A military alliance is an agreement between two, or more, military factions; related to wartime planning, commitments, or contingencies; such agreements can be both defensive and offensive. Military alliances often involve non-military agreements, in addition to their primary purpose.
- 1700-1000 BC Ten tribes formed alliance against Tritsu in Battle of ten kings
- 502-449 BC Medic Wars
- Hellenic League - Athens, Lacedemonia, Macedon, others
- 431-404 BC Peloponnesian War
- League of Delos - Athens, Argos, Chios, Samos, Lesbos, others
- Peloponnesian League - Lacedemonia, Corinth, Thebes, Syracuse, others
- 634-1853 Christian-Islamic Wars
- 1337-1453 100 Years War
Early modern period
- 1494-1559 Italian Wars
- 1618-1648 Thirty Years' War
- 1688-1697 War of the Grand Alliance (Nine Years' War)
- 1701-1714 War of the Spanish Succession
- The Quadruple Alliance of 1718
- 1803-1815 Napoleonic Wars
- The Quadruple Alliance of 1814/15
- First through Seventh Coalitions
- 1717 Christian-Islamic Wars
- Holy League - Portugal, Papal States, Republic of Venice, Malta
- 1815-1825 Absolutist-Liberal conflicts
- The Quadruple Alliance of 1834
- Triple Alliance of 1865 - Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina
- 1873-1878 & 1881-1887 League of the Three Emperors - Russian Empire, Austria-Hungary and German Empire
- 1879-1918 Dual Alliance - Austria-Hungary and German Empire
- 1892-1917 Franco-Russian Alliance - French Third Republic and Russian Empire
- World War I
- World War II
- Cold War
- 1947 Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact) - Most of the countries of the Americas.
- 1948-2011 Western European Union (WEU) - limited role. Merged with EU in 2009.
- 1949 North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) -- United States, Canada, most of Western Europe
- 1951 ANZUS Treaty (ANZUS) - United States, Australia, New Zealand.
- 1954-1977 SEATO - United States, United Kingdom, France, Australia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Thailand, Philippines
- 1955-1979 CENTO - United States, United Kingdom, Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan
- 1955-1991 Warsaw Pact - Soviet Union, East Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania
- 1958 North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) - United States and Canada.
- 1971 Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA) - United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia, Singapore.
- 1981 ECOMOG of Economic Community of West African States.
- 1982 Regional Security System (RSS) - several Eastern Caribbean countries.
- 1989 Major non-NATO allies of the United States (MNNA) - Afghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Bahrain, Egypt, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, South Korea, Thailand.
- NATO, Enlarged from 1999 to include eastern European states. Twenty eight countries including the United States, Canada and most of Europe including Turkey.
- European Union, created in 1992 with foreign policy and defence policy being developed over the next two decades. In 2009 common defence provisions were significantly enhanced.
- Entente Cordiale / Defence and Security Co-operation Treaty is a joint Military alliance between France and the United Kingdom.
- Franco-German Brigade is a joint French-German Brigade.
- BALTRON is a joint Estonian—Latvian—Lithuanian Naval Squadron.
- Anglo-Portuguese Alliance, originally signed in 1373, is the oldest alliance still in force in the world.
- Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), formed in 1992 in after the collapse of the Soviet Union - Russia, Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan.
- Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), formed in 1996 to counterbalance NATO expansion - China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Russia and Uzbekistan.
- Organization of the Eurasian Law Enforcement Agencies with Military Status (TAKM) is an intergovernmental military co-operation organization of Turkey, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan and Mongolia.
- Arab League
- 23x15px Axis of Resistance
- Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (Peninsula Shield Force)
United States - Asia
- Japan and the United States entered into a security alliance following the allied occupation after WWII.
- South Korea and the United States entered into a military alliance following the Korean War.
- Mutual Defense Treaty (U.S.–Philippines) is a joint US-Philippine Defence Treaty.
- Israel & the United States.
- ABCA Armies
- Council for Peace and Security in Central Africa (COPAX) of Economic Community of Central African States set up in 1994, limited scope.
- South American Defense Council (SADC) of the Union of South American Nations, developed form 2008. Full extent of provisions yet to be agreed.
- ANZUS is a joint military alliance between the United States, Australia and New Zealand.
- Five Power Defence Arrangements, signed in 1971 to prevent the Malaysian Peninsula, or Singapore from external or foreign aggression.
- Peninsula Shield Force The military force of the Persian Gulf nations of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Oman, Kuwait, and Bahrain
- Liska, George. Alliances and the Third World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1968.
- Pressman, Jeremy. Warring Friends: Alliance Restraint in International Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2008.
- Snyder, Glenn H. Alliance Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997.
- Walt, Stephen. The Origins of Alliances. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987.
- Weitsman, Patricia. Dangerous Alliances. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2004.
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|