The United States Military Academy (USMA) is a federal service academy located at West Point, New York that educates and commissions officers for the United States Army. The Academy was formally founded in 1802 and graduated its first class in October of the same year. It is the oldest of the five American service academies. Due to the academy's age and its unique purpose of producing Army officers, it is home to many monuments and memorials, the oldest dating back to the early 19th century, shortly after the academy's founding. The oldest monument is the Cadet Monument, dedicated in 1818 and located in the West Point Cemetery, while the newest is the Flight Memorial, located just north of Lusk Reservoir and dedicated in 1992.
|Air Cadet Monument||1945||Dedicated by members of the Corps of Cadets to their comrades who died during Cadet flight training. Located north of Lusk Reservoir and near the Flight Memorial, the names of the cadets who died during cadet flight training are inscribed upon the monument.|||
|American Soldier's Statue||1980||Dedicated by members of the Corps of Cadets to their comrades who died during Cadet flight training. Located at the sharp bend in Stony Lonesome Road at the north end of Lusk Reservoir.|||
|Battle Monument||1897||Dedicated in 1897 by Civil War veterans who paid for the monument through their pay and by donation. The names of 2,230 officers and soldiers of the Regular Army are inscribed on the monument. The column was designed by Stanford White, while the statue atop the column was sculpted by Frederick MacMonnies.|||
|Buckner Memorial||1946||Located on the shore of Lake Popolopen at the Camp Buckner, this monument memorializes Lieutenant General Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr., who died while observing battle at Okinawa during World War II, making him the highest ranking American General Officer to die by enemy fire during the war.|||
|Cadet Monument||1818||Dedicated in 1818 in memory of Cadet Vincent M. Lowe, who had died in 1817 in a pre-mature cannon discharge. The monument is located at the far north-east corner of the West Point Cemetery, in the oldest part of the cemetery grounds. The names of cadets who died in the line of duty during the academy's earliest days are inscribed on the monument.|||
|Corbin Monument||1926||Dedicated in 1926 in memory of Margaret Corbin, who had died in 1800. The monument is located near the entrance of the West Point Cemetery, between the Old Cadet Chapel and Washington Road. Corbin was a heroine of the American Revolution who live and died in Highland Falls, NY after the war.|||
|Custer Monument||1879||Dedicated in 1879 in honor of George Armstrong Custer, this monument once stood near the site of present day Taylor Hall. The pedestal once had a statue of Custer atop of it, but after objections to the statue design by Custer's wife, the statue was replaced by an obelisk. The pedestal was moved to his gravesite upon construction of Taylor Hall.|||
|Dade Monument||1845||Originally located on the of current-day Cullum hall on the bluff overlooking the Hudson. It was moved across Cullum road to in front of Cullum hall in 1898, then later moved to its current location in the West Point Cemetery. Monument memorializes Francis L. Dade and his 110 troopers who were killed at the Dade Massacre in 1835.|||
|Eisenhower Monument||50px||1983||One of the newer monuments at the academy. Sculpted by West Point graduate Robert L. Dean, Jr., and located on the southwest corner of the Plain, the sculpture memorializes former General of the Army and 34th President of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower.|||
|Flight Memorial||50px||1992||Dedicated in 1992 in memory of all cadets and graduates who have died in flight-related accidents. Located behind the Air Cadet Monument at the north end of Lusk Reservoir, the statue was sculpted by Walker Hancock.|||
|Kelleher-Jobes Memorial Arch||1939||Located at the north entrance of Flirtation Walk, this archway memorializes Cadets William P. Kelleher and Charles S. Jobes who died during their third class year.|||
|Kosciuszko's Monument||1828||Located on the site of the former Fort Clinton, where he designed the defenses during the Revolutionary War. The column and pedestal were dedicated in 1828, while the statue was added in 1913. Memorial to General Kosciuszko, a Polish officer and engineer who assisted the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War.|||
|L'Ecole Polytechnique Monument||1919||Donated by the students of the French Military Academy to the Corps of Cadets in 1919. The monument currently stands in the cadet Central Area away from general public access. The statue is a replica of a monument to French cadets who took part in the defense of France in 1814. First year cadets are required to know the four "mistakes on the French Monument": curved saber but straight scabbard; flag blowing one direction, coat tails the other; and cannon balls too large for bore of the cannon.|||
|MacArthur Monument||1969||Located at north end of MacArthur Barracks near the Superintendent's quarters. Memorializes former General of the Army, Superintendent, and Medal of Honor awardee Douglas MacArthur. Dedicated by his widow in 1969.|||
|Patton Monument||1950||Originally located across the street and facing the old library, the monument was placed into storage in 2004 to make way for the construction of the new library, Jefferson Hall. This monument to General George S. Patton was re-dedicated in 2009 in a temporary location near the Eisenhower Monument. When the renovations to the old library and Bartlett hall are completed, Patton's monument will be moved to its permanent location near the right field foul pool of Double Day field, facing northwest towards The Plain|||
|Parker-McAniff Memorial||1963||Located at the north entrance of Flirtation Walk, this monument memorializes Cadets Bob Parker and Fred McAniff who both died as cadets while members of the class of 1963.|||
|Sedgwick Monument||1868||Located off Washington road just south of Battle Monument, this monument memorializes Union Army Major General John Sedgwick. The statue was donated by the officers and men of his command. He was the highest ranking Union officer to die in the Civil War.|||
|Sheridan Memorial||1931||Located on Flirtation Walk (West Point), this memorial is dedicated to Richard B. Sheridan Jr, who died on the gridiron of the Yale Bowl in Oct 1931.|||
|Southeast Asia Memorial||1969||Located at the southwest edge of Lusk Reservoir, this monument memorializes the members of the class of 1960 through 1969 who died in conflict in southeast Asia.|||
|Thayer Monument||1883||Located across from the Commandant's quarters on Washington road, this statue memorializes the "Father of the Military Academy", the third Superintendent, Sylvanus Thayer. The monument has been located at several locations as the academy grounds have expanded. Each year during Graduation Week, the oldest living graduate of the academy lays a wreath at this memorial during a special reunion ceremony.|||
|Washington Monument||1916||Originally near the Superintendent's Quarters on the north end of the Plain, moved to its current location near the entrance of Washington hall. This monument memorializes General George Washington, commander of the Continental Army and the first President of the United States.|||
|Wirt Robinson Memorial||1940||Located on the hillside northwest of Arvin Gymnasium just beyond Stony Lonesome road, this memorializes a well liked former professor.|||
|Wood's Monument||1814||Now located in the cemetery, this is the oldest monument at the academy. Dedicated in honor of Colonel Eleazor Wood, an engineer officer and 1806 graduate of West Point who was killed in the War of 1812. Old prints of West Point show this monument located on a knoll near the flag pole. As the academy expanded, it was relocated to its current location in the cemetery.|||
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Hulse, Glenn (1994). Bugle Notes 1994. State College, PA: Jostens Publishing. p. 175.
- ↑ "West Point's Dedication" (PDF). NY Times. 1897-05-30. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9C04E7D91638E733A25753C3A9639C94669ED7CF. Retrieved 1-11-09.
- ↑ Sledge, Eugene B. (1990). With the Old Breed: At Peleliu and Okinawa. Oxford University Press. p. 299. ISBN 0-19-506714-2.
- ↑ "West Point Cemetery". USMA.edu. http://www.usma.edu/cemetery/. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
- ↑ "WEST POINT'S CUSTER STATUE.; MRS. CUSTER CRITICISES THE WORK AND PROTESTS AGAINST DUPLICATING IT IN WASHINGTON." (PDF). 22 April 1880. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9502E6D81438E033A25750C2A9629C94619FD7CF. Retrieved 2010-06-02.
- ↑ Lange, Robie S. (1984). Historical Structures Inventory United States Military Academy West Point, NY Vol 1. Washington DC: National Park Service. p. 43.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 "The West Point Cemetery". USMA.edu. http://www.usma.edu/cemetery/descriptions.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ "Eisenhower Monument". USMA.edu. http://www.usma.edu/tour/EisenhowerMonument.asp. Retrieved 2009-12-29. [dead link]
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 Hulse, Glenn (1994). Bugle Notes 1994. State College, PA: Jostens Publishing. p. 173.
- ↑ "Annual National Tadeusz Kosciuszko Observance". American Association of the Friends of Kosciuszko at West Point, Inc. http://www.kosciuszkoatwestpoint.org/whats_new.html. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
- ↑ Hulse, Glenn (1994). Bugle Notes 1994. State College, PA: Jostens Publishing. pp. 171, 254–255.
- ↑ "Tour of West Point". United States Military Academy. http://www.usma.edu/Tour/MacArthurMonument.asp. Retrieved 2009-03-08. [dead link]
- ↑ "Patton statue is back" (PDF). PointerView. http://www.westpoint.edu/Dcomm/PV/yr2009/09MAY07.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
- ↑ "Tour of West Point". United States Military Academy. http://www.usma.edu/Tour/SedgwickMonument.asp. Retrieved 2009-03-08. [dead link]
- ↑ Hulse, Glenn (1994). Bugle Notes 1994. State College, PA: Jostens Publishing. p. 171.
- ↑ Hulse, Glenn (1994). Bugle Notes 1994. State College, PA: Jostens Publishing. p. 179.
- ↑ "Big Guns at West Point" (PDF). New York Times. 1883-06-12. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9405EFDA153DE533A25751C1A9609C94629FD7CF. Retrieved 2009-03-08.
- ↑ "Projects". Aegis Restauro. http://www.aegisrestauro.com/projects.html. Retrieved 2009-03-08.
- ↑ M. Victor Alper, America's Freedom Trail: a tour guide to historical sites of the colonial and Revolutionary War period1976:200; Linda Nochlin, in Mary Ann Calo, Critical Issues in American Art 1996:308.
- ↑ Miller, Rod (2002). The Campus Guide: West Point US Military Academy. New York: Princeton Architectural Press. p. 136. ISBN 1-56898-294-1.
- ↑ Poughkeepsie Journal (2003). West Point: Legend on the Hudson. Montgomery, NY: Walden Printing. p. 20. ISBN 0-9674209-1-1.
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