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The List of aircraft of World War II includes all the aircraft used by those countries which were at war during World War II from the period between their joining the conflict and the conflict ending for them. Aircraft developed but not used operationally in the war are in the prototypes section at the end. Prototypes for aircraft that entered service under a different design number are ignored in favour of the service version. The date the aircraft entered service, or was first flown if the service date is unknown or it did not enter service follows the name, followed by the country of origin and major wartime users. Aircraft used for multiple roles are generally only listed under their primary role unless specialized versions were built for other roles. Aircraft used by neutral countries such as Spain, Switzerland and Sweden or countries which did no significant fighting such as most of those in South America (except Brazil), are not included.

Operational aircraftEdit

Fighter aircraftEdit

Biplane fightersEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Avia B-5341935Flag of the Czech Republic.svg CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Slovakia
Avia BH-331927Flag of the Czech Republic.svg CzechoslovakiaYugoslavia
Armstrong Whitworth Scimitar1936Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomNorway
Blériot-SPAD S.5101936Flag of France.svg France
Boeing P-121930Flag of the United States.svg United StatesBrazil, China, Philippines, Thailand
Bristol Bulldog1929Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomDenmark, Finland
Fairey Firefly II1931Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomBelgium
Fiat CR.321934Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Hungary, China
Fiat CR.421939Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Belgium, Hungary
Gloster Gamecock II1925Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomFinland (as Kukko)
Gloster Gauntlet1935Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Denmark, Finland
Gloster Gladiator/Sea Gladiator1937Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Belgium, Finland, Greece, Iraq, Norway, Sweden
Grumman FF[1]1933Flag of the United States.svg United StatesCanada (as Goblin)
Grumman F3F1936Flag of the United States.svg United States
Hawker Demon1931Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia
Hawker Fury1931Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomYugoslavia, South Africa
Hawker Nimrod1933Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomDenmark
Heinkel He 511935Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Bulgaria
Kawasaki Ki-10[2]1935Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Kochyerigin DI-61934Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Koolhoven F.K.521939Flag of the Netherlands.svg NetherlandsNetherlands, Finland
Polikarpov I-51931Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Polikarpov I-15 & I-15bis1934Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, China, Finland
Polikarpov I-1531939Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, China, Finland

Single engined, single seat monoplane fighters and fighter bombersEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Ambrosini SAI.2071942Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Ansaldo A.1201925Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Lithuania
Arsenal VG-331940Flag of France.svg France
Avia B-1351941Flag of the Czech Republic.svg CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Bulgaria
Bell P-39 Airacobra1941Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., USSR, Australia, France, UK
Bell P-63 Kingcobra1942Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., USSR
Bloch MB.150-1571940Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, Greece, Romania
Boeing P-26 Peashooter1933Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., China, Philippines
Breda Ba.271933Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyChina
Brewster F2A Buffalo1939Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Finland, Netherlands, New Zealand, UK, Australia
CAC Boomerang[3]1943Flag of Australia.svg Australia
Caudron C.7141940Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, Finland, Poland
Curtiss P-36 Hawk/Mohawk1938Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil, Finland, France, Netherlands, Norway, Thailand, UK
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk/Tomahawk/Kittyhawk1939Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Finland, New Zealand, South Africa, UK, USSR
Curtiss-Wright CW-21 Demon1939Flag of the United States.svg United StatesChina, Netherlands
Dewoitine D.500/D.5101935Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, China
Dewoitine D.5201940Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, Bulgaria, Italy
Fiat G.501938Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Finland, Croatia
Fiat G.551943Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Focke-Wulf Fw 1901941Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Hungary, Romania
Focke-Wulf Ta 152 high altitude fighter1945Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Fokker D.XXI1936Flag of the Netherlands.svg NetherlandsNetherlands, Denmark, Finland
Grumman F4F/FM Wildcat/Martlet1940Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK
Grumman F6F Hellcat/Gannet1943Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK
Grumman F8F Bearcat[4]1945Flag of the United States.svg United States
Hawker Hurricane/Sea Hurricane1937Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Greece, India, New Zealand, USSR
Hawker Tempest1944Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom India, New Zealand, UK
Hawker Typhoon1940Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Heinkel He 1121937Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Hungary, Romania
IAR 801942Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Ikarus IK-2 parasol monoplane1935Flag of Yugoslavia (1918–1941).svg Kingdom of YugoslaviaYugoslavia, Croatia
Kawanishi N1K/N1K-J1943Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Kawasaki Ki-611943Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Kawasaki Ki-1001945Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Koolhoven F.K.581940Flag of the Netherlands.svg NetherlandsNetherlands, France
Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-11940Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-31941Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, Finland
Lavochkin La-51942Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Lavochkin La-71944Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Loire 46 parasol monoplane1936Flag of France.svg France
Macchi C.2001939Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Macchi C.2021941Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Macchi C.2051943Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Germany
MÁVAG Héja1941Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary
Messerschmitt Bf 1091937Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Finland, Hungary, Italy, Romania
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-11940Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-31941Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Mitsubishi A5M[5]1936Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Mitsubishi A6M Zero1940Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Mitsubishi J2M interceptor1942Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Morane-Saulnier M.S.4061939Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, Croatia, Finland, Italy, Poland
Nakajima A6M2-N floatplane fighter1942Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Nakajima Ki-271937Flag of Japan.svg JapanJapan, Manchukuo, Thailand
Nakajima Ki-431941Flag of Japan.svg JapanJapan, Manchukuo, Thailand
Nakajima Ki-441942Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Nakajima Ki-841943Flag of Japan.svg Japan
North American P-51 Mustang1942Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK, Canada, Australia, China, France, South Africa, USSR
North American P-64[6]1940Flag of the United States.svg United States
Polikarpov I-161934Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, China, Finland
PZL P.7 parasol monoplane1933Flag of Poland.svg Poland
PZL P.11 parasol monoplane1934Flag of Poland.svg PolandPoland, Romania
PZL P.24 parasol monoplane1936Flag of Poland.svg PolandPoland, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania
Reggiane Re.20001940Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Hungary
Reggiane Re.20011941Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Reggiane Re.20051943Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Republic P-43 Lancer1941Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, China
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt1942Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK, Brazil, Mexico, France, USSR
Rogožarski IK-31940Flag of Yugoslavia (1918–1941).svg Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Seversky P-35/J 91937Flag of the United States.svg United StatesSweden
Supermarine Seafire1942Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada, France
Supermarine Spitfire1938Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, Canada, France, India, Italy, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, U.S., USSR
VL Myrsky1943Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Vought F4U/FG Corsair1942Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK, New Zealand
Vultee P-66 Vanguard 1941Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., China
Yakovlev Yak-11940Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, France
Yakovlev Yak-31944Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, France
Yakovlev Yak-7/Yak-7B1942Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, France
Yakovlev Yak-91942Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, France

Heavy fighters (multi-engined or multi-seat) and night fightersEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Bell YFM-1 Airacuda[2] flying cruiser1940Flag of the United States.svg United States
Blackburn Roc turret fighter1939Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Blackburn Skua fighter/dive bomber1938Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Boulton Paul Defiant turret fighter1939Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada
Bristol Beaufighter1940Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, Canada, U.S.
Bristol Blenheim night fighter1937Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
de Havilland Mosquito night fighter/fighter bomber1941Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, U.S.
Dornier Do 215 night fighter1939Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Dornier Do 217 night fighter1941Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Dornier Do 3351944Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Douglas P-70 Havoc night fighter1941Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK
Fairey Firefly fleet fighter/dive bomber1941Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Fairey Fulmar fleet fighter1940Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Focke-Wulf Ta 154 night fighter1944Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Fokker G.I1939Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Grumman F7F Tigercat night fighter1944Flag of the United States.svg United States
Heinkel He 219 night fighter1943Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
IMAM Ro.571943Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Junkers Ju 88 night fighter1940Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Junkers Ju 388 night fighter1944Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Kawasaki Ki-45 night fighter1942Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Kawasaki Ki-102 twin engine fighter1945Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Lockheed P-38 Lightning1941Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, China
Messerschmitt Bf 1101937Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany Croatia, Hungary, Italy, Iraq, Romania
Messerschmitt Me 2101943Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Hungary
Messerschmitt Me 4101943Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany
Mitsubishi Ki-109 bomber interceptor1945Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Nakajima J1N night fighter/interceptor1942Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Northrop P-61 Black Widow night fighter1944Flag of the United States.svg United States
Petlyakov Pe-31941Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, Finland
Potez 6301938Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, Greece, Romania
Westland Welkin high altitude interceptor[7]1944Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Westland Whirlwind1940Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom

Jet- and rocket- propelled fightersEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Bell P-59 Airacomet1944Flag of the United States.svg United States
Gloster Meteor1944Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Heinkel He 1621945Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Messerschmitt Me 163 rocket interceptor1944Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Messerschmitt Me 2621944Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Ryan FR Fireball mixed power1945Flag of the United States.svg United States

Bomber & attack aircraftEdit

Heavy bombersEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Avro Lancaster1942Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada, Australia
Avro Manchester[8]1940Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Blohm & Voss BV 142 maritime patrol[9]1940Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress/Fortress1940Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK, Canada
Boeing B-29 Superfortress1944Flag of the United States.svg United States
Consolidated B-24/LB-30/PB4Y-1 Liberator1940Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Canada, UK
Consolidated B-32 Dominator1942Flag of the United States.svg United States
Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer maritime patrol1943Flag of the United States.svg United States
Farman F.221-2231936Flag of France.svg France
Focke-Wulf Fw 200 maritime patrol1940Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Handley Page Halifax1940Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada, France
Heinkel He 1771943Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Mitsubishi Ki-201932Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany, Flag of Japan.svg JapanJapan
Petlyakov Pe-81936Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Piaggio P.1081942Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Short Stirling1940Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Tupolev TB-31932Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Vickers Warwick1942Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom

Medium bombersEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Amiot 1431936Flag of France.svg France
Amiot 3541940Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, Germany
Arado Ar 234 jet bomber1944Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Arkhangelsky Ar-21940Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Armstrong Whitworth Whitley1937Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Avia F.391932Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
Avro Anson1936Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada, Finland, Greece, Iraq
Blackburn Botha1939Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Bloch MB.1311938Flag of France.svg France
Bloch MB.1701940Flag of France.svg France
Bloch MB.2001935Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Germany
Bloch MB.2101937Flag of France.svg France
Breda Ba.881938Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Bristol Beaufort1940Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa
Bristol Blenheim/Bolingbroke/Bisley[10]1937Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada, Finland, Greece, France, Yugoslavia
Bristol Bombay bomber/transport 1939Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
CANT Z.10071938Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Caproni Ca.1351937Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Caproni Ca.3091937Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Bulgaria, Hungary
Caproni Ca.310-Ca.3141938Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Croatia, France, Hungary, Norway, Germany, Yugoslavia
Curtiss A-18 Shrike[11]1936Flag of the United States.svg United States
de Havilland Mosquito[10]1941Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada, Australia, Norway
Dornier Do 11[12]1932Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyBulgaria
Dornier Do 171937Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, Finland, Yugoslavia
Dornier Do 2151939Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Dornier Do 2171941Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Italy
Douglas A-20 Havoc/Boston1941Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, Brazil, France, UK, USSR
Douglas A-26 Invader1944Flag of the United States.svg United States
Douglas B-18 Bolo/Digby maritime patrol1936Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil, Canada
Douglas B-23/UC-67 Dragon[13]1939Flag of the United States.svg United States
Fiat BR.20[14]1938Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Fokker T.V1938Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Handley Page Hampden1938Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada, USSR
Heinkel He 1111936Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, China, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia
Ilyushin DB-3/Il-41938Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, Finland
Junkers Ju 861936Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, South Africa
Junkers Ju 881938Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Finland, Italy, Romania
Junkers Ju 1881943Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Hungary
Junkers Ju 3881944Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Kawasaki Ki-481940Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Keystone B-3A[15]1926Flag of the United States.svg United StatesPhilippines
Kyushu Q1W maritime patrol1945Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Lioré et Olivier LeO 4511939Flag of France.svg France
Lockheed Hudson[16]1939Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, UK
Lockheed PV Ventura/B-34 Lexington
and PV-2 Harpoon
[17]
1942Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, UK
Martin B-10/B-12/model 139/239/3391934Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., China, Netherlands, Philippines, Thailand
Martin B-26 Marauder1941Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., France, UK, South Africa
Martin Baltimore1941Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., France, Greece, UK
Martin Maryland1939Flag of the United States.svg United StatesFrance, UK
Mitsubishi G3M1937Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Mitsubishi G4M1941Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Mitsubishi Ki-211938Flag of Japan.svg JapanJapan, Thailand
Mitsubishi Ki-671942Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Nakajima Ki-491938Flag of Japan.svg Japan
North American B-25 Mitchell1941Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Netherlands, UK, USSR
Petlyakov Pe-21941Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, Finland
Potez 5401934Flag of France.svg France
PZL.37 Łoś1938Flag of Poland.svg PolandPoland, Romania, Germany
Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 trimotor1937Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Iraq, Romania
Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 trimotor1935Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Savoia-Marchetti SM.84 trimotor1941Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Sukhoi Su-21937Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Tupolev SB/Avia B.711934Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, Finland
Tupolev TB-11929Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Tupolev Tu-21944Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Vickers Type 264 Valentia bomber/transport1934Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Vickers Wellington1938Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Yermolayev Yer-21941Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Yokosuka P1Y1945Flag of Japan.svg Japan

Light bombers and close support aircraftEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aero A.1001933Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
Aero A.3041937Flag of the Czech Republic.svg CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany
Blackburn Ripon[18]1929Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomFinland
Blackburn Shark1935Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada
Breda Ba.641937Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Breda Ba.651937Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Iraq
Breguet 19[19]1924Flag of France.svg FranceBelgium, Yugoslavia, Croatia, Poland
Breguet 691, 693, 6951939Flag of France.svg France
Curtiss A-12 Shrike[2]1933Flag of the United States.svg United States
Fairey Battle1937Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Greece
Fairey Fox1932Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomBelgium
Fairey Gordon1931Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, New Zealand
Fairey IIIF[20]1926Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Greece
Fokker C.V1924Flag of the Netherlands.svg NetherlandsNetherlands, Denmark, Finland, Norway
Fokker C.X1932Flag of the Netherlands.svg NetherlandsNetherlands, Finland
Hawker Hart1930Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Finland
Hawker Hind1935Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, New Zealand
Hawker Horsley/Dantorp1927Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomGreece, Denmark
Heinkel He 451931Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, Hungary
Heinkel He 501935Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Henschel Hs 1231936Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Henschel Hs 1291938Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
IAR 37/38/391938Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Ilyushin Il-21941Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Ilyushin Il-101944Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Junkers Ju 871937Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Bulgaria
Kawasaki Ki-321938Flag of Japan.svg JapanJapan, Manchukuo
Kharkov KhAI-5/Neman R-101936Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Letov Š-161928Flag of the Czech Republic.svg CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Latvia, Turkey
Mitsubishi Ki-301938Flag of Japan.svg JapanJapan, Thailand
Mitsubishi Ki-511939Flag of Japan.svg Japan
North American A-36 Apache dive bomber[21]1942Flag of the United States.svg United States
Northrop/Douglas A-17/8-A/Nomad1935Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., South Africa, Canada, France, Iraq, Netherlands, Norway, UK
Polikarpov Po-21929Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, Finland
Polikarpov R-51931Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Polikarpov R-Z1935Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR
Potez 25[22]1925Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, Yugoslavia, Poland
PZL.23/43 Karaś1936Flag of Poland.svg PolandPoland, Romania, Bulgaria
Reggiane Re.20021941Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Germany
Rogožarski R-1001938Flag of Yugoslavia (1918–1941).svg Kingdom of YugoslaviaYugoslavia, Croatia
Savoia-Marchetti SM.851936Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Vickers Vildebeest1933Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, New Zealand
Vickers Wellesley1937Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Vultee A-31/A-35/Vengeance dive bomber1942Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, Brazil, France, India, UK
Vultee V-11/V-12/A-19/BSh-1[23]1939Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil, China, USSR
Weiss WM-21 Sólyom1938Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary
Yakovlev Yak-41941Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union

Carrier-based naval bombersEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aichi B7A torpedo/dive bomber1945Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Aichi D1A dive bomber[2]1934Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Aichi D3A dive bomber1937Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Blackburn Skua fighter/dive bomber1938Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer/Bermuda dive bomber1941Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf torpedo bomber1944Flag of the United States.svg United States
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver/A-25 Shrike dive bomber1943Flag of the United States.svg United States
Curtiss SBC Helldiver/Cleveland dive bomber1938Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., France, UK
Douglas DT torpedo bomber[24]1921Flag of the United States.svg United StatesNorway
Douglas SBD Dauntless/A-24 Banshee dive bomber1940Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., New Zealand
Douglas TBD Devastator torpedo bomber1935Flag of the United States.svg United States
Fairey Albacore torpedo/dive bomber1940Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada
Fairey Barracuda torpedo/dive bomber1942Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Fairey Swordfish torpedo bomber1936Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada
Fieseler Fi 167 torpedo/reconnaissance bomber1940Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Croatia, Romania
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger torpedo bomber1942Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK, New Zealand
Loire-Nieuport LN.401 dive bomber1939Flag of France.svg France
Mitsubishi B5M torpedo bomber1937Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Nakajima B5N torpedo bomber1938Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Nakajima B6N torpedo bomber1942Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Naval Aircraft Factory SBN dive bomber1941Flag of the United States.svg United States
Vought SB2U Vindicator/Chesapeake dive bomber1937Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK, France
Yokosuka B4Y torpedo bomber1936Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Yokosuka D4Y dive bomber/night fighter1942Flag of Japan.svg Japan

Army co-operation, observation and tactical reconnaissance aircraftEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aero A.32[25]1928Flag of the Czech Republic.svg CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Finland
ANF Les Mureaux 113, 115, 1171933Flag of France.svg France
Armstrong Whitworth Atlas[18]1927Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomCanada
Breguet 270 Series1930Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, China
Curtiss O-52 Owl1940Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., USSR
DAR-3 Garvan1937Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria
Douglas O-431933Flag of the United States.svg United States
Douglas O-461936Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Philippines
Focke-Wulf Fw 1891941Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania
Fokker C.VIII1928Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Hawker Audax, Nisr & Hartebees1931Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, India, Iraq, Persia, South Africa
Hawker Hector1936Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Heinkel He 461931Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Hungary
Henschel Hs 1261937Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Greece
IMAM Ro.371935Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Hungary
Kaproni Bulgarski KB-111941Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria
Letov Š-3281934Flag of the Czech Republic.svg CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Slovakia
Lublin R-XIII1932Flag of Poland.svg PolandPoland, Romania
North American O-471934Flag of the United States.svg United States
Renard R-311935Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium
RWD-14 Czapla1939Flag of Poland.svg PolandPoland, Romania
Tachikawa Ki-361938Flag of Japan.svg JapanJapan, Thailand
VL Kotka1931Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Vought O2U & O3U Corsair1926Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil, China, Thailand
Westland Lysander[10]1936Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada, France, Finland, India, U.S.
Westland Wapiti[18]1928Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomAustralia, Canada, India
Westland Wallace1933Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom

Strategic and photo-reconnaissance aircraftEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Arado Ar 234 reconnaissance/bomber1944Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Boeing F-9 Flying Fortress1940Flag of the United States.svg United States
Consolidated F-7 Liberator1940Flag of the United States.svg United States
de Havilland Mosquito PR variants1941Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada, U.S.
Junkers Ju 86P high altitude photo reconnaissance1936Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Lockheed F-4 and F-5 Lightning1941Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., France, Italy
Mitsubishi Ki-15/C5M high speed reconnaissance1937Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Mitsubishi Ki-461941Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Nakajima C6N1944Flag of Japan.svg Japan
North American F-6 Mustang1942Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., France
Potez 63.111939Flag of France.svg France
PWS-10[26]1932Flag of Poland.svg Poland
Supermarine Spitfire PR variants1938Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, U.S., USSR...
Yokosuka R2Y1945Flag of Japan.svg Japan

SeaplanesEdit

Flying boatsEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aichi E11A1937Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Aichi H9A1942Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Beriev MBR-21935Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Blohm & Voss BV 1381940Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Blohm & Voss BV 2221941Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Boeing 314 Clipper/C-981939Flag of the United States.svg United States
Breguet 521 Bizerte & 530 Saigon1935Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, Germany
CAMS 371926Flag of France.svg France
CAMS 551930Flag of France.svg France
Canadian Vickers Vancouver1930Canadian Red Ensign (1921–1957).svg Canada
Canadian Vickers Vedette1925Canadian Red Ensign (1921–1957).svg Canada
CANT Z.5011935Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Romania
CANT Z.5061936Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Chyetverikov MDR-61941Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Consolidated PBY/PBN/PBV/OA-10 Catalina/Canso[10]1935Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Norway, UK, USSR
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado1937Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK
Dornier Do 181938Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Dornier Do 241937Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Australia, Netherlands
Dornier Do 261938Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Dornier Do J1922Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Denmark
Douglas Dolphin1931Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, China
Grumman J2F Duck1936Flag of the United States.svg United States
Grumman J4F Widgeon/Gosling1940Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil, UK
Grumman JRF Goose1937Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil, Canada, UK (air-sea rescue)
Hall PH1931Flag of the United States.svg United States
Ikarus IO1926Flag of Yugoslavia (1918–1941).svg Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Ikarus ŠM1924Flag of Yugoslavia (1918–1941).svg Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Kawanishi E11K1937Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Kawanishi H6K1938Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Kawanishi H8K1942Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Latécoère 3001932Flag of France.svg France
Latécoère 521-5231935Flag of France.svg France
Latécoère 611[9]1940Flag of France.svg France
Loire 701937Flag of France.svg France
Loire 1301937Flag of France.svg France
Loire 5011933Flag of France.svg France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-471937Flag of France.svg France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-2461939Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, Germany
Macchi M.C.941936Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Macchi M.C.1001940Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Martin JRM Mars1943Flag of the United States.svg United States
Martin M-1301934Flag of the United States.svg United States
Martin PBM Mariner1940Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK, Australia, Netherlands
Potez 4521936Flag of France.svg France
Saro Cutty Sark1930Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, China, New Zealand
Saro Lerwick1940Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada
Saro London1936Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada
Shavrov Sh-21934Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, Finland
Short Empire1936Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, New Zealand
Short S.261940Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Short Singapore1935Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, New Zealand
Short Sunderland1938Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, France, New Zealand, Norway
Sikorsky JRS-1/OA-81935Flag of the United States.svg United States
SNCASE SE.200[27]1942Flag of France.svg FranceGermany
Supermarine Sea Otter1942Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Supermarine Stranraer[10]1937Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada
Supermarine Walrus1935Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, Canada, France, New Zealand
Tupolev MTB-11929Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Yokosuka H5Y1939Flag of Japan.svg Japan

FloatplanesEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aichi E13A1941Flag of Japan.svg JapanJapan, Thailand
Aichi E16A1944Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Aichi M6A[28]1945Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Arado Ar 951936Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Arado Ar 1961938Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, Finland, Norway
Arado Ar 199 trainer1939Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Arado Ar 231[28]1941Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany
Beriev Be-21938Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Beriev Be-41942Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Besson MB.411[28]1935Flag of France.svg France
Curtiss SC Seahawk1944Flag of the United States.svg United States
Curtiss SO3C Seamew1942Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK
Curtiss SOC Seagull1935Flag of the United States.svg United States
Dornier Do 221938Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Finland, Yugoslavia, Greece
Fairey Seafox1937Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Fairey Swordfish1936Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Farman/Centre NC.4701938Flag of France.svg France
Fiat RS.141941Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Fokker C.XI-W1935Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Fokker C.XIV-W1937Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Fokker T.IV1927Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Fokker T.VIII1938Flag of the Netherlands.svg NetherlandsNetherlands, Germany, UK
Gourdou-Leseurre GL-810-813 HY1930Flag of France.svg France
Gourdou-Leseurre GL-832 HY1930Flag of France.svg France
Heinkel HE 8[29]1927Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyDenmark
Heinkel He 42 floatplane trainer1929Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Bulgaria
Heinkel He 591935Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Finland
Heinkel He 601933Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Bulgaria
Heinkel He 1141939Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Romania
Heinkel He 1151939Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Finland, Norway, UK
IMAM Ro.431935Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Kawanishi E7K1935Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Kawanishi N1K floatplane trainer1944Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Latécoère 2901934Flag of France.svg France
Latécoère 2981938Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, Germany
Levasseur PL.151933Flag of France.svg France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-431940Flag of France.svg France
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.8 floatplane trainer1924Flag of Norway.svg Norway
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.101929Flag of Norway.svg Norway
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.11 floatplane trainer1932Flag of Norway.svg NorwayNorway, Finland
Mitsubishi F1M1941Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Nakajima A6M2-N1942Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Nakajima E8N1935Flag of Japan.svg JapanJapan, Thailand
Northrop Delta1936Flag of the United States.svg United StatesCanada
Northrop N-3PB1940Flag of Norway.svg Norway
Rogožarski SIM-XII-H1938Flag of Yugoslavia (1918–1941).svg Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Rogožarski SIM-XIV-H1939Flag of Yugoslavia (1918–1941).svg Kingdom of Yugoslavia
VL Sääski floatplane trainer1928Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Vought OS2U Kingfisher1938Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, UK
Watanabe E9W[28]1938Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Watanabe K6W/WS-1031938Flag of Japan.svg JapanJapan, Thailand
Yokosuka E14Y[28]1941Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Yokosuka K4Y1933Flag of Japan.svg Japan

Transport and utility aircraftEdit

Passenger and cargo aircraftEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Arado Ar 2321943Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle1940Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, USSR
Avro Lancastrian1945Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Avro York1944Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Boeing 247/UC-731933Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK, Canada
Boeing 307/UC-751940Flag of the United States.svg United States
Bristol Buckingham[30]1943Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Budd RB Conestoga1944Flag of the United States.svg United States
Caproni Ca.1111932Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Caproni Ca.1331935Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Consolidated C-87/C-109 Liberator Express1942Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK
Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando1941Flag of the United States.svg United States
de Havilland Albatross1938Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Douglas C-47 Skytrain/Dakota1935Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil, Canada, France, India, New Zealand, UK
Douglas C-54/R5D Skymaster1942Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK
Douglas DC-2/C-321934Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, Finland, Japan, UK
Douglas DC-31935Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Japan
Douglas DC-5/C-110/R3D1940Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, Japan
Fiat G.121941Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Fiat G.181936Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Fokker F.VII1925Flag of the Netherlands.svg NetherlandsNetherlands, Finland, Poland
Ford Trimotor1926Flag of the United States.svg United StatesAustralia
Gotha Go 2441942Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Handley Page H.P.54 Harrow bomber/transport[31]1937Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada
Handley Page Halifax[32]1940Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Heinkel He 116 mailplane1938Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany
Junkers G 241925Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGreece
Junkers G 311926Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Australia
Junkers Ju 521932Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Greece, Bulgaria, Norway
Junkers Ju 901938Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Junkers Ju 2521942Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Junkers Ju 3521944Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Kawasaki Ki-56 improved Lockheed 141940Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Kokusai Ki-591941Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Lisunov Li-2 modified licence-built DC-31939Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra1937Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK, Canada, Japan, South Africa
Lockheed 18/C-60 Lodestar1937Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, UK
Messerschmitt Me 3231943Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Mitsubishi Ki-571942Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Nakajima Ki-4[33]1934Flag of Japan.svg JapanJapan, Manchukuo
Nakajima Ki-6/C2N/Fokker Super Universal1931Flag of the United States.svg United States, Flag of Japan.svg JapanJapan, Manchukuo
Percival Petrel1937Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Potez 621935Flag of France.svg France
Potez 6501937Flag of France.svg France
Savoia-Marchetti S.731934Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Belgium, UK
Savoia-Marchetti SM.751938Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Hungary, Germany
Savoia-Marchetti SM.821940Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Germany
Savoia-Marchetti S.831938Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Belgium
Short Stirling[32]1943Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Showa/Nakajima L2D1939Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Siebel Si 2041942Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Tupolev ANT-91931Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, Turkey
Yokosuka L3Y1935Flag of Japan.svg Japan

Communications, utility and light transport aircraftEdit

Many aircraft in this category were impressed into service and some served in very small numbers. The country of origin (listed first) may not itself have used it in a military capacity, and the date represents its original entry into service, not when it was first used by a military organization.

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Airspeed Envoy1934Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Finland, South Africa
AVIA FL.31939Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Croatia, Germany
Barkley-Grow T8P-11937Flag of the United States.svg United StatesCanada
Beechcraft 17 Staggerwing/UC-43 Traveler1933Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, Brazil, UK, New Zealand
Beechcraft Model 18/C-45/JRB/SNB/AT-7/AT-11 Expeditor[34]1937Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil, Canada, France, UK
Beneš-Mráz Be-555 Super Bibi1936Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
Bloch MB.81 ambulance aircraft1935Flag of France.svg France
Bloch MB.120 mailplane1935Flag of France.svg France
Breda Ba.441934Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Caproni Ca.1641938Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyFrance
Caudron C.280/C.400/C.4101932Flag of France.svg France
Caudron C.4401934Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, Belgium, Germany
Caudron C.480 Frégate1935Flag of France.svg France
Caudron C.600 Aiglon1935Flag of France.svg France
Caudron C.635 Simoun1935Flag of France.svg France
Cessna 1651935Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, Finland
de Havilland DH.501923Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomAustralia
de Havilland Dragon1934Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Iraq, New Zealand
de Havilland Dragon Rapide/Dominie1934Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, Belgium, Denmark, Iraq, New Zealand, U.S.
de Havilland Dragonfly1936Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, Denmark, Iraq
de Havilland Express1934Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, New Zealand
de Havilland Flamingo1939Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
de Havilland Fox Moth1932Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, New Zealand
de Havilland Leopard Moth1933Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, Belgium
de Havilland Moth Minor1937Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, New Zealand
de Havilland Puss Moth1930Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada, Iraq, New Zealand
Fairchild 24 Argus/UC-61 Forwarder1932Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, Brazil, Canada, Thailand, UK
Fairchild 711926Flag of the United States.svg United StatesCanada
Fairchild FC-21926Flag of the United States.svg United StatesCanada
Fairchild Super 711934Canadian Red Ensign (1921–1957).svg Canada
Foster Wikner Wicko1936Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, New Zealand
Fleet Freighter1938Canadian Red Ensign (1921–1957).svg Canada
Hanriot H.1821934Flag of France.svg France
Harlow C-80/PJC-21937Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK
Howard UC-70/GH Nightingale1939Flag of the United States.svg United States
Junkers F 13[35]1920Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyFinland
Junkers W 34 & K 431926Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Australia, Finland, Norway
SAI KZ II1937Flag of Denmark Denmark
Laville PS-891935Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Lockheed UC-101 Vega1928Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia
Lockheed UC-85 Orion1931Flag of the United States.svg United States
Lockheed 10/C-36 Electra1935Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Canada, UK
Lockheed 12/UC-40 Electra Junior1936Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Canada, Netherlands, UK
Miles Falcon1934Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia
Miles Merlin1935Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia
Miles Mentor1938Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Miles Messenger1942Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Miles Whitney Straight1936Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, New Zealand
Mitsubishi K3M1931Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Noorduyn Norseman1935Canadian Red Ensign (1921–1957).svg CanadaCanada, Australia, Brazil, U.S.
Northrop Delta[10]1933Flag of the United States.svg United StatesCanada, Australia
Moskalyev SAM-51935Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Percival Gull1932Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, New Zealand
Percival Proctor1939Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Percival Vega Gull1935Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, Belgium, New Zealand
Piper J-41938Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK
Porterfield 351935Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., New Zealand
Potez 291927Flag of France.svg France
Potez 561934Flag of France.svg France
Potez 581934Flag of France.svg France
Rearwin Sportster1935Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., New Zealand, Thailand
SAIMAN 2021939Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Croatia
Shcherbakov Shche-21943Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Spartan UC-71 Executive1936Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK, Canada, China
Putilov Stal-31933Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Stinson UC-81/AT-19 Reliant1933Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, Norway, Philippines, UK
Stinson Voyager1939Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Canada, France
Tugan Gannet1935Flag of Australia.svg Australia
Tupolev PS-351937Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Waco UC-72 (and other Waco variants1930sFlag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Norway, UK
Yakovlev Yak-61942Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union

Liaison aircraftEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aeronca L-31941Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S.,Brazil
Paulista CAP-41935Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
Fieseler Fi 156 Storch1936Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, Finland, Yugoslavia
Interstate Cadet/L-6 Grasshopper1942Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Norway
Kokusai Ki-761942Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Piper L-4, O-59 and NE-11938Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil
Polikarpov U-21927Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
RWD-131935Flag of Poland.svg PolandPoland, Romania
Stinson L-1/O-49 Vigilant1941Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK
Stinson L-5 Sentinel1942Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK
Taylorcraft Auster1942Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia
Taylorcraft L-21941Flag of the United States.svg United States

Transport glidersEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Airspeed Horsa1942Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, U.S.
Antonov A-71942Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
DFS 2301938Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
de Havilland Australia DHA-G1942Flag of Australia.svg Australia
General Aircraft Hamilcar1942Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Gotha Go 2421941Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Gribovski G-111941Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Kokusai Ku-81941Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Kolesnikov-Tsibin KC-201942Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Maeda Ku-11941Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Messerschmitt Me 321 Gigant1941Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Slingsby Hengist1942Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Waco CG-31942Flag of the United States.svg United States
Waco CG-4/Hadrian1942Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK
Waco CG-131945Flag of the United States.svg United States
Waco CG-151943Flag of the United States.svg United States

Trainer AircraftEdit

Primary trainers are used for basic flight training. Advanced trainers were used for familiarization with the more complex systems and higher speeds of combat aircraft, and for air combat or aerobatic training. Multi-engined trainers were used to ready pilots for flying multi-engine bombers and transports, and to train navigators, bombardiers, gunners and flight engineers. Most nations used obsolete combat types for advanced training, although large scale training programs such as the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP) required more aircraft than were available and aircraft were designed and built specifically to fulfill training roles. Intermediate trainers were tried in several countries to reduce the attrition associated with the step up to advanced trainers but additional hours at the primary stage reduced the need for them.

Glider trainersEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
DFS SG 38 Schulgleiter primary training glider1938Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Japan + many others...
General Aircraft Hotspur (assault glider trainer)1940Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Laister-Kauffman TG-41941Flag of the United States.svg United States
Slingsby Kirby Cadet1935Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Schweizer TG-31942Flag of the United States.svg United States
Schweizer TG-2/LNS-11938Flag of the United States.svg United States
Schneider Grunau Baby1931Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Denmark

Primary trainersEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
ANBO IV1934Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania
Avro 5041913Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomEstonia, Greece, Thailand
Avro 6261930Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Belgium, Canada, Estonia, Greece, New Zealand
Avro 643 Cadet1932Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, China
Avro Tutor1933Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Canada, Denmark
Beneš-Mráz Be-50 Beta-Minor1935Flag of the Czech Republic.svg CzechoslovakiaGermany, Slovakia
Blackburn B-21932Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Boeing-Stearman Model 73/75/PT-13/PT-17/PT-18/NS/N2S Kaydet1934Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil, Canada, China, Philippines
Breda Ba.25 & Ba.281932Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Hungary, China, Norway
Bücker Bü 131, Ki-86, K9W11935Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia...
Bücker Bü 1811940Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Bulgaria
CAC Wackett1941Flag of Australia.svg Australia
DAR 9 Siniger1940Flag of Bulgaria.svg BulgariaBulgaria, Yugoslavia
de Havilland DH.60 Moth1925Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, Denmark, Finland, Iraq, New Zealand, Norway
de Havilland Tiger Moth[36]1932Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, India, Iraq, New Zealand, Norway
Fairchild PT-19/23/26 Cornell1940Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil, Canada, Norway
Fleet Fawn1931Canadian Red Ensign (1921–1957).svg CanadaCanada, Brazil
Fleet 10/16/Finch1939Canadian Red Ensign (1921–1957).svg CanadaCanada, China, Brazil, Romania
Focke-Wulf Fw 441932Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Brazil, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, Finland, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia
Fokker S.IV1924Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Fokker S.IX1937Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Gotha Go 1451935Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Hanriot H.431928Flag of France.svg France
Heinkel He 721933Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Bulgaria
Klemm Kl 251928Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Norway
Koolhoven F.K.511935Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Letov Š-2181930Flag of the Czech Republic.svg CzechoslovakiaFinland
Meyers OTW CPTP trainer1936Flag of the United States.svg United States
Miles Hawk1933Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, New Zealand
Miles Magister1937Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Norway
Morane-Saulnier MS.2301930Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, Germany, Greece
Morane-Saulnier MS.3151932Flag of France.svg France
Mráz Zobor I[37]1942Flag of Slovakia (1939–1945).svg Slovakia
Naval Aircraft Factory N3N Canary1936Flag of the United States.svg United States
North American BT-9/BT-14/NA.57/NA.64 Yale1936Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, UK
Ryan PT-16/20/21/22 Recruit1934Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Australia, Netherlands
Polikarpov Po-21929Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Praga E-391931Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
Repülőgépgyár Levente II1943Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary
SAIMAN 2001940Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Croatia, Germany
Spartan NP-11940Flag of the United States.svg United States
St. Louis PT-151940Flag of the United States.svg United States
Tachikawa Ki-91935Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Tachikawa Ki-171936Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Timm N2T Tutor1943Flag of the United States.svg United States
VL Sääski1928Flag of Finland.svg Finland
VL Viima1935Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Vultee BT-13/15/SNV Valiant1939Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil
Waco UPF-7/PT-14 CPTP trainer1930Flag of the United States.svg United States
Weiss WM-10 Ölyv1933Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary
Yokosuka K5Y1934Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Yakovlev UT-21937Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Zlín Z-XII1935Flag of the Czech Republic.svg CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Germany, Slovakia, UK, Yugoslavia

Advanced trainersEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Ambrosini S.71943Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Ambrosini SAI.10 Grifone1940Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Arado Ar 65[33]1931Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Arado Ar 661933Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Arado Ar 68[33]1936Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Arado Ar 961939Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania
Avia B.1221934Flag of the Czech Republic.svg CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Romania, Slovakia, USSR
Bücker Bü 1331938Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Yugoslavia
CAC Wirraway1939Flag of Australia.svg Australia
Kaproni Bulgarski KB-2/3/4/51931Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria
Caudron C.6901939Flag of France.svg France
Curtiss-Wright CW-22/SNC Falcon1942Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Netherlands
Focke-Wulf Fw 561935Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Fokker D.XVII[33]1932Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Hawker Hart Trainer1930Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
IMAM Ro.411935Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Koolhoven F.K.561938Flag of the Netherlands.svg NetherlandsNetherlands, Belgium
Messerschmitt Bf 1081935Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, ...
Mitsubishi A5M4-K[38]1936Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Mitsubishi A6M2-K Zero[38]1940Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Morane-Saulnier M.S.225[33]1933Flag of France.svg France
Muniz M-91937Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
Mansyu Ki-791937Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Nardi FN.3051938Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Romania, Hungary, France
Nardi FN.3161942Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg ItalyItaly, Germany
Nieuport-Delage NiD 62[33]1931Flag of France.svg France
North American T-6/SNJ Texan/Harvard[10]1935Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil, Canada, India, New Zealand, Norway, UK...
Orlogsværftet O-Maskinen1926Flag of Denmark Denmark
Praga BH-411931Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
PWS-261937Flag of Poland.svg PolandPoland, Romania, Germany
Rogožarski PVT1934Flag of Yugoslavia (1918–1941).svg Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Rogožarski R-1001939Flag of Yugoslavia (1918–1941).svg Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Rogožarski SIM-Х1937Flag of Yugoslavia (1918–1941).svg Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Romano R.821937Flag of France.svg France
SET 71931Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Stampe et Vertongen SV.5 Tornado1933Flag of Belgium (civil).svg BelgiumBelgium, Latvia
Tachikawa Ki-551940Flag of Japan.svg JapanJapan, Thailand
Miles Master1939Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Svenska Aero Jaktfalken1930Flag of Sweden.svg SwedenFinland
VEF I-121935Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia
VL Tuisku1935Flag of Finland.svg Finland
VL Pyry1941Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Yakovlev UT-11936Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionUSSR, China
Zmaj Fizir FN1931Flag of Yugoslavia (1918–1941).svg Kingdom of YugoslaviaYugoslavia, Croatia, Italy
Zmaj Fizir FP-21936Flag of Yugoslavia (1918–1941).svg Kingdom of YugoslaviaYugoslavia, Croatia, Italy

Multi-engine trainersEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Airspeed Oxford1937Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Norway
Avro Anson[39]1936Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Canadian Red Ensign (1921–1957).svg Canada
UK, Canada, France, U.S.
Blackburn Botha bomber trainer & target tug1939Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Bristol Buckmaster1945Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Beechcraft AT-10 Wichita1942Flag of the United States.svg United States
Cessna AT-8/AT-17/UC-78/JRC Bobcat/Crane1939Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., Brazil, Canada, France
Curtiss AT-91941Flag of the United States.svg United States
Focke-Wulf Fw 581937Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg GermanyGermany, Brazil, Bulgaria, Croatia, Finland, Hungary, Netherlands, Romania
Hanriot H.2321940Flag of France.svg FranceFrance, Finland
LWS-6/PZL.30 Żubr[40]1938Flag of Poland.svg Poland
Mitsubishi K7M1931Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Potez 56 crew trainer and target tug1936Flag of France.svg France
Tachikawa Ki-541941Flag of Japan.svg Japan

Target tugs and misc. trainersEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
De Havilland Dominie radio trainer1940Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Fairey IIIF target tug1926Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Fairey Battle bombing/gunnery trainer & target tug1939Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomAustralia, Canada, South Africa, UK
Fairey Gordon advanced trainer & target tug1931Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomAustralia, UK
Fleet Fort intermediate trainer & radio trainer1941Canadian Red Ensign (1921–1957).svg Canada
Hawker Henley target tug1938Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Kyushu K10W intermediate trainer & target tug1943Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Kyushu K11W bomber crew trainer1943Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Miles Martinet target tug1942Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Miles Mentor radio trainer1938Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Nardi FN.315 intermediate trainer1938Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Percival Proctor radio trainer1939Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Westland Wallace radio trainer & target tug1933Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Yokosuka K4Y floatplane trainer1933Flag of Japan.svg Japan

RotorcraftEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Cierva C.30 autogyro1934Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUK, Belgium, France, Germany
Flettner Fl 282 helicopter1942Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Focke-Achgelis Fa 330 autogyro kite[28]1943Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Kamov A-7 autogyro1934Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Kayaba Ka-1 and Ka-2 autogyro1941Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Pitcairn PA-39 autogyro[41]1940Flag of the United States.svg United StatesUK
Sikorsky R-4 helicopter1944Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK
Sikorsky R-6 helicopter1945Flag of the United States.svg United StatesU.S., UK

Lighter than AirEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Goodyear G class blimp patrol blimp1935Flag of the United States.svg United States
Goodyear K class blimp patrol blimp1938Flag of the United States.svg United States
Goodyear L class blimp training blimp1938Flag of the United States.svg United States
Goodyear M class blimp patrol blimp1944Flag of the United States.svg United States

Rockets, Missiles and DronesEdit

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Culver PQ-8 target drone1940Flag of the United States.svg United States
Culver PQ-14 Cadet target drone1942Flag of the United States.svg United States
Fieseler Fi 103R manned flying bomb1944Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Interstate TDR assault drone (UCAV)1944Flag of the United States.svg United States
Naval Aircraft Factory TDN assault drone (UCAV)1942Flag of the United States.svg United States
V-1 Flying Bomb surface to surface cruise missile1943Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
V-2 rocket surface to surface ballistic missile1944Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka manned flying bomb1945Flag of Japan.svg Japan

PrototypesEdit

Prototypes were aircraft that were intended to enter service but did not, either due to changing requirements, failing to meet requirements, other problems, or the end of the war. If the aircraft was deployed to regular squadrons or used in an operational capacity other than evaluation, it should be listed above under its appropriate type. Napkinwaffe - paper projects and aircraft that first flew after the war are not included.

Fighter prototypesEdit

Single engined, Single seat fighters, fighter-bombers and jet fightersEdit

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Aeronautica Umbra Trojani AUT.181939Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Ambrosini SS.41940Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italycanard pusher-engine fighter
Ambrosini SAI.4031943Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italylightweight fighter
Avia B.351938Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
Aviotehas PN-31939Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia
Bell XP-771944Flag of the United States.svg United Stateslightweight fighter
Bell XP-831945Flag of the United States.svg United Statesjet fighter
Bachem Ba 349 Natter1945Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germanyvertical launch point defence rocket interceptor
Bereznyak-Isayev BI-11942Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Unionrocket fighter
Borovkov-Florov I-2071937Flag of the Soviet Union.svg