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A sniper is a sharpshooter.
Some notable snipers have been:
- Michael Andrew Clark (1949–1965), teenage sniper who killed 3 and wounded 6 in Highway 101 shooting spree on April 25, 1965.
- Christopher Curran, a Federal Bureau of Investigation sniper who participated in the shootings at Ruby Ridge.
- Rob Furlong, a Canadian Army sniper who held the record for the kill from the greatest distance.
- William Gentles (1857–1932), US sniper bayoneted Crazy Horse.
- Craig Harrison (1975- ), Royal Marines sniper who achieved the longest confirmed kill shot in history (2,475m) using the Accuracy International L115A3 Long Range Rifle.
- Carlos Hathcock (1942–1999), renowned United States Marine Corps sniper.
- Simo Häyhä (1905–2002), a Finnish sniper who holds the record for highest number of confirmed sniper kills. Häyhä was credited with 505 kills of Soviet soldiers accomplished in fewer than 100 days during the Winter War.
- Matthaus Hetzenauer, famous German sniper on the Eastern Front of the World War II who was credited with 345 kills.
- Lon Horiuchi (born 1954), a Federal Bureau of Investigation sniper who participated in the killing of Vicki Weaver at Ruby Ridge.
- Thomas "Tom" Horn, Jr. (1860–1903) an American Old West lawman, scout, and hired gunman, known for shooting cattle rustlers and sheepherders at long range with a Sharps rifle.
- Erwin Konig (died c. 1942) an apocryphal German sniper said to have taken part in the Battle of Stalingrad
- Chris Kyle (1974-2013), a retired US Navy SEAL who holds the record for the most confirmed kills in U.S. military history, with 160 kills in the Iraq War.
- Chuck Mawhinney (born 1949), a United States Marine Corps sniper who holds the record for most confirmed kills by a US Marine.
- Fyodor Okhlopkov (1908–1968), was one of the most effective Soviet snipers, credited with 423 confirmed kills during World War II.
- Lee Harvey Oswald (1939–1963) ex-US Marine, assassinated President of the United States John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas.
- Lyudmila Pavlichenko (1916–1974), was the greatest female sniper. She served the Soviet army and has 309 confirmed kills.
- John Plaster Former American special forces major.
- Graham Ragsdale, a Canadian Army sniper who fought in Afghanistan in 2003.
- Billy Sing, an Australian soldier in WW1 was credited with over 150 confirmed kills.
- Zhang Taofang (1931–2007), a Chinese sniper who fought at the Korean War with 214 confirmed kills in 32 days.
- Adelbert Waldron (1933–1995), a United States Army sniper who held the record for the most confirmed kills by a US military sniper (109).
- Charles Whitman (1941–1966), student and ex-US Marine who fired from a clock tower on the University of Texas Austin campus, killing 14 and wounding 32 in August 1966.
- Vasily Zaytsev (1915–1991), a Soviet sniper who fought at the Battle of Stalingrad. Zaytsev is credited with 242 kills (including 11 snipers).
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