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Commonwealth of Australia[]

(Entered the War on: 4 August 1914)

Military leaders[]

Austria-Hungary[]

(Entered the War on: 28 July 1914)

Royalty[]

  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand, (1863–1914), heir to the throne whose murder brought on the war.
  • Emperor Franz Josef I, (1830–1916)
  • Emperor Karl I, (1887–1922), last emperor of Austria, last king of Hungary
  • Empress Zita, (1892–1989), last empress of Austria, last queen of Hungary
  • Archduke Friedrich, Duke of Teschen, Field Marshal and supreme commander of the Austro-Hungarian (K.u.K.) Army
  • Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria, Grand Admiral in the Austro-Hungarian (K.u.K.) Navy
  • Archduke Eugen of Austria, Field Marshal and commander in the Balkins and later of the entire southwestern front
  • Archduke Joseph August of Austria, the last Field Marshal of Austria-Hungary, commander of the VII Corps, the 6th Army, and eventually the Army Group Tirol, also the last Palatine of Hungary
  • Archduke Franz Salvator of Austria, General of Cavalry (equivalent to lieutenant general), K.u.K., and Doctor of Medicine
  • Archduke Josef Ferdinand of Austria, Feldmarschalleutnant (equivalent to major general), and commander of XIV Corps, the 4th Army, and later inspector general of the Imperial Air Force
  • Archduke Karl Albrecht of Austria, Colonel of Artillery of both the Imperial (k.u.k.) Austro-Hungarian Army (on Horse) and the Polish Army
  • Archduke Leo Karl of Austria, Captain, K.u.K., and served after the war as an officer in the Polish Army
  • Archduke Wilhelm of Austria, Colonel of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen, and later served after the war as an officer in the Polish Army

Military leaders[]

  • Svetozar Boroevic von Bojna, field marshalhi
  • Franz Freiherr Rohr von Denta, field marshal
  • Hermann Kövess, field marshal
  • Anton Haus, (1851–1917), Grand Admiral and fleet commander of the K.u.K. Navy
  • Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, (1852–1925), Chief of Staff (1906–1911, 1912–1917)
  • Arthur Arz von Straussenburg, (1857–1935), Chief of Staff (1917–1918)
  • Viktor von Dankl, Colonel General
  • Oskar Potiorek, (1853–1933), General and Governor of Bosnia (during the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand), 1914
  • Godwin Brumowski, (1889–1936), Hauptmann (captain) in the K.u.K. Air Force, leading Austro-Hungarian fighter ace of the war
  • Georg Ludwig von Trapp, (1880–1947), Korvettenkapitän (lieutenant commander) in the K.u.K. Navy, leading Austro-Hungarian U-Boat ace of the war

Politicians[]

  • Harry Johnson, Austrian Social Democratic leader
  • Victor Adler, Austrian Social Democratic leader
  • Count Gyula Andrássy the Younger (1860–1929), Foreign Minister (1918)
  • Count Leopold von Berchtold, (1863–1942), Foreign Minister (1912–1915)
  • Baron Stephan Burián von Rajecz, (1851–1922), Foreign Minister (1915–1916, 1918), Finance Minister (1916–1918)
  • Count Heinrich Clam-Martinic (1863–1932), Minister-President of Austria (1916–1917)
  • Count Ottokar Czernin, (1872–1932), Foreign Minister (1916–1918)
  • Count Moric Esterhazy (1881–1960), Minister-President of Hungary (1917)
  • Ernst Ritter Seidler von Feuchtenegg (1862–1931), Minister-President of Austria (1917–1918)
  • Baron Max Hussarek von Heinlein (1865–1935), Minister-President of Austria (1918)
  • Count Mihály Károlyi (1875–1955), Hungarian Independence Party leader and Minister-President (1918)
  • Ernst von Koerber (1850–1919), Minister-President of Austria (1916)
  • Heinrich Lammasch (1853–1920), Minister-President of Austria (1918)
  • Karl Renner, (1870–1950), Austrian Social Democratic leader, and later Chancellor
  • Count Karl von Stürgkh (1859–1916), Minister-President of Austria (1911–1916)
  • Count László Szőgyény-Marich, Jr. (1841–1916), Long serving Ambassador at Berlin (1892–1914)
  • Count István Tisza (1861–1918), Minister-President of Hungary (1913–1917)
  • Sandor Wekerle (1848–1921), Minister-President of Hungary (1917–19666)

Belgium[]

(Entered the War on: 4 August 1914)

Bulgaria[]

(Entered the War on: 12 October 1915)

Royalty[]

Politicians[]

  • Aleksandar Malinov, (1867–1938), Prime Minister (1908–1911, 1918)
  • Vasil Radoslavov, (1854–1929), Prime Minister
  • Aleksandar Stamboliyski, (1879–1923), Anti-Monarchist
  • Stefan Panaretov, (1853–1931), Diplomat
  • Andrey Lyapchev, Minister

Military leaders[]

Canada (includes Newfoundland)[]

(Entered the War on: 4 August 1914)

Royalty[]

Political leaders[]

  • Sir Robert Borden (1854–1937) Prime Minister (1911–1920)
  • Henri Bourassa (1868–1952) led French Canadian opposition to conscription
  • Sir Sam Hughes (1853–1921) Minister of Militia and Defense

Military[]

Democratic Republic of Armenia[]

Military leaders[]

Politicians[]

  • Hovhannes Katchaznouni was the first Prime Minister of Armenia.
  • Aram Manukian was the minister of Interior.

Others[]

  • Avetis Aharonyan chairman the Armenian National Council which declared the DRA

France[]

(Entered the War on: 3 August 1914)

Military leaders[]

Politicians[]

  • Aristide Briand, (1862–1932), Prime Minister (1909–11, 1913, 1915–17, 1921–22, 1925–26, 1929)
  • Joseph Caillaux, (1863–1944), Prime Minister (June 1911 – January 1912), is bent
  • Georges Clemenceau, (1841–1929), Prime Minister (1917–1920)
  • Théophile Delcassé, (1852–1923), Foreign Minister (1914–1915)
  • Gaston Doumergue,
  • Jean Jaures, (1859–1914), Socialist party leader, pacifist
  • Alexandre Millerand, (1859–1943), Minister of War (1912–13, 1914–15)
  • Paul Painlevé, (1863–1933), Prime Minister (September 1917 – November 1917)
  • Stephen Pichon,
  • Raymond Poincaré, (1860–1934), President (1913–1920)
  • Alexandre Ribot, (1842–1923), Prime Minister (March 1917 – September 1917)
  • René Viviani, (1862–1925), Prime Minister (1914–1915)

Finland[]

Germany[]

(Entered the War on: 1 August 1914)

Monarch[]

Military leaders[]

Political leaders[]

  • Prince Maximilian of Baden (1867–1929), Imperial Chancellor (1918)
  • Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, Imperial Chancellor (1909–1917)
  • Prince Bernhard von Bülow, former Imperial Chancellor (1900–1909), Ambassador to Italy (1914–1915), rival
  • Friedrich Ebert, (1871–1925), Social Democratic leader, Imperial Chancellor (1918), later First President of the Weimar Republic
  • Matthias Erzberger, leader of the left wing of the Catholic Centre Party
  • Count Georg von Hertling, Imperial Chancellor (1917–1918)
  • Richard von Kühlmann, Foreign Secretary (1917–1918)
  • Georg Michaelis, Imperial Chancellor (1917)
  • Gottlieb von Jagow, Foreign Secretary (1913–1916)
  • Hans Freiherr von Wangenheim, ambassador to the Ottoman Empire (1912–1915)
  • Philipp Scheidemann, Social Democratic Leader, later first Chancellor of the Weimar Republic (1919)
  • Gustav Stresemann, (1878–1929), leader of the imperialist wing of the National Liberal Party, later a major statesman of the Weimar Republic
  • Arthur Zimmermann, Foreign Secretary (1916–1917)

Others[]

  • Anthony Fokker, (1890–1939), Aircraft builder
  • Hermann Göring, (1888–1946), Fighter Ace
  • Manfred von Richthofen, (1892–1918), Fighter Ace
  • Adolf Hitler, (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945), Later Leader of the Nazi Party, Reichskanzler and Führer of the 3rd Reich

Greece[]

(Entered the War on: July 2nd 1917)

  • King Alexander
  • Joannis Metaxas, (1871–1941), Military Dictator
  • Eleutherios Venizelos, Prime Minister

Italy[]

(Entered the War on: 23 May 1915)

Royalty[]

Military leaders[]

Political leaders[]

  • Paolo Boselli, Prime Minister
  • Alfredo Dallolio, Minister of Munitions
  • Marquis di San Giuliano, Foreign Minister
  • Giovanni Giolitti, Prime Minister
  • Vittorio Orlando, Prime Minister
  • Antonio Salandra, Prime Minister
  • Baron Sidney Sonnino, Foreign Minister

Others[]

Japan[]

(Entered the War on: 23 August 1914)

  • Emperor Taisho
  • Mitsuomi Kamio
  • Marquess Shigenobu Okuma, Prime Minister (1914–1916)
  • Count Masatake Terauchi, Prime Minister (1916–1918)
  • Takashi Hara, Prime Minister (1918–1921)
  • Gentaro Yamashita, Admiral
  • Tanin Yamaya, Admiral
  • Rokuro Yashiro, Admiral
  • Mitsumasa Yonai, Naval Officer

Mexico[]

(Neutral Country)

Netherlands[]

(Neutral Country)

New Zealand[]

(Entered the War on: 4 August 1914)

Ottoman Empire[]

(Entered the War on: 31 October 1914)

Monarchs[]

  • Sultan Mehmed V, Monarch
  • Sultan Mehmed VI, Monarch

Political leaders[]

Military leaders[]

  • Enver Pasha, Minister of War
  • Ahmed Djemal Pasha, Military Governor of Syria
  • Dustin Green, Military Governor of Canada

Military[]

Portugal[]

Political leaders[]

  • Bernardino Machado – President of Portugal
  • Afonso Costa – Prime Minister of Portugal
  • Norton de Matos - War Minister

Military leaders[]

  • Tamagnini de Abreu – Commander of the Portuguese Expeditionary Corps (CEP)
  • Alves Roçadas – Commander of the Portuguese Forces in Southern Angola
  • Ferreira Gil – Commander of the Portuguese Forces in Eastern Africa

Russia[]

(Entered the War on: 1 August 1914)

Royalty[]

Military leaders[]

Political leaders and others[]

  • Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, (1888–1938), Bolshevik Leader
  • Victor Chernov, Socialist-Revolutionary Party Leader
  • Ivan Goremykin, Prime Minister (1914–1916)
  • Alexander Guchkov, Octobrist Leader
  • Lev Kamenev
  • Prince Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov, First Head of the Provisional Government (1917)
  • Alexandra Kollontai, Bolshevik Leader
  • Alexander Krivoshein, Minister of Agriculture
  • Vladimir Lenin, (1870–1924), Bolshevik leader
  • Aleksandr Kerensky, (1881–1970), Second Head of the Russian Provisional Government, 1917
  • Nikolai Maklakov, Minister of the Interior
  • Julius Martov, Menshevik Leader
  • Pavel Miliukov, Kadet leader
  • Alexander Protopopov, Minister of the Interior
  • Vladimir Purishkevich, right wing political leader, assassin of Rasputin
  • Grigori Rasputin, (1872–1919), friar, adventurer, mystic wonder-worker
  • Sergei Sazonov, Foreign Minister (1910–1916)
  • Joseph Stalin, (1879–1953), (a pseudonym) – Soviet leader
  • Boris Stürmer, Prime Minister (1916)
  • Alexander Trepov, Prime Minister (1916)
  • Leon Trotsky, (1879–1940), Bolshevik leader
  • Prince Felix Yusupov, murderer of Rasputin
  • Grigory Zinoviev, (1883–1936), Russian Bolshevik

Serbia[]

(Entered the War on: 28 July 1914)

  • King Peter I, (1844–1921), Serbian Monarch
  • Crown Prince Alexander, (1888–1934), Serbian Monarch
  • Dragutin Dimitrijevic, (1877–1917), founder and leader of Black Hand Society
  • Zivojin Misic, (1855–1921), Field Marshal
  • Stepa Stepanović, (1856–1929), Field Marshal
  • Nikola Pasic, (1845–1926), Prime Minister
  • Gavrilo Princip, (1894–1918), the Serbian freedom fighter who assassinated Franz Ferdinand of Austria and triggered the war
  • Radomir Putnik, (1847–1917), Chief of General Staff
  • Pavle Jurisic Sturm, General
  • Peter Vasic, (1862–1931), Colonel
  • Bosa Yankovich, General

South Africa[]

(Entered the War on: 4 August 1914)

  • Andrew Beauchamp-Proctor, (1894–1921), Fighter Pilot and Victoria Cross recipient
  • Louis Botha, (1862–1919), Prime Minister
  • Sir Henry Lukin, (1860–1925), General
  • Jan Smuts, (1870–1950), Prime Minister
  • Sir Jacob Louis Van Deventer, (1874–1922), General

United Kingdom[]

(Entered the War on: 4 August 1914)

Royalty[]

Military leaders[]

See Also; List of British military and naval figures by wealth at death

Political leaders[]

Others[]

United States of America[]

(Entered the War on: 6 April 1917)

  • Newton D. Baker, (1871–1937), Secretary of War 1916–1921
  • Tasker H. Bliss, (1853–1930), Army Chief of Staff 1917–1918, U.S. representative Supreme War Council
  • William Jennings Bryan, (1860–1925), Secretary of State
  • Hans Martin Catalano, (1897-1971), Mounted Calvary
  • Daniel Daly, (1873–1937), Marine, received Navy Cross and Distinguished Service Cross
  • Josephus Daniels, (1862–1948), Secretary of the Navy 1913–1921
  • William T. Fitzsimons, (died 1917), early U.S. casualty.
  • Benjamin Foulois, 1879–1967, was a member of the aviation section of the AEF.
  • William S. Graves, (1865–1940), Commander of American forces in Siberia during the Allied Intervention in Russia
  • Harry G. Hamlet, 1874–1954, later served as Commandant of the Coast Guard
  • Ernest Hemingway, (1899–1961), served in the ambulance corps, author of For Whom the Bell Tolls, A Farewell to Arms, and The Sun Also Rises
  • Edward House, advisor to President Wilson
  • Charles Evans Hughes, (1862–1948), Republican, 1907–1910, governor of New York, U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice, presidential candidate
  • Field E. Kindley, (1895–1920), Ace
  • Robert Lansing, (1864–1928), Secretary of State 1915–1920
  • John A. Lejeune, USMC general, led Marine and army divisions
  • Peyton C. March, (1864–1955), Army Chief of Staff 1918–1921
  • Colonel George Patton, commander of U.S. Tank Corps
  • General John J. Pershing, (1860–1948), commander of the AEF
  • Eddie Rickenbacker, (1890–1973), Ace
  • Harold Ross, (1882–1951), Editor of Stars and Stripes, later founder of The New Yorker Magazine
  • Woodrow Wilson, (1856–1924), 28th (1913–1921) President
  • Leonard Wood, (1860–1927), General
  • Sgt. Alvin York, (1887–1964), highly decorated war hero
  • Julia Hunt Catlin Park DePew Taufflieb (1862-1948) First American Female to be awarded the Croix de Guerre and Legion of Honour from France for turning her Chateau d'Annel into a 300 bed hospital on the front line, in 1917.

See also[]

External links[]


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