The anglicized word U-boat is usually only used as reference for German submarines in the two World Wars and therefore postwar submarine in the Bundesmarine and later Deutsche Marine are not included.
In the period between the two World Wars the Reichsmarine of the Weimar Republic was not allowed to build submarines according to the Treaty of Versailles; development was undertaken secretly through a Dutch company NV Ingenieurskantoor voor Scheepsbouw before the mid-1930s. The terms of the Anglo-German naval agreement acknowledged the official building of new U-boats.
World War I
This list contains the German U-boats types prior or during the First World War.
|Type||Year of introduction||Number of U-boats completed||Comments|
World War II
This list contains the German U-boats types prior or during the Second World War.
|Type||Year of introduction||Number of U-boats built||Comments|
|V||1940||1||This U-boat is also known as V-80.|
|VIID||1940||6||Designed to be used as mine layer.|
|VIIF||1941||4||Designed to be used as torpedo transport.|
|IXD1||1940||2||rebuilt as long range transports|
|IXD/42||1942||2 (+ 4 cancelled)||never participated in WWII|
|XB||1939||8||Designed to be used as mine layer.|
|XIV||1940||10||Designed to be used as supply U-boat.|
|XVIII||1943||0||2 laid down, not completed|
- List of German U-boats
- List of successful U-boats
- List of naval ships of Germany
- List of Kriegsmarine ships
- List of naval ship classes of Germany
- U-180 and U-195 were boats of type IXD1.
- U-883 and U-884 were boats of type IXD/42.
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