|James II & VII|
|Preceded by||Charles II|
|Succeeded by||William III & II and Mary II|
(William and Mary)
|Born||14 October 1633|
(N.S.: 24 October 1633)
St. James's Palace, London
|Died||16 September 1701 (aged 67) (N.S.)|
m. 1660; dec. 1671
Mary of Modena
m. 1673; wid. 1701
This is a list of the members of the British nobility and gentry, who in 1688 deserted King James II and pledged their allegiances to Prince William of Orange, as the events of the Glorious Revolution unfolded.
- Captain Henry Bertie (died 1743), brother of the Earl of Abingdon.
- Squire Bray[Clarification needed]
- Henry Booth, 2nd Baron Delamere took arms in Cheshire on November 1688, appearing in Manchester with 50 armed and mounted men, which had trebled before reaching Bowden Downs.
- James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde
- William Cavendish, 4th Earl of Devonshire, appeared in arms at Derby, proceeded to Nottingham, which soon became the headquarters of the Northern insurrection.
- John Cecil, 5th Earl of Exeter
- Hugh Cholmondeley, 2nd Viscount Cholmondeley joined the northern insurrection at Nottingham in 1688, created Baron in 1689 and Earl in 1706.
- Charles Cokayne, 3rd Viscount Cullen (died 30 December 1688)
- Squire Coote[Clarification needed]
- George Compton, 4th Earl of Northampton
- George Churchill (1653–1710), brother of John Churchill and captain at sea, afterwards Admiral.
- John Churchill, Baron Churchill of Sandridge (1650–1722), deserted on 25 Nov 1688, arguably "the death-blow for the Royal Cause". Afterwards created Earl and later Duke of Marlborough and Captain-General.
- Sir Richard Dutton, or possibly Sir Ralph Dutton, MP for Gloucester
- Thomas Fairfax, 5th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, MP for York.
- Charles Fane, 3rd Earl of Westmorland
- Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton, the first who on 24 November 1688 deserted the King's camp, accompanied by John Churchill.
- Charles Gerard, 1st Earl of Macclesfield, an "ancient Cavalier who had fought for Charles I, and had shared the exile of Charles II", assembled with William at the Hague in 1688.
- John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath placed the fortress at Plymouth, which he commanded, at William's disposal on 18 November 1688, when William had arrived at Exeter. "The invaders therefore had now not a single enemy in their rear."
- Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford
- Captain Griffith[Clarification needed]
- Sir John Guise, Baronet (died 1695), MP for Gloucester
- Henry Hamilton-Moore, 3rd Earl of Drogheda
- Sir Edward Harley, Baronet in November 1688 took up arms in Worcestershire on behalf of the Prince of Orange.
- Arthur Herbert, Vice Admiral, created Earl of Torrington in 1689.
- Henry Herbert, 4th Baron Herbert of Cherbury, in November 1688 took up arms in Worcestershire on behalf of the Prince of Orange.
- Henry Howard, 7th Duke of Norfolk with 300 armed and mounted men, in November 1688 appeared in the market place of Norwich, where he was joined by the mayor and alderman.
- Edward Hyde, Lord Cornbury (1661–1723), son of the Earl of Clarendon and one of the first royal commanders to desert. He was the senior officer at Salisbury and deserted with as many troops he could induce to follow him.
- Henry Hyde, 2nd Earl of Clarendon (1638–1709), father of Lord Cornbury
- Robert Leke, 3rd Earl of Scarsdale
- John Lovelace, 3rd Baron Lovelace set out for Exeter to join the Prince of Orange, but was taken prisoner at Gloucester.
- Richard Lumley seized Newcastle for William, created Viscount Lumley in 1689 and Earl of Scarborough in 1690.
- John Manners, 9th Earl of Rutland
- Squire Marle[Clarification needed]
- Charles Montagu, 4th Earl of Manchester moved to Nottingham and was joined by Lord Cholmondeley and by Lord Grey de Ruthyn.
- Edward Osborne, Viscount Latimer (died 1689), son the Earl of Danby.
- Peregrine Osborne, Lord Dunblane, son the Earl of Danby.
- Thomas Osborne, 1st Earl of Danby (1631–1712), seized York for William, was created Duke of Leeds in 1694.
- Sir Robert Peyton, Baronet (died 1689), colonel in the Dutch invasion.
- Charles Powlett, Earl of Wiltshire.
- Charles Bodvile Robartes, 2nd Earl of Radnor
- Richard Savage, Lord Colchester, son of Earl Rivers
- Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset
- Robert Shirley, Lord Ferrers of Chartley
- Philip Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Chesterfield
- Charles Talbot, 12th Earl of Shrewsbury
- Squire Tibbing, probably Squire Thomas Tipping (1653–1718), former MP for Oxfordshire who had fled to the Netherlands due to a scandal
- Sir John Trelawney, possibly Sir Jonathan Trelawny, 3rd Baronet
- Squire Trenchard (1635–1713), possibly William Trenchard of Cutteridge, Wiltshire
- Henry Yelverton, 15th Baron Grey de Ruthyn, joined the Northern insurrection in 1688, created Viscount de Longueville in 1690.
References[edit | edit source]
- In Scotland, he was called James VII, as there were six previous kings of that nation named James.
- Macaulay, Thomas Babington, The History of England from the Accession of James II. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1878. Volume II, page 397.
- George Edward Cokayne (ed.), The Complete Peerage: of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and United Kingdom (1st Edition)
- Volume 1. A - Bo. (1887)
- Volume 2. Bra - C. (1889)
- Volume 3. D - F. (1890)
- Volume 4. G - K. (1892)
- Volume 5. L - M. (1893)
- Volume 6. N - R. (1895)
- Volume 7. S - T. (1896)
- Volume 8. U - Z. (1898)
- "Principal Persons who Joined the Prince of Orange," Appendix H in Volume 2. Bass-Canning (1912)
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