The following is a list of non-state terrorist incidents that have not been carried out by a government or its forces (see state terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism). Assassinations are listed at List of assassinated people.
There is no single accepted definition of non-state terrorism in common use, so incidents listed here are restricted to those that:
- Are believed to not have been state-sponsored.
- Are either commonly called terrorism, or meet at least some of the commonly used criteria.
1800–1899[edit | edit source]
- United States In 1865–1877: under 3000 Freedmen and their Republican Party allies were killed by the Ku Klux Klan and well-organized campaigns of violence by other local whites in a campaign of terrorist violence that weakened the reconstructionist governments in the American South and helped re-establish legitimized segregation.
- France 1893, 9 December: French anarchist Auguste Vaillant bombs the French Chamber of Deputies injuring 20 deputies.
1900–1949[edit | edit source]
- Ottoman Empire April 1903: Members of the Boatmen of Thessaloníki, a Bulgarian anarchist group, carry out a series of bombings in Thessaloniki.
- Morocco 1904, 18 May: Ion Perdicaris and Cromwell Varley kidnapped and ransomed by bandit Mulai Ahmed er Raisuli in Morocco.
- Sweden 1908, Night between 11 and 12 July: Bombing of the boat Amalthea where British strikebreakers lived by Anton Nilsson. One was killed and 23 wounded.
- United States 1910, 1 October: Los Angeles Times bombing by a member of the International Association of Bridge and Structural Iron Workers Union killed 21 people and injured an additional 100.
- United States 1920, 16 September: Wall Street bombing killed 38 people and wounded 300 others.
- Romania 1920, 8 December: An improvised explosive device placed by a left-wing terrorist group blows up in the Romanian Senate, killing the Minister of Justice and two other senators. Likewise, President of the Senate and two Orthodox bishops are severely injured.
- United States 1921, 31 May: The Tulsa race riot killed 39 people and injured over 800.
- Romania 1921, 13 December: 100 soldiers and police officers were killed by a bomb thrown by Bessarabian separatists at the Bolgrad palace.
- Bulgaria 1925, 16 April: A group from the Bulgarian Communist Party blew up the roof of St. Nedelya Church in an assault during a funeral service, killing 150 people and injuring 500.
- British Mandate for Palestine 1937–1948: The Irgun are responsible for numerous attacks in British-mandated Palestine.
- Sweden 1940, 3 March: Politically motivated bombing targeted at the communist newspaper Norrskensflamman (Northern Flame) by various perpetrators. 5 persons were killed, 2 of which were children, along with 5 others injured.
- United States 1940, 4 July: Time bomb is left at the British Pavilion at the 1939 New York World's Fair, 2 policeman are killed
- United States 1940–1956: George Metesky, the "Mad Bomber", placed over 30 bombs in New York City in public places such as Grand Central Station and The Paramount Theater, injuring ten during this period in protest against the local electric utility. He also sent many threatening letters.
- Romania 1947, 25 July: Three Romanian terrorists kill an aircrew member aboard a Romanian airline. This is attributed as the first hijacking that resulted in a fatality.
- Syria 1949, 5 August: 12 killed and dozens injured in the Menarsha synagogue attack, Damascus.
- Philippines 1949, 7 May: 13 people are killed as a Philippine airliner explodes in flight travelling from Daet to Manila. A time bomb had detonated 30 minutes after departure near Alabat Island.
1950–1969[edit | edit source]
- Israel 1954, 17 March: an Israeli civilian passenger bus was attacked by unknown assailants at the Scorpions Pass in the Negev, resulting in the deaths of eleven passengers.
- Cyprus 1956, 16 June: One man was killed and six others injured when a bomb exploded in Nicosia.
- Lebanon 1958, 15 August: Three people were killed in a bomb blast in Beirut. The bombing also injured ten more and on the day that United Nations General Assembly was pondering ways to end violence in the Middle East.
- Cuba 1960, 5 March: The French freighter La Coubre explodes, killing between 75 and 100 people with 200 injured. The government suspects sabotage.
- Canada 1963–1970: Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) committed frequent bombings targeting English businesses and banks, as well as McGill University. The whole bombing campaign resulted in 8 known deaths and numerous injuries.
- South Vietnam 1965, 26 June: Two simultaneous explosions took place near a restaurant in the 1965 Saigon bombing during the Vietnam War. The attack killed 42 people and 80 were wounded.
- Greece 1967, 12 November: A bomb exploded on board Cyprus Airways Flight 284 near Rhodes killing all 66 people on the aircraft.
- Israel 1968, 4 September: Three bombs were detonated in Tel Aviv, killing 1 person and injuring 51 people.
- Italy 1969, 12 December: Piazza Fontana bombing, Milano, killing 17 people and wounding 88.
1970–present[edit | edit source]
By country[edit | edit source]
- List of terrorist incidents in Great Britain
- List of terrorist incidents in Indonesia
- List of terrorist incidents in Iraq since 2003
- List of terrorist incidents in Pakistan since 2001
- List of militant incidents in Saudi Arabia
- Terrorism in the United States
See also[edit | edit source]
- List of terrorist incidents by death toll
- List of aircraft hijackings
- List of designated terrorist organizations
- List of events named massacres
- List of incidents of political violence in Washington, D.C.
- List of mass car bombings
References[edit | edit source]
- Jonathan M. Bryant: Ku Klux Klan in the Reconstruction Era, The New Georgia Encyclopedia, 3 October 2002
- Fettman, Eric (20 January 2008). "The Bloody Shirt Terror After Appomattox by Stephen Budiansky Viking Press". New York Post. http://www.nypost.com/seven/01202008/postopinion/postopbooks/they_didnt_give_a_damn_111633.htm?page=0. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- "1904: Teddy's Big Stick". Capitalcentury.com. 18 May 1904. http://www.capitalcentury.com/1904.html. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- "History News Service". H-net.org. http://www.h-net.org/~hns/articles/2001/091701a.html. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- Austin Sarat (1 January 2009). When Law Fails: Making Sense of Miscarriages of Justice. NYU Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-8147-6225-7. http://books.google.com/books?id=VikeV6sDAJUC&pg=PA57. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
- "PALACE BOMBED, 100 KILLED; Bessarabian Conspirators Accused of Outrage at Bolgard.". The New York Times. 14 December 1921. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9904E7DC113EEE3ABC4C52DFB467838A639EDE. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
- "Mad Bomber,' Now 70, Goes Free Today; Mad Bomber,' Now 70, Goes Free Today 37 Blasts Set Initials 'F.P.' Explained Institute Assailed". The New York Times. 13 December 1973. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F40815FF385D127A93C1A81789D95F478785F9. Retrieved 8 May 2010.
- John S. Pistole (3 March 2011). "Administrator Pistole’s remarks before the American Bar Association’s 6th Annual Homeland Security Law Institute". TSA. http://www.tsa.gov/press/speeches/030311_dhs_law_institute.shtm. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
- "Pair Admits Planting Bomb That Killed 13". The Telegraph-Herald. 3 June 1949. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=Lk5hAAAAIBAJ&sjid=BXUNAAAAIBAJ&pg=4037,5415273. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "U.S. Vice Consul Is Killed By Cyprus Terrorist Bomb; Series of Bombings". The New York Times. 17 June 1956. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F00D17FC395C127A93C5A8178DD85F428585F9. Retrieved 8 May 2010.
- Brewers, Sam Pope (16 August 1958). "TERRORIST'S BOMB KILLS 3 IN BEIRUT; New Violence Shatters Hope of Calm – Eisenhower Plan Meets Some Criticism TERRORIST'S BOMB KILLS 3 IN BEIRUT". The New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F30C17FE3D591A7493C4A81783D85F4C8585F9. Retrieved 8 May 2010.
- Phillips, R. Hart (5 March 1960). "75 DIE IN HAVANA AS MUNITIONS SHIP EXPLODES AT DOCK; Government Said to Suspect Sabotages – Castro Paper Hints at U.S. Role MORE THAN 200 INJURED Vessel's Stern Sinks – Many Buildings Are Damaged – Troops Ring District 75 Killed in Havana Explosion Of French Ammunition Vessel". The New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F20B15FC355C16738DDDAC0894DB405B808AF1D3. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
- Feron, James (5 September 1968). "Fatal Bombing in Tel Aviv Stirs Mob Attack on Arabs; TEL AVIV BOMBINGS STIR MOB ATTACK". The New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FA0A13FF3C5E147493C7A91782D85F4C8685F9. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
[edit | edit source]
- U.S. National Counterterrorism Center's Worldwide Incidents Tracking System
- Fatal Terrorist Attacks in Israel since the Declaration of Principles (September 1993) to September 2000
- Assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan: Documents from the U.S. National Archives
- Terrorism Incidents at DMOZ
- History of Terrorism : Timeline of Terrorist Acts – Chronology
- Thinkquest: Timeline of Terror
- Infoplease: Terrorist Attacks on Americans
- Infoplease: Terrorist Attacks (within the United States or against Americans abroad)
- Frontline : Terrorist Attacks on Americans
- PBS Frontline/New York Times "Al Qaeda's New Front" Chronology of significant plots uncovered in Europe both before and after 9/11. January 2004
- "Ephéméride Anarchiste" Listing anarchist terrorist incidents in France, or others countries. In French.
- Selected terrorist incidents worldwide, through September 2000: complied by Wm. Robert Johnston
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