282,781 Pages

Alexander the Great was recognised as a great commander by both Hannibal and Napoleon.

This is a list of military commanders. These include the "great captains" of history, as they were styled by military historian Liddell Hart; the major leaders of the armies in the most decisive battles of world history. Also included are those who were notoriously flamboyant, incompetent or otherwise famous, such as General Custer.

Napoleon advised military men to study the campaigns of Alexander, Hannibal, Gustavus, Turenne, Eugene and Frederick.[1] Hannibal, after his defeat by Scipio, said that Alexander was the greatest of generals and that Pyrrhus was next to him in greatness.[1] Many others since then have discussed who was the greatest. In 2011, a poll of experts considered who was Britain's greatest general and divided between the Duke of Wellington and William Slim.[2][3]


Achaemenid Empire[edit | edit source]

Classical Athens[edit | edit source]

Sparta[edit | edit source]

Ancient Carthage[edit | edit source]

Roman Republic[edit | edit source]

Carthage[edit | edit source]

Macedon[edit | edit source]

Numidia[edit | edit source]

Optimates[edit | edit source]

Populares[edit | edit source]

Augustus[edit | edit source]

Mark Antony[edit | edit source]

Ptolemaic Egypt[edit | edit source]

Cherusci[edit | edit source]

Roman Empire[edit | edit source]

Goths[edit | edit source]

Byzantine Empire[edit | edit source]

Vandals[edit | edit source]

East Francia[edit | edit source]

Hungarian people[edit | edit source]

Anglo-Saxons[edit | edit source]

Duchy of Normandy[edit | edit source]

Estonians[edit | edit source]

Latgallians[edit | edit source]

Livonian Brothers of the Sword[edit | edit source]

Semigallians[edit | edit source]

 Denmark[edit | edit source]

 Sweden[edit | edit source]

Brabant[edit | edit source]

Counts of Dreux[edit | edit source]

County of Boulogne[edit | edit source]

County of Flanders[edit | edit source]

Duchy of Burgundy (Ancient)[edit | edit source]

France in the Middle Ages[edit | edit source]

Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou[edit | edit source]

House of Welf[edit | edit source]

Lorraine (duchy)[edit | edit source]

Ponthieu[edit | edit source]

Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia[edit | edit source]

[[File:|23x15px|border |alt=|link=]] Mongol Empire[edit | edit source]

Principality of Chernigov[edit | edit source]

Principality of Kiev[edit | edit source]

Vladimir-Suzdal[edit | edit source]

Dreux[edit | edit source]

Kingdom of England[edit | edit source]

Kingdom of Scotland[edit | edit source]

Moray[edit | edit source]

England (1340)[edit | edit source]

France (Dauphins)[edit | edit source]

France in the Middle Ages[edit | edit source]

Philip of Valois, Duke of Orléans[edit | edit source]

Albret (Modern)[edit | edit source]

Boucicaut[edit | edit source]

Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York[edit | edit source]

Kingdom of England (1399-1603)[edit | edit source]

Orléans (Duchy)[edit | edit source]

Poland (Kingdom)[edit | edit source]

House of Lancaster[edit | edit source]

Jasper Tudor[edit | edit source]

Redvers[edit | edit source]

Richard III of England (1483-1485)[edit | edit source]

Stanley family[edit | edit source]

Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk[edit | edit source]

Kingdom of Hungary (14th century)[edit | edit source]

 Ottoman Empire (1453)[edit | edit source]

 Bohemia[edit | edit source]

Catholic League (German)[edit | edit source]

Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg[edit | edit source]

Electoral Palatinate (1604)[edit | edit source]

Hungarian Anti-Habsburg Rebels[edit | edit source]

Principality of Transylvania (1570–1711)[edit | edit source]

 Electorate of Saxony (Electorate)[edit | edit source]

 Sweden (1562)[edit | edit source]

Zaporozhian Cossacks[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of England (Kingdom)[edit | edit source]

 Dutch Republic[edit | edit source]

 Holy Roman Empire[edit | edit source]

 Spain (1506)[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of France (Kingdom)[edit | edit source]

Cavalier[edit | edit source]

Roundhead[edit | edit source]

Crimean Khanate[edit | edit source]

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth[edit | edit source]

Zaporozhian Cossacks[edit | edit source]

 Bavaria[edit | edit source]

 Portugal (1707)[edit | edit source]

 Duchy of Savoy (Duchy)[edit | edit source]

 Spain (1701)[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of Great Britain (Kingdom)[edit | edit source]

 Habsburg Monarchy[edit | edit source]

 Duchy of Parma (Duchy)[edit | edit source]

 Piedmont-Sardinia (Kingdom)[edit | edit source]

 Russian Empire (Empire)[edit | edit source]

British America (1707)[edit | edit source]

 New France[edit | edit source]

Kingdom of Mysore[edit | edit source]

Mohawk[edit | edit source]

 Spain (1748)[edit | edit source]

 United States (1777)[edit | edit source]

 Hesse[edit | edit source]

Vermont Republic[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of France (Royal Navy)[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of Great Britain (Royal Navy)[edit | edit source]

 United States (1795)[edit | edit source]

 France[edit | edit source]

 France (Republic)[edit | edit source]

 Austrian Empire (Empire)[edit | edit source]

Grand Duchy of Tuscany[edit | edit source]

 Netherlands[edit | edit source]

 Papal States (Old)[edit | edit source]

Portuguese Empire (1750)[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of Prussia (1803)[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of the Two Sicilies[edit | edit source]

 Spain (1785)[edit | edit source]

 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (Great Britain and Ireland)[edit | edit source]

 Russia[edit | edit source]

 United Kingdom (Navy)[edit | edit source]

Shawnee[edit | edit source]

 United Kingdom[edit | edit source]

 Mexico[edit | edit source]

 Texas[edit | edit source]

Eureka Rebellion[edit | edit source]

 Confederate States of America (1861)[edit | edit source]

 United States (1863)[edit | edit source]

 Confederate States of America (1863)[edit | edit source]

 United States (1861)[edit | edit source]

Kingdom of Prussia (1816)[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of Italy (Kingdom)[edit | edit source]

 Ethiopian Empire (Old Empire)[edit | edit source]

Katipunan[edit | edit source]

 United States (1896)[edit | edit source]

 Cuba[edit | edit source]

 Orange Free State[edit | edit source]

 South African Republic (Republic)[edit | edit source]

 Russian Empire (Imperial Navy)[edit | edit source]

 Empire of Japan (Imperial Army)[edit | edit source]

 Empire of Japan (Imperial Navy)[edit | edit source]

 Empire of Japan (Empire)[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of Bulgaria (Kingdom)[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of Greece (Kingdom)[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of Montenegro (Kingdom)[edit | edit source]

 Ottoman Empire[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of Serbia (Kingdom)[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of Romania (Kingdom)[edit | edit source]

Ireland[edit | edit source]

 German Empire (Imperial Navy)[edit | edit source]

Russia (Emperor 1858-1917)[edit | edit source]

Socialism[edit | edit source]

 German Empire (Empire)[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine[edit | edit source]

 Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1918)[edit | edit source]

Finland (State 1918)[edit | edit source]

Finnish Socialist Workers' Republic[edit | edit source]

 Republic of China (1912–1949) (Republic 1912-1949)[edit | edit source]

 Nazi Germany (Nazi)[edit | edit source]

 Soviet Union (1923)[edit | edit source]

 United States (1912)[edit | edit source]

 Finland[edit | edit source]

 Soviet Union[edit | edit source]

 Nazi Germany (Nazi Navy)[edit | edit source]

 Independent State of Croatia (Independent State)[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of Hungary (1920–46) (Kingdom)[edit | edit source]

 Nazi Germany (Nazi 1935)[edit | edit source]

 All-Palestine Government[edit | edit source]

Army of the Holy War[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of Egypt (Kingdom)[edit | edit source]

 Kingdom of Iraq (Kingdom)[edit | edit source]

 Arab League[edit | edit source]

 Syria (1932)[edit | edit source]

 Jordan[edit | edit source]

 Israel[edit | edit source]

 North Korea[edit | edit source]

 United Nations[edit | edit source]

 China[edit | edit source]

 South Korea[edit | edit source]

 New Zealand[edit | edit source]

 North Vietnam[edit | edit source]

 Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam[edit | edit source]

 South Vietnam[edit | edit source]

 Australia[edit | edit source]

 United States[edit | edit source]

 Turkey[edit | edit source]

 India[edit | edit source]

 Egypt (UAR)[edit | edit source]

 Syria (1963)[edit | edit source]

 Iraq (1963)[edit | edit source]

 Egypt (1972)[edit | edit source]

 Syria (1972)[edit | edit source]

 Iran[edit | edit source]

Iraq[edit | edit source]

People's Mujahedin of Iran[edit | edit source]

Peshmerga[edit | edit source]

 Libya (1977)[edit | edit source]

 Albania (1946)[edit | edit source]

 Germany[edit | edit source]

 Italy[edit | edit source]

Kosovo Liberation Army[edit | edit source]

 NATO[edit | edit source]

 Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Federal Republic)[edit | edit source]

 Afghanistan (Taliban)[edit | edit source]

Al-Qaeda[edit | edit source]

Jihad[edit | edit source]

Ancient[edit | edit source]

Armenia[edit | edit source]

Tigranes - the great Armenian warrior-king who fought against Parthia, Rome and the Seleucids.

Berbers[edit | edit source]

  • Lusius Quietus governor of Judaea and one of Trajan's chief generals. See Kitos War.
  • Masinissa (c. 238 BC – c. 148 BC) was the first King of Numidia, an ancient North African nation of ancient Libyan peoples, and is most famous for his role as a Roman ally in the Battle of Zama.

Britons[edit | edit source]

  • Boudica c. 25 AD – c. 62 AD, Queen of the Iceni, led an uprising against the invading forces of the Roman Empire.

Carthage[edit | edit source]

China[edit | edit source]

Egypt[edit | edit source]

Gaul[edit | edit source]

Germania[edit | edit source]

  • Arminius (16 BC–21 AD), war chief of the Germanic tribe of the Cherusci.
  • Alaric I (375–410), Gothic King, defeated several Roman armies and sacked the city of Rome.

Goths[edit | edit source]

Greece[edit | edit source]

Huns[edit | edit source]

Modun (233–192), king of the Huns

  • Attila the Hun (406–453), king of the Huns, often referred as "Scourge of God" by the Romans.
  • Bleda (390–445), a Hun ruler, the brother of Attila the Hun.

Illyria[edit | edit source]

  • Agron (250 BC–230 BC) The first king to unite the Illyrian tribes together and form a kingdom. During his rule Illyria was a strong kingdom which had a strong military force, especially naval. He stopped the attacks of the Roman Empire and the Aetolians by keeping his kingdom free till his death.

India[edit | edit source]

  • Divodas 'Atithingva' (15th century BC) He defeated the Shamber,who was the biggest enemy of Aryans .
  • Sudas (circa 15th century BC), Indian king who defeated the ten Rigvedic tribes in the Battle of the Ten Kings
  • Mahapadmnanda (4th century BC) He uprooted all local Kshatriya dynasties and republics and form strongest Magadha empire of that time.
  • Chandragupta Maurya (Sandrocottus) (c. 340–293 BC), Maurya King who conquered the Nanda Empire and northern Indian subcontinent, and defeated Seleucus I Nicator of the Seleucid Empire and other former generals of Alexander the Great.
  • Ashoka the Great (c. 304 BC–232 BC), Maurya King who conquered Kalinga and become the emperor of largest empire in Asia and India at its time.
  • Kharavela (c. 193 BC) Emperor of Kalinga from Chedi Dynasty, who led many successful campaigns against Kingdoms of Magadha, Anga, Satavahanas and regions of Pandyan Empire. He is known to have forced the Indo-Greek king Demetrius to retreat from Mathura.
  • Vasumitra (between approx 130 to 110 BC) He was the grand son of Pushyamitra, founder of Shunga dynasty. He defeated Greeks on the bank of river Indus .
  • Vikramaditya (58–10 BC) He was the president of Republic of Malavas and organized a successful national resistance against Scythian invaders . He established 'Malav calendar' which is still practiced by Hindus as 'VIKRAM SAMVAT' or Vikram's calendar
  • Kanishka(Kanishka the Great) was an emperor of the Gurjar Kushan Empire, ruling an empire extending from Bactria to large parts of northern India in the 2nd century of the common era, and famous for his military, political, and spiritual achievements.He defeated Chinese and controlled Silk-route .
  • Karikala Chola (c. AD 270), Chola king who defeated the Pandya and Chera kings in the Battle of Venni and conquered the Singhalese kingdom.
  • Samudragupta 'the Napoleon of India' (319–380 AD), Gupta Empire king who conquered over 20 Indian, Scythian and Kushan kingdoms. His supremacy was used to accept by whole INDIAN SUBCONTINENT .
  • Chandragupta II 'Vikramaditya (380–415 AD), Gupta king who conquered 21 Indian, Greek, Persian, Kamboja, Kirata and Transoxianan kingdoms . It is said that he reached up to Oxus river, according to Raghuvansham of Kaalidas and Mehroli iron pillar inscription
  • Skandgupta (455–467 AD) He saved India from first Hun attack (Bheetari pillar inscription)
  • Yashodharman (approx 550 AD) He led national resistance against Mihirgul ' the Hun ' and terminated Huns power from India
  • Harshvardhana (606–650 AD) He won whole north India and established strongest empire of India at that time
  • Lalitaditya 'Muktaapeed' (mid 8th century AD) He stopped the invasion of Arabian and Tibetian invasion and established a large empire to defeat his north Indian rival ruler Yashoverman
  • Govind 'the third ' (8th century AD) He not only sprayed Rashtrkuta empire in whole south India but defeated the Pratiharas and Palas also and impelled them to accept his supremacy . He was the strongest king of India at that time
  • Mihirbhoj Pratihar (836–889 AD) He not only stopped Arabian invasion but did counterattack on Arabians of Sindh. As a result importance of Arabians as a political power terminated for ever . An Arabian traveler described him as 'biggest enemy of Islam on the Earth'
  • Rajendra Chola (1012–1044 AD) Conquered south India and defeated the Northern Singhalese kingdoms of Sri Lanka, the Maldives, Andmaan, and a major part of the Shailendra empire [ Today's Indonesia and Malaysia]. He also had some success against Udisa and Bengal. He was also known for his naval ability.

Israel[edit | edit source]

Japan[edit | edit source]

Korea[edit | edit source]

Mesopotamia[edit | edit source]

  • Gilgamesh King of Uruk
  • Hammurabi King of Babylon conquered many native peoples.
  • Nebuchadrezzar II King of the Chaldeans and conqueror of Judah.
  • Tiglath-Pileser III King of Assyria. Conqueror of Israel, Syria, other lands that became Assyria, force Judah to pay tribute.
  • Sargon King of Akkad. Created strong Akkadian kingdom.
  • Ben-hadad King of Aram. Often fought Israel and, on occasion, Judah.

Persia[edit | edit source]

Persian Empire[edit | edit source]

Seleucid Empire[edit | edit source]

  • Seleucus I Nicator (358BC–281BC),One of Alexander the Great's officers that fought in the Wars of the Diadochi after his death.
  • Antiochus III the Great (241–187), Ruler of the Seleucid empire, fought aganist Ptolemaic Egypt and Rome. Also lead expeditions into Bactria and India.

Parthian Empire[edit | edit source]

Sassanid Empire[edit | edit source]

  • Ardashir I, established the Sassanid Empire by conquering the Parthian Empire and defeating King Artabanus IV after several years of brutal warfare. Artabanus IV was killed in 216 ending the 400-year rule of the Parthian Empire. Ardashir I conquered the provinces of Sistan, Gorgan, Khorasan, Margiana (in modern Turkmenistan), Balkh, and Chorasmia. Bahrain and Mosul were also added to Sassanid possessions later as well. He defeated Roman Emperor Alexander Severus in 232 at the Battle near Ctesiphon.
  • Shapur I conquered the Mesopotamian fortresses Nisibis and Carrhae and advanced into Syria. But was defeated by Timesitheus at the Battle of Resaena in 243. He defeated Roman emperor Philip the Arab (244–249) at the Battle of Misiche. In 253 he defeated Roman Emperor Valerian at the Battle of Barbalissos. This resulted in the conquest of Armenia and invasion of Syria, and he plundered Antioch. Valerian marched against him, but was defeated and captured at the Battle of Edessa by Shahpur I. The outcome of the battle was an overwhelming victory, with the entire 70,000-strong Roman force being slain or captured.
  • Narseh, in 296, fed up with incursions made by the Armenian monarch Tiridates III, Narseh invaded Armenia.Surprised by the sudden attack, Tiridates fled his kingdom. The Roman emperor Diocletian dispatched his son-in-law Galerius with a large army to Tiridates's aid. Galerius invaded Mesopotamia, which Narseh had occupied hoping to check his advance. Three battles were fought subsequently, the first two of which were indecisive. In the third fought at Callinicum, Galerius suffered a complete defeat and was forced to retreat. Later Galerius would have his revenge and defeat Narseh. The end result was a peace treaty.
  • Shapur II, led an expedition through Bahrain, defeated the combined forces of the Arab tribes of "Taghleb", "Bakr bin Wael", and "Abd Al-Qays" and advanced temporarily into Yamama in central Najd. He resettled these tribes in Kerman and Ahvaz. Arabs named him Shabur Dhul-aktaf which means "The owner of the shoulders" after this battle. A twenty-six year conflict (337–363) began in two series of wars with Roman Empire, the first from 337 to 350 against Constantius II. Although often victorious, Shapur II made scarcely any progress. The second series of war began in 359 with Shahpur II conquering Amida and he took Singara and some other fortresses in the next year (360). In 363 Emperor Julian defeated a superior Sassanid army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, but was killed during his retreat at the Battle of Samarra. His successor Jovian (363–364) made an ignominious peace, by which the districts beyond the Tigris which had been acquired in 298 were handed over along with Nisibis and Singara, and the promise not to interfere in Armenia. The outcome was a strategic victory for Shahpur II. Shapur II invaded Armenia, where he took King Arshak II prisoner and forced him to commit suicide. Shapur II subdued the Kushans and took control of the entire area now known as Afghanistan and Pakistan. By his death in 379 the Sassinid Empire was stronger than ever before, considerably larger than when he came to the throne, the eastern enemies were pacified and had gained control over Armenia.

Rome[edit | edit source]

Middle Ages[edit | edit source]

Africa[edit | edit source]

Albania[edit | edit source]

Franks[edit | edit source]

China[edit | edit source]

  • An Lushan (General during Emperor Xuanzong's reign, a Lushan is of Sogdian descent)
  • Yue Fei (Chinese general during the Southern Song Dynasty) known for his legendary tattoo saying "Ultimate Loyalty, Serve your Country"
  • Yang Ye (General serving the Later Han and Northern Song Dynasties)
  • Han Shizhong (Chinese general during the Southern Song Dynasty) fought beside Yue Fei in the campaign to drive out the Jin Jurchen dynasty
  • Zhu Yuanzhang (First Emperor of the Ming Dynasty) led the rebellion against the Mongol Yuan Dynasty
  • Sun Tzu (a heroic general of the king of Wu, Helü) Most famous for his work The Art of War, one of the most famous books on military strategy.

Korea[edit | edit source]

Bulgaria[edit | edit source]

in 896, annihilated the entire Byzantine army in the Battle of Anchialus in 917.

  • Ivan Asen I – recovered Bulgarian territories from the Byzantines and ultimately restored Bulgarian independence.
  • Kaloyan- Also known as the 'Romanslayer', during the Fourth Crusade, he crushed the Latin Crusaders at the Battle of Adrianople and defeated them repeatedly afterwards thus sealing the fate of the gravely weakened Latin Empire.
  • Ivan Asen II

Byzantine Empire[edit | edit source]

Arabs[edit | edit source]

Rashidun Caliphate Generals[edit | edit source]

Umayyad Caliphate Generals[edit | edit source]

Abbasid Caliphate Generals[edit | edit source]

Mashriq Muslim Dynasties Generals[edit | edit source]

Zengid dynasty: 1127–1250[edit | edit source]

Ayyubid dynasty: 1171–1246[edit | edit source]

Mamluks: 1250–1517[edit | edit source]

Maghreb Muslim Dynasties Generals[edit | edit source]

Afghan[edit | edit source]

Durrani Empire[edit | edit source]

Turkic Muslim Generals[edit | edit source]

Ghaznavid[edit | edit source]

Ghurids[edit | edit source]

Seljuks[edit | edit source]

Ortoqids[edit | edit source]

Danishmends[edit | edit source]

Ottoman Empire[edit | edit source]

others[edit | edit source]

Normans[edit | edit source]

Vikings[edit | edit source]

  • Cnut the Great (King of England, Denmark, Norway, and parts of Sweden)
  • Rurik (founder of the Rus' rule in Eastern Europe)
  • Erik the Red (colonizer of Greenland)
  • Leif Ericson (explorer who is considered to be the first European to reach North America)
  • Olaf Tryggvason (king of Norway from 995 to 1000. He forced thousands to convert to Christianity. He once burned London Bridge down out of anger because people were disobeying his orders)
  • Bagsecg (A Viking who Invaded and pillaged in England in 870, But was killed in 871 at The Battle of Ashdown)
  • Oleg of Novgorod (Varangian prince (or konung) who ruled all or part of the Rus people during the early tenth century, launched attack on Constantinople)

Persia (during the Middle Ages)[edit | edit source]

Sassanid Empire[edit | edit source]

Muslim Iran[edit | edit source]

  • Ya'qub-i Laith Saffari, was the founder of the Saffarid dynasty in Sistan he defeated Ibrahim ibn Ilyas Samanid ruler of Herat in 867 who was sent by governor of Tahirid Khurasan, Muhammad ibn Tahir during the Abbasid Caliphate
  • 'Ismail Samani, father of Tajiks took the city of Talas, the capital of the Karluk Turks in 893. Later established Samanid boundaries of Transoxiana and Khorasan by defeating the Saffarids.
  • Imad al-Daula, defeated the Turkish general Yaqut from Abbasid Caliphate at Baghdad in 934 establishing Buwayhid Confederacy of Persian revivalists within Abbasid Caliphate.
  • Shah Ala ad-Din Muhammad, by 1205 had conquered all of eastern Great Seljuq Empire and declared himself Shah In 1212 he defeated the Gur-Khan Kutluk and conquered the lands of the Kara-Khanid Khanate, now ruling a territory from the Syr Darya almost all the way to Baghdad, and from the Indus River to the Caspian Sea known as the Khwarezm Empire. It was he who brought the wrath of Genghis Khan to the Muslim world by killing his ambassadors.
  • Jalal ad-Din Minkbarny with a badly equipped army decisively defeated the Mongols at the Battle of Parwan which forced Genghis Khan to face Jalal himself at the Battle of Indus in 1221.
  • Ismail I, founded the Safavid Shia state in Azerbaijan in 1502, and had incorporated all of Iran by 1509.
  • Shah ‘Abbas I, defeated the Uzbeks after 10 years of constant warfare at the battle of Herat in 1597. In 1603 he took Baghdad and in 1605 Basra from the Ottomans and by 1611 Shirvan and Kurdistan as well. In 1602, he expelled the Portuguese from Bahrain. In 1615, he killed more than 60,000 Georgians and deported a further 100,000 in Tblisi after a rebellion. A united army of the Turks and Tatars was completely defeated near Sultanieh in 1618. In 1622 he took the island of Hormuz from the Portuguese: much of the trade was diverted to the town of Bandar 'Abbas. The Persian Gulf was now a Persian Domain.
  • Nadir Shah Afshar, rose to power during a period of anarchy in Persia after a rebellion by Afghans and both the Ottomans and the Russians had seized Persian territory for themselves. Nader reunited the Persian realm and removed the invaders. He became so powerful that he decided to depose the last members of the Safavid dynasty, which had ruled Persia for over 200 years, and become shah himself in 1736. His campaigns created a great Iranian Empire. In 1738 conquered Kandahar. Invaded the Mughal Empire and He defeated the Mughal army at the Battle of Karnal in February 1739, he was assassinated in 1747.
  • Muhammad Khan Qajar, In 1795 he attacked Georgia and also captured Khorasan. Shah Rukh, ruler of Khurasan and grandson of Nadir Shah, was tortured to death. He was the First Persian ruler to make Tehran, then only a village, a capital.

Crusaders[edit | edit source]

Indonesia[edit | edit source]

India[edit | edit source]

  • Lalitaditya Muktapida (8th century), Kashmiri king who conquered a number of Indian, Uttarakuru, Kamboja, Turkic, Tocharian, Tibetan and Dardic kingdoms.
  • Devapala (9th century), Bengali Pala king who conquered the Northern Indian, North-East Indian, Andhra Pradesh, Huna and Kamboja kingdoms.
  • Pluikeshi II the great who defeated king Mahendraverma of Pallava kingdom and then famed Harshavardhana and only one king in India who received the delegation from Emperor Khusro III of Persia to Help him check the onslaught of Arab Muslim Invasion.
  • King Govinda III of RASHTRAKUTA kingdom
  • King Krishna III of Rashtrakuta Kingdom
  • Raja Raja Chola I (AD 985–1014), Chola king who Conquered Chera, Pandya kingdoms. Rajaraja invaded and burnt Sri Lanka to the ground in AD 993. He also invaded Chalukyas, Kalinga and Vengi nations.
  • Rajendra Chola I (11th century), Tamil Chola king and naval commander who conquered the Pala Empire, Srivijaya Empire, Sri Lanka, and the Chalukya, Rashtrakuta and Pandya dynasties.
  • Bakhtiyar Khilji, laid the foundation of Muslim rule in Bengal by defeating Lakshman Sen in 1205.
  • Zafar Khan (13th century), Muslim Indian general who defeated invaders from the Mongol Empire.
  • Alauddin Khilji
  • Tuluva Sri Krishna Deva Raya, Tulu: ತುಳುವಾ ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ಣದೇವರಾಯ, Kannada: ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ಣದೇವರಾಯ, Telugu: శ్రీకృష్ణదేవరాయ) also known as Krishna Raya (AD 1509–1529), was the famed Emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire. The rule of Krishna Deva Raya marks a period of much military success in Vijayanagar history. On occasion, the king was known to change battle plans abruptly and turn a losing battle into victory

Sri Lanka[edit | edit source]

  • Parākramabāhu I (1123–1186), King of Polonnaruwa who unified the three sub kingdoms of the island and undertook military campaigns in southern India and in Myanmar.
  • Gajabâhu I, King of Rajarata led a successful invasion of Chola territory.
  • Dutthagamani Abhaya, King of Rajarata, unified the island and ended the first Chola occupation
  • Vijayabâhu I, King of Polonnaruwa, unified the island and ended the second Chola occupation

Japan[edit | edit source]

  • Takeda Shingen, daimyo during the Sengoku period of Japan. Known for the famous phrase "Swift as the Wind, Silent as a Forest, Fierce as Fire, and Immovable as a Mountain" on his standard; demonstrating his political and military strategies.
  • Uesugi Kenshin daimyo during the Sengoku period Japan. Known as the "Dragon of Echigo for his prowess on the battlefield, considered the primary rival of Takeda Shingen.
  • Sanada Yukimura, retainer of Takeda Shingen, praised as "a hero who may appear once in hundred years" and "crimson demon of war". In legend, he is the leader of the Sanada Ten Braves.
  • Minamoto no Yoshitsune, general whose decisive victories brought down the Taira clan during the Genpei War.
  • Oda Nobunaga (1534–1582), warlord during the Sengoku period of Japan. First of the three unifiers of Japan.
  • Toyotomi Hideyoshi, seized control over Japan after the death of Oda Nobunaga.
  • Tokugawa Ieyasu, finally ended the Sengoku period, pacified and united Japan, and founded the Tokugawa shogunate that would last over 250 years.
  • Date Masamune, daimyo during the Edo period of Japan. He went on to found the modern-day city of Sendai. He was more iconic for being called dokuganryu the one-eye dragon.

Mongols[edit | edit source]

Vietnam[edit | edit source]

  • Trưng sisters, The Trưng sisters (Vietnamese: Hai Bà Trưng; literally: two ladies Trưng) (c. 12 - AD 43) were leaders who rebelled against Chinese rule for three years, and are regarded as national heroines of Vietnam.
  • Ngô Quyền, general who led the struggle for independence against the Chinese In AD 938.
  • Lý Thường Kiệt who defeated Song China in 1075.
  • Tran Hung Dao, general during the Trần Dynasty. Lead the armies that thrice repelled Mongol invasions of Vietnam.
  • Lê Lợi, A military commander and founder of the le dynasty, he is among the most famous figures from the medieval period of Vietnamese history.
  • Nguyễn Huệ known as Emperor Quang Trung (光中皇帝; Quang Trung Hoàng đế ). He was also one of the most successful military commanders in Vietnam's history

Russian[edit | edit source]

English[edit | edit source]

Scottish[edit | edit source]

Irish[edit | edit source]

French[edit | edit source]

Iberian[edit | edit source]

Serbian[edit | edit source]

Welsh[edit | edit source]

Modern era[edit | edit source]

Bulgarian[edit | edit source]

Vladimir Vazov Mihail Savov

Italian[edit | edit source]

English[edit | edit source]

British[edit | edit source]

Brigadier William Patrick Bewley 1937-