Penghu (Chinese: 澎湖; pinyin: pēng hú), also known as Pescadores in occidental documents, where is at eastern side of Taiwan Strait. Since the 17th century, there were 4 battles (or campaigns) involved Penghu.
|Year||Name of campaign||Offense||Defense||Result|
|1624||Siege of Fort Fongguei||Ming Empire||Dutch East India Company||The warships of VOC retreated to Formosa.|
|1683||Naval Battle of Penghu||Qing Empire||Kingdom of Tungning||Qing Empire added Penghu and Taiwan to its domains in 1684.|
|1885||Pescadores Campaign||French 3rd Republic||Qing Empire||France occupied Pescadores for 4 months.|
|1895||Pescadores Campaign (1895)||Empire of Japan||Qing Empire||Japan added Penghu to its domains.|
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