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Many aircraft types have served in the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) since it was formed in March 1921.[1] This is a list of RAAF aircraft, those types that have served and been retired by the RAAF. It also includes aircraft of the Australian Flying Corps, Australian Air Corps and Australian Air Force. The aircraft are listed in alphabetic order of their RAAF type name, and then in mark order within that type. For the current aircraft of the RAAF, refer to the list of current Royal Australian Air Force aircraft.

Image Aircraft type Variant Origin Role Service period Notes
RAAF Avro Lincoln Avro Lincoln  United Kingdom
 Australia
Heavy bomber 1946–1961
RAAF Bell UH-1 Iroquois Bell UH-1 Iroquois  United States Helicopter 1968–1989
RAAF Sabre CAC Sabre  Australia Fighter aircraft 1956–1971
RAAF Mirage III Dassault Mirage III Mirage IIIO(F), Mirage IIIO(A),
Mirage IIIO(D)
 France Interceptor aircraft 1964–1988
RAAF de Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou at Bundaberg Airport de Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou  Canada Transport 1964–2009 1 aircraft lost to accident
RAAF F-111 at Nellies Air Force Base General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark F-111C, F-111G  United States Tactical strike aircraft F-111C (1973–2010)
F-111G (1992–2007)

Australian Flying Corps 1913–1920[edit | edit source]

An Australian Mirage III-D in 1988

Fighters and fighter-bombers[edit | edit source]

Bombers[edit | edit source]

Maritime[edit | edit source]

Army Cooperation[edit | edit source]

Trainers[edit | edit source]

Helicopters[edit | edit source]

Image Aircraft type Variant Origin Role Service period Notes
Sikorsky S-51 Dragonfly Sikorsky S-51 Dragonfly United States 1947–1964 Three in service
Bristol Sycamore  United Kingdom 1951–1965 Two used for general support duties at the Woomera Rocket Range in South Australia.
Bell UH-1 Iroquois United States 1962–1989
Bell Kiowa United States 1971–
Bell Sioux United States 1960–1977
Aerospatiale Alouette III  France 1964–1967 Three used for general support duties at the Woomera Rocket Range in South Australia.
CH-47 Chinook Boeing-Vertol Chinook CH-47A
CH-47C
CH-47D
United States 1974–1989, 1995–
Aerospatiale AS.350B Squirrel  France 1984–1990
Sikorsky S-70A Blackhawk United States 1988–1989 8 UH-60L (S-70A-9), transferred to Australian Army in 1989.

Reconnaissance and intelligence[edit | edit source]

Image Aircraft type Variant Origin Role Service period Notes
Republic P-43 Lancer United States 1942–1943 Eight P-43A-1 Lancer's were provided for service with the No. 1 Photographic Reconnaissance Unit. Three were written off in accidents, with the rest returned to the United States Army Air Forces in 1943.
Brewster F2A Buffalo Brewster F2A Buffalo United States 1942–1944 Five Brewster F2A Buffalo's were provided for service with the No. 1 Photographic Reconnaissance Unit. Four were written off and the remaining aircraft was returned to the United States Army Air Forces in 1944.
Lockheed P-38 Lightning United States 1942–1944 Three P-38E's were transferred from the United States Army Air Forces for service with No. 1 Photographic Reconnaissance Unit. All three were written off in accidents.
CAC Wirraway CAC Wirraway  Australia Served with the No. 87 (Photo Reconnaissance) Squadron
de Havilland Mosquito  United Kingdom
 Australia
British and Australian built de Havilland Mosquito's served in the Photographic Reconnaissance role.
McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom United States 1970–1973 Leased from United States Air Force while waiting for the order for the General Dynamics RF-111C to be delivered.
RAAF RF-111C General Dynamics RF-111C United States 1973–2010 Four aircraft were purchased.
Gates Learjet United States 1982–1987
RAAF Boeing Wedgetail Boeing Wedgetail United States 2009-

Liaison/Communications[edit | edit source]

Transport and utility[edit | edit source]

An Australian Boeing 707 in 2006

RAAF HS 748 (2003).

RAAF Boeing Business Jet (2003).

Prototypes[edit | edit source]

Image Aircraft type Variant Origin Role Service period Notes
Avro 707 Avro 707A  United Kingdom 1956 Delta-wing research aircraft. WD280 is housed at the RAAF Museum in Point Cook, Victoria.
CAC CA-11 Woomera CAC CA-11 Woomera  Australia Bomber 1942–1946 Two prototypes built.
CAC CA-15 CAC CA-15 Kangaroo  Australia Fighter 1946–1950 One prototype built.
GAF Pika:  Australia Piloted target drone 1950–1954 Two manned prototypes of the proposed GAF Jindivik target drone were built.
Wackett Widgeon  Australia 1927–1933
Wackett Warrigal  Australia 1927–1933

Captured enemy aircraft[edit | edit source]

World War I[edit | edit source]

Image Aircraft type Variant Origin Role Service period Notes
Albatros D.Va Albatros D.Va  German Empire One captured German aircraft, on display at Australian War Memorial in Canberra, ACT, Australia.
Halberstadt CL.II  German Empire One captured German aircraft.
Pfalz D.III Pfalz D.III  German Empire One captured German aircraft, on display at Australian War Memorial in Canberra, ACT, Australia.

World War II[edit | edit source]

Image Aircraft type Variant Origin Role Service period Notes
Breda Ba.25 Breda Ba.25  Kingdom of Italy
Caproni Ca.100 Caproni Ca.100  Kingdom of Italy
Caproni Ca.309 Caproni Ca.309 Ghibli  Kingdom of Italy
Fiat CR.42 Fiat CR.42  Kingdom of Italy
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Focke-Wulf Fw 190  Nazi Germany
Macchi MC.205 Macchi MC.205  Kingdom of Italy
Messerschmitt Bf 109G-6 Messerschmitt Bf 109 Bf 109 G-6  Nazi Germany Bf 109 G-6 is on display at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra. It is the last example to retain its original wartime camouflage and markings.
Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet  Nazi Germany One captured Luftwaffe aircraft, shipped to Australia from the United Kingdom immediately after the Second World War, on display at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra, ACT, Australia. Me 163B, Werknummer 191907, this aircraft was also part of JG 400 and captured at Husum.
Messerschmitt Me 262 Messerschmitt Me 262  Nazi Germany One captured Luftwaffe aircraft, Me 262 A-2a W.Nr.500200 "Black X 9K+XK", 2 Staffel./KG 51, shipped to Australia from the United Kingdom immediately after the Second World War, on display at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra, ACT, Australia.
Mitsubishi A6M5 Mitsubishi A6M5 Zero  Empire of Japan
Mitsubishi Ki-21 Mitsubishi Ki-21  Empire of Japan
Mitsubishi Ki-51 Mitsubishi Ki-51  Empire of Japan
Tachikawa Ki-54 Tachikawa Ki-54  Empire of Japan

Drones/RAV[edit | edit source]

Image Aircraft type Variant Origin Role Service period Notes
GAF Jindivik GAF Jindivik Mk.1, Mk.2, Mk.3
Mk.3A, Mk.3B
 Australia Target drone

See also[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. "The Inter-war years 1921 to 1939". Royal Australian Air Force. http://www.raaf.gov.au/history/interwar.aspx. Retrieved 25 February 2010. [dead link]

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