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Sowjetischer Soldat Sowjetisches Ehrenmal (Berlin-Tiergarten)

Monument to the Red Army in Berlin

The Soviet Union's Red Army raised divisions during the Russian Civil War, and again during the interwar period from 1926. Few of the Civil War divisions were retained into this period, and even fewer survived the reorganisation of the Red Army during the 1937–1941 period. During the Second World War 400 'line' rifle divisions (infantry), 129 Soviet Guards rifle divisions, and over 50 cavalry divisions as well as many divisions of other combat support arms were raised in addition to the hundreds of divisions that existed in the Red Army before Operation Barbarossa. Almost all the pre-war mechanised and tank divisions were disbanded during the war. There were also Red Air Force aviation divisions, and the NKVD divisions which also took part in fighting. However in contrast to Wikipedia's reasonably complete descriptions of U.S., British, and German divisions, only a few Soviet divisions have articles here, mostly because the detailed histories have either not been translated from Russian or have not been fully released from the official archives. (See WikiProject Countering systemic bias).

The territorial principle of manning the Red Army was introduced in the mid-1920s. In each region able-bodied men were called up for a limited period of active duty in a territorial unit, which comprised about half the Army's strength, each year, for five years.[1] The first call-up period was for three months, with one month a year thereafter. A regular cadre provided a stable nucleus. By 1925 this system provided 46 of the 77 infantry divisions and one of the eleven cavalry divisions. The remainder consisted of regular officers and enlisted personnel serving two-year stints. The territorial system was finally abolished, with all remaining formations converted to the other 'cadre' divisions, in 1937 and 1938.[2]

The Red Army formed at least 42 divisions during the Second World War which had substantial ethnic majorities in their composition derived from location of initial formation rather than intentional "nationalisation" of the divisions, including four Azeri, five Armenian, and eight Georgian rifle divisions and a large number of cavalry divisions in the eastern Ukraine, Kuban region, and Central Asia, including five Uzbek cavalry divisions. See ru:Национальные воинские подразделения РККА.

Rifle and Guards Rifle DivisionsEdit

See: List of infantry divisions of the Soviet Union 1917–1957

Airborne DivisionsEdit

At the end of the Second World War most of the remaining Guards Airborne Divisions were redesignated Guards Rifle Divisions.[6] At the end of June 1945 this has happened to the 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, and 9th, which became respectively the 111, 112, 113, 115, and 116th Guards Rifle Divisions. In November, it happened to the 1st, 3rd, and 10th Airborne Divisions, which became the 124th, 125th, and 126th Guards Rifle Divisions.

Motor Rifle DivisionsEdit

Division Location, Status 1990 Location, Status 2006 Origin
1st Guards "Moscow-Minsk" Motor Rifle Division 11th Guards Army, Kaliningrad, Baltic MD Now Motor Rifle Brigade 1st Guards Rifle Division (second formation)
2nd Guards Motor Rifle Division Alabino, Moscow Military District No change 2nd Guards Rifle Division
3rd Guards Motor Rifle Division Coastal defence division, Baltic Fleet, Klaipėda Disbanded3rd Guards Rifle Division, to MRD 1957
4th Guards Motor Rifle Division Turkestan Military District, Termez Disbanded 19894th Guards Mechanised Corps, КВО, then 4th Guards Mech Div, then 63rd Guards MRD, 4 Gds MRD 1965.
5th Guards Motor Rifle Division 40th Army, Shindand, Afghanistan, 1989 Withdrawn back to base 1989–91, Kushka, now Military of Turkmenistan 5th Guards Mechanized Corps, 53 гв.мсд, 1965 - 5 гв.мсд
6th Guards "Vitebsko-Novgorodskaya" Motor Rifle Division Northern Group of Forces, Borne Sulinowo, Poland Now storage base, Moscow Military District 90th Guards Rifle Division (WW2)
7th Motor Rifle Division 5th Army, Far Eastern Military DistrictDisbanded 1958[citation needed] 7th Mechanized Corps, World War II
8th Guards Panfilovtsy Motor Rifle Division 17th Army Corps, Frunze, Turkestan Military District Part of Kyrgyz armed forces 316th Rifle Division->8th Guards Rifle Division
9th Guards Motor Rifle Division Transbaikal Military DistrictDisbanded 1960(расформирована) 9th Guards Mechanised Corps
9th Motor Rifle Division 12th Army Corps, Maykop, North Caucasus Military District Now 131st MR Bde, Maykop9th Infantry Division
10th Guards Motor Rifle Division 31st Army Corps, TCMD, Akhaltsikhe, Georgia Part of Military of Georgia10th Guards Rifle Division
11th Guards Motor Rifle Division Transbaikal Military District (Bezreche?) Now storage base 7th Guards Mechanised Corps (WW2)
12th Motor Rifle Division Baganuur, 39th Army, Mongolia Converted to storage base, Ulan-Ude12th Amurskaya Rifle Division
13th Motor Rifle Division Transbaikal Military District Disbanded 1958 179th Rifle Division
13th Motor Rifle Division 33rd Army Corps, Siberian Military District, Biysk Storage base, BiyskNewly formed 1960
15th Motor Rifle Division 7th Guards Army, Kirovakan, Transcaucasian Military District Part of Armenian armed forces 15th Rifle Division
16th Motor Rifle Division Baltic Military District, Latvia Disbanded 199116th Guards Rifle Division
17th Guards Motor Rifle Division Khmelnitskiy, Carpathian Military District, 13th Army Part of Ukrainian Ground Forces 40th Guards Rifle Division, World War II
18th Guards Motor Rifle Division Mladá Boleslav CGF, Czechoslovakia Baltic Fleet Ground Forces, Kaliningrad 18th Guards Rifle Division
19th Motor Rifle Division 42nd Army Corps, North Caucasus Military District, Vladikavkaz No change 19th MRD 1965 ← 92nd MRD 1957 <- 19th Rifle Division
20th Guards Motor Rifle Division 1st Guards Tank Army, Grimma, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, Withdrawn to Volgograd, North Caucasus MD 8th Guards Mechanised Corps
21st Motor Rifle Division Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, Perleberg Omsk, Siberian Military District? 416th Rifle Division (World War II)
22nd Motor Rifle Division Dolinsk, Far Eastern Military District Became Motor Rifle Brigade, 1 June 200222nd Rifle Division
23rd Guards Motor Rifle Division Shamkhor, 4th Army, Transcaucasian Military District Part of Azerbaijan armed forces 14th Guards Cavalry Divisin and 16th Guards Cavalry Division, then 31st Guards Mechanised Division
24th Motor Rifle Division 13th Army, Carpathian Military District, Yavoriv Part of Ukrainian Ground Forces 24th Rifle Division
25th Guards Motor Rifle Division Lubny, 1st Guards Army, Kiev Military District Part of Ukrainian Ground Forces 25th Guards Rifle Division
26th Guards Motor Rifle Division 11th Guards Army, Baltic Military District, Gusev Disbanded 1989 26th Guards Rifle Division
27th Guards Motor Rifle Division Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, Halle Totskoye, Volga-Ural Military District 27th Guards Rifle Division
28th Guards Motor Rifle Division Chernomorskoye, Odessa Military District Became 28th Mechanized Brigade (Ukraine) circa 2001 28th Guards Rifle Division
29th Motor Rifle Division Kamen-Rybolov, Far Eastern Military District No change? 29th Rifle Division
30th Guards Motor Rifle Division Central Group of Forces, Zvolen, Czechoslovakia Disbanded at Marina Gorka, Belarus 55th Guards Rifle Division
32nd Guards Motor Rifle Division Kalinin, Moscow Military District Disbanded early 1990s 32nd Guards Rifle Division
33rd Motor Rifle Division Khomutovo, Far Eastern Military District Now storage base 342nd Rifle Division
34th "Simpheropolskaya" Motor Rifle Division Ural Military District, Sverdlovsk Volga-Ural Military District, Yekaterinburg 34 MRD 1965 < 126th MRD 1957 < 1955 77th Rifle Division
35th Motor Rifle Division 20th Guards Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, Krampnitz (Potsdam) Disbanded 199235 MRD 1965, 19th MRD 1957, by 1955 1st Mech Div from 1st Mechanised Corps
36th Motor Rifle Division Artemovsk, Kiev Military District Disbanded 1992Formed 1966
37th Motor Rifle Division Nagorniy, Murmansk, 6th Army, Leningrad Military District Disbanded25th Rifle Division, 156 MRD 1957, 37 MRD 1965
38th Guards Motor Rifle Division 36th Army, Transbaikal Military District, Sretensk MG Artillery Division38th Guards Rifle Division, 38 Guards MRD 1965
39th Guards Motor Rifle Division ru:39-я гвардейская мотострелковая дивизия 8th Guards Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, Ohrdruf Disbanded 1992 39th Guards Rifle Division
40th Motor Rifle Division 5th Guards Army, Far Eastern Military District, Smolyaninovo To Pacific Ocean Fleet as coastal defence division 40th Rifle Division
41st Motor Rifle Division 39th Army, Mongolia, ChoirDisbanded 1992Formed 1967 from elements of 52nd MRD
42nd Guards Motor Rifle Division North Caucasus Military District, Grozny Became 173rd Training Centre, then disbanded 1992 24th Guards Rifle Division
43rd Guards(?) Motor Rifle Division Volga Military District, Kuybyshev Became 469th District Training Centre43 RD (WW2), 130 MRD 1957, 43 MRD 1965
45th Guards Motor Rifle Division 30th Guards Army Corps, Leningrad Military District, Kamenka Became 138th Guards Motor Rifle Brigade 45th Guards Rifle Division (WW2), to MRD 1957
46th Motor Rifle Division Kiev Military District, Voroshilovgrad Disbanded 1989Formed 1980
47th Guards Motor Rifle Division5th Army, Far Eastern Military DistrictDisbanded 19593rd Guards Mechanized Corps
48th Motor Rifle Division Central Group of Forces, Vysoké Mýto, Czechoslovakia Withdrawn to Chuguev, under KGB control, later became 92nd Mech Brigade in Ukrainian Army48th Rifle Division
50th Guards Motor Rifle Division Belorussian Military District Part of Armed Forces of Belarus50th Guards Rifle Division
51st Guards Motor Rifle Division 13th Army, Carpathian Military District Became Ukrainian Ground Forces' 51st Mechanized Brigade76th Rifle Division, which became 51st Guards Rifle Division
52nd Motor Rifle Division Transbaikal Military District, Nizhneudinsk Storage base, later disbanded 347th Rifle Division
54th Motor Rifle Division 6th Army, Leningrad Military District, Alakurtti Reduced to storage base 341st Rifle Division
56th Motor Rifle Division Siberian Military District, Omsk Reorganised as District Training Centre, later disbanded 56th Rifle Division
57th Guards Motor Rifle Division 8th Guards Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, Naumburg Disbanded 1992 57th Guards Rifle Division
58th Motor Rifle Division 36th Army Corps, Turkestan Military District, Kyzyl-Arvat Became part of Turkmenistan armed forces 344th Rifle Division
59th Guards Motor Rifle Division 14th Guards Army, Odessa Military District, Tiraspol Now 8th Motor Rifle Brigade 59th Guards Rifle Division, World War II
60th Motor Rifle Division 4th Army, Transcaucasian Military District, Lenkoran Became part of Military of Azerbaijan 406th Rifle Division
61st Motor Rifle Division Turkestan Military District, Ashkabad Part of Turkmenistan armed forces 357th Rifle Division
62nd Motor Rifle Division 33rd Army Corps, Siberian Military District, Itatka Now Omsk?Formed 1971
63rd Guards Motor Rifle Division Leningrad Military District, Sertolovo Became 56th District Training Centre 63rd Guards Rifle Division
64th Guards Motor Rifle Division 30th Guards Army Corps, Leningrad Military District, Sapernoe Reduced to storage base 64th Guards Rifle Division
65th Motor Rifle Division Ural Military District, Chelyabinsk Storage base, later disbanded368th Rifle Division
66th Guards Motor Rifle Division Carpathian Military District, Chernovtsy Part of Ukrainian armed forces 66th Guards Rifle Division
67th Motor Rifle Division 35th Army, Far Eastern Military District, Skovorodino 1992 redesigned 115th Guards MRD Formed 1968
68th Guards Motor Rifle Division[7] Turkestan Military District, Sary Ozek Part of Military of Kazakhstan Former 372nd Rifle Division
69th "Sevskaya" Motor Rifle Division 26th Army Corps, Leningrad Military District, Vologda Reduced to storage base 69th "Sevskaya" Rifle Division
70th Guards Motor Rifle Division 38th Army, Carpathian Military District, Ivano-Frankovsk Disbanded in 1991 70th Guards Rifle Division
71st Motor Rifle Division 6th Army, Leningrad Military District, Petrozavodsk Reduced to storage base 71st Rifle Division
72nd Guards Motor Rifle Division 1st Guards Army, Kiev Military District, Belaya Tserkov Became Ukrainian 72nd Mechanised Division72nd Guards Rifle Division
73rd Motor Rifle Division Far Eastern Military District, Novoe Disbanded 1989 73rd Rifle Division
74th Motor Rifle Division Siberian Military District, Yurga Disbanded 1989 227th Rifle Division
75th Motor Rifle Division 7th Guards Army, Transcaucasian Military District, NakhichevanKGB control 1989-91, disbanded 1992 75th Rifle Division
77th Guards Motor Rifle Division 26th Army Corps, Leningrad Military District, Arkhangelsk 1989, converted to coastal defence division, 1991 disbanded 77th Guards Rifle Division[8]
78th Motor Rifle Division Ural Military District, Chebarkul Converted to District Training Centre, then reduced to storage base 417th Rifle Division
79th Motor Rifle Division 51st Army, Far Eastern Military District, Poronaisk Reduced to storage base 79th Rifle Division
80th Guards Motor Rifle Division Turkestan Military District, Otar Became part of Kazakh armed forces 80th Guards Rifle Division (WW2)
81st Guards Motor Rifle Division 5th Army, Far Eastern Military District, Bikin No change 81st Guards Rifle Division
82nd Motor Rifle Division 34th Army Corps, North Caucasus Military District, Volgograd Disbanded after 1989Formed 1969 from 266 MRD cadres
83rd Guards Motor Rifle Division 13th Army, Carpathian Military District, Rovno Disbanded 1986 or '89 8th Guards Cavalry Division
84th Motor Rifle Division 36th Army Corps, Turkestan Military District, Ashkabad Became part of Turkmenistan's armed forcesFormed 1981 from 58 MRD cadre
85th Motor Rifle Division Siberian Military District, Novosibirsk No change 85th MRD 1957 < to 1955 85th Rifle Division
86th Guards Motor Rifle Division 14th Guards Army, Odessa Military District, Beltsy Disbanded after 1990 86th Guards Rifle Division
87th Motor Rifle Division 25th Army Corps, Far Eastern Military District, Petropavlovsk Disbanded 1989 Formed 1968 from elements of 22 MRD
88th Motor Rifle Division 36th Army Corps, Turkestan Military District, Kushka Became part of Turkmenistan's armed forcesFormed 1980 from elements of 5 GMRD
91st Motor Rifle Division 29th Army, Transbaikal Military District, Bratsk Reformed as 497th territorial educational center 1987, 5209 VKhVT 1989Formed Dec 1, 1981 Nizhneudinsk; 1986 relocated in settlement Padun of the city of Bratsk
92nd Guards Motor Rifle Division Odessa Military District, Nikolaev Became Ukrainian 92nd District Training Centre 92nd Guards Rifle Division
93rd Guards Motor Rifle Division Southern Group of Forces, Kecskemét, Hungary Withdrawn to Ukraine, became part of Ukrainian Ground Forces 93rd GRD
94th Guards Motor Rifle Division 2nd Guards Tank Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, Schwerin Withdrawn to Yurga, Siberian Military District, became 74th Motor Rifle Brigade 94th GRD
96th Motor Rifle Division Volga Military District, Kazan Became storage base, later disbanded 96th Rifle Division
97th Guards Motor Rifle Division 13th Army, Carpathian Military District, Slavuta Became Ukrainian 97th Mechanized Brigade97th Guards Rifle Division
99th Motor Rifle Division 25th Army Corps, Far Eastern Military District, Anadyr Reduced to 3840 Storage Base, 1 June 1999, storage base disbanded, 2002Formed 1968(?)
100th Guards Motor Rifle DivisionTranscaucasian Military District, TbilisiBecame 173rd District Training CentreSoviet 1st Guards Mechanized Corps
105th Motor Rifle DivisionTransbaikal Military DistrictDisbanded 1958From WW2 era 36 MRD
107th Motor Rifle Division Baltic Military District, Vilnius Disbanded 1992Formed 1968 from cadres of 265th MRD
108th Motor Rifle Division 40th Army, Bagram, Afghanistan Withdrawn to Termez, became part of Uzbek armed forces 360th Rifle Division
111th Motor Rifle Division 6th Army, Leningrad Military District, Sortavala Became 23rd Base for Storage of Weapons and Equipment367th Rifle Division
115th Guards Motor Rifle Division Leningrad Military District, Valdai Became storage base67th Guards Rifle Division
118th Motor Rifle Division 43rd Army Corps, Far Eastern Military District, Birobidzhan Became MG Artillery division Formed 1969
120th Guards Motor Rifle Division Belorussian Military District, Minsk Became Belarus 120th Guards Mechanised Brigade120th Guards Rifle Division, September 1943
121st Motor Rifle Division 5th Army, Far Eastern Military District, Sibirtsevo Became District Training Centre 10th Mechanised Corps, WW2
122nd Guards Motor Rifle Division 36th Army, Transbaikal Military District, Dauriya No change? 5th Guards Tank Corps
123rd Guards Motor Rifle Division 5th Army, Far Eastern Military District, Barabash Became MG Artillery division 17th Guards Rifle Division
126th Motor Rifle Division 32nd Army Corps, Odessa Military District, Simferopol Became Ukrainian coastal defence formation 126th Rifle Division
127th Motor Rifle Division Seventh Guards Army, Transcaucasian Military District, Leninakan Became Russian 102nd Military Base 261st Rifle Division
128th Guards Motor Rifle Division 38th Army, Carpathian Military District, Mukachevo Now 128th Mechanized Brigade, part of Ukrainian Ground Forces128th Guards Mtn Rifle Division
129th Motor Rifle Division Far Eastern Military District, Knyaz-Volkonka Became 392 District Training Centre 1 December 1987 Formed 1969
131st Motor Rifle Division 6th Army, Leningrad Military District, Pechenga Became 200th Motor Rifle Brigade 45th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)
134th Motor Rifle Division Central Asian Military District, Dushanbe Disbanded 1989 Formed 1980
135th Motor Rifle Division 15th Army, Far Eastern Military District, Lesozavodsk Became Machine-Gun Artillery Division Former 39th Rifle Тихоокеанской Division
136th Motor Rifle Division 1st Guards Army, Kiev Military District, Piryatin Became part of Ukrainian armed forces 343rd Rifle Division
144th Guards Motor Rifle Division Baltic Military District, Tallinn Withdrawn to Yelnya, Moscow Military District, reduced to storage base 29th Guards Rifle Division
145th Motor Rifle Division 31st Army Corps, Transcaucasian Military District, Batumi Became 12th Military Base Soviet 89th "Tamanyan" Rifle Division
146th Motor Rifle Division Leningrad Military District, Chernaya Rechka Reduced to storage base
147th Motor Rifle Division 31st Army Corps, Transcaucasian Military District, Akhalkalaki Became 62nd Military Base
149th Motor Rifle Division 39th Army, MongoliaWithdrawn to Borzya, became Motor Rifle Brigade
150th Motor Rifle Division Transbaikal Military District, BorzyaBecame District Training Centre
152nd Motor Rifle DivisionTranscaucasian Military District, KutaisiDisbanded 1991
155th Motor Rifle Division32nd Army, Turkestan Military District, Ust-KamenogorskBecame part of Kazakh armed forces 1992
157th Motor Rifle Division32nd Army Corps, Odessa Military District, KerchReduced to storage base
161st Motor Rifle Division13th Army, Carpathian Military District, IzyaslavBecame part of Ukrainian Ground Forces 161st Rifle Division, briefly 24th Mech Div and 99th MRD until 1965. Later 161st Mechanised Brigade (Ukraine).
164th Motor Rifle Division7th Guards Army, Transcaucasian Military District, YerevanBecame part of Armenian armed forces 164th Rifle Division, briefly 69th Mech Div and 121st MRD until 1965
167th Motor Rifle Division[9]32nd Army, Turkestan Military District, SemipalatinskBecame part of Kazakh armed forces 1992 167th Rifle Division, briefly in 1950s until 1957 153rd MRD
172nd Motor Rifle Division1st Guards Army, Kiev Military District, KonotopReduced to storage base 172nd Rifle Division, World War II
180th Motor Rifle DivisionOdessa Military District, Belgorod-Dnestrovsky Became Ukrainian 27th Mechanised Brigade after 1992 180th 'Kievskaya' Rifle Division, Second World War
192nd Motor Rifle Division35th Army, Far Eastern Military District, BlagoveshchenskReduced to Motor Rifle Brigade
194th Motor Rifle Division15th Army, Far Eastern Military District, KhabarovskReduced to Motor Rifle Brigade
199th Motor Rifle Division5th Army, Far Eastern Military District, Krasny KutReduced to storage base
201st Motor Rifle Division40th Army, Kunduz, AfghanistanDushanbe, Tajikistan
203rd Motor Rifle Division32nd Army, Turkestan Military District, KaragandaReduced to storage base, became part of Kazakh armd forces
206th Motor Rifle Division13th Guards Army Corps, Moscow MD, TambovReduced to storage base 206th Rifle Division
207th Motor Rifle Division2nd Guards Tank Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, StendalDisbanded 1992207th Rifle Division, formed 1942
213th Motor Rifle DivisionVolga Military District, TotskDisbanded
216th Motor Rifle Division4th Army, Transcaucasian Military District, Saatl?Disbanded 1989 216th Rifle Division
218th Motor Rifle DivisionSiberian Military District, AbakanDisbanded
219th Motor Rifle DivisionFar Eastern Military District, VozhaevkaReduced to storage base
242nd Motor Rifle Division33rd Army Corps, Siberian Military District, AbakanReduced to storage base Formed 1972
245th Motor Rifle Division29th Army, Transbaikal Military District, GusinoozyorskNo change First formed 1967
254th Motor Rifle DivisionSouthern Group of Forces, Székesfehérvár,HungaryWithdrawn to Artemovsk, Ukraine, became Ukrainian Ground Forces mechanised division 254th Rifle Division
262nd Motor Rifle Division35th Army, Far Eastern Military District, VozhaevkaLater disbanded 262nd Rifle Division
265th Motor Rifle DivisionFar Eastern Military District, YekaterinovkaReduced to storage base265th Rifle Division
266th Motor Rifle Division35th Army, Far Eastern Military District, RaichikhinskReduced to storage base 266th Rifle Division
270th Motor Rifle Division15th Army, Far Eastern Military District, Komsomolskdisambiguation neededNo change 270th Rifle Division
272nd Motor Rifle Division43rd Army Corps, Far Eastern Military District, BabstovoBecame MG Artillery division 272nd Rifle Division
277th Motor Rifle Division5th Army, Far East MD, SergevkaBecame 127th MG Artillery Division 66th Rifle Division
287th Motor Rifle Division38th Army, Carpathian Military District, YarmolintsBecame part of Ukrainian armed forces 287th Rifle Division
295th Motor Rifle Division4th Army, Transcaucasian Military District, BakuBecame part of Azerbaijani Land Forces 295th Rifle Division
  • 47th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Konotop
  • 49th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Saatly
  • 50th Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Brest
  • 51st Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Vladimir-Volynskiy
  • 52nd Motor Rifle Division first formed at Nizhneudinsk
  • 53rd Motor Rifle Division first formed at Piryatin
  • 54th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Alakurtti
  • 57th Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Naumburg GSFG
  • 58th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Kyzyl-Arvat
  • 59th Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Tiraspol
  • 60th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Lenkoran
  • 62nd Motor Rifle Division first formed at Itatka
  • 64th Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Sapernoye
  • 65th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Perm
  • 67th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Skovorodino
  • 68th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Sary-Ozek
  • 69th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Vologda
  • 70th Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Ivano-Frankovsk
  • 71st Motor Rifle Division first formed at Petrozavodsk
  • 72nd Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Belaya Tserkov
  • 73rd Motor Rifle Division first formed at Novoye
  • 75th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Nakhichevan
  • 77th Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Arkhangelsk
  • 79th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Poronaysk
  • 81st Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Bikin
  • 82nd Motor Rifle Division first formed at Volgograd
  • 83rd Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Rovno
  • 85th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Novosibirsk
  • 86th Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Beltsy
  • 87th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
  • 88th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Kushka
  • 91st Motor Rifle Division first formed at Padun (Bratsk)
  • 93rd Guards Motor Rifle Division It first formed at Kecskemét SGF
  • 94th Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Schwerin GSFG
  • 96th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Kazan
  • 97th Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Slavuta
  • 99th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Anadyr
  • 107th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Vilnius
  • 108th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Bagram (Afghanistan)
  • 111th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Sortavala
  • 114th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Samarkand
  • 118th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Birobidzhan
  • 120th Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Uruche
  • 122nd Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Dauriya
  • 123rd Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Barabash
  • 126th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Simferopol
  • 127th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Leninakan
  • 128th Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Mukachevo
  • 131st Motor Rifle Division first formed at Pechenga
  • 132nd Motor Rifle Division first formed at Chiornaya Rechka
  • 134th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Dushanbe
  • 135th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Lesozavodsk
  • 144th Guards Motor Rifle Division first formed at Tallinn
  • 145th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Batumi
  • 146th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Yarmolintsy
  • 147th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Akhalkalaki
  • 149th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Erdenet
  • 152nd Motor Rifle Division first formed at Kutaisi
  • 156th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Novorossisk
  • 157th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Feodosiya
  • 161st Motor Rifle Division first formed at Izyaslav
  • 163rd Motor Rifle Division first formed at Sarapul
  • 164th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Yerevan
  • 166th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Belebey
  • 167th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Biysk
  • 180th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Belgorod-Dnestrovskyi
  • 192nd Motor Rifle Division first formed at Blagoveshchensk
  • 194th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Khabarovsk
  • 196th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Kursk
  • 198th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Petrovsk-Zabaikalsky
  • 199th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Krasny Kut
  • 203rd Motor Rifle Division first formed at Karaganda
  • 207th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Stendal GSFG
  • 213th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Totsk
  • 218th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Kyzyl
  • 219th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Zavitinsk
  • 225th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Mulinodisambiguation needed
  • 242nd Motor Rifle Division first formed at Abakan
  • 245th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Gusinoozersk
  • 254th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Székesfehérvár SGF
  • 258th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Fevralsk
  • 262nd Motor Rifle Division first formed at Vozzhaevka
  • 265th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Ekaterinovka
  • 266th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Raychikhinsk
  • 268th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Prokhladny
  • 270th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Komsomolsk-na-Amure
  • 272nd Motor Rifle Division first formed at Babstovo
  • 277th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Sergeevka
  • 295th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Baku-1
  • 297th Motor Rifle Division first formed at Krasnoyarsk
  • 95th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 227th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 249th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 250th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 251st Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 252nd Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 253rd Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 255th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 256th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 257th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 259th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 260th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 261st Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 263rd Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 264th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 267th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 269th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 271st Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 273rd Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 274th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 275th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 276th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 278th Reserve Motor Rifle division
  • 279th Reserve Motor Rifle division

NKVD DivisionsEdit

Музей истории донецкой милиции 064

Banner of the 175th Rifle Regiment, Internal Troops, NKVD

Not intended for front line combat, NKVD Internal Troops were used to guard borders, secure railways, and combat elements such as the Ukrainian Insurgent Army that posed threats to the rear areas and supply convoys of the Red Army. Notwithstanding the original intent of these units, many saw at least some front line combat, several were converted to regular divisions of the Red Army, and others were grouped into a field NKVD army that was later re-numbered as the 70th Army. There were different types of divisions: Rifle Division (abbreviated to RD in this list), Railroad Security Division (RSD), Special Installation Security Division (SISD), and Convoy Forces Security Division (CFSD).

  • 1st NKVD Rifle Division (RD) — *9.41 at Mga, with Northwestern and Leningrad Fronts. On 9.8.42 became 46th Rifle Division (third formation) of the Red Army.
  • 1st NKVD Motorized RD — *23.6.38 at Moscow as Separate NKVD Motorized RD, with Western Front and 56th Army. Still exists in the MVD troops.
  • 2nd NKVD Railroad Security Division (RSD) — *8.3.39 at Leningrad, with Leningrad and Special Baltic Military Districts. 11.2.42 became 23rd NKVD RSD.
  • 2nd NKVD Motor RD — *7.41 at Moscow, in Leningrad and Baltic regions. 10.45 disbanded.
  • 3rd NKVD RSD — *8.3.39 at Mogilev. Wiped out twice in 1941, with the Western and Bryansk Fronts. 11.2.42 became the 24th NKVD RSD.
  • 3rd NKVD RD — *1.42 at Leningrad, 8.42 disbanded.
  • 3rd NKVD RD — *9.42 at Tbilisi as the Tbilisi Division. With Trans-Caucasian Front. 6.44 renamed 3rd NKVD RD, with 2nd Far Eastern Front in Manchuria in 1945. Disbanded 1946.
  • 4th NKVD RSD — *8.3.39 in Kiev. 6.41 in the Odessa Military District and later with Southern Front. 11.2.42 became the 25th NKVD RSD.
  • 4th NKVD RD — *9.41 in the Crimea. With 51st Army and the Separate Coastal Army. 10.41 became the 184th Rifle Division (second formation) of the Red Army.
  • 4th NKVD Motor RD — *1.42 at Leningrad, 8.42 disbanded.
  • 4th NKVD RD — *10.10.43 at Moscow. In Baltic regions, 12.8.51 disbanded.
  • 5th NKVD RSD — *8.3.39 at Kharkov. With Southwestern Front. 11.2.42 became the 26th NKVD RSD.
  • 5th NKVD RD — *11.1.42 at Tikhvin. In Leningrad and Baltic regions. 15.9.51 disbanded.
  • 6th NKVD RSD — *8.3.39 at Khabarovsk. In the Far East. Became the 37th NKVD RSD 11.2.42.
  • 6th NKVD Motor RD — *11.41 behind Southwestern Front. Became the 8th NKVD Motor RD 11.2.42.
  • 6th NKVD RD — *1.42 at Kalinin. With Kalinin and 2nd Baltic Fronts and later in the Belorussian Military District. 10.45 disbanded.
  • 7th NKVD RSD — *8.3.39 at Svobodnyi. 11.2.42 became the 28th NKVD RSD.
  • 7th NKVD Motor RD — *4.42 at Orel and Tula. With the Western, Bryansk, Central, Belorussian, and 1st Belorussian Fronts. Later in the Belorussian Military District. 13.9.51 disbanded.
  • 8th NKVD RSD — *8.3.39 in Chita. 11.2.42 became the 29th NKVD RSD.
  • 8th NKVD Motor RD — *1.42 at Voronezh from the 6th NKVD Motor RD. 7.42 became the 63rd RD of the Red Army, which then became the 52nd Guards RD 11.43.
  • 8th NKVD Motor RD — *1.42 at Voronezh (? see above) and 5.42 renumbered as the 13th NKVD Motor RD.
  • 9th NKVD RSD — *8.3.39 in Vilnius. With Special Baltic and Special Western Military Districts. Wiped out 1941, 25.9.41 disbanded.
  • 9th NKVD Motor RD — *1.42 in Rostov. 8.42 became the 31st RD of the Red Army.
  • 9th NKVD RD — *22.8.42 in Ordzhonikidze as NKVD RD with same name. Fought with Trans-Caucasian front during latter part of 1942. 5.44 became the 9th NKVD RD in Krasnodar. 10.44 disbanded.
  • 10th NKVD RSD — *14.11.39 at L'vov. With Southwestern Front. Wiped out at Kiev and 10.41 disbanded.
  • 10th NKVD RD — *7.42 at Saratov and Stalingrad. With Stalingrad Front. 10.42 became the 181st RD (third formation) of the Red Army and assigned to the NKVD Army which later was renamed the 70th Army.
  • 10th NKVD RD — *26.3.42 at Rostov as the 41st NKVD RSD. 9.42 renamed at Sukhumi as NKVD RD with same name. With 46th Army of the Trans-Caucasian Front. 4.44 became the 10th NKVD RD at Sarny. With Central, Belorussian, and 1st Belorussian Fronts, and then in the Belorussian Military District. 6.46 disbanded.
  • 11th NKVD RD — *1.42 at Nalchik and Krasnodar. With Crimean and Trans-Caucasus Fronts. 12.42 disbanded.
  • 11th NKVD SISD — *6.11.39 at Moscow. 31.1.42 merged with 12th NKVD SISD to become 15th NKVD SISD.
  • 12th NKVD SISD — *25.8.41 at Moscow. 31.1.42 merged with 11th NKVD SISD to become 15th NKVD SISD.
  • 12th NKVD Mountain RD — *29.6.41 at Saratov. 7.41 became the 268th RD of the Red Army.
  • 12th NKVD RD — *1.42 at Moscow. 9.42 converted to 22nd NKVD Rifle Brigade.
  • 13th NKVD CFSD — *11.39 at Kiev. With Southern and Southwestern Fronts until wiped out 9.41. Remnants became the 35th NKVD CFSD 2.42.
  • 13th NKVD Motor RD — *5.42 near Moscow from elements of the 8th NKVD Motor RD. With Voronezh Front. 8.42 became the second formation of the 95th RD of the Red Army.
  • 14th NKVD CFSD — *9.40 near Moscow. 2.42 became the 36th NKVD CFSD. See ru:14-я дивизия войск НКВД СССР по охране железнодорожных сооружений.
  • 14th NKVD SISD — *3.8.44 at Vilnius. 15.5.51 disbanded.
  • 15th NKVD Mountain RD — *29.6.41 at Moscow. With Southern Front. 7.42 became the 257th RD of the Red Army.
  • 15th NKVD SISD — *31.1.42 at Moscow. Formed by merger of 11th and 12th NKVD SISD. 15.5.51 disbanded.
  • 16th NKVD Mountain RD — *29.6.41 at Moscow. 7.42 became the 262nd RD of the Red Army.
  • 16th NKVD SISD — *31.1.42 at Moscow. 30.5.50 disbanded.
  • 17th NKVD SISD — *31.1.42 at Gorki. 15.5.51 disbanded.
  • 18th NKVD RSD — *24.6.41 at Tbilis. 11.2.42 became 30th NKVD RSD.
  • 18th NKVD SISD — *22.6.41 at Sverdlovsk as the 25th NKVD SISD. 31.1.42 became the 18th NKVD SISD. 15.5.51 disbanded.
  • 19th NKVD SISD — *1.42 at Vorishilovgrad. With Southern and Trans-Caucasus Fronts. 10.11.42 reformed as the 8th NKVD Brigade.
  • 19th NKVD Special Installation and Railroad Security Division — *24.6.41 at Gorki. 26.3.42 became the 31st NKVD SIRSD.
  • 19th NKVD RD — *8.42 near Grozni. With Trans-Caucasus Front, fought at Grozni.
  • 20th NKVD SIRSD — *24.6.41 at Leningrad. 5.9.41 became the 20th NKVD RD.
  • 20th NKVD RD — *5.9.41 at Tikhvin from the 20th NKVD SIRSD. With 8th and 23rd Armies. 8.42 became the 92nd RD of the Red Army.
  • 20th NKVD SISD — *10.11.42 at Novosibirsk and Kuibyshev. 15.5.51 disbanded.
  • 21st NKVD Motor RD — *6.41 at Leningrad. With 42nd Army. 1.9.41 became the 21st NKVD RD. 8.42 21st NKVD RD became the 109th RD of the Red Army.
  • 21st NKVD SISD — *28.7.43 at Novosibiirsk. 22.11.45 converted to 54th NKVD Brigade.
  • 22nd NKVD Motor RD — *23.6.41 in Northwestern Front area. With 10th Rifle Corps. 8.41 wiped out and disbanded 1.42.
  • 22nd NKVD RSD — *29.2.44 at Kuibyshev. 25.5.46 disbanded.
  • 23rd NKVD Motor RD — *6.41 in Kiev Special Military District. With Southwestern Front, 1.42 became the 8th NKVD Motor RD.
  • 23rd NKVD RSD — *11.2.42 at Leningrad. Fought in Leningrad area. 15.5.51 disbanded.
  • 24th NKVD RSD — *11.2.42 at Moscow (was the 3rd NKVD RSD). 21.12.46 disbanded.
  • 25th NKVD RSD — *11.2.42 at Saratov (was the 4th NKVD RSD). With Southwestern and 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian Fronts. 15.5.51 disbanded.
  • 25th NKVD SISD — *22.6.41 at Sverdlovsk. Became the 18th NKVD SISD 31.12.42.
  • 26th NKVD RSD — *11.2.42 at Liski (was the 5th NKVD RSD). 21.12.46 disbanded.
  • 26th NKVD Mountain RD — *29.6.41 at Moscow. 7.41 assigned to Red Army.
  • 27th NKVD RSD — *11.2.42 at Khabarovsk (was the 6th NKVD RSD). 15.5.51 disbanded.
  • 28th NKVD RSD — *11.2.42 at Svobodnyi (was the 7th NKVD RSD). 29.2.44 became the 32nd NKVD RS Brigade.
  • 29th NKVD RSD — *11.2.42 at Chita (was the 8th NKVD RSD). 21.12.46 disbanded.
  • 30th NKVD RSD — *11.2.42 at Tbilisi (was the 18th NKVD RSD). 16.12.46 disbanded.
  • 31st NKVD RSD — *26.3.42 at Gorki (was the 19th NKVD RSD). 25.5.46 disbanded.
  • 32nd NKVD RSD — *26.3.42 at Voroshilov. With Voronezh, Central, Belorussian, and 1st Ukrainian Fronts. 15.5.51 disbanded.
  • 33rd NKVD RSD — *26.3.42 at Kuibyshev. 8.1.47 disbanded.
  • 34th NKVD RSD — *26.3.42 at Sverdlovsk. 21.12.46 disbanded.
  • 35th NKVD CFSD — *2.42 near Voronezh (was the 13th NKVD CFSD). With Stalingrad and Central Asian Military Districts. 7.51 disbanded.
  • 36th NKVD CFSD — *2.42 near Krasnoiarsk (was the 14th NKVD CFSD). With Ukrainian Military District. 1.48 disbanded.
  • 37th NKVD CFSD — *3.42 near Volodarsk. With Western and 1st Belorussian Fronts. 7.51 disbanded.
  • 38th NKVD CFSD — *3.42 at Novosibirsk. 7.51 disbanded.
  • 39th NKVD CFSD — *8.43 at Sverdlovsk. 7.51 disbanded.
  • 41st NKVD RSD — *26.3.42 at Rostov. Successively renamed the Sukhumi Division and the 10th NKVD RD.
  • 45th NKVD CFSD — *8.44 at Beltsy. With 2nd Ukrainian Front. 9.55 disbanded.
  • 46th NKVD CFSD — *8.44 at Moscow. 9.55 disbanded.
  • 47th NKVD CFSD — *5.45 at Leningrad.
  • 48th NKVD CFSD — *5.45 at Riga.
  • 49th NKVD CFSD — *5.45 at Odessa.
  • 50th NKVD CFSD — *5.45 at Voronezh.
  • 51st NKVD CFSD — *5.45 at Kharkov.
  • 52nd NKVD CFSD — *5.45 at Voroshilovgrad.
  • 53rd NKVD CFSD — *5.45 at Rostov.
  • 56th NKVD CFSD — *5.45 at Alma-Ata.
  • 57th NKVD RD — *18.1.45 at Gaizhunai. With 3rd Belorussian Front. 10.45 disbanded.
  • 58th NKVD RD — *1.45 at Slonim. With 1st Belorussian Front. 6.45 disbanded.
  • 59th NKVD RD — *1.45 at L'vov. With 1st Ukrainian Front. 10.45 disbanded.
  • 60th NKVD RD — *22.2.45 at Vinnitsa. With 2nd Ukrainian Front. 4.10.46 disbanded.
  • 61st NKVD RD — *2.45 at Beltsy. With the Ukrainian fronts. 12.45 disbanded.
  • 62nd NKVD RD — *12.44 at Belgrade. With 3rd Ukrainian Front. 9.51 disbanded.
  • 63rd NKVD RD — *1.45 at Białystok. With 2nd Belorussian Front. 12.46 disbanded.
  • 64th NKVD RD — *10.44 at Lublin as the NKVD Composite Division. 12.44 became the 64th NKVD RD at Lvov. With 1st Ukrainian Front. 6.48 disbanded.
  • 65th NKVD RD — *23.1.45 at Stanisław. With 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian Fronts in Hungary. 18.7.46 disbanded.
  • 66th NKVD RD — *1.45 at Sibiu. With 3rd Ukrainian Front in Romania. 10.45 disbanded.
  • Grozny NKVD RD — *15.8.42 at Grozny. In combat with Trans-Caucasus Front until 12.42 and subsequently on security duties. 18.4.44 disbanded.
  • Makhachkala NKVD RD — *8.42 at Makhachkala. Fought with Red Army until 11.42. 1.43 disbanded.
  • Siberian NKVD RD — *10.42 in Siberia. 1.43 became the 140th RD of the Red Army and assigned to the 70th (NKVD) Army.
  • Central Asian NKVD RD — *10.42 in Siberia. 1.43 became the 161st RD of the Red Army and assigned to the 70th (NKVD) Army.
  • Far Eastern NKVD RD — *10.42 in Siberia. 1.43 became the 102nd RD of the Red Army and assigned to the 70th (NKVD) Army.
  • Trans-Baikal NKVD RD — *10.42 in Siberia. 1.43 became the 106th RD of the Red Army and assigned to the 70th (NKVD) Army.
  • Ural NKVD RD — *10.42 in Siberia. 1.43 became the 175th RD of the Red Army and assigned to the 70th (NKVD) Army.

Cavalry DivisionsEdit

At the time of the German invasion, there were nine regular cavalry divisions and four mountain cavalry divisions in the Red Army. The rapid destruction of Soviet mechanized forces in the summer and autumn of 1941 resulted in a rapid expansion of cavalry units to provide the Red Army a mobile, if not armored, force. This expansion produced some 87 new cavalry divisions by early 1942, many of which were later disbanded as the Red Army rebuilt its tank and mechanized formations. 17 of the cavalry divisions were granted Guards status and renumbered accordingly. At the start of the conflict, a cavalry division had some 9,000 men; by 1945, they were authorized 6,000 men and often organized into corps of three divisions that were reinforced by artillery, tank, and assault gun elements.[10]

Guards Cavalry DivisionsEdit

Tank DivisionsEdit

The Red Army tank divisions of the Great Patriotic War (1941–1945) were short-lived. In the face of the German invasion of 1941, many poorly maintained vehicles were abandoned, and those that did meet the Germans in battle were defeated by the superior training, doctrine, and radio communications of the Panzertruppe. The magnitude of the defeat was so great that the mechanized corps parent headquarters of the tank divisions were either inactivated or destroyed by July 1941. Most of the tank divisions facing the Germans had met a similar fate by the end of 1941. The Soviets opted to organize more easily controlled tank brigades instead, eventually combining many of these into three-brigade tank corps in 1942, an organizational structure that served them until the end of the war. Until late in the war, two tank divisions remained in the Far East, serving in the Transbaikal Military District.

Division Location, Status 1990 Location, Status 2006 Origins
1st Tank Division 11th Guards Army, Kaliningrad, Baltic MD Reduced to Tank Brigade 1st Tank Corps
2nd Guards Tank Division 39th Army, Mongolia Withdrawn to Siberia 2nd Guards Tank Corps
3rd Guards Tank Division 7th Tank Army, Belorussian Military District, ZaslonovoReduced to storage base, became part of Belarus armed forces 3rd Guards Tank Corps
4th Guards Kantemirovskaya Tank Division Moscow Military District, Naro-FominskNo change 4th Guards Tank Corps
5th Guards Tank Division Transbaikal Military District, KyakhtaNow part of Siberian Military District5th Guards Cavalry Corps
6th Guards Tank Division 28th Army, Belorussian Military District, GrodnoReorganised as mechanised brigade, became part of the Armed Forces of Belarus63rd Cavalry Division
7th Guards Tank Division 3rd Shock Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, Dessau–RosslauDisbanded 19907th Guards Tank Corps
8th Guards Tank Division 5th Guards Tank Army, Belorussian Military District, Pukhovichi(?)Reduced to storage base, became part of Armed Forces of Belarus8th Guards Tank Corps
9th Tank Division 1st Guards Tank Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, Riesa/ZeithainDisbanded in 1991 (вч пп 60990 позывной-Стрелка выведена в Смоленск)9th Tank Corps
10th Guards Uralsko-Lvovskaya Tank Division(Volunteers) 3rd Shock Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, AltengrabowWithdrawn to Boguchar, Moscow MD10th Guards Tank Corps
11th Guards Tank Division 1st Guards Tank Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, DresdenWithdrawn to Slonim, Belarus, became an Armed Forces of Belarus mechanised brigade11th Guards Tank Corps
12th Guards Tank Division 3rd Shock Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, NeuruppinDisbanded at Vladikavkaz in 199112th Guards Tank Corps
13th Guards Tank Division Southern Group of Forces, Veszprém, HungaryDisbanded in 198913th Guards Rifle Division
14th Tank Division North Caucasian MD, NovocherkasskBecame 100th Division of MVD 1989Formed 1972
15th Guards Tank Division Central Group of Forces, Milovice, CzechoslovakiaWithdrawn to Chebarkul, Volga-Ural MD15th Guards Cavalry Division
16th Guards Tank Division 2nd Guards Tank Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, NeustrelitzWithdrawn to Chaykovsky, Volga-Ural MD, reduced to storage base9th Guard Tank Corps
17th Guards Tank Division 6th Guards Tank Army, Kiev Military District, Krivoy RogBecame Ukrainian 17th Guards Tank Brigade 20th Guards Rifle Division 1945
19th Guards Tank Division Southern Group of Forces, Hungary, EsztergomWithdrawn to Belarus, reduced to storage base2nd Guards Mechanised Corps
20th Zvenigorodskaya Tank Division Northern Group of Forces, Żagań, PolandDisbanded in 199120th Tank Corps
21st Guards Tank Division 35th Army, Far Eastern Military District, BelogorskNo change 31st Guards Rifle Division
23rd Tank Division 8th Tank Army, Carpathian Military District, OvruchReduced to storage base, became part of Ukrainian armed forces23rd Tank Corps
24th Tank Division Baltic MD, DobeleWithdrawn to Strugi Krasne, Leningrad MD, as Motor Rifle Brigade
25th Tank Division 20th Guards Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, VogelsangDisbanded 198925th Tank Corps
26th Guards Tank Division Moscow Military District, KovrovReorganised as District Training Centre 53rd Guards 'Tartus' Red Banner Rifle Division
27th Tank Division Far Eastern Military District, ZavitinskReduced to storage base
28th Tank Division 28th Army, Belarus Military District, SlonimReduced to equipment base, became part of Belarus armed forces8th Mechanised Corps
29th Tank Division 5th Guards Tank Army, Belarus Military District, SlutskReduced to storage base29th Tank Corps
30th Guards Tank Division 8th Tank Army, Carpathian Military District, Novograd-VolinskyNow 30th Mechanized Brigade (Ukraine) 13th Guards Cavalry Division
31st Tank Division 28th Army Corps, Central Group of Forces, BruntálWithdrawn to Moscow MD, amalgamated with another division31st Tank Corps
32nd Guards Tank Division 20th Guards Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, JüterbogDisbanded 1989116th Guards Rifle Division
34th Tank Division 7th Tank Army, Belorussian Military District, BorisovReduced to storage base, became part of Belarus armed forces 10th Tank Corps
37th Tank Division 7th Tank Army, Belorussian Military District, PolotskReduced to storage base, became part of Belarus armed forces
40th Guards Tank Division 11th Guards Army, Baltic Military District, SovetskReduced to tank brigade, then storage base
41st Guards Tank Division 1st Guards Army, Kiev Military District, UmanReduced to storage base, became part of Ukrainian armed forces 41st Guards Rifle Division
42nd Guards Tank Division 6th Guards Tank Army, Kiev Military District, DnepropetrovskReduced to storage base, became part of Ukrainian armed forces 42nd Guards Rifle Division
44th Tank Division Ural Military District, KamyshinReorganised as district training centre 279th Rifle Division
45th Guards Tank Training Division (I)Belorussian Military DistrictDisbanded 1960 69th Guards Rifle Division
45th Guards Tank Division (II)Belorussian Military District, PechiReorganised as 72nd Training Centre, became part of Belarus armed forces 6th Guards Rifle Division
47th Guards Tank Division 1st Guards Tank Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, HillerslebenWithdrawn to Moscow Military District, amalgamated 47th Guards Rifle Division
48th Guards Tank Division Desna, Kiev Military District Became 169th District Training Centre, Ukrainian Ground Forces5th Guards Airborne Division
49th Tank Division Transbaikal Military District, Chita Became 212th Dist Trng Centre Formed 1965 as MR training division; by 1989 49 TD
51st Tank Division 39th Army, Bogandur, MongoliaWithdrawn, reduced to storage base Formed 1967
60th Tank Division 13th Guards Army Corps, Moscow Military DistrictDisbanded 1990Formed from 60 RD? 1947
65th Tank Division Moscow Military District, Ryazan?'Spare' division (cadre?)
67th Tank Division Siberian Military District 'Spare' division (cadre?)Reduced to storage base, post 1989
68th Tank Division Siberian Military District 'Spare' division (cadre?)Reduced to storage base, post 1989
75th Guards Tank Division Kiev Military District, ChuguyevDisbanded 1989 75th Guards Rifle Division, 1965(?)
76th Tank Division Belorussian Military District, Brest Reduced to storage base, 1989
77th Tank Division Far Eastern Military District Reduced to storage base, post 1989264th Rifle Division
78th Tank Division Ayaguz, Turkestan Military District Became part of Kazakh armed forces 78th Rifle Division
79th Tank Division 8th Guards Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, JenaDisbanded 1992 79th Guards Rifle Division
90th Guards Tank Division20th Guards Army, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, BernauWithdrawn to Soviet Union 6th Guards Mechanised Corps
117th Guards Tank Division Carpathian Military District, BerdychivBecame 119th District Training Centre of the Ukrainian Ground Forces 111th Guards Rifle Division
193rd Tank DivisionBelorussian Military DistrictReduced to storage base193rd Rifle Division

Artillery DivisionsEdit

  • 1st (Tank) destroyer artillery division - 25 May 1942 with South-Western Front
  • 2nd (Tank) destroyer artillery division - 25 May 1942 with Brynsk Front
  • 3rd (Tank) destroyer artillery division - 25 May 1942 with Western Front
  • 4th (Tank) destroyer artillery division - 6 June 1942 with Kalinin Front
  • 5th (Tank) destroyer artillery division - 6 June 1942 with Stalingrad Military District
  • 1st Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 70th Army of the 2nd Belorussian Front May 1945.
  • 1st Guards Glukhovshchinskaya Order of Lenin, Red Banner Znameni, Orders of Suvorov (II), Kutuzov (II), and Bogdan Khmelnitskiy (II) Artillery Division - formed from 1st Artillery Division 1 March 1943 and fought with the Voronezh, later 1st Ukrainian Fronts.[20]
  • 2nd Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 5th Shock Army of the 1st Belorussian Front May 1945.
  • 2nd Guards Perekop Red Banner Order of Suvorov (II) Artillery Division created on 1 March 1943 from the 4th Artillery Division and fought with the Southern, 4th Ukrainian, 1st Baltic and 2nd Baltic Fronts.[20]
  • 2nd Guards Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 3rd Belorussian Front May 1945.
  • 3rd Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 5th Guards Army of the 1st Ukrainian Front 5.45.
  • 3rd Guards Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 3rd Belorussian Front May 1945.
  • 4th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 1st Ukrainian Front 5.45.
  • 4th Guards Heavy Gun Artillery Division — with 3rd Belorussian Front May 1945.
  • 5th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 3rd Shock Army of the 1st Belorussian Front May 1945.
  • 5th Guards Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 2nd Ukrainian Front 5.45.
  • 6th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 47th Army of the 1st Belorussian Front May 1945.
  • 6th Guards Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 1st Shock Army of the Kurland Group (Leningrad Front) May 1945. In Manchuria Aug 1945.
  • 7th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 3rd Ukrainian Front May 1945. See ru:7-я артиллерийская дивизия прорыва.
  • 8th Gun Artillery Division — with Kurland Group (Leningrad Front) May 1945.
  • 9th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 3rd Ukrainian Front 5.45.
  • 10th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 3rd Belorussian Front May 1945. In August 1959, on the basis of the disbanded 10th Breakthrough Artillery Division, the formation of an organizational group of 46 Training Artillery Range (Military Unit No.43176) temporarily located in Mozyr, Gomel Oblast, Byelorussian SSR, was begun. 46 Training Artillery Range later became 27th Guards Rocket Army.
  • 11th Artillery Division — with 53rd Army of the 2nd Ukrainian Front 5.45.
  • 12th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 3rd Shock Army of the 1st Belorussian Front May 1945.
  • 13th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 60th Army of the 4th Ukrainian Front 5.45.
  • 14th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 5th Shock Army of the 1st Belorussian Front May 1945.
  • 15th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 2nd Shock Army of the 2nd Belorussian Front May 1945.
  • 16th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 7th Guards Army of the 2nd Ukrainian Front 5.45.
  • 17th Artillery Division — with 13th Army of the 1st Ukrainian Front 5.45.
  • 18th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 8th Guards Army of the 1st Belorussian Front May 1945.
  • 19th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 3rd Ukrainian Front 5.45.
  • 20th Breakthrough Artillery Division — Fought at Kursk, and in East Prussia and Kurland. With 1st Shock Army of the Kurland Group (Leningrad Front) May 1945.
  • 21st Breakthrough Artillery Division — Fought in East Prussia and Kurland; with Kurland Group (Leningrad Front) May 1945.
  • 22nd Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 33rd Army of the 1st Belorussian Front May 1945.
  • 23rd Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 49th Army of the 2nd Belorussian Front May 1945.
  • 24th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 38th Army of the 4th Ukrainian Front 5.45.
  • 25th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 28th Army of the 1st Ukrainian Front 5.45.
  • 26th Artillery Division — with 65th Army of the 2nd Belorussian Front May 1945.
  • 27th Artillery Division — with 1st Shock Army of the Kurland Group (Leningrad Front) 5.45.
  • 28th Breakthrough Artillery Division — Fought in Kurland; with Kurland Group (Leningrad Front) May 1945.
  • 29th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 8th Guards Army of the 1st Belorussian Front May 1945.
  • 30th Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 2nd Ukrainian Front May 1945.
  • 31st Breakthrough Artillery Division — with 1st Ukrainian Front 5.45.

Guards Rocket Artillery DivisionsEdit

  • 1st Guards Rocket Krasnoselsk Red Banner Artillery Division — Formed Sep 1942 at Moscow Military District Jan 1945.
  • 2nd Guards Rocket Gorodokskaya Red Banner Order of Alexander Nevskiy Artillery Division — Formed Sep 1942; with 1st Baltic Front Jan 1945.
  • 3rd Guards Rocket Kiev Red Banner Orders of Kutuzov (II) and Bogdan Khmelnitskiy (II) Artillery Division — Formed Sep 1942; with 1st Ukrainian Front Jan 1945.
  • 4th Guards Rocket Sivashskaya Order of Alexander Nevskiy Artillery Division — Formed Sep 1942; with 2nd Belorussian Front Jan 1945.
  • 5th Guards Rocket Kalinkovichskaya Red Banner Order of Suvorov (II) Artillery Division — Formed Jan 1943; with 1st Belorussian Front Jan 1945.
  • 6th Guards Rocket Bratislava Artillery Division — Formed Jan 1943; with 2nd Ukrainian Front 5.45.
  • 7th Guards Rocket Kovenskaya Red Banner Orders of Suvorov (II) and Kutuzov (II) Artillery Division — Formed Feb 1943; with 3rd Belorussian Front May 1945.

Antiaircraft DivisionsEdit

Aviation divisionsEdit

See Aviation Division for Soviet Air Forces divisions and Soviet Naval Aviation for naval aviation divisions

Divisions Disbanded 1945–89Edit

  • Disbanded 1958(?)← 1957 7th MRD<-7th Mech Div <-1946/55← 7th Mech Corps
  • 343 (55) Rifle Division 1946–55, 136 MRD 1957, Disbanded 1958
  • Disbanded 1958←137 MRD 1957 ←345 (57) RD 1946–55
  • Disbanded 1959←138 MRD 1957 ←358 (59) RD 1946–55
  • Disbanded 1960←139 MRD 1957 ←349 (60) RD 1946–55
  • Disbanded 1959←140 MRD 1957 ←374 (70) RD 1946–55
  • Disbanded 1958←142 Mtn RD 1957 ←376 (72) RD 1955
  • Disbanded 1960←143 Gds MRD 1957←72G Mech Div 1946(1955) ←110 GRD
  • Disbanded 1958<144 MRD 1957<97 RD 1946 (1955)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

All Russian source notes are via Lenskii.

  1. Scott and Scott, 1979, p.12
  2. David Glantz, Colossus Reborn: The Red Army at War 1941–43, University Press of Kansas, 2005, p. 717 note 5.
  3. Story of the loss and regaining of the colours related at the end of article in Russian [1]
  4. Feskov et al, "Советская Армия в годы «холодной войны» (1945-1991)", p. 29, Tomsk: Tomsk University Press, 2004.
  5. Feskov et al, "Советская Армия в годы «холодной войны» (1945-1991)", p. 78, Tomsk: Tomsk University Press, 2004.
  6. Feskov et al 2004, p.29
  7. See also http://www.soldat.ru/forum/?gb=3&id=54651
  8. http://specnaz.pbworks.com/w/page/17658020/77-обрмп
  9. See also http://www.soldat.ru/forum/?gb=3&id=35468 (Russian)
  10. Red Army Handbook, Chapter 3. For 5 GCD, see also thread at Axis History Forum for more details
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 Regimental details from Cavalry Divisions of RKKA
  12. 12.0 12.1 For some postwar dispositions of the cavalry formations, see http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=23337.
  13. Bashkir Cavalry Division
  14. 14.0 14.1 Deportation of 1944. Myths and Reality
  15. Bashkir cavalry Division
  16. 10th Mechanised Corps 1941
  17. Erickson, Road to Stalingrad, Cassel Military Paperbacks, 2003, p.226
  18. "Combat Composition of the Soviet Army, 1 November 1941". Tashv.nm.ru. http://www.tashv.nm.ru/BoevojSostavSA/1941/19411101.html. Retrieved 2010-03-21. 
  19. Axis History Forum • View topic - How many divisions were transferred from Far East in 1941?
  20. 20.0 20.1 Feskov at Artillery divisions of RKKA of all types 1945 (Артиллерийские дивизии РККА всех типов периода 1942-1945 гг.) [2]

ReferencesEdit

  • Glantz, David M., Colossus Reborn, Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 2005. ISBN 0-7006-1353-6.
  • Glantz, David M., Companion to Colossus Reborn, Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 2005. ISBN 0-7006-1359-5.
  • А. Г. Ленский, Сухопутные силы РККА в предвоенные годы. Справочник. — Санкт-Петербург Б&К, 2000
  • Robert G. Poirier and Albert Z. Conner, The Red Army Order of Battle in the Great Patriotic War, Novato: Presidio Press, 1985. ISBN 0-89141-237-9.
  • Steven J. Zaloga and Leland S. Ness, Red Army Handbook 1941–1945, Phoenix Mill: Sutton Publishing, 1998. ISBN 0-7509-1740-7.
  • V.I. Feskov, K.A. Kalashnikov, V.I. Golikov, The Soviet Army in the Years of the Cold War 1945–91, Tomsk University Publishing House, Tomsk, 2004
  • Боевой Состав Советской Армии 1941–1945 (Official Soviet Army Order of Battle from General Staff Archives).
  • http://samsv.narod.ru/
  • 223rd Rifle Division

External linksEdit



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