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This is a list of main battle tanks, and other vehicles serving that role, in active military service with countries of the world. A main battle tank (MBT) is the type of powerful, heavily-armoured and highly mobile tank which is the backbone of a mechanized land force.

Table of Main Battle Tanks by Country[edit | edit source]

A[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Afghanistan T-55 600  Soviet Union
T-62 170  Soviet Union
Type 59 100  China
Albania T-34/85  Soviet Union
T-55  Soviet Union
T-62  Soviet Union
Type 59  China
Type 69  China
Algeria T-55 400  Soviet Union
T-62 300  Soviet Union
T-72 540  Soviet Union
T-90 180[1]  Russia
Andorra
Angola T-55 200  Soviet Union
T-62 50  Soviet Union
T-72 50  Soviet Union
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina TAM 230  Germany/ Argentina Medium tank
SK-105 Kurassier 118  Austria Light tank
AMX-13/105 50  France Light tank
Armenia T-72 210  Soviet Union
T-55 180  Soviet Union
Australia M1A1 AIM Abrams 59 United States
Austria Leopard 2A4 114  Germany
SK-105 Kürassier 48  Austria + 71 in storage
Azerbaijan T-72 286  Soviet Union
T-55 247  Soviet Union

B[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Bahamas
Bahrain M60A3 180 United States
Bangladesh Type 59 320  China
Type 62 320  China
Type 69/79 300+  China
Barbados
Belarus T-54 29  Soviet Union
T-72B 1,465  Soviet Union
T-80 92  Soviet Union
Belgium MBTs retired in favour of Piranha IIIs
Belize
Benin PT-76 20  Soviet Union Amphibious tank
Bhutan
Bolivia SK-105 Kürassier 54  Austria Light tank
Bosnia and Herzegovina M-84 14  Yugoslavia
M60A3 65 United States
AMX-30 55  France
M-55 S 150  Soviet Union
Botswana FV101 Scorpion 36  United Kingdom Light/Recce tank
SK-105 Kürassier 34  Austria Light tank
Brazil[2] Leopard 1A1 128  Germany
SK-105 Kürassier 17  Austria Light Tank, with the Brazilian Marines
Leopard 1A5 240  Germany
M60A3 91 United States
Brunei FV101 Scorpion 16  United Kingdom Light/Recce tank
Bulgaria T-72 430  Soviet Union
Burkina Faso
Burundi

C[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Cambodia T-55 103  Soviet Union
PT-76 10  Soviet Union Amphibious tank
Type 59 200  China
Cameroon
Canada Leopard C2 66  Germany 1A5 equivalent
Leopard 2A6M 40  Germany 20 leased from Germany, 20 purchased from the Netherlands[3]
Leopard 2A4+ 80  Germany 2A4 with L55 gun[3]
Leopard 2A4 15  Germany Purchased from Germany as parts stock[4]
Cape Verde T-55  Soviet Union
Central African Republic T-55 4  Soviet Union
Chad T-55 60  Soviet Union
Chile Leopard 2A4 140  Germany
Leoaprd 1A5 202  Germany
China Type 99 ~500  China
Type 98  China
Type 96 2,500  China
Type 90-IIM  China
Type 90  China
Type 88 500  China
Type 85  China
Type 80  China
Type 79  China
Type 69  China
Type 59D  China
Type 59 5,000  China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo, Democratic Republic of Type 59 30  China
T-55 20  Soviet Union
Congo, Republic of Type 59 20  China
Costa Rica No army
Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia M-95 Degman 29  Croatia 2 in service 27 are under construction
M-84A4 Sniper 75  Croatia all will be upgraded to M-84D standart
Cuba T-34 300  Soviet Union
T-55 1,100  Soviet Union
T-62 400  Soviet Union
T-72 50  Soviet Union
Cyprus T-80 41  Soviet Union
AMX-30B2 102  France
T-90 41  Russia Ordered January 2009.[5]
Czech Republic T-72M4 CZ 181  Soviet Union

D[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Denmark Leopard 2A4/2A5 12 /57  Germany 57 Leopard 2A5DK (equal to Leopard 2A6 minus the L55 gun)
Djibouti
Dominica No military exists. Police force is responsible for country's defence affairs.
Dominican Republic

E[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Ecuador Leopard 1 V 30  Germany
AMX-13 108  France Light tank
Egypt T-55E 390  Soviet Union
Ramses II 260  Soviet Union/ Egypt T-54s upgraded to Egyptian specifications
T-62E 500  Soviet Union
M60A3 1,700 United States
M1A1 1,005 United States DU armor removed
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea T-55 3  Soviet Union
Eritrea T-55 280  Soviet Union
Estonia
Ethiopia T-55 170  Soviet Union
T-62 50  Soviet Union
T-72 50  Soviet Union
Fiji Small military force exists. Does not operate MBTs.

F[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Finland Leopard 2A4 124  Germany
T-72M1 162  Soviet Union
T-55M 70  Soviet Union
T-54  Soviet Union
France Leclerc 407  France
Gabon
The Gambia

G[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Georgia T-72 250  Soviet Union Current number likely significantly smaller due to the 2008 South Ossetia war
Germany Leopard 2A5/A6/A6M 408  Germany
Ghana
Greece Leopard 2A6 HEL 170  Germany/ Greece License built in Greece
Leopard 2A4 183  Germany
Leopard 1A5 501  Germany
M60A3 308 United States
M48A5 MOLF 390 United States
Grenada No military force exists. Police force maintains a special unit for internal security. Regional Security System is responsible for defence affairs
Guatemala
Guinea T-55 8  Soviet Union
Guinea-Bissau T-55  Soviet Union
Guyana

H[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Haiti Military disbanded, but police force exists to maintain internal security.
Honduras FV101 12  United Kingdom Light/Recce tank
Hungary T-72M1 15/active
180/stored
 Soviet Union Last tank brigade abolished early 2007. Current fleet to be replaced by new tanks after 2010

I[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Iceland No military force. United States is mostly responsible for defense affairs. Indigenous peacekeeping force and police force exist.
India T-90 ~620[1]  Russia/ India Procured in three separate orders. Two batches (310 tanks and knockdown kits in 2000 and a further 300 in 2006[5]) were purchased from Russia. A further 1000 were to be produced locally by 2020. Of those, the first batch of 10 were delivered in August 2009.[6][7]
T-72 1,950[8]  Soviet Union
Arjun MBT 124  India Indian Army has decided to place a fresh order for an additional 124 Arjun main battle tank .[9]
T-55 750  Soviet Union 550 were active with additional 200 in storage. Were to be withdrawn from service and replaced with existing T-72 inventory by 2008[10]
Vijayanta 1000  United Kingdom/ India Withdrawn from regular service - kept in storage
Indonesia FV101 Scorpion 100  United Kingdom Light/Recce tank
AMX-13/105 275  France Light tank
PT-76 30  Soviet Union Amphibious tank
Iran[11] M48A5 80 United States
M60 150 United States
Chieftain MK3 400  United Kingdom
T-62 75  Soviet Union
T-72 780  Soviet Union
Zulfiqar MBT 100+  Iran
Iraq T-55 72  Soviet Union
T-72 180  Soviet Union
M1A1 Abrams 140 United States On order - Yet to be delivered
Republic of Ireland FV101 Scorpion  United Kingdom Light/Recce tank
Israel[12] Merkava mkI 250  Israel
Merkava Mk II 580  Israel
Merkava Mk III 750  Israel
Merkava Mk IV 220  Israel Additional 300 to be delivered
Magach 5 561 United States/ Israel Upgraded M60 tank
Magach 6 711 United States/ Israel Upgraded M60 tank
Magach 7 111 United States/ Israel Upgraded M60 tank
Italy Ariete 200  Italy
Leopard 1 120  Germany/ Italy Some license produced in Italy

J[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Jamaica
Japan Type 90 315  Japan
Type 74 561  Japan
Jordan Challenger 1 392  United Kingdom
Khaled 274  United Kingdom
Tariq 292  United Kingdom Most of which were modified into Temsah heavy armoured personnel carriers.
M60A3 250 United States Modernized by KADDB

K[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Kazakhstan T-72 650  Soviet Union
T-62 75  Soviet Union
T-55 540  Soviet Union
Kenya Vickers Mk 3 76  United Kingdom
T-72Av 110  Soviet Union
Kiribati No army
Korea, North Ch'onma-ho 1000  North Korea
P'okpoong-Ho 300  North Korea
T-54 1600  Soviet Union
T-62 800  Soviet Union
Type 59 500  China
Korea, South M48A3/A3K 380 United States
M48A5/A5K 500 United States
T-80U 33  Soviet Union Given to South Korea to settle debts. Used for training.
T-80UK 2  Soviet Union Given to South Korea to settle debts. Used for training.
K1 1027  Republic of Korea
K1A1 484  Republic of Korea In mass production. Total 484 to be delievered until the end of 2010.
K2 Black Panther 390  Republic of Korea Mass production scheduled in 2011. Total 390 to be delievered.
Kuwait M1A2 218 United States
M-84D 150  Yugoslavia
Kyrgyzstan T-72 210  Soviet Union

L[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Laos T-55 30  Soviet Union
Latvia T-55 3  Soviet Union
Lebanon T-55 205  Soviet Union
M48A5 104 United States
Leopard 1A5 43  Germany
M60A3 66 United States
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya T-55 1,500  Soviet Union
T-62 350  Soviet Union
T-72 315  Soviet Union
Liechtenstein Military force is abolished, but police force exists to maintain internal security.
Lithuania
Luxembourg

M[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Macedonia, Republic of T-72 31  Soviet Union
Madagascar
Malawi T-55 1  Soviet Union
Malaysia PT-91M 48  Poland Main Battle Tank (modernized)
FV101 Scorpion 26  United Kingdom Light/Recce tank
Maldives
Mali T-55 33  Soviet Union
T-54  Soviet Union
T-34  Soviet Union
Malta
Marshall Islands No military force exists, but police force exists to maintain internal security. United States is responsible for defense affairs.
Mauritania T-55 35  Soviet Union
Mauritius No military force exists, but police force exists to maintain internal security, with the help of advisors from the United Kingdom and India.
Mexico
Micronesia No military force exists, but police force exists to maintain internal security. United States is responsible for defense affairs.
Moldova
Monaco Very small military force exists, mostly for ceremonial duties. France is responsible for defence affairs.
Mongolia T-55 350  Soviet Union
T-62 250  Soviet Union
Montenegro All scrapped in 2007[13]
Morocco M60A3 560 United States
SK-105 Kürassier 111  Austria Light Tank
T-72 200  Soviet Union
Mozambique T-55 80  Soviet Union
Myanmar Type 59 280  China
Type 69 190  China
T-72 139  Soviet Union

N[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Namibia T-55 1  Soviet Union
Nauru No military force exists, police force responsible for internal security. Australia is responsible for defence affairs, under an informal arrangement
Nepal
Netherlands Leopard 2A6NL 82  Germany
New Zealand
Nicaragua T-55 31  Soviet Union
PT-76 10  Soviet Union Amphibious tank
Niger
Nigeria T-55 50  Soviet Union
Norway Leopard 2A4 52  Germany Leopard 2A4NL from Netherlands stocks, planned modification and upgrade in 2009 was not commenced

O[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Oman Challenger 2 38  United Kingdom
M60A3 73 United States

P[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Pakistan Al-Khalid 600  China/ Pakistan Modified Type 90-II(Under production)
Al-Zarrar ~320  China/ Pakistan Upgraded Type 59
T-80UD 320  Soviet Union
Type 85-IIAP 300+  China
Type 69IIMP 250  China
Palau No military force exists. United States is responsible for defense affairs.
Panama Standing military force abolished, but defence force remains. Does not operate MBTs.
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay M4 Sherman 8-10 United States
Stuart tank United States Light tank
Peru T-55 375  Soviet Union
MBT-2000 5  China 5 MBT-2000 acquired for evaluation purposes. Possible order of 80-120 to follow if evaluation is successful.[14]
Philippines FV101 Scorpion 42  United Kingdom
Poland PT-91 233  Poland
Leopard 2A4 128  Germany
T-72M1 586  Soviet Union
Portugal Leopard 2A4 37  Germany
M60A3 90 United States

Q[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Qatar AMX-30 24  France
Leopard 2A4 36  Germany

R[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Romania TR-85 350  Soviet Union/ Romania
Russia[15] T-90 ~400[1][16][17]  Russia
T-80 4,744  Soviet Union Mostly kept in storage. Approximately 1400 still in regular service.[18]
T-72 7,144  Soviet Union Mostly kept in storage. Approximately 1200 still in regular service.[19]
T-64 4,000  Soviet Union Mostly kept in storage. Approximately 100 still in regular service.[20]
T-62 689  Soviet Union Mostly kept in storage. Approximately 100 still in regular service.[21]
T-54/55 1,200  Soviet Union Mostly kept in storage. Approximately 100 still in regular service.[22]
Rwanda T-55 12  Soviet Union

S[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Saint Kitts and Nevis Defence force exists, but operates no MBTs. Regional Security System is also responsible for defence affairs
Saint Lucia No military force exists. Police force maintains a special unit for internal security. Regional Security System is responsible for defence affairs
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa No military force exists. May request military aid from New Zealand, which is obliged to consider any requests, according to the 1962 Treaty of Friendship
San Marino Nominal military force exists. Italy is responsible for defence affairs
São Tomé and Príncipe
Saudi Arabia M1A2 388 United States
T-90 150[1]  Russia On order
AMX-30 290  France
M60A3 460 United States
Senegal
Serbia M-84AS 212  Serbia
M-84AB1  Yugoslavia
M-84AB  Yugoslavia
M-84ABN  Yugoslavia
T-72 65  Soviet Union
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore Leopard 2A4 66  Germany
Slovakia T-72 245  Soviet Union
Slovenia M-84 54  Yugoslavia
Solomon Islands No military force. Police Force previously responsible for defence, but it was disarmed after ethnic violence on the island.
Somalia
Somaliland T-54/55  Soviet Union
South Africa Olifant 1A/1B 250  United Kingdom/ South Africa Upgraded/Modified Centurion
Spain Leopard 2 327  Germany/ Spain License built in Spain
Sri Lanka Type 59 80  China
T-55 140+  Soviet Union
Type 69 20  China
Sudan T-55 250  Soviet Union
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden Leopard Strv.122 280  Germany/ Sweden Leopard 2 modified to Swedish specifications
Switzerland Leopard Pz 87 380  Germany/  Switzerland Leopard 2A4; 134 upgraded to Pz87 Leopard WE with PERI-R17A2, driver rear view camera and electric Turret drive, produced in Thun/Switzerland
Syria T-55 2,150  Soviet Union
T-72 1,600  Soviet Union
T-62 1,000  Soviet Union

T[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin
Taiwan (Republic of China) (Taiwan)[23] M60A3 480 United States
CM11 Brave Tiger 450 United States/ Republic of China Locally upgraded/modified M48
M41 Walker Bulldog 100 United States Light tank
Tajikistan T-72 44  Soviet Union
Tanzania Type 59 30  China
Thailand Type 69/79 300  China
M48 Patton 105 United States
M60A3 178 United States
Timor-Leste
Togo T-55 2  Soviet Union
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia M60A3 84 United States
SK-105 Kürassier 42  Austria Light Tank
Turkey Leopard 1T 398  Germany
Leopard 2A4 298 (+56 delivered in 2010)  Germany
M48A5T1/M48A5T2 1379 United States Being modernized[24]
M60T Sabra 170 United States/ Israel
M60A3 762 United States To be modernized to M60T Sabra Level
Altay 1000+  Turkey Not yet built. Planned for 2011.
Turkmenistan T-72 702  Soviet Union
T-90 10  Russia Small number acquired for evaluation purposes. Larger follow on order may be placed.[25][26]
Tuvalu No army

U[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Uganda T-55 20  Soviet Union
Ukraine T-84 Oplot 6  Ukraine
T-80UD 271  Soviet Union
T-64 2,215  Soviet Union
T-72 180  Soviet Union
T-55 112  Soviet Union
United Arab Emirates Leclerc 388  France
AMX-30S 45  France
OF-40 Mk.2 36  Italy Being withdrawn from service.
FV101 Scorpion 76  United Kingdom Light/Recce tank
United Kingdom Challenger 2 386  United Kingdom
United States M1A1/2/2SEP ~8,000 United States Note that the number of active M1s is likely lower at this time.
T-80U/UD 5  Soviet Union Transferred from Ukraine to United States of America in 2003.
Uruguay M41 Walker Bulldog 22 United States Light tank
Ti-67 15  Soviet Union/ Israel T-55 significantly upgraded by Israel
M24 17 Light tank
Uzbekistan T-55 80  Soviet Union
T-62 170  Soviet Union
T-64 100  Soviet Union
T-72 70  Soviet Union

V[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Vanuatu No military force. Police Force responsible for defence.
Vatican City No military force, except the Swiss Guard and a civilian gendarmerie force. Italy is informally responsible for defence affairs.
Venezuela AMX-30 86  France
AMX-13C.90 36  France Light tank
Scorpion 90 78  United Kingdom Light tank
T-72 92  Soviet Union Purchased in Sept, 2009[27]
Vietnam M48 Patton 20 United States
Type 59 350  China
T-55 900  Soviet Union
T-62 200  Soviet Union
T-72 300  Soviet Union

Y[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Yemen M60A1 240 United States
T-62 250  Soviet Union
T-55 700  Soviet Union
T-72 70  Soviet Union

Z[edit | edit source]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Zambia T-55 10  Soviet Union
Zimbabwe T-54/55 32  Soviet Union
Type 59 35  China
Type 69 10  China

References[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Vasiliy Fofanov. "T-90 Main Battle Tank". http://russianarmor.info/Tanks/MBT/t-90.html. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  2. Brazil Army Equipment
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Backgrounder: Renewing the Canadian Forces' Tank Capability". National Defence Canada. 2007-04-12. http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/newsroom/view_news_e.asp?id=2252. Retrieved 2008-05-29. ; "Tank Replacement Project — Upgrade and Conversion of up to 100 Used Leopard 2 Tanks in Canada". 2008-03. http://www.casr.ca/doc-loi-leopard-tank.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-16. 
  4. "Ottawa to buy old German tanks as spare parts for Afghan mission". CBC.ca. 20 February 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-05-30. http://web.archive.org/web/20080530151749/http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2008/02/20/mackay-tanks.html. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "T-90S Main Battle Tank, Russia". Army-Technology.com. http://www.army-technology.com/projects/t90/. 
  6. "Indian Army inducts first indigenous T-90 tanks". ThaiindianNews. http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/uncategorized/indian-army-inducts-first-indigenous-t-90-tanks-2_100237314.html. 
  7. "Army to acquire nearly 1000 additional T-90 tanks by 2020". 2006-10-04. http://www.india-defence.com/reports-2577. Retrieved 2009-10-03. 
  8. "Bharat Rakshak:: Land Forces Site - T-72M1". Bharat Rakshak. http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/LAND-FORCES/Equipment/Armour/337-T-72m1-MBT.htmls. 
  9. Ajai Shukla (2010-04-14). "Army to purchase more Arjun tanks". Business Standard Ltd.. http://www.business-standard.com/india/news/army-to-purchase-more-arjun-tanks/391862/. 
  10. "Bharat Rakshak:: Land Forces Site - T-55". Bharat Rakshak. http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/LAND-FORCES/Equipment/Armour/341-T55.html. 
  11. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/ground-equipment.htm
  12. Army Equipment - Israel
  13. Serbianna.com | News Story
  14. "Peru army plans arms purchase, tests Chinese tanks". Associated Press. 2009-12-09. http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20091209/ap_on_re_la_am_ca/lt_peru_china_military. 
  15. Russian Army Equipment
  16. "T-90/S MBT". http://www.warfare.ru/?lang=&catid=244&linkid=1778. 
  17. http://www.military-today.com/tanks/t90.htm[unreliable source?]
  18. "T-80 MBT". Warfare.ru. http://www.warfare.ru/?catid=244&linkid=1776. 
  19. "T-72 MBT". Warfare.ru. http://www.warfare.ru/?lang=&linkid=1775&catid=244. 
  20. "T-64 MBT". Warfare.ru. http://www.warfare.ru/?catid=244&linkid=1774. 
  21. "T-62 MBT". Warfare.ru. http://www.warfare.ru/?catid=244&linkid=2314. 
  22. "T-55 MBT". Warfare.ru. http://www.warfare.ru/?catid=244&linkid=2299. 
  23. Army Equipment - Taiwan
  24. Worldwide Military - Army Material, Tanks
  25. "TURKMENISTAN: BERDYMUKHAMEDOV MULLS RUSSIAN HI-TECH DEALS". EurasiaNet. 2009-12-09. http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/news/articles/eav120909c.shtml. 
  26. "Procurement (Turkmenistan)". Jane's Information Group. 2009-10-21. http://www.janes.com/extracts/extract/cissu/turks150.html. 
  27. "Venezuela inks $2.2 bln weapons deal with Russia". AFP. 2009-09-14. http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20090914/wl_afp/venezuelarussiamilitaryweapons_20090914104449. Retrieved 2009-10-03. 

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Hunnicutt, R. P. "Patton: A History of the American Main Battle Tank." 1984. Presidio Press; ISBN 0-89141-230-1.

See also[edit | edit source]

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