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P-40 Kittyhawk

P-40E-1CU 41-36084
RAF Kittyhawk Ia ET730 Polly
Australian War Memorial

The Curtiss P-40 was an American single-engine, single-seat, all-metal fighter and ground attack aircraft. Flown by the air forces of 28 nations, when production of the P-40 ceased in November 1944, 13,738 had been built.

BackgroundEdit

By the fall of 1944, the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) had already surveyed, retired or scrapped the majority of the early versions (P-40B/P-40L) and was in the midst of transiting the remaining combat units from the P-40N to the either P-47D or P-51D. At the end of World War II, the only remaining P-40 were in several Operational Training Units (OTUs). These aircraft quickly were struck-off charge and placed into storage.

Most foreign users of the P-40 also quickly retired their usage as well – the Royal New Zealand Air Force retired their last P-40 in 1947 (but did not scrap the aircraft until 1962) and the last military to use the P-40 operationally was the Brazilian Air Force who used them until late 1950s.

In 1947 the Royal Canadian Air Force put their P-40s up for sale at a price of $50.00 each. Mr. Fred Dyson purchased 35 P-40E Ms and Ns) and barged them from Vancouver to Seattle to sell. Numerous example of the RCAF fleet of P-40s were also purchased by farmers looking to strip the aircraft of hardware, which was in short supply after the war. These RCAF aircraft for the next 30 years would be preponderance of the remaining examples of the P-40 family.

The P-40Es and Ms were declared experimental aircraft by the FAA and had strict restrictions placed on their operations. The P-40N however, was placed in the limited category (typical for most warbirds). To bypass the stringent FAA limitations, many P-40Es were licensed by the owners as P-40Ns.

In 1950, the Korean War put on hold USAF plans to retire the P-51 Mustang, and anyone who wanted a high performance aircraft had to settle for these Canadian P-40. It was not until the late 1950s that once again the P-51 became available but by this time, the Kittyhawks/Warhawks had found a popular niche in the aviation community. The airshow display was becoming popular and having an aircraft, which could be painted in spurious AVG markings, made them a popular entertainer.

In the mid 1970s to late 1980s, collectors from the United States started traveling to former South Pacific battlefield airfields and recovered the second generation of P-40 survivors. A vast majority of these airframes were RNZAF and RAAF combat veterans. These recovered P-40s are still being taken from storage and after a considerable amount of time and resources, being returned to airworthy status.

The third generation of P-40s survivors became available with the fall of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s and numerous example were discovered and recovered from former World War II Arctic battlefields near Murmansk. Other examples also included airframes being recovered from Alaskan wartime crashes during this same time frame.

There are still numerous example of wrecked P-40s that have yet to be recovered in China, United States, Canada as well as Russia in addition to the South Pacific sites. One difficulty being faced by those wishing to recover the crashed aircraft from New Guinea is that this government has decreed that these wrecks are to remain where they crashed (and allowed to deteriorate due to weather/vandalism or scrap dealers) with no plans other than hostility, many of these restorable airframes will be lost.

SurvivorsEdit

Curtiss P-40E Warhawk 2 USAF

Hawk 87A-3 AK987
RCAF 1068 USAFM

P-40B G-CDWH

Curtiss P-40B G-CDWH at Duxford 2008, the world's oldest airworthy type.[1]

Aleutian P-40E

P-40M-10CU 43-5802 in Aleutian Tiger markings.

Curtiss P-40N-5-CU "Little Jeanne"

P-40N-5-CU 42-105915 Little Jeanne

P-40 B Tomahawk NMNA

Hawk 81A-3 / Tomahawk IIb AK255, US National Museum of Naval

WarBird

Hawk 87A-3 AK875
RCAF 1044 Lope's Hope
NASM

P-40N Parrot Head

P-40N-15CU 42-106396 Parrot Head

RCAF Kittyhawk

Hawk 87A-3 AL135
RCAF 1076
Canada Aviation Museum

AustraliaEdit

Airworthy
P-40E
On display
P-40E
P-40N
  • 42-104947 - on display as a crashed diorama at the Classic Fighter Jets Museum in Adelaide, South Australia.[4]
Under restoration
P-40E
  • 41-5632' - under restoration by Ben Saunders in Melbourne, Victoria.[5]
  • 41-13522 - under restoration by Moorabbin Air Museum in Melbourne, Victoria.[6]
  • 41-25109 - under restoration by Col Pay in Scone, New South Wales.[7]
  • 41-35984 - under restoration by P-40E Syndicate in Queensland.[8]
  • 41-36843 - under restoration by Murray Griffiths in Deniliquin, New South Wales.[9]
P-40F
  • 41-14112 - under restoration by Judy Pay in Melbourne, Victoria.[10]
P-40N
  • 42-104954 - under restoration by Edwin Sedgman in Melbourne, Victoria.[11]
  • 42-105051 - under restoration by Keith W. Hopper in Townsville, Queensland.[12]
  • 42-105472 - under restoration by Bruno Carnival in Melbourne, Victoria.[13]
  • 42-105513 - under restoration by Australian Aerospace Museum in Melbourne, Victoria.[14]
  • 42-105915 - under restoration by Jack McDonald & John Rayner in Melbourne, Victoria.[15]

BrazilEdit

P-40N
  • 44-7700 - Museum Aerospacial, Rio de Janeiro.[16]

CanadaEdit

Airworthy
P-40N
  • 42-104827 - Vintage Wings of Canada in Ottawa.[17]
On display
P-40E

EgyptEdit

P-40
  • ET574 - was recently found in the desert and is fairly well-preserved. The Royal Air Force Museum in London, England expects to recover the aircraft and return it to the U.K.[20]

ItalyEdit

P-40L
  • 42-10857 - on display in its recovered condition at the Piana delle Orme near Latina, Lazio.[21]

New ZealandEdit

Airworthy
P-40E
  • 41-25158 - Old Flying Machine Co (NZ) Ltd. in Auckland.[22]
P-40N
  • 42-104730 - The Warhawk Partnership in Auckland.[23]
On display
P-40E
Under restoration
P-40F
P-40K
  • 42-10178 - under restoration by Graham Orphan in Blenheim.[26]
P-40M
  • 43-5813 - under restoration by John Chambers & Mike Subritzky in Auckland.[27]
P-40N
  • 42-104818 - under restoration by Graham Orphan in Blenheim.[28]

RussiaEdit

P-40C
  • s/n unknown - TsAGI in Moscow.[29]

ThailandEdit

P-40C

United KingdomEdit

Airworthy
P-40B
P-40F
P-40M
On display
P-40N

United StatesEdit

P-40E Military Air Museum November 28, 2008

P-40E 41-35918 Military Air Museum in Virginia Beach, Va.

Airworthy
P-40C
  • AK295 - Lewis Air Legends in San Antonio, Texas.[35][36]
  • 41-13390 - Flying Heritage Collection in Seattle, Washington.[37][38]
P-40E
  • AK827 - Yanks Air Museum in Chino, California.[39][40]
  • AK905 - Rudolf Fresca DBA in Champaign, Illinois.[41]
  • AK933 - Kitty Hawk Museum LCC in Boise, Idaho.[42]
  • AK940 - Banta Aviation Corp. in Dover, Delaware.[43]
  • AL152 - War Eagles Air Museum in Santa Teresa, New Mexico.[44][45]
  • 41-5709 - Walter Bowe in Sonoma, California.[46]
  • ET564/41-35918 - Training Services Inc. in Virginia Beach, Virginia.[47]
P-40K
P-40M
P-40N
TP-40N
On display
P-40C
P-40E
P-40N
  • 42-105270 - Hill Aerospace Museum at Hill AFB in Utah. This aircraft is actually a composite of a P-40E fiberglass replica and a wrecked P-40N recovered from Alaska. The dataplates were unreadable so the Hill Aerospace Museum chose the serial number of a scrapped P-40 that had been flown by the same squadron that the wrecked aircraft belonged to.[76]
  • 42-105927 - Museum of Aviation at Robins AFB in Warner Robins, Georgia.[77]
Under restoration
P-40E
P-40K
  • 42-45946 - under restoration to airworthiness by Dwight Jones in Anchorage, Alaska.[82]
P-40N
  • s/n unknown - under restoration to airworthiness by C&G Air in Wilmington, Delaware.[83]
  • 42-104959 - under restoration to airworthiness by Legacy Aviation Partners LLC in Wilmington, Delaware.[84]
  • 42-105526 - under restoration to airworthiness by Craig Schultz in Santa Rosa, California.[85]

ReplicasEdit

NotesEdit

  1. "The Fighter Collection - Curtiss P-40B". The Fighter Collection. http://fighter-collection.com/pages/aircraft/p-40b/index.php. Retrieved 4 November 2011. 
  2. "P-40E Warhawk/41-5336" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  3. "P-40E Warhawk/41-36084" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  4. "P-40N Warhawk/42-104947" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  5. "P-40E Warhawk/41-5632" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  6. "P-40E Warhawk/41-13522" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  7. "P-40E Warhawk/41-25109" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  8. "P-40E Warhawk/41-35984" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  9. "P-40E Warhawk/41-36843" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  10. "P-40F Warhawk/41-14112" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  11. "P-40N Warhawk/42-104954" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  12. "P-40N Warhawk/42-105051" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  13. "P-40N Warhawk/42-105472" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  14. "P-40N Warhawk/42-105513" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  15. "P-40N Warhawk/42-105915" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  16. "P-40N Warhawk/44-7700" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  17. "P-40N Warhawk/42-104827" Vintage Wings Retrieved: 29 March 2012.
  18. "P-40E Warhawk/AL135" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  19. "P-40E Warhawk/AK803" RCAF Kittyhawk Retrieved: 29 March 2012.
  20. "P-40 Warhawk/ET574" MSNBC. Retrieved: 10 May 2012.
  21. "P-40L Warhawk/42-10857" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  22. "P-40E Warhawk/41-25158" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  23. "P-40N Warhawk/42-104730" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  24. "P-40E Warhawk/41-36385" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  25. "P-40F Warhawk/41-14205" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  26. "P-40K Warhawk/42-10178" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  27. "P-40M Warhawk/43-5813" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  28. "P-40N Warhawk/42-104818" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  29. "P-40C Warhawk/unknown" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  30. "P-40C Warhawk/AK498" warbirdregistry.org Retrieved: 29 April 2011.
  31. "P-40B Warhawk/41-13297" The Fighter Collection Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  32. "P-40B Warhawk/41-19841" The Fighter Collection Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  33. "P-40M Warhawk/43-5802" Hangar 11 Collection Retrieved: 24 April 2012.
  34. "P-40N Warhawk/42-106101" RAFM London Record Retrieved: 9 March 2012.
  35. "P-40C Warhawk/AK295" Lewis Air Legends Retrieved: 01 October 2013.
  36. "FAA Registry: N295RL" FAA.gov Retrieved: 31 January 2012.
  37. "P-40C Warhawk/41-13390" Flying Heritage Collection Retrieved: 01 October 2013.
  38. "FAA Registry: N2689" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  39. "P-40E Warhawk/AK827" Yanks Air Museum Retrieved: 01 October 2013.
  40. "FAA Registry: N40245" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  41. "FAA Registry: N40PE" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  42. "FAA Registry: N94466" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  43. "FAA Registry: N940AK" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  44. "P-40E Warhawk/AL152" War Eagles Air Museum Retrieved: 01 October 2013.
  45. "FAA Registry: N95JB" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  46. "FAA Registry: N2416X" "FAA.gov" Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  47. "FAA Registry: N1941P" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  48. "FAA Registry: N4436J" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  49. "P-40K Warhawk/42-9749" Evergreen Aviation & Space Museum Retrieved: 01 October 2013.
  50. "FAA Registry: N293FR" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  51. "FAA Registry: N401WH" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  52. "P-40M Warhawk/43-5795" American Airpower Museum Retrieved: 04 October 2013.
  53. "FAA Registry: N1232N" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  54. "P-40M Warhawk/NZ3119" Tri-State Warbird Museum Retrieved: 01 October 2013.
  55. "FAA Registry: N5813" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  56. "P-40N Warhawk/42-105192" Planes of Fame Retrieved: 23 October 2013
  57. "FAA Registry: N85104"FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  58. "FAA Registry: N540TP" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  59. "FAA Registry: N49FG" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  60. "FAA Registry: N1226N" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  61. "FAA Registry: N1195N" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  62. "P-40N Warhawk/44-7084" Palm Springs Air Museum Retrieved: 01 October 2013.
  63. "FAA Registry: N999CD" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  64. "P-40N Warhawk/44-7192" Museum of Flight Retrieved: 01 October 2013.
  65. "FAA Registry: N10626" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  66. "P-40N Warhawk/44-7369" Cavanaugh Flight Museum Retrieved: 01 October 2013.
  67. "FAA Registry: N40PN" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  68. "P-40N Warhawk/44-7619" Kalamazoo Aviation History Museum Retrieved: 01 October 2013.
  69. "FAA Registry: N222SU" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  70. "TP-40N Warhawk/44-47923" Fantasy of Flight Retrieved: 01 October 2013.
  71. "FAA Registry: N923" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  72. "P-40C Warhawk/AK255" National Museum of Naval Aviation Retrieved: 17 April 2012.
  73. "P-40E Warhawk/AK875" National Air and Space Museum Retrieved: 17 April 2012.
  74. "P-40C Warhawk/AK979" Pacific Aviation Museum Pearl Harbor Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  75. "P-40C Warhawk/AK987" National Museum of the USAF Retrieved: 17 April 2012.
  76. "P-40N Warhawk/42-105270" Hill Aerospace Museum Retrieved: 17 April 2012.
  77. "P-40N Warhawk/42-105927" Museum of Aviation Retrieved: 24 April 2012.
  78. "FAA Registry: N440PE" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  79. "FAA Registry: N4420K" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  80. "FAA Registry: N7205A" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  81. "FAA Registry: N62435" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  82. "FAA Registry: N45946" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  83. "FAA Registry: N692CK" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  84. "FAA Registry: N959FT" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.
  85. "FAA Registry: N942KH" FAA.gov Retrieved: 19 May 2011.

ReferencesEdit

  • United States Air Force Museum. Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio: Air Force Museum Foundation. 1975. 
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