries P "Dries" Putter]] [[Order of the Star of South Africa|SSAS]]||1 October 1982 || 30 June 1985
 
|-
 
|V Adm [[Glen Syndercombe]] [[Order of the Star of South Africa|SSAS]] [[Southern Cross Decoration|SD]] [[Southern Cross Medal|SM]]||1 July 1985 || 31 March 1989
 
|-
 
|V Adm [[Andries P Putter|Andries P "Dries" Putter]] [[Order of the Star of South Africa|SSAS]]||1 April 1989 || 30 June 1990
 
|-
 
|V Adm [[Lambert Jackson Woodburne|Lambert J “Woody” Woodburne]] [[Van Riebeeck Decoration|DVR]] [[Southern Cross Decoration|SD]] [[Southern Cross Medal|SM]]||1 July 1990 || 31 August 1992
 
|-
 
|V Adm [[Robert Claude Simpson-Anderson]] [[Order of the Star of South Africa|SSAS]] [[Southern Cross Decoration|SD]] [[Southern Cross Medal|SM]] MMM||1 September 1992 || 31 October 2000
 
|-
 
|V Adm [[Johan Retief]] SD SM MMM (2000–2005)||1 November 2000 || 28 February 2005
 
|-
 
|V Adm [[Refiloe Johannes Mudimu]] DMG SM MMS MMM (2005– )||1 March 2005 || present
 
|-
 
   
  +
==Surgeon General==
|}
 
  +
The Surgeon General is the Chief of the [[South African Military Health Service]] (SAMHS), which was known as the [[South African Medical Service]] (SAMS) before 1994.
   
  +
{{Officeholder table start
==Surgeon General==
 
  +
| showorder = y
The Surgeon General is the Chief of the South African Military Health Service.
 
  +
| showimage = y
{| class="wikitable"
 
  +
| officeholder_title = Surgeon General
  +
| showtermlenght = y
  +
| showparty = n
  +
| showdefencebranch = n
  +
| showref = y
  +
}}
  +
|-style="text-align:center;"
  +
!colspan=7|{{big|[[South African Medical Service]]}}
 
|-
 
|-
  +
{{Officeholder table
|Maj Gen [[Eugene Raymond]] SSA SM || 1 February 1960||31 March 1969
 
  +
| order = 1
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Major general
  +
| officeholder = [[Eugene Raymond]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA|SM52}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Raymond, Eugene
  +
| born_year = 1923
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 February 1960
  +
| term_end = 31 March 1969
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1960|02|01|1969|03|31}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 2
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Colin Cockcroft]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA|SM52}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Cockcroft, Colin
  +
| born_year = 1917
  +
| died_year = 1987
  +
| term_start = 1 April 1969
  +
| term_end = 31 October 1977
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1969|04|01|1977|10|31}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 3
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Nicolaas Nieuwoudt]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSA|SD|SM52}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Nieuwoudt, Nicolaas
  +
| born_year = 1929
  +
| died_year = 1989
  +
| term_start = 1 November 1977
  +
| term_end = 29 February 1988
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1977|11|01|1988|02|29}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 4
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Daniel Knobel]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SD|SOE|SM|MMM|KStJ|MBC|HB|PHD}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Knobel, Daniel
  +
| born_year = 1936
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 March 1988
  +
| term_end = 27 April 1994
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1988|03|01|1994|04|27}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
|-style="text-align:center;"
  +
!colspan=7|{{big|[[South African Military Health Service]]}}
 
|-
 
|-
  +
{{Officeholder table
|Lt Gen [[Colin Cockcroft]] SSA SM || 1 April 1969||31 October 1977
 
  +
| order = 1
|-
 
  +
| image = blank.png
|Lt Gen [[Nicolaas Nieuwoudt]] SSA SD SM || 1 November 1977||29 February 1988
 
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
|-
 
|Lt Gen [[Daniel Knobel]] SSAS SD SOE SM MMM || 1 March 1988||30 November 1997
+
| officeholder = [[Daniel Knobel]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SD|SOE|SM|MMM|KStJ|MBC|HB|PHD}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Knobel, Daniel
|-
 
  +
| born_year = 1936
|Lt Gen [[Davidson Masuku]] SSAS MMM ||1 December 1997||30 September 2000
 
  +
| died_year =
|-
 
  +
| term_start = 27 April 1994
|Lt Gen [[Jurinus Janse van Rensburg]] SD SM MMM ||1 October 2000||31 July 2005
 
  +
| term_end = 30 November 1997
|-
 
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1994|04|27|1997|11|30}}
|Lt Gen [[Vejaynand Ramlakan]] DMG MMS MMB ||1 August 2005|| 31 March 2013
 
  +
| ref = —
|-
 
  +
}}
|Lt Gen [[Aubrey Sedibe]] ||1 April 2013||present
 
  +
{{Officeholder table
|-
 
  +
| order = 2
|}
 
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Davidson Masuku]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SSAS|MMM|KStJ}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Masuku, Davidson
  +
| born_year = 1940
  +
| died_year = 2000
  +
| term_start = 1 December 1997
  +
| term_end = 30 September 2000
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1997|11|01|2000|09|30}}
  +
| ref = <ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=776&catid=47:Logistics&Itemid=110|title=Fact file: Surgeons General|author=Leon Engelbrecht|work=defenceweb.co.za|date=26 November 2008}}</ref>
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 3
  +
| image = Jurinus Janse van Rensburg (cropped).jpg
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Jurinus Janse van Rensburg]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SD|SM|MMM|KStJ}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Rensburg, Jurinus Janse
  +
| born_year = 1952
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 October 2000
  +
| term_end = 31 July 2005
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2000|10|01|2005|07|31}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 4
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Vejaynand Ramlakan]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|DMG|MMS|MMB|KStJ}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Ramlakan, Vejaynand
  +
| born_year = 1957
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 August 2005
  +
| term_end = 31 March 2013
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2005|08|01|2013|03|31}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 5
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Aubrey Sedibe]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|DMG|MMS|MMB|OStJ|MBC|HB|PHD}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Sedibe, Aubrey
  +
| born_year = 1957
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 April 2013
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2013|04|01}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table end}}
   
 
==Chief of Joint Operations==
 
==Chief of Joint Operations==
  +
{{Officeholder table start
{| class="wikitable"
 
  +
| showorder = y
|-
 
  +
| showimage = y
|Lt Gen [[Deon Ferreira]] PVD SD SM MMM||1 August 1997 || 31 December 2000
 
  +
| officeholder_title = Chief of Joint Operations
|-
 
  +
| showtermlenght = y
|Lt Gen [[Godfrey Ngwenya]] MMS||1 January 2000 || 31 May 2005
 
  +
| showparty = n
|-
 
  +
| showdefencebranch = y
|Lt Gen [[Sipho Binda]]||1 June 2005 || 14 November 2006
 
  +
| showref = y
|-
 
  +
}}
|Lt Gen [[Themba Matanzima]]||September 2007 || 30 September 2011
 
  +
{{Officeholder table
|-
 
  +
| order = 1
|Lt Gen [[Derek Mgwebi]]||1 October 2011<ref>http://www.dod.mil.za/news/news%202011/September2011/springbok.htm</ref>|| present
 
  +
| image = blank.png
|-
 
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Deon Ferreira]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|PVD|SD|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Ferreira, Deon
  +
| born_year = 1946
  +
| died_year = 2002
  +
| term_start = 1 August 1997
  +
| term_end = 31 December 2000
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|1997|08|01|2000|12|31}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 2
  +
| image = Godfrey Ngwenya 100520-N-0696M-086.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Godfrey Ngwenya]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SBG|DMG|MMS|LOM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Ngwenya, Godfrey
  +
| born_year = 1950
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 January 2001
  +
| term_end = 31 May 2005
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2001|01|01|2005|05|31}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 3
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Sipho Binda]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|MMS}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Binda, Sipho
  +
| born_year = 1952
  +
| died_year = 2006
  +
| died = y
  +
| term_start = 1 June 2005
  +
| term_end = 10 November 2006
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2005|06|01|2006|11|10}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa}}
  +
| ref = <ref name="Sowetan">{{cite web | url=http://www.sowetanlive.co.za/sowetan/archive/2006/11/24/binda-had-a-long-and-distinguished-military-career | title=Binda had a long and distinguished military career | publisher=Sowetan | date=November 24, 2006 | accessdate=October 6, 2014}}</ref>
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 4
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Themba Matanzima]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|CCM|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Matanzima, Themba
  +
| born_year = 1953
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 September 2007
  +
| term_end = 30 September 2011
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2007|09|01|2011|09|30}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 5
  +
| image = Lt. Genl. Derrick Mgwebi, MONUSCO.jpg
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Derrick Mgwebi]]
  +
| officeholder_sort = Mgwebi, Derrick
  +
| born_year = 1956
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 October 2011
  +
| term_end = 31 January 2016
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2011|10|01|2016|01|31}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa}}
  +
| ref = <ref name="dod.mil.za"/>
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 6
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Duma Mdutyana]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|MMB}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Mdutyana, Duma
  +
| born_year = 1960
  +
| died_year = 2016
  +
| term_start = 1 February 2016
  +
| term_end = 6 July 2016
  +
| died = y
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2016|02|01|2016|07|06}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa}}
  +
| ref = <ref name="ENCA">{{cite web | url=https://www.enca.com/south-africa/head-of-sandf-joint-operations-duma-mdutyana-dies | title=Head of SANDF joint operations, Duma Mdutyana dies | publisher=ENCA | date=July 6, 2016 | accessdate=July 6, 2016}}</ref>
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 7
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Barney Hlatshwayo]]
  +
| officeholder_sort = Hlatshwayo, Barney
  +
| born_year = 1958
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 January 2017
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2017|01|01}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table end}}
   
  +
==Chief of Corporate Staff==
|}
 
  +
The [[Chief of Corporate Staff]] is responsible for the provision of all staff services for the SANDF.<ref name="AmendBill">{{cite web | url=https://www.parliament.gov.za/storage/app/media/Docs/bill/387426_1.pdf | title=Defence Amendment Bill 2002 | accessdate=November 24, 2014}}</ref>
   
  +
{{Officeholder table start
==References==
 
  +
| showorder = y
{{reflist}}
 
  +
| showimage = y
  +
| officeholder_title = Chief of Corporate Staff
  +
| showtermlenght = y
  +
| showparty = n
  +
| showdefencebranch = y
  +
| showref = y
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 1
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Vice admiral
  +
| officeholder = [[Martyn Trainor]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SD|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Trainor, Martyn
  +
| born_year = 1944
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 October 2000
  +
| term_end = 31 January 2004
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2000|10|01|2004|01|31}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{navy|South Africa}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 2
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Themba Matanzima]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|CCM|SM|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Matanzima, Themba
  +
| born_year = 1953
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 February 2004
  +
| term_end = 31 July 2005
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2004|02|01|2005|07|31}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa}}
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 3
  +
| image = Jurinus Janse van Rensburg (cropped).jpg
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Jurinus Janse van Rensburg]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|SD|SM|MMM|KStJ}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Rensburg, Jurinus Janse
  +
| born_year = 1952
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 August 2005
  +
| term_end = 30 April 2010
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2005|08|01|2010|04|30}}
  +
| defence_branch = [[South African Military Health Service]]
  +
| ref = —
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = —
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Major general
  +
| officeholder = [[Louis Dlulane]]
  +
| officeholder_sort = Dlulane, Louis
  +
| born_year = 1952
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 May 2010
  +
| term_end = 30 March 2013
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2010|05|01|2013|03|30}}
  +
| acting = y
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa}}
  +
| ref = <ref name=ChiefCorpStaff>{{cite web|title=New Chief of Corporate Staff Services for SANDF|url=http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=29920:new-chief-of-corporate-staff-services-for-sandf&catid=111:sa-defence&Itemid=242|website=defenceweb.co.za|publisher=DefenceWeb|accessdate=23 December 2014|date=22 March 2013}}</ref>
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 4
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Vejaynand Ramlakan]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|DMG|MMS|MMB|KStJ}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Ramlakan, Vejaynand
  +
| born_year = 1957
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 April 2013
  +
| term_end = 31 May 2015
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2013|04|01|2015|05|31}}
  +
| defence_branch = [[South African Military Health Service]]
  +
| ref = <ref name=ChiefCorpStaff />
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table
  +
| order = 5
  +
| image = blank.png
  +
| military_rank = Lieutenant general
  +
| officeholder = [[Vusumuzi Masondo]] {{post-nominals|country=ZAR|size=75%|sep=,|MMM}}
  +
| officeholder_sort = Masondo, Vusumuzi
  +
| born_year = 1957
  +
| died_year =
  +
| term_start = 1 February 2016
  +
| timeinoffice = {{ayd|2016|02|01}}
  +
| defence_branch = {{army|South Africa}}
  +
| ref = <ref name=ChiefCorpStaff />
  +
}}
  +
{{Officeholder table end}}
   
  +
==Notes==
<!--commenting out old version
 
  +
{{notelist}}
The following is a '''list of South African military chiefs'''. From 1958 until the [[Freedom Day (South Africa)|first post-apartheid election in 1994]], the present-day [[South African National Defence Force]] was known as the South African Defence Force. From 1912 to 1958, the military was known as the Union Defence Forces.
 
__NOTOC__
 
<div style="float:left; width:48%;">
 
   
  +
==References==
==SADF (before 1994)==
 
  +
{{reflist|2}}
The South African Defence Force consisted initially of land forces and a division of the [[Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve]] (RNVR). An aviation corps was formed in 1915 and replaced by the [[South African Air Force]] in 1920. A naval branch was added in 1922, and the RNVR was incorporated into it in 1942.
 
 
In 1951, the defence forces were reorganised into three distinct combat services: the [[South African Army]], the [[South African Air Force]], and the [[South African Navy]]. The organisation was renamed "South African Defence Force" in 1958. In 1968, their medical branches were pooled to form the [[South African Medical Service]], which was given the status of a combat service in 1979.
 
 
===Chief of the SADF===
 
(There was no overall commander from 1912 to 1922).
 
 
* Maj Gen [[Andries Brink]] DTD DSO (1922–1933)
 
* Gen Sir [[Pierre van Ryneveld]] KBE CB DSO MC (1933–1949)
 
* Lt Gen [[Leonard Beyers]] (1949–1950)
 
* Lt Gen [[Christiaan du Toit]] DSO (1950–1956)
 
* Gen [[Hendrik Klopper]] DSO (1956–1958)
 
* Gen [[Stephen Melville]] SSA OBE (1958–1960)
 
* Gen [[Pieter Grobbelaar]] SSA DSO (1961–1965)
 
* Gen [[Rudolph Hiemstra]] SSA SM (1965–1972)
 
* Adm [[Hugo Biermann]] SSA SD OBE (1972–1976)
 
* Gen [[Magnus Malan]] SSA SD SM (1976–1980)
 
* Gen [[Constand Viljoen]] SSA SD SOE SM (1980–1985)
 
* Gen [[Johannes Geldenhuys]] SSA SD SOE SM (1985–1990)
 
* Gen [[Andreas Liebenberg]] SSA SD SOE SM MMM (1990–1993)
 
* Gen [[Georg Meiring]] SSAS SD SM MMM (1993–1994)
 
 
===Chief of the Army===
 
(There was no separate army commander until 1948).
 
 
* Brig [[Christiaan du Toit]] DSO (1948–1950)
 
* Brig [[Hendrik Klopper]] DSO (1950–1953)
 
* Maj Gen [[Pieter Grobbelaar]] DSO (1953–1958)
 
* Maj Gen [[Nick Bierman]] CBE (1958–1959)
 
* Maj Gen [[Sybrand Engelbrecht (soldier)|Sybrand Engelbrecht]] SM (1959–1963)
 
* Maj Gen [[Petrus Jacobs]] SSA SM (1963–1965)
 
* Lt Gen [[Charles 'Pop' Fraser]] SM (1966–1967)
 
* Lt Gen [[Willem Louw]] SM (1967–1973)
 
* Lt Gen [[Magnus Malan]] SSA SM (1973–1976)
 
* Lt Gen [[Constand Viljoen]] SSA SM (1976–1980)
 
* Lt Gen [[Johannes Geldenhuys]] SSA SD SM (1980–1985)
 
* Lt Gen [[Andreas Liebenberg]] SSAS SD (1985–1990)
 
* Lt Gen [[Georg Meiring]] SSAS SD SM MMM (1990–1993)
 
* Lt Gen [[Hattingh Pretorius]] SD SM MMM (1993–1994)
 
 
===Chief of the Air Force===
 
* Col Sir [[Pierre van Ryneveld]] KBE DSO MC (1920–1937)
 
* Col [[Frederick Hoare]] CBE (1937)
 
* Lt Col [[Hector Daniel]] MC AFC (1937–1939)
 
* Col [[John Holthouse]] OBE (1939–1940)
 
* Maj Gen [[Christoffel Venter]] CB DFC (1940–1945)
 
* Brig [[Harold Willmott]] CBE (1945–1946)
 
* Brig [[JT Durrant|James 'Jimmy' Durrant]] CB DFC (1946–1951)
 
* Brig [[Harold Willmott]] CBE (1951–1954)
 
* Brig [[Stephen Melville]] OBE (1954–1956)
 
* Maj Gen [[Barend Viljoen]] SSA OBE (1956–1965)
 
* Lt Gen [[Kalfie Martin|Henry "Kalfie" Martin]] SM CBE DFC (1965–1967)
 
* Lt Gen [[Jacobus Verster]] SSA SM (1967–1975)
 
* Lt Gen [[Robert 'Bob' Rogers]] SSA SM DSO DFC (1975–1979)
 
* Lt Gen [[Michal Muller]] SSAS SD (1979–1984)
 
* Lt Gen [[Denis Earp]] SSA SD SM (1984–1988)
 
* Lt Gen [[Jan van Loggerenberg]] SSAS SD SOE SM (1988–1991)
 
* Lt Gen [[James Kriel]] SSAS SD SM MMM (1991–1994)
 
 
===Chief of the Navy===
 
* Cdr [[Norman Rankin]] (1922–1928)
 
* Cdr [[R.P. Fitzgerald]] (1928–1932)
 
* Vacant (1933–1939)
 
* R Adm [[Guy Hallifax]] CMG (1940–1941)
 
* Cdre [[James Dalgleish]] CBE (1941–1946)
 
* Cdre [[Frederick Dean]] OBE (1946–1951)
 
* Brig [[Pieter de Waal]] CB CMG (1951–1952)
 
<!--
 
* V Adm [[Hugo Biermann]] SSA OBE (1952–1972)
 
* V Adm [[James Johnson (SA Navy)|James Johnson]] SSA SM DSC (1972–1977)
 
* V Adm [[Johan Charl Walters|Charl Walters]] SD SM (1977–1980)
 
* V Adm [[Ronald Edwards]] SSA SM (1980–1982)
 
* V Adm [[Andries Putter]] SSAS (1982–1985)
 
* V Adm [[Glen Syndercombe]] SSAS SD SOE SM (1985–1989)
 
* V Adm [[Andries Putter]] SSAS SD SM (1989–1990)
 
* V Adm [[Lambert Jackson Woodburne]] DVR SD SM (1990–1992)
 
* V Adm [[Robert Claude Simpson-Anderson]] SD SM MMM (1992–1994)
 
-->
 
 
<!--
 
==SANDF (since 1994)==
 
The SADF amalgamated with the [[Azanian People's Liberation Army]], [[Umkhonto we Sizwe]], and the homeland defence forces to form the South African National Defence Force in 1994. The SANDF was based on the existing SADF structure of South African Army, South African Air Force, South African Navy, and South African Medical Service (which was renamed "South African Military Health Service" in 1998).
 
 
===Chief of the SANDF===
 
* Gen [[Georg Meiring]] SSA SD SM MMM (1994–1998)
 
* Gen [[Siphiwe Nyanda]] SSA SBS CSL DMG MMS MMM (1998–2005)
 
* Gen [[Godfrey Ngwenya]] SBG MMS (2005–2011)
 
* Gen [[Solly Shoke]] OMBG SBS MMS (2011–)
 
 
===Chief of Joint Operations===
 
* Lt Gen [[Deon Ferreira]] PVD SD SM MMM (1999–2000)
 
* Lt Gen [[Godfrey Ngwenya]] MMS (2000–2005)
 
* Lt Gen [[Sipho Binda]] MMS (2005–2006)
 
* Lt Gen [[Themba Matanzima]] CCM SM MMM (2007–2011)
 
* Lt Gen [[Derrick Mgwebi]] SD SM MMM (2011– )
 
 
===Chief of the Army===
 
* Lt Gen [[Hattingh Pretorius]] SD SM MMM (1994)
 
* Lt Gen [[Reginald Otto]] SD SM MMM (1994–1998)
 
* Lt Gen [[Gilbert Ramano]] SSAS SD MMS MMM MMB (1998–2004)
 
* Lt Gen [[Solly Shoke]] SBS MMS (2004– 2011)
 
* Lt Gen [[Vusumuzi Masondo]] MMM (2011– )
 
 
===Chief of the Air Force===
 
* Lt Gen [[James Kriel]] SSAS SD SM MMM (1994–1996)
 
* Lt Gen [[Willem Hechter]] SSAS SD SM MMM (1996–2000)
 
* Lt Gen [[Roelf Beukes]] SD SM MMM (2000–2005)
 
* Lt Gen [[Carlo Gagiano]] SM MMM (2005–2012 )
 
 
===Chief of the Navy===
 
* V Adm [[Robert Claude Simpson-Anderson]] SSAS SD SM MMM (1994–2000)
 
* V Adm [[Johan Retief]] PG SD SM MMM (2000–2005)
 
* V Adm [[Refiloe Johannes Mudimu]] DMG SM MMS MMM (2005– )
 
 
===Surgeon-General===
 
* Lt Gen [[Daniel Knobel]] SSAS SD SOE SM MMM (1994–1997)
 
* Lt Gen [[Davidson Masuku]] SSAS MMM (1997–2000)
 
* Lt Gen [[Jurinus Janse van Rensburg]] SD SM MMM (2000–2005)
 
* Lt Gen [[Vejaynand Ramlakan]] DMG MMS MMB (2005– )
 
</div>{{Clear}}
 
-->
 
   
 
{{SANDF}}
 
{{SANDF}}
   
{{DEFAULTSORT:List Of South African Military Chiefs}}
+
{{Wikipedia|List of South African military chiefs
 
[[Category:Military history of South Africa]]
 
[[Category:Military history of South Africa]]
 
[[Category:South African military personnel]]
 
[[Category:South African military personnel]]
[[Category:Lists of South African people|Military chiefs]]
+
[[Category:Lists of South African military personnel|Military chiefs]]
 
[[Category:Military of South Africa]]
 
[[Category:Military of South Africa]]
 
[[Category:South African military leaders]]
 
[[Category:South African military leaders]]

Latest revision as of 05:10, 1 January 2021

This article lists the South African military chiefs. From 1958 until the first post-apartheid general election in 1994, the present-day South African National Defence Force was known as the South African Defence Force. From 1912 to 1958, the military was known as the Union Defence Force.

In terms of section 202(1) of the Constitution of South Africa, the military command of the Defence Force consists of[1] the Chief of the Defence Force plus the Chiefs of the combat arms (Army, Air Force and Navy) as well as

  • the Surgeon-General of the South African Military Health Service;
  • the Chief of Joint Operations of the Defence Force;
  • the Chief of Defence Intelligence;
  • the Chief of Human Resources; and
  • the Chief of Logistics.

Head of the Defence Force[]

The Defence Force consists of the Army, Air Force, Navy, and Medical Service (which was renamed Military Health Service in 1998). The Chief of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) is the senior military commander and the chiefs of the four services, in addition to the chiefs of Joint Operations, Defence Intelligence, and Corporate Staff, report to him.[2] As of September 2018 the Chief of the SANDF is General Solly Shoke OMBG SBS MMS OMS.

Chief of the UDF[]

The Union Defence Force (UDF) consisted initially of land forces. An aviation corps was formed in 1915 and replaced by the South African Air Force in 1920. A naval branch was added in 1922, and the South African Division of the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve was incorporated into it in 1942.

In 1951, the defence forces were reorganised into three distinct combat services: the South African Army, the South African Air Force, and the South African Navy. The organisation was renamed "South African Defence Force" in 1958.

The UDF had no overall commander for the first nine and a half years. From January 1922, the Chief of the General Staff, previously responsible only for the Defence Headquarters staff, was the executive commander of the UDF. The title was changed to 'Commandant General UDF' in September 1956.

Chief of the UDF Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Ref
1Brink, AndriesMajor general Andries Brink CBE DTD DSO
(1877–1947)
1 October 19221 May 193310 years, 212 days South Africa Army
2
Sir Pierre van Ryneveld KBE CB DSO MC
Ryneveld, PierreGeneral Sir Pierre van Ryneveld KBE CB DSO MC
(1891–1972)
2 May 19331 May 194915 years, 364 days South African Air Force[3]
3
Leonard Beyers
Beyers, LeonardLieutenant general Leonard Beyers
(1894–1959)
2 May 194915 March 1950317 days South Africa Army
4
Christiaan du Toit DSO
Toit, ChristiaanLieutenant general Christiaan du Toit DSO
(1901–1982)
16 March 195022 September 19566 years, 190 days South Africa Army
5
Hendrik Klopper DSO
Klopper, HendrikGeneral Hendrik Klopper DSO
(1903–1977)
23 September 195624 September 19582 years, 1 day South Africa Army
6
Stephen Melville SSA OBE
Melville, StephenGeneral Stephen Melville SSA OBE
(1904–1977)
25 September 195831 October 195836 days South African Air Force

Chief of the SADF[]

The UDF was renamed 'South African Defence Force' in November 1958.[4] The Commandant General's title was then changed to 'Commandant General SADF'. It was changed to 'Chief of the SADF' in July 1973, after Admiral Hugo Biermann assumed the post the year before. After South Africa's first democratic election, the South African Defence Force (SADF) became the South African National Defence Force (SANDF).

Chief of the SADF Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Ref
1
Stephen Melville SSA OBE
Melville, StephenGeneral Stephen Melville SSA OBE
(1904–1977)
1 November 195831 December 19602 years, 60 days South African Air Force
2
Pieter Grobbelaar SSA DSO
Grobbelaar, PieterGeneral Pieter Grobbelaar SSA DSO
(1908–1988)
1 January 196131 December 19654 years, 364 days South Africa Army
3
Rudolph Hiemstra SSA SM
Hiemstra, RudolphGeneral Rudolph Hiemstra SSA SM
(1912–2007)
1 January 196631 March 19726 years, 90 days South African Air Force
4
Hugo Biermann SSA SD OBE GCIH
Biermann, HugoAdmiral Hugo Biermann SSA SD OBE GCIH
(1916–2012)
1 April 197231 August 19764 years, 152 days South African Navy
5
Magnus Malan SSA OMSG SD SM
Malan, MagnusGeneral Magnus Malan SSA OMSG SD SM
(1930–2011)
1 September 19766 October 19804 years, 35 days South Africa Army
6Viljoen, ConstandGeneral Constand Viljoen SSA SD  SM MMM ORB
(born 1933)
7 October 198030 October 19855 years, 23 days South Africa Army[5]
7
Johannes Geldenhuys SSAS SD  SM GCIH ORB
Geldenhuys, JohannesGeneral Johannes Geldenhuys SSAS SD  SM GCIH ORB
(1935–2018)
1 November 198531 October 19904 years, 364 days South Africa Army
8
Andreas Liebenberg SSAS SD  SM MMM
Liebenberg, AndreasGeneral Andreas Liebenberg SSAS SD  SM MMM
(1938–1998)
1 November 199031 October 19932 years, 364 days South Africa Army
9
Georg Meiring SSAS SD SM MMM ORB
Meiring, GeorgGeneral Georg Meiring SSAS SD SM MMM ORB
(born 1939)
1 November 199330 April 1994180 days South Africa Army

Chief of the SANDF[]

The SADF amalgamated with the Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA), Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), and the homeland defence forces to form the South African National Defence Force in 1994. The SANDF was based on the existing SADF structure of Army, Air Force, Navy, and Medical Service (which was renamed Military Health Service in 1998).

Chief of the SANDF Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Ref
1
Georg Meiring SSAS SD SM MMM ORB
Meiring, GeorgGeneral Georg Meiring SSAS SD SM MMM ORB
(born 1939)
27 April 199431 May 19984 years, 34 days South Africa Army
2
Siphiwe Nyanda SSA SBS CLS DMG MMS MMM
Nyanda, SiphiweGeneral Siphiwe Nyanda SSA SBS CLS DMG MMS MMM
(born 1950)
1 June 199831 May 20056 years, 364 days South Africa Army
3
Godfrey Ngwenya SBG DMG MMS LOM
Ngwenya, GodfreyGeneral Godfrey Ngwenya SBG DMG MMS LOM
(born 1950)
1 June 20051 May 20115 years, 334 days South Africa Army
4
Solly Shoke OMBG SBS MMS OMS
Shoke, SollyGeneral Solly Shoke OMBG SBS MMS OMS
(born 1956)
2 May 2011Incumbent10 years, 135 days South Africa Army[6]


Chief of the Army[]

The Chief of the South African Army is the professional head of the Army. There was no separate army commander until 1948. The post was called 'Director-General of Land Forces'[7] 1948–51 and 'Army Chief of Staff' 1951–66, and has been 'Chief of the Army' since 1966.

Chief of the Army Took office Left office Time in office Ref
1
Christiaan du Toit DSO
du Toit, ChristianBrigadier Christiaan du Toit DSO
(1901–1982)
10 November 194815 March 19501 year, 125 days[7][8]:92
2
Hendrik Klopper DSO
Klopper, HendrikBrigadier Hendrik Klopper DSO
(1903–1977)
16 March 195030 April 19533 years, 45 days[8]:94
3
Pieter Grobbelaar SSA DSO
Grobbelaar, PieterMajor general Pieter Grobbelaar SSA DSO
(1908–1988)
1 May 195324 September 19585 years, 146 days[8]:93
4
Nick Bierman SSA SM CBE
Bierman, NickMajor general Nick Bierman SSA SM CBE
(1910–1977)
25 September 195831 October 19591 year, 36 days[8]:89
5
Sybrand Engelbrecht SM
Engelbrecht, SybrandMajor general Sybrand Engelbrecht SM
(1913–1994)
1 November 19593 March 19633 years, 122 days[8]:92
6
Petrus Jacobs SSA SM
Jacobs, PetrusMajor general Petrus Jacobs SSA SM
(1910–1967)
4 March 196331 December 19652 years, 302 days[8]:93
7
Charles 'Pop' Fraser SSA SM
Fraser, CharlesLieutenant general Charles 'Pop' Fraser SSA SM
(1915–1994)
1 January 196630 November 19671 year, 333 days[8]:92
8
Willem Louw SSA SM
Louw, WillemLieutenant general Willem Louw SSA SM
(1920–1980)
1 December 196730 June 19735 years, 211 days[8]:94
9
Magnus Malan SSA OMSG SD SM
Malan, MagnusLieutenant general Magnus Malan SSA OMSG SD SM
(1930–2011)
1 July 197331 August 19763 years, 61 days[8]:95
10Viljoen, ConstandLieutenant general Constand Viljoen SSA SD  SM MMM ORB
(born 1933)
1 September 19766 October 19804 years, 30 days
11
Johannes Geldenhuys SSA SD  SM MMM GCIH ORB
Geldenhuys, JohannesLieutenant general Johannes Geldenhuys SSA SD  SM MMM GCIH ORB
(1935–2018)
7 October 198030 October 19855 years, 23 days[8]:92
12
Andreas Liebenberg SSAS SD  SM MMM
Liebenberg, AndreasLieutenant general Andreas Liebenberg SSAS SD  SM MMM
(1938–1998)
1 November 198528 February 19904 years, 119 days
13
Georg Meiring SSA SD SM MMM ORB
Meiring, GeorgLieutenant general Georg Meiring SSA SD SM MMM ORB
(born 1939)
1 March 199031 October 19933 years, 244 days
14
Hattingh Pretorius SD SM MMM
Pretorius, HattinghLieutenant general Hattingh Pretorius SD SM MMM
(1942–2008)
1 November 199331 December 19941 year, 60 days
15
Reginald Otto SD & Bar SM MMM
Otto, ReginaldLieutenant general Reginald Otto SD & Bar SM MMM
(born 1943)
1 January 199530 June 19983 years, 180 days
16Ramano, GilbertLieutenant general Gilbert Ramano SSAS SD MMS MMM MMB
(born 1939)
1 July 199831 May 20045 years, 335 days
17
Solly Shoke OMBG SBS MMS OMS
Shoke, SollyLieutenant general Solly Shoke OMBG SBS MMS OMS
(born 1956)
1 June 20041 May 20116 years, 334 days
18
Vusumuzi Masondo MMM
Masondo, VusumuziLieutenant general Vusumuzi Masondo MMM
(born 1957)
1 October 201131 January 20164 years, 122 days[9]
19
Lindile Yam
Yam, LindileLieutenant general Lindile Yam
(born 1960)
1 February 2016Incumbent5 years, 225 days[10]

Lieutenant general Werndly van der Riet spent some time acting as Head of the Army.[8]:98


Chief of the Air Force[]

The Chief of the South African Air Force is the professional head of the Air Force. The post was called 'Director of Air Services' 1920–33, 'Director of Air & Technical Services' 1937–39, 'Director-General of Air Services' 1939–41, 'Director-General of the Air Force' 1941–51, and 'Air Chief of Staff' 1951–66, and has been 'Chief of the Air Force' since 1966.

Chief of the Air Force Took office Left office Time in office Ref
1
Sir Pierre van Ryneveld KBE CB DSO MC
van Ryneveld, PierreColonel Sir Pierre van Ryneveld KBE CB DSO MC
(1891–1972)
1 February 192030 September 193717 years, 241 days[11]
2
Francis Hoare CB CBE
Hoare, FrancisColonel Francis Hoare CB CBE
(1879–1959)
1 October 193731 October 193730 days
3
Hector Daniel CBE MC AFC
Daniel, HectorLieutenant colonel Hector Daniel CBE MC AFC
(1898–1953)
1 November 193712 September 19392 years, 41 days
4
John Holthouse OBE
Holthouse, JohnColonel John Holthouse OBE
(1891–1964)
13 September 193930 September 19401 year, 17 days
5
Christoffel Venter CB DFC & bar
Venter, ChristoffelMajor general Christoffel Venter CB DFC & bar
(1892–1977)
1 October 194016 October 19455 years, 15 days
6
Harold Willmott CBE
Willmott, HaroldBrigadier Harold Willmott CBE
(1899–1993)
17 October 194510 September 1946328 days
7
James 'Jimmy' Durrant CB DFC
Durrant, JimmyBrigadier James 'Jimmy' Durrant CB DFC
(1913–1990)
1 October 194630 June 19514 years, 272 days
(6)
Harold Willmott CBE
Willmott, HaroldBrigadier Harold Willmott CBE
(1899–1993)
1 July 195124 August 19543 years, 54 days
8
Stephen Melville SSA OBE
Melville, StephenBrigadier Stephen Melville SSA OBE
(1904–1977)
25 August 195422 September 19562 years, 28 days
9
Barend Viljoen SSA OBE
Viljoen, BarendMajor general Barend Viljoen SSA OBE
(1908–1995)
23 September 195630 April 19658 years, 219 days
10
Henry 'Kalfie' Martin SM CBE DFC
Martin, KalfieLieutenant general Henry 'Kalfie' Martin SM CBE DFC
(1910–2000)
1 May 196530 November 19672 years, 213 days
11
Jacobus Verster SSA SM
Verster, JacobusLieutenant general Jacobus Verster SSA SM
(1919–1981)
1 December 196728 February 19757 years, 89 days
12
Robert 'Bob' Rogers SSA SM MMM DSO DFC & bar
Rogers, BobLieutenant general Robert 'Bob' Rogers SSA SM MMM DSO DFC & bar
(1921–2000)
1 March 197530 November 19794 years, 274 days
13
Michal Muller SSAS SD
Muller, MichalLieutenant general Michal Muller SSAS SD
(born 1930)
1 December 197929 February 19844 years, 90 days
14
Denis Earp SSA SD SM 
Earp, DenisLieutenant general Denis Earp SSA SD SM 
(born 1930)
1 March 198430 June 19884 years, 121 days
15
Jan van Loggerenberg SSAS SD  SM MMM ORB
van Loggerenberg, JanLieutenant general Jan van Loggerenberg SSAS SD  SM MMM ORB
(born 1935)
1 July 198831 October 19913 years, 122 days
16
James Kriel SSAS SD SM MMM
Kriel, JamesLieutenant general James Kriel SSAS SD SM MMM
(1942–2016)
1 November 199130 April 19964 years, 181 days
17
Willem Hechter SSA SD SM MMM
Hechter, WillemLieutenant general Willem Hechter SSA SD SM MMM
(born 1942)
1 May 199629 February 20003 years, 304 days[11]
18
Roelf Beukes SD SM MMM
Beukes, RoelfLieutenant general Roelf Beukes SD SM MMM1 March 200028 February 20054 years, 364 days
19
Carlo Gagiano SM MMM
Gagiano, CarloLieutenant general Carlo Gagiano SM MMM
(born 1951)
1 March 200530 September 20127 years, 213 days
20
Fabian Msimang SM MMM
Msimang, FabianLieutenant general Fabian Msimang SM MMM
(born 1960)
1 October 2012Incumbent8 years, 348 days[12]

Chief of the Navy[]

The Chief of the South African Navy is the professional head of the Navy. The post was called 'Officer Commanding South African Naval Service' 1922–32, 'Director, Seaward Defence Force' 1940–42, 'Director, South African Naval Forces' 1942–51, 'Naval & Marine Chief of Staff' 1951–55, and 'Naval Chief of Staff' 1955–66, and has been 'Chief of the Navy' since 1966.

Chief of the Navy Took office Left office Time in office Ref
1
Norman Rankin
Rankin, NormanCommander Norman Rankin1 April 19223 June 19286 years, 63 days
2
Robert F.U.P. Fitzgerald
Fitzgerald, RobertCommander Robert F.U.P. Fitzgerald4 June 19284 November 19324 years, 153 days
Position of the Chief of the Navy did not exist from 1932–39[lower-alpha 1]
3
Guy Hallifax CMG
Hallifax, GuyRear admiral Guy Hallifax CMG
(1884–1941)
16 September 193928 March 1941 †1 year, 193 days
4
James Dalgleish CBE
Dalgleish, JamesCommodore James Dalgleish CBE
(1891–1964)
28 March 194130 November 19465 years, 247 days
5
Frederick Dean OBE
Dean, FrederickCommodore Frederick Dean OBE
(1900–1983)
1 December 194630 June 19514 years, 211 days
6de Waal, PieterBrigadier Pieter de Waal CB CBE
(1899–1977)
1 July 195130 November 19521 year, 152 days
7
Hugo Biermann SSA SD OBE GCIH
Biermann, HugoVice admiral Hugo Biermann SSA SD OBE GCIH
(1916–2012)
1 December 195231 March 197219 years, 121 days
8
James 'Flam' Johnson SSA SM DSC
Johnson, JamesVice admiral James 'Flam' Johnson SSA SM DSC
(1918–1990)
1 April 197230 September 19775 years, 182 days
9
Johan Charl Walters SD SM MMM
Walters, Johan CharlVice admiral Johan Charl Walters SD SM MMM
(1919–1993)
1 October 197730 January 19802 years, 121 days
10
Ronald A. Edwards SSAS SM MMM
Edwards, Ronald A.Vice admiral Ronald A. Edwards SSAS SM MMM
(1923–2014)
1 February 198030 September 19822 years, 241 days
11
Andries P 'Dries' Putter SSAS SD MMM
Putter, AndriesVice admiral Andries P 'Dries' Putter SSAS SD MMM
(1935–2014)
1 October 198230 June 19852 years, 272 days
12Syndercombe, GlenVice admiral Glen Syndercombe SSA SD  SM MMM
(1931–2005)
1 July 198531 March 19893 years, 273 days
(11)
Andries P 'Dries' Putter SSAS SD MMM
Putter, AndriesVice admiral Andries P 'Dries' Putter SSAS SD MMM
(1935–2014)
1 April 198930 June 19901 year, 90 days
13
Lambert J 'Woody' Woodburne DVR SD SM
Woodburne, LambertVice admiral Lambert J 'Woody' Woodburne DVR SD SM
(1939–2013)
1 July 199031 August 19922 years, 61 days
14Simpson-Anderson, RobertVice admiral Robert Simpson-Anderson SSAS SD SM MMM
(born 1942)
1 September 199231 October 20008 years, 60 days
15Retief, JohanVice admiral Johan Retief SD & Bar PG SM MMM
(born 1946)
1 November 200028 February 20054 years, 119 days
16
Refiloe Johannes Mudimu CLS DMG SM MMS MMM MMB
Mudimu, Refiloe JohannesVice admiral Refiloe Johannes Mudimu CLS DMG SM MMS MMM MMB
(born 1954)
1 March 200531 March 20149 years, 30 days[13]
17
Samuel Hlongwane MMS MMB
Hlongwane, SamuelVice admiral Samuel Hlongwane MMS MMB
(born 1962)
1 April 2014Incumbent7 years, 166 days


Surgeon General[]

The Surgeon General is the Chief of the South African Military Health Service (SAMHS), which was known as the South African Medical Service (SAMS) before 1994.

Surgeon General Took office Left office Time in office Ref
South African Medical Service
1
Eugene Raymond SSA SM
Raymond, EugeneMajor general Eugene Raymond SSA SM
(born 1923)
1 February 196031 March 19699 years, 58 days
2
Colin Cockcroft SSA SM
Cockcroft, ColinLieutenant general Colin Cockcroft SSA SM
(1917–1987)
1 April 196931 October 19778 years, 213 days
3
Nicolaas Nieuwoudt SSA SD SM
Nieuwoudt, NicolaasLieutenant general Nicolaas Nieuwoudt SSA SD SM
(1929–1989)
1 November 197729 February 198810 years, 120 days
4
Daniel Knobel SD  SM MMM KStJ   
Knobel, DanielLieutenant general Daniel Knobel SD  SM MMM KStJ   
(born 1936)
1 March 198827 April 19946 years, 57 days
South African Military Health Service
1
Daniel Knobel SD  SM MMM KStJ   
Knobel, DanielLieutenant general Daniel Knobel SD  SM MMM KStJ   
(born 1936)
27 April 199430 November 19973 years, 217 days
2
Davidson Masuku SSAS MMM KStJ
Masuku, DavidsonLieutenant general Davidson Masuku SSAS MMM KStJ
(1940–2000)
1 December 199730 September 20002 years, 334 days[14]
3
Jurinus Janse van Rensburg SD SM MMM KStJ
Rensburg, Jurinus JanseLieutenant general Jurinus Janse van Rensburg SD SM MMM KStJ
(born 1952)
1 October 200031 July 20054 years, 303 days
4
Vejaynand Ramlakan DMG MMS MMB KStJ
Ramlakan, VejaynandLieutenant general Vejaynand Ramlakan DMG MMS MMB KStJ
(born 1957)
1 August 200531 March 20137 years, 242 days
5
Aubrey Sedibe DMG MMS MMB OStJ   
Sedibe, AubreyLieutenant general Aubrey Sedibe DMG MMS MMB OStJ   
(born 1957)
1 April 2013Incumbent8 years, 166 days

Chief of Joint Operations[]

Chief of Joint Operations Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Ref
1
Deon Ferreira PVD SD SM MMM
Ferreira, DeonLieutenant general Deon Ferreira PVD SD SM MMM
(1946–2002)
1 August 199731 December 20003 years, 152 days South Africa Army
2
Godfrey Ngwenya SBG DMG MMS LOM
Ngwenya, GodfreyLieutenant general Godfrey Ngwenya SBG DMG MMS LOM
(born 1950)
1 January 200131 May 20054 years, 150 days South Africa Army
3
Sipho Binda MMS
Binda, SiphoLieutenant general Sipho Binda MMS
(1952–2006)
1 June 200510 November 2006 †1 year, 162 days South Africa Army[15]
4
Themba Matanzima CCM SM MMM
Matanzima, ThembaLieutenant general Themba Matanzima CCM SM MMM
(born 1953)
1 September 200730 September 20114 years, 29 days South Africa Army
5
Derrick Mgwebi
Mgwebi, DerrickLieutenant general Derrick Mgwebi
(born 1956)
1 October 201131 January 20164 years, 122 days South Africa Army[9]
6
Duma Mdutyana MMB
Mdutyana, DumaLieutenant general Duma Mdutyana MMB
(1960–2016)
1 February 20166 July 2016 †156 days South Africa Army[16]
7
Barney Hlatshwayo
Hlatshwayo, BarneyLieutenant general Barney Hlatshwayo
(born 1958)
1 January 2017Incumbent4 years, 256 days South Africa Army

Chief of Corporate Staff[]

The Chief of Corporate Staff is responsible for the provision of all staff services for the SANDF.[17]

Chief of Corporate Staff Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Ref
1
Martyn Trainor SD SM MMM
Trainor, MartynVice admiral Martyn Trainor SD SM MMM
(born 1944)
1 October 200031 January 20043 years, 122 days South African Navy
2
Themba Matanzima CCM SM MMM
Matanzima, ThembaLieutenant general Themba Matanzima CCM SM MMM
(born 1953)
1 February 200431 July 20051 year, 180 days South Africa Army
3
Jurinus Janse van Rensburg SD SM MMM KStJ
Rensburg, Jurinus JanseLieutenant general Jurinus Janse van Rensburg SD SM MMM KStJ
(born 1952)
1 August 200530 April 20104 years, 272 daysSouth African Military Health Service
Louis Dlulane
Dlulane, LouisMajor general Louis Dlulane (Acting)
(born 1952)
1 May 201030 March 20132 years, 333 days South Africa Army[18]
4
Vejaynand Ramlakan DMG MMS MMB KStJ
Ramlakan, VejaynandLieutenant general Vejaynand Ramlakan DMG MMS MMB KStJ
(born 1957)
1 April 201331 May 20152 years, 60 daysSouth African Military Health Service[18]
5
Vusumuzi Masondo MMM
Masondo, VusumuziLieutenant general Vusumuzi Masondo MMM
(born 1957)
1 February 2016Incumbent5 years, 225 days South Africa Army[18]

Notes[]

  1. During this period, the Navy disposed of its ships and reduced personnel to a few administrative staff due to the Great Depression.

References[]

  1. "Chapter 1 : Introductory Provisions 4A. Military Command of Defence Force". Defence Act (Act No. 42 of 2002). Parliament of South Africa. 2002. 
  2. Defence Act (Act No. 42 of 2002). Parliament of South Africa. 2002. 
  3. Ellis, Johan (2000). "Oswald Pirow's Five-Year Plan for the Reorganisation of the Union Defence Force, 1933–1938". http://scientiamilitaria.journals.ac.za/pub/article/view/175/221. 
  4. http://www.dod.mil.za/documents/acts/defence%20act44of1957.pdf
  5. Hamann, Hilton (2001). "Introduction". Days of the Generals. Cape Town: Zebra Press (Struck Publishers). ISBN 1-86872-340-2. https://books.google.com/books?id=mYgWcHq8lE8C. 
  6. "Chief of the SANDF, General S. Shoke". Department of Defence. http://www.dod.mil.za/csandf/chief.htm. Retrieved January 16, 2018. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Lillie, Ashley C. (2012). "The Origin and Development of the South African Army". Digital object identifier:10.5787/12-2-618. ISSN 2224-0020. 
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 Nöthling, C.J.; Meyers, E.M. (1982). "LEIERS DEUR DIE JARE (1912-1982)" (in Afrikaans). pp. 89–98. Digital object identifier:10.5787/12-2-631. ISSN 2224-0020. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "SANDF support to Springbok". http://www.dod.mil.za/news/news%202011/September2011/springbok.htm. 
  10. "Yam takes over from Masondo as Army Chief". DefenceWeb. 19 January 2016. http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=42023:yam-takes-over-from-masondo-as-army-chief&catid=111:sa-defence&Itemid=242. Retrieved 19 January 2016. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Fact file: Chiefs of the SA Air Force". DefenceWeb.co.za. 21 January 2010. http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=724:fact-file-chiefs-of-the-sa-air-force&catid=35:Aerospace&Itemid=107. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  12. "Lt General Msimang Takes Over Command Of SAAF". http://www.af.mil.za/news/2012/046_2012.html. 
  13. Helfrich, Kim (23 January 2014). "Hlongwane named new Navy Chief". Defenceweb. http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=33322:hlongwane-named-new-navy-chief&catid=55:SANDF&Itemid=108. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 
  14. Leon Engelbrecht (26 November 2008). "Fact file: Surgeons General". defenceweb.co.za. http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=776&catid=47:Logistics&Itemid=110. 
  15. "Binda had a long and distinguished military career". Sowetan. November 24, 2006. http://www.sowetanlive.co.za/sowetan/archive/2006/11/24/binda-had-a-long-and-distinguished-military-career. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 
  16. "Head of SANDF joint operations, Duma Mdutyana dies". ENCA. July 6, 2016. https://www.enca.com/south-africa/head-of-sandf-joint-operations-duma-mdutyana-dies. Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  17. "Defence Amendment Bill 2002". https://www.parliament.gov.za/storage/app/media/Docs/bill/387426_1.pdf. Retrieved November 24, 2014. 
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 "New Chief of Corporate Staff Services for SANDF". DefenceWeb. 22 March 2013. http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=29920:new-chief-of-corporate-staff-services-for-sandf&catid=111:sa-defence&Itemid=242. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 

{{Wikipedia|List of South African military chiefs