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This article is part of the series on:
Military of ancient Rome
753 BC – AD 476
Structural history
Roman army (unit types and ranks, legions, auxiliaries, generals)
Roman navy (fleets, admirals)
Campaign history
Lists of wars and battles
Decorations and punishments
Technological history
Military engineering (castra, siege engines, arches)
Political history
Strategy and tactics
Infantry tactics
Frontiers and fortifications (limes, Hadrian's Wall)

The list of castra used by the Roman army in the Republic and Empire includes castra in various places of Europe, Asia and Africa. The Latin word castra, with its singular castrum, was used by the ancient Romans to mean buildings or plots of land reserved to or constructed for use as a military defensive position.

Locations[]

The disposition of the castra reflects the most important zones of the empire from a military point of view. Many castra were disposed along the Northern European frontier, in Central Europe, and in modern Bulgaria and Romania, Another focal point was the Eastern border, where the Roman Empire confronted with its longest enemy, the Persian Empire. Other castra were located in strategically important zones, as in Egypt, from which most of the wealth consumed in the empire came. Finally, other castra were located in zones in which the Romans experienced local unrest, such as Northern Spain and Judea. Provinces where the Roman power was unchallenged, such as Italy, Gaul, Africa and Greece, were provided with few or no castra.

In the long history of the Roman Empire, the character of the military policy of the Roman Empire changed, and consequently the location and dimension of the castra changed. Under Emperors Gallienus and Aurelian (and later Diocletian), the Roman army was organized into a high-mobility central army (the comitatus) and in local troops (the limitanei). Some castra lost importance, others were built in new zones, and in general they lost the role of permanent quarter for huge corps of troops.

Castra by Roman province[]

Aegyptus[]

Alexandria, Babylon, Coptos, Nicopolis (Egypt)

Africa[]

Ammaedara, Lambaesis, Thamugas, Theveste

Armenia[]

Satala

Britannia[]

Alauna, Arbeia, Banna, Bremenium, Burrium, Camulodunum, Deva Victrix, Eburacum, Epiacum, Glevum, Isca Dumnoniorum, Isca Augusta, Condercum, Concangis, Corinium, Galava, Glannoventa, Leucarum, Lindum, Mamucium, Manduessedum, Mediobogdum, Olicana, Pinnata Castra, Portus Adurni, Segedunum, Trimontium, Vindolanda, Viroconium, Voreda
Also castra of unknown name:
Bar Hill, Bearsden, Binchester, Lunt Fort, Normandykes, Raedykes

Cappadocia[]

Melitene

Commagene[]

Samosata, Zeugma

Corsica[]

Aleria, Aurelianus

Dacia[]

Acidava, Ad Mutrium, Ad Pannonios, Agnaviae, Aizis, Altenum, Angustia, Apulum, Arcidava, Arcobadara, Arutela, Bacaucis, Berzovia, Buridava, Caput Bubali, Caput Stenarum, Castra Traiana, Castra Nova, Certinae, Cumidava, Dierna, Drobeta, Jidava, Largiana, Micia, Napoca, Optatiana, Partiscum, Pelendava, Pons Aluti, Pons Vetus, Porolissum, Potaissa, Praetoria Augusta, Praetorium (Copăceni), Praetorium (Mehadia), Resculum, Romula, Rupes, Rusidava, Samum, Sucidava, Tibiscum, Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa
Also castra of unknown name:
Albești, Bădeni, Boroșneu Mare, Brusturi, Brâncovenești, Bucium, Buciumi, Bulci, Bumbești-Jiu - Gară, Bumbești-Jiu - Vârtop, Băneasa, Bănița, Chitid, Cigmău, Cincșor, Cioroiu Nou, Colțești, Constantin Daicoviciu, Cornuțel, Cristești, Crâmpoia, Călugăreni, Desa, Duleu, Federi, Feldioara, Fizești, Fâlfani, Gherla, Gilău, Gresia, Hinova, Hoghiz, Hunedoara, Ighiu, Islaz, Izbășești, Izvoarele, Jac, Livezile, Luncani / Târsa, Moldova Nouă, Negreni, Ocna Sibiului, Olteni, Odorheiu Secuiesc, Orheiu Bistriței, Pietroasele, Pietroșani, Ploiești, Plosca, Poiana, Pojejena, Porceni, Purcăreni, Putineiu, Puținei, Roșiorii de Vede, Râu Bărbat, Răcarii de Jos, Războieni-Cetate, Reci, Salcia, Sfârleanca, Sighișoara, Slăveni, Stremț, Surducu Mare, Sânpaul (Harghita), Sânpaul (Mureș), Săpata de Jos, Sărățeni, Sfârleanca, Tihău, Titești, Târnăveni, Urlueni, Voinești, Voislova, Șinca Veche, Zăvoi
Possible castra mentioned on Tabula Peutingeriana but not investigated:
Agnaviae, Ad Aquas/Aquae, Brucla, Gaganis, Masclianis, Petris, Salinae/Salinis

Dalmatia[]

Delminium, Burnum, Ragusia or Laus, Tilurium

Gallia[]

Argentoratum, Castra Constantia, Lugdunum
Also castra of unknown name:
Oudenburg

Germania[]

Abusina, Augusta Vindelicorum, Batavis, Bonna, Colonia Agrippinae, Castra Regina, Flevum, Moguntiacum, Novaesium, Noviomagus, Vetera
Also castra of unknown name:
Saalburg

Hispania[]

Asturica Augusta, Castra Servilia, Legio, Lucus Augusti, Tarraco

Italia[]

Aquileia, Castra Albana, Cremona, Emona, Castra Taurinorum, Placentia

Iudaea[]

Aelia Capitolina, Raphana

Mesopotamia[]

Nisibis, Singara, Ziata

Moesia[]

Ad Stoma, Arrubium, Altinum, Argamum, Axiopolis, Beroe, Callatis, Capidava, Carsium, Cius, Dinogetia, Libida, Histriopolis, Halmyris, Oescus, Novae, Noviodunum, Ratiaria, Sacidava, Salsovia, Scupi, Singidunum, Stratonis, Tomis, Troesmis, Ulmetum, Viminacium
Also castra of unknown name:
Basarabi-Murfatlar, Tirighina-Bărboși, Cernavodă

Ad Moesiam[]

Also castra of unknown name:

Drajna de Sus

Noricum[]

Augusta Raurica, Brigantium, Carnuntum, Castra Maiense, Vindobona, Vindonissa
Also castra of unknown name:
Zwentendorf

Osrhoene[]

Circesium

Pannonia[]

Aquincum, Brigetio, Mursa, Poetovio, Sirmium

Raetia[]

de:Oberstimm

Syria[]

Apamea, Bostra, Dura, Emesa

See also[]

  • List of ancient cities in Thrace and Dacia
  • List of castra in Romania (Romanian version)

External links[]

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