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The Royal Navy is the principal naval warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. As of September 2019, there are 75 commissioned ships in the Royal Navy. Of the commissioned vessels, twenty two are major surface combatants (six guided missile destroyers, thirteen frigates, two amphibious transport docks and one aircraft carrier), and ten are nuclear-powered submarines (four ballistic missile submarines and six fleet submarines). In addition the Navy possesses thirteen mine countermeasures vessels, twenty-three patrol vessels, four survey vessels, one icebreaker and two historic warships, Victory and Bristol.

The Royal Navy operates three bases where commissioned ships are based; HMNB Portsmouth, HMNB Devonport and HMNB Clyde. In addition, a number of commissioned vessels belonging to the University Royal Naval Units (URNU) are stationed at various locations around the United Kingdom. The total displacement of the Royal Navy is approximately 407,000 tonnes (641,000 tonnes including the Royal Fleet Auxiliary and Royal Marines).

Besides the Royal Navy, the Royal Fleet Auxiliary and the Royal Marines operate their own flotillas of naval vessels which complement the assets of the Royal Navy, however they are not included in this list or the above figures. In addition, the naval training vessels Brecon and Cromer can be found based at the Royal Navy shore establishment HMS Raleigh and the Britannia Royal Naval College, respectively, along with a number of P1000's and Motor Whalers.[1][2] As a supporting contingent of Her Majesty's Naval Service, the civilian Marine Services operate many auxiliary ships (including coastal logistics, tugs and research vessels) in support of Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary operations.[3]

Aircraft carrier HMS Queen Elizabeth (R08), the next flagship of the fleet, sails in formation with escort frigates HMS Sutherland (F81) and HMS Iron Duke (F234) during sea trials in 2017

All ships and submarines currently in commission with the Royal Navy were built in the United Kingdom, with the exceptions of icebreaker Protector which was built in Norway and survey vessel Magpie which was substantially built in Ireland. All vessels of the Royal Navy bear the ship prefix "HMS", for Her Majesty's Ship.

List of ships[]

Flagship of the First Sea Lord
Classic First-rate
Class Ship Pennant No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Ship of the Line HMS Victory 1778[N 1] 3,556 tonnes First-rate ship of the line Portsmouth [4]
Submarine Service
Strategic
Class Boat Pennant No. Commissioned Displacement Type[N 2] Homeport Note
Vanguard class HMS Vanguard S28 1993 15,900 tonnes Ballistic missile submarine Clyde [5]
HMS Victorious S29 1995 [6]
HMS Vigilant S30 1996 [7]
HMS Vengeance S31 1999 [8]
Attack
Class Boat Pennant No. Commissioned Displacement Type[N 3] Homeport Note
Astute class HMS Astute S119 2010 7,400 tonnes Fleet submarine Clyde [9]
HMS Ambush S120 2013 [10]
HMS Artful S121 2016 [11]
Trafalgar class HMS Trenchant S91 1989 5,300 tonnes Devonport [12]
HMS Talent S92 1990 Clyde [13]
HMS Triumph S93 1991 Devonport [14]
Surface Fleet
Aircraft Carrier
Class Ship Pennant No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Queen Elizabeth class HMS Queen Elizabeth R08 2017 65,000 tonnes Aircraft carrier Portsmouth [15][16]
Amphibious Warfare
Class Ship Pennant No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Albion class HMS Albion L14 2003 19,560 tonnes Amphibious transport dock Devonport [17][N 4]
HMS Bulwark L15 2004 [18][N 5]
Major Surface Combatants
Class Ship Pennant No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Type 45 or Daring class HMS Daring D32 2009 8,500 tonnes Guided missile destroyer Portsmouth [19][N 6]
HMS Dauntless D33 2010 [20]
HMS Diamond D34 2011 [21]
HMS Dragon D35 2012 [22]
HMS Defender D36 2013 [23]
HMS Duncan D37 2013 [24]
Type 23 or Duke class HMS Argyll F231 1991 4,900 tonnes Guided missile Frigate Devonport [25]
HMS Lancaster F229 1992 Portsmouth [26][N 7]
HMS Iron Duke F234 1993 Portsmouth [27]
HMS Monmouth F235 1993 Devonport [28]
HMS Montrose F236 1994 Devonport [29]
HMS Westminster F237 1994 Portsmouth [30]
HMS Northumberland F238 1994 Devonport [31]
HMS Richmond F239 1995 Devonport [32]
HMS Somerset F82 1996 Devonport [33]
HMS Sutherland F81 1997 Devonport [34]
HMS Kent F78 2000 Portsmouth [35]
HMS Portland F79 2001 Devonport [36]
HMS St Albans F83 2002 Devonport [37]
Offshore Patrol
Class Ship Pennant No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
River[N 8] HMS Tyne P281 2003 and 2018 1,700 tonnes Offshore patrol vessel Portsmouth [38]
HMS Mersey P283 2003 [39]
HMS Clyde P257 2007 2,000 tonnes [40][N 9]
HMS Forth P222 2018 [41]
HMS Medway P223 2019 [42]
Mine countermeasures
Class Ship Pennant No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Hunt class HMS Ledbury M30 1981 750 tonnes Minehunter Portsmouth [43]
HMS Cattistock M31 1982 [44]
HMS Brocklesby M33 1983 [45]
HMS Middleton M34 1984 [46]
HMS Chiddingfold M37 1984 [47]
HMS Hurworth M39 1985 [48]
Sandown class HMS Penzance M106 1998 600 tonnes Clyde [49]
HMS Pembroke M107 1998 [50]
HMS Grimsby M108 1999 [51]
HMS Bangor M109 2000 [52]
HMS Ramsey M110 2000 [53]
HMS Blyth M111 2001 [54]
HMS Shoreham M112 2001 [55]
Fast Patrol
Class Ship Pennant No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
P2000 or Archer class HMS Archer P264 1985 54 tonnes Patrol boat URNU [56]
HMS Biter P270 1986 [57]
HMS Smiter P272 1988 [58]
HMS Pursuer P273 1988 [59]
HMS Blazer P279 1988 [60]
HMS Dasher P280 1988 [61]
HMS Puncher P291 1988 [62]
HMS Charger P292 1988 [63]
HMS Ranger P293 1988 [64]
HMS Trumpeter P294 1988 [65]
HMS Express P163 1988 [66]
HMS Example P165 1985 [67]
HMS Explorer P164 1986 [68]
HMS Exploit P167 1988 [69]
HMS Tracker P274 1998 Patrol boat Clyde [70][N 10]
HMS Raider P275 1998 [71][N 11]
Scimitar class HMS Scimitar P284 2003 24 tonnes Patrol boat Gibraltar [72][N 12]
HMS Sabre P285 2003 [73][N 13]
Survey
Class Ship Pennant No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Echo class HMS Echo H87 2003 3,740 tonnes Multi-purpose survey Devonport [74]
HMS Enterprise H88 2003 [75]
HMS Scott H131 1997 13,500 tonnes Ocean survey [76]
HMS Protector A173 2011 5,000 tonnes Icebreaker & survey [77]
HMS Magpie H130 2018 37 tonnes Survey Motor Launch [78]
HMS Excellent
(Shore Establishment)
Static ship
Class Ship Pennant No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Type 82 or Bristol class HMS Bristol D23 1973 7,100 tonnes Guided missile destroyer [79][N 14]

Gallery[]

Flagship of the First Sea Lord[]

Classic first-rate[]

Submarine Service[]

Strategic[]

Attack[]

Surface Fleet[]

Aircraft Carriers[]

Amphibious Warfare[]

In addition, the Royal Fleet Auxiliary possess three 16,160 tonne Bay-class dock landing ships (LSD).

Major Surface Combatants[]

Offshore Patrol[]

In addition to the above vessels, the Border Force possess five cutters.

Mine countermeasures[]

Fast Patrol[]

The Royal Marines operate three Island-class fast patrol boats (Mull, Rona and Eorsa) from HMNB Clyde.

Survey[]

The British Antarctic Survey operates two Royal Research Ships which work in conjunction with Protector.

HMS Excellent[]

Static ship[]

Silhouettes[]

Silhouettes of major fleet units:

Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carrier
Queen Elizabeth
Albion-class landing platform dock
Albion
Albion-class landing platform dock
Bulwark
Daring-class Type 45 destroyer
Daring
Daring-class Type 45 destroyer
Dauntless
Daring-class Type 45 destroyer
Diamond
Daring-class Type 45 destroyer
Dragon
Daring-class Type 45 destroyer
Defender
Daring-class Type 45 destroyer
Duncan
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Argyll
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Lancaster
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Iron Duke
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Monmouth
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Montrose
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Westminster
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Northumberland
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Richmond
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Somerset
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Sutherland
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Kent
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Portland
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
St Albans
Vanguard-class SSBN
Vanguard
Vanguard-class SSBN
Victorious
Vanguard-class SSBN
Vigilant
Vanguard-class SSBN
Vengeance
Astute-class SSN
Astute
Astute-class SSN
Ambush
Astute-class SSN
Artful
Trafalgar-class SSN
Trenchant
Trafalgar-class SSN
Talent
Trafalgar-class SSN
Triumph

See also[]

Lists of ships operated by or in support of Her Majesty's Naval Service
Related articles

Footnotes[]

  1. Launched in 1765 and commissioned in 1778, making Victory the world's oldest warship still in commission.
  2. All submarines of the Royal Navy are nuclear-powered.
  3. All submarines of the Royal Navy are nuclear-powered.
  4. Albion is the current Fleet Flagship as of 2019.
  5. Bulwark entered 'extended readiness' in late 2016.
  6. Daring is acting as a Harbour Training Ship.
  7. Lancaster was acting as a Harbour Training Ship until March 2017, when she was towed to Plymouth for refit.
  8. HMS Severn is undergoing refit and awaiting re-comissioning.
  9. Clyde is a modified River-class OPV on lease and stationed in the British Overseas Territory of the Falkland Islands. It will be replaced by HMS Forth.
  10. Forms part of the Faslane Patrol Boat Squadron providing security to nuclear submarines entering and leaving the waters in and around HMNB Clyde.
  11. Forms part of the Faslane Patrol Boat Squadron providing security to nuclear submarines entering and leaving the waters in and around HMNB Clyde.
  12. Permanently based in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. Forms part of the Gibraltar Squadron.
  13. Permanently based in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. Forms part of the Gibraltar Squadron.
  14. Bristol is permanently docked at HMS Excellent. Formerly a guided missile destroyer, now modified to act as a static training and accommodation ship for both Royal Navy and Cadet personnel.

References[]

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  3. "Vessel Management". http://www.sercomarine.com/our-services/defence/vessel-management/index.aspx. 
  4. Farmer, Ben (7 December 2017). "The Queen commissions the Royal Navy's newest aircraft carrier - HMS Queen Elizabeth". https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/12/07/queen-commissions-royal-navys-newest-aircraft-carrier-hsm/. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
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  25. "HMS Argyll". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-argyll. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  26. "HMS Lancaster". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-lancaster. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  27. "HMS Iron Duke". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-iron-duke. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  28. "HMS Monmouth". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-monmouth. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  29. "HMS Montrose". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-montrose. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  30. "HMS Westminster". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-westminster. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  31. "HMS Northumberland". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-northumberland. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  32. "HMS Richmond". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-richmond. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  33. "HMS Somerset". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-somerset. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  34. "HMS Sutherland". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-sutherland. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  35. "HMS Kent". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-kent. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  36. "HMS Portland". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-portland. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  37. "HMS St Albans". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-st-albans. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  38. "HMS Tyne". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/patrol/river-class/hms-tyne. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
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  41. "HMS Forth". https://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/patrol/river-class/hms-forth. Retrieved 6 April 2018. 
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  73. "HMS Sabre". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/patrol/scimitar-class/hms-sabre. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  74. "HMS Echo". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/survey/echo-class/hms-echo. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  75. "HMS Enterprise". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/survey/echo-class/hms-enterprise. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  76. "HMS Scott". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/survey/ocean-survey-ship/hms-scott. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  77. "HMS Protector". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/survey/antarctic-patrol-ship/hms-protector. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
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  79. "HMS Bristol". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/where-we-are/training-establishments/hms-excellent/hms-bristol. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 

External links[]


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