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List of experimental aircraft
X-planes group photo.jpg
a group of 1950s NACA research aircraft

This is a list of experimental aircraft, or aircraft used or built to conduct experiments involving aerodynamics, structural materials, propulsion systems, configuration and equipment. Prototypes, pre-production and homebuilt aircraft described as experimental but which were not used in this manner outside of their own development are excluded.

Germany[edit | edit source]

Dornier Do 29 tilt rotor STOL

Heinkel He 178 jet engine research aircraft

Opel RAK.1 rocket engine research aircraft

Japan[edit | edit source]

Gasuden Koken

Russia/Soviet Union[edit | edit source]

Antonov A-40 tank glider

Bartini Beriev VVA-14 Ekranoplan

Yakovlev Yak-36 VTOL research vehicle

Sweden[edit | edit source]

Taiwan (Republic of China)[edit | edit source]

United Kingdom[edit | edit source]

Avro 707 research aircraft in formation with Avro Vulcan bomber prototypes

Fairey Delta 2 research aircraft

Gloster E.28/39 jet engine research aircraft

Miles M.35 Libellula canard research aircraft

Rolls-Royce thrust measuring rig VTOL testbed

United States[edit | edit source]

Bell X-1 supersonic research aircraft

Bell X-5 variable sweep wing testbed

North American X-15 hypersonic rocket-powered research aircraft

X-planes[edit | edit source]

Grumman X-29 forward swept wing and stability research aircraft

Other US experimental aircraft[edit | edit source]

US Army Bell 533 high speed helicopter research aircraft

XFV-12A on ramp at NAA in Columbus, Ohio


Scaled Composites Proteus in flight during 2002 for US Department of Energy ARM-UAV program

Lockheed Vega Winnie Mae high altitude research aircraft – confirmed existence of jet stream

Lifting body research aircraft – from left to right, X-24A, M2-F3 and HL-10

Northrop N-9M flying wing

Vought V-173 disk wing research aircraft

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Harrison, Ronald W., Gee Bee Ascender, Journal AAHS Fall 1984, p 190-191
  2. Hannan, Bill, le Gee Bee qui volait a l'envers, Le Fanatique de l' Aviation, No 161, page numbers unknown
  3. Eckland, K.O. (2009-04-25). "Aerofiles Vought (Chance Vought), Lewis & Vought, Vought-Sikorsky". USA: Aerofiles.com. http://aerofiles.com/_vot.html. Retrieved 20 September 2011. 

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