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The list of shipwrecks in 1865 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1865.

table of contents
1865
Jan Feb Mar Apr
May Jun Jul Aug
Sep Oct Nov Dec
Unknown date

January[]

13 January[]

List of shipwrecks: 13 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Billy  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The brig was wrecked off Southwold, Suffolk, England, with the loss of all six crew.[1]
Brazilie Packet  Netherlands The brig parted her cables when anchored near the Brisons, off Cornwall, England, and went on the rocks at Progo Cove, Cape Cornwall, with the loss of all the crew. She was on her way from Rio Grande[where?] to Falmouth, Cornwall, carrying hides and horns.[2]
Henrietta  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The sloop hit Barrel Point while attempting to cross Hayle Bar, in St Ives Bay, Cornwall, England, with the loss of all the crew, and the pilot.[2]

14 January[]

List of shipwrecks: 14 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Ceres  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland While carrying roof slate to Hayle, Cornwall, England, the brigantine broke her moorings while in Boscastle, Cornwall, and ran up the beach during hurricane-force winds. She was badly damaged on the next tide and became a wreck.[2]
Elizabeth Jane  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The schooner parted her moorings and was driven out of Newquay harbour and onto Towan Beach, north Cornwall, England.[2]
Lelia  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The cutter was wrecked on Great Orme Head, Caernarfonshire, Wales.[3]

15 January[]

List of shipwrecks: 15 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Juanito  Spain The vessel lost her way while carrying sugar and molasses from Cárdenasdisambiguation needed to Greenock, Scotland, and struck the rocks at Duckpool, Cornwall, England, north of Bude Haven, Cornwall, with the loss of one crew member.[2]
USS Patapsco  United States American Civil War: The monitor struck a mine at Charleston, South Carolina and sank at 32°45′55″N 79°53′29″W / 32.765252°N 79.891281°W / 32.765252; -79.891281 (USS Patapsco (1862)) with heavy loss of life.

17 January[]

List of shipwrecks: 17 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Columbian  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The 1,100-ton West India and Pacific Steamship Company iron screw steamer was blown onto rocks and wrecked by a hurricane off the island of Ushant, Brittany, France.[4]

24 January[]

List of shipwrecks: 24 January 1865
Ship Country Description
CSS Drewry  Confederate States Navy

The wreck of a Confederate gunboat on the James River in 1865, believed to be that of CSS Drewry.

American Civil War, Battle of Trent's Reach: The gunboat was wrecked on the James River in Virginia.

25 January[]

List of shipwrecks: 25 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Armenian  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The Elder, Dempster & Co cargo ship ran onto the Arklow Bank in the Irish Sea off the coast of County Wicklow and was wrecked with the loss of four lives. Survivors were rescued by the steamship Montague ( United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland). Four crew of the Arklow Lightship ( United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland) were lost attempting a rescue.[5]

26 January[]

List of shipwrecks: 26 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Francis & Ann United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Jersey The schooner struck the Helwick Shoal, in the Bristol Channel and was abandoned by her crew, who reached the Helwick Lightship ( United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland), from where they were rescued. Francis and Ann came ashore at Overton, Glamorgan, Wales.[3]

27 January[]

List of shipwrecks: 27 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Eclipse  United States The steamboat exploded on the Mississippi River near Johnsonville.disambiguation needed[6]
Robin Hood  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The pilot cutter was sunk in a collision in the Bristol Channel off Ilfracombe, Devon, England. Her crew were rescued. The wreck came ashore at Langland, Glamorgan, Wales.[3]

Unknown date[]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date January 1865
Ship Country Description
Lelia Unknown The heavily laden paddle steamer, which had departed the River Mersey in England on 14 January, sank in heavy seas in Liverpool Bay off the Great Orne on the coast of Wales near the lightship Prince with the loss of 39 lives. Twelve survivors reached Prince.
Liverpool No. 1 Lifeboat (Flag of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution.svg Royal National Lifeboat Institution)

Illustration of the capsizing of the Liverpool No. 1 Lifeboat on its way to rescue the crew of Lelia, from the Illustrated London News.

The lifeboat capsized in heavy seas in Liverpool Bay off the Great Orne on the coast of Wales near the lightship Prince while approaching the scene of the sinking of the paddle steamer Lelia (flag unknown), resulting in the death of seven of the lifeboat′s 11 crew members.

February[]

18 February[]

List of shipwrecks: 18 February 1865
Ship Country Description
CSS Charleston  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The casemate ironclad ram was scuttled at Charleston, South Carolina, at 32°47′29″N 79°55′21″W / 32.79139°N 79.9225°W / 32.79139; -79.9225 (CSS Charlestown) to prevent her capture by Union forces.

27 February[]

List of shipwrecks: 27 February 1865
Ship Country Description
USS Arizona  United States Navy The sidewheel paddle steamer caught fire on the Mississippi River 38 miles south of New Orleans, Louisiana, and was abandoned when the fire went out of control. After she was abandoned, she grounded on the west bank of the river, continued to burn, and finally exploded at 12:35 a.m. on 28 February. Four members of her crew were listed as missing; 94 survived.

March[]

31 March[]

List of shipwrecks: 31 March 1865
Ship Country Description
General Lyon  United States The transport vessel burned and sank in the Atlantic Ocean off the North Carolina coast. Of an estimated 550 to 500 passengers and crew only about 29 survived.[7]

Unknown date[]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1865
Ship Country Description
CSS Neuse  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The steam-powered ironclad ram was burned in the Neuse River at 35°16′1.33″N 77°37′17.8″W / 35.2670361°N 77.621611°W / 35.2670361; -77.621611 (CSS Neuse) to prevent her capture by Union forces.

April[]

1 April[]

List of shipwrecks: 1 April 1865
Ship Country Description
Bertrand  United States The steamboat sank in the Desoto Bend of the Missouri River.41°31′24″N 96°1′44″W / 41.52333°N 96.02889°W / 41.52333; -96.02889 (Bertrand (steamboat))
USS Rodolph  United States Navy
File:USS Rodolph 1864 rev.jpg

Illustration of USS Rodolph striking the mine.

American Civil War, Union blockade: While operating as a minesweeper, the tinclad sternwheel paddle steamer struck a Confederate mine in the Blakeley River in Alabama and sank with the loss of four lives.

4 April[]

List of shipwrecks: 4 April 1865
Ship Country Description
CSS Fredericksburg  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The ironclad warship was scuttled in the James River in Virginia to prevent her capture by Union.

12 April[]

List of shipwrecks: 12 April 1865
Ship Country Description
CSS Huntsville  Confederate States Navy American Civil War:The ironclad warship was scuttled at 30°46′09″N 88°01′14″W / 30.76924°N 88.02053°W / 30.76924; -88.02053 (CSS Huntsville) in the Spanish River in Alabama to avoid capture by Union forces.
CSS Tuscaloosa  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The ironclad ram was scuttled at 30°46′09″N 88°01′14″W / 30.76924°N 88.02053°W / 30.76924; -88.02053 (CSS Tuscaloosa (ironclad)) in the Spanish River in Alabama to avoid capture by Union forces.

17 April[]

List of shipwrecks: 17 April 1865
Ship Country Description
CSS Chattahoochee  Confederate States Navy American Civil War, Battle of Columbus: The screw gunboat was scuttled in the Chattahoochee River at Columbus, Georgia, to prevent her capture by Union forces.
CSS Jackson  Confederate States Navy American Civil War, Battle of Columbus: The ironclad ram, captured by Union Army ( United States) cavalry forces the previous day, was burned and sunk in the Chattahoochee River between Columbus, Georgia, and Girard, Alabama, to prevent Confederate forces from recapturing her.

27 April[]

List of shipwrecks: 27 April 1865
Ship Country Description
Sultana  United States

Illustration of Sultana burning from Harper's Weekly, May 20, 1865.

The sidewheel paddle steamer was destroyed on the Mississippi River 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Memphis, Tennessee, by a boiler explosion and fire. Estimates of the number of dead range from 1,100 to 1,547, with the most recent evidence indicating that 1,196 passengers and crew lost their lives. One estimate places the number of survivors as low as 931, although the most recent estimate is that 959 survived.

May[]

8 May[]

List of shipwrecks: 8 May 1865
Ship Country Description
Mary  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The crew of the 97-ton Beaumaris schooner carrying china clay from Par, Cornwall, England, to Runcorn, Cheshire, England, struck the Runnel Stone but survived.[8]

12 May[]

List of shipwrecks: 12 May 1865
Ship Country Description
Fiery Star  United Kingdom The disabled clipper sank in the Pacific Ocean about 25 nautical miles from New Zealand in the vicinity of 37°05′S 175°42′E / 37.083°S 175.7°E / -37.083; 175.7 (Fiery Star) due to damage caused by a fire on board that had been discovered on 19 April during a storm and had never been put out. The barque Dauntless (flag unknown) rescued the 18 people remaining aboard Fiery Star. Another 87 people who had abandoned Fiery Star in four lifeboats on 20 April disappeared without trace.

20 May[]

List of shipwrecks: 20 May 1865
Ship Country Description
City of Dunedin  United Kingdom The paddle steamer apparently struck a rock off the coast of New Zealand near Cape Terawhiti during a storm and sank with the loss of all hands.

June[]

1 June[]

List of shipwrecks: 1 June 1865
Ship Country Description
James Dunn  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The vessel, of Truro, Cornwall, England, was in collision with a large barque during the night off Higher Sharpnose, Morwenstow, Cornwall, while en route to Swansea, Wales, with a cargo of copper ore.[2]

20 June (approximate)[]

List of shipwrecks: 20 June 1865
Ship Country Description
Kentucky  United States The steamboat ran aground in the Red River of the South near Shreveport, Louisiana, while carrying a large number of Confederate soldiers. Not believed to be in danger, she was not evacuated. She sank that night with the loss of approximately 200 lives.[9] Her wreck was rediscovered in 1994.[10]

July[]

4 July[]

List of shipwrecks: 4 July 1865
Ship Country Description
Agnes Unknown The cutter was wrecked on the coast of New South Wales, Australia.

30 July[]

List of shipwrecks: 30 July 1865
Ship Country Description
Brother Jonathan  United States The California Steam Navigation Company paddle steamer struck an uncharted rock in the Pacific Ocean at Crescent City, California, and sank. An estimated 225 passengers and crew lost their lives; there were only 19 survivors.

31 July[]

List of shipwrecks: 31 July 1865
Ship Country Description
Glasgow  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The ship caught fire and was abandoned.[11]

August[]

4 August[]

List of shipwrecks: 4 August 1865
Ship Country Description
Smerch  Russian Navy The monitor struck an uncharted rock and sank off Finland. She was refloated, repaired, and returned to service.

9 August[]

List of shipwrecks: 9 August 1865
Ship Country Description
Pewabic  United States

The wreck of Pewabic in 2013 or earlier.

The package freighter sank in Lake Huron six miles off Thunder Bay Island near Alpena, Michigan, after colliding with the cargo ship Meteor ( United States). Meteor rescued some people from Pewabic; others died, and the death toll could not be determined because Pewabic′s passenger manifest went down with the ship.

23 August[]

List of shipwrecks: 23 August 1865
Ship Country Description
Argosy No. 3  United States The steamer went aground and suffered a steam explosion at Hatfield's Landing, White Mills, Kentucky, 80 miles (129 m) below Lousiville, Kentucky. At least 10 people died.[12]
USS Commodore McDonough  United States Navy The steam ferry foundered in the Atlantic Ocean off the United States East Coast while under tow from Port Royal, South Carolina, to New York City.

September[]

16 September[]

List of shipwrecks: 16 September 1865
Ship Country Description
Lone Star  United States The steamship was wrecked in the Gulf of Mexico 6 miles (9.7 km) north of Red Fish Bar near Galveston, Texas.

October[]

7 October[]

List of shipwrecks: 7 October 1865
Ship Country Description
Duncan Dunbar  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The clipper struck a reef at Rocas Atoll in the South Atlantic Ocean, 269 miles (433 km) northeast of Recife, Brazil, and sank. Good discipline and seamanship enabled the full complement of some 80 passengers and crew to be rescued after 10 days on a barren islet.[13]

25 October[]

List of shipwrecks: 25 October 1865
Ship Country Description
Republic  United States The sidewheel paddle steamer sank in a hurricane in the Atlantic Ocean approximately 100 miles (160 km) southeast of Savannah, Georgia.

28 October[]

List of shipwrecks: 28 October 1865
Ship Country Description
Edith  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The brig dragged her anchors and came ashore at Castle Point, St Mawes, Cornwall.[2]

November[]

6 November[]

List of shipwrecks: 6 November 1865
Ship Country Description
USS Jacob Bell  United States Navy The decommissioned sidewheel paddle steamer foundered in the Atlantic Ocean off the United States East Coast while under tow from Washington, D.C., to New York City by the sidewheel paddle steamer USS Banshee ( United States Navy).

13 November[]

List of shipwrecks: 13 November 1865
Ship Country Description
Aenid Unknown Three huge waves struck the wooden cutter in the Tasman Sea at Long Reef off New South Wales, Australia, swamping and wrecking her with the loss of two lives. Four others on board survived. The wreck later was found washed up on Long Reef.

19 November[]

List of shipwrecks: 19 November 1865
Ship Country Description
City of Launceston  United Kingdom

Illustration of City of Launceston sinking.

The passenger-cargo steamer collided with SS Penola (flag unknown) in Port Philip Bay, Victoria, Australia, and sank without loss of life. Her passengers and crew were rescued by Penola.

22 November[]

List of shipwrecks: 22 November 1865
Ship Country Description
Rhedertenden  Norway The Porsgrund brig was washed out of the harbour at St Michael's Mount and wrecked on Marazion beach, Cornwall.[2][14]

23 November[]

List of shipwrecks: 23 November 1865
Ship Country Description
Adele  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland During a gale the schooner drifted out of the harbour at St Michael's Mount and was driven onto the beach at Marazion, Cornwall. She was carrying china clay from Charlestown, Cornwall to Runcorn.[2]
Constance  France The lugger was carrying barley from Saint-Malo to Cardiff and was driven ashore two miles west of Polperro, Cornwall. The master and boy were saved and two drowned.[2]

24 November[]

List of shipwrecks: 24 November 1865
Ship Country Description
Annie Lee  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The crew of the barque were save when she sank after dragging her anchors and fouling the chains of the Italian barque Emilie Barbame outside the Black Rock, Cornwall. She was out of Taganrog with wheat.[2]
Santesto  Brazil The barque was wrecked at Gunwalloe in Mount's Bay, Cornwall.[2][15]
Spagna  Kingdom of Italy The brig carrying wheat from Taganrog to Falmouth, Cornwall was embayed in SSW hurricane force winds and wrecked under Perran Cliff in Mount's Bay.[2]
Tobaco  Prussia The crew of the brigantine, bar one, was saved by the rocket apparatus and the lifeboat Richard Lewis (Flag of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution.svg Royal National Lifeboat Institution) at Long Rock, Mount's Bay. She was carrying logs from Tobasko to Hamburg.[2][16]
William  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The 325-ton Sunderland barque was carrying linseed from Odessa to Falmouth, Cornwall when she had to run for shelter at Porthleven, Cornwall. The ship came to rest with her stern overhanging the quay and road, and all bar two of the crew climbed to safety.[15][17]

28 November[]

List of shipwrecks: 28 November 1865
Ship Country Description
Susan  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The dandy, carrying creosote, became stranded and lost in a force 8 northerly gale eight miles east-southeast (sic) of Trevose Head, Cornwall, England.[2]

Unknown date[]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1865
Ship Country Description
Argo  Portugal The barque was abandoned off the Tusker Rock, in the Bristol Channel. Her crew survived. Argo was later retrieved by the Porthcawl Lifeboat.[3]
Black Diamond  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Bridport, Dorset.[18]
Resolution  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The schooner foundered near Land's End, Cornwall.[2]

December[]

29 December[]

List of shipwrecks: 29 December 1865
Ship Country Description
Juliet  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The barque, while carrying sugar and 400 casks of rum from Demerara to London, was making for Padstow Harbour and drifted ashore. The crew were saved by the Padstow lifeboat and 280 casks of rum was salvaged later.[2]

Unknown date[]

List of shipwrecks: unknown date 1865
Ship Country Description
Carioca  France The vessel struck the rocks under Hermitage Rock Battery on Alderney in the Channel Islands in late December. Gunner James Moore of the Royal Artillery on Alderney rescued 17 men of her crew; he later was awarded a Royal National Lifeboat Institution Silver Medal.[19]

Unknown date[]

List of shipwrecks: unknown date 1865
Ship Country Description
Carrier Dove  United States During a voyage from Shields, England, to New York City, the clipper ran aground on Governors Island in New York Harbor. After lighters took her cargo to the wharves in New York, she was refloated, repaired, and returned to service.
Race Horse  United States The clipper vanished in early 1865.

References[]

  1. Bottomley, Alan Farquar. "Shipwrecks at or near Walberswick from 1848 - 1874". Suffolk Records Society. http://walberswick.onesuffolk.net/assets/WLHG/ShipsShipwrecks1782-1845.pdf. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 Larn, Richard; Larn, Bridget (1997). Shipwreck Index of the British Isles. Volume 1. London: Lloyd's Register of Shipping. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Tovey, Ron. "A Chronology of Bristol Channel Shipwrecks". Swansea Docks. http://www.swanseadocks.co.uk/Gower%20wrecks%20Rons%20write-up%20site.pdf. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  4. "Wreck of the Colombian 1865". http://www.old-merseytimes.co.uk/colombian1865.html. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  5. "Wreck of the Armenian 1865". http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?11773. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  6. "Re: Steamboat "Eclipse" destroyed 1865-casualty list?". Genforum.genealogy.com. 31 March 2008. http://genforum.genealogy.com/civilwar/messages/24765.html. Retrieved 27 April 2010. 
  7. [1]
  8. Noall, C. (1968) Cornish Shipwrecks Illustrated. Truro: Tor Mark Press; pp. 23
  9. "Disaster on the Red River, Sinking of the Kentucky, 200 Lives Lost". New York Times. June 24, 1865. 
  10. Simms, Janet; Robertson, Paul (2000). "Multidisciplined Investigation to Locate the Kentucky Shipwreck". GEA (Wiley). https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/wiley/multidisciplined-investigation-to-locate-the-kentucky-shipwreck-EMl37oPXO0. 
  11. "GLASGOW". Clydesite. http://www.clydesite.co.uk/clydebuilt/abandoned-ships/GLASGOW_63.html. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  12. Anonymous, "Steamboat Disaster," Janesville Gazette (Janesville, Wisconsin), August 25, 1865.
  13. The wreck of the Duncan Dunbar. The Sydney Morning Herald, 22 January 1866, at Trove
  14. Carter, C. (1998). The Port of Penzance. Lydney: Black Dwarf Publications. ISBN 0-9533028-0-6. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 Treglown, Tony (2011). Porthleven in Years Gone by; Local Shipwrecks.. Ashton: Tony Treglown. 
  16. Corin, J; Farr, G (1983). Penlee Lifeboat. Penzance: Penlee & Penzance Branch of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution. p. 120. ISBN 0-9508611-0-3. 
  17. Larn, R. and Larn, B. (1991) Shipwrecks around Mounts Bay. Penryn: Tor Mark Press.
  18. "Historical List of Shipwrecks at Chesil Beach & from Bridport to Lyme Regis". Burton Bradstock Online. http://www.burtonbradstock.org.uk/History/Wrecks%20off%20Burton%20Bradstock/Historical%20list%20of%20wrecks.htm. Retrieved 27 December 2014. 
  19. "From The Ladies' Companion and Monthly Magazine, 1868". http://www.priaulxlibrary.co.uk/articles/article/season-alderney. 


Ship events in 1865
Ship launches: 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870
Ship commissionings: 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870
Ship decommissionings: 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870
Shipwrecks: 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870

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