Below is a partial list of selected villages and towns (shtetls) depopulated of Jews during the Holocaust. The liquidation actions were carried out mostly by the Nazi Einsatzgruppen through mass killings. The German "pacification" units of the Einsatzkommando were paramilitary forces within the Schutzstaffel, under the high command of the Obergruppenführer. The Einsatzgruppen operated primarily in the years 1941–45.
This list is incomplete. It does not include Estonia, Germany itself, or Hungary. The only settlement depopulated of Jews in the Czech Republic listed is Olomouc. The shtetls depopulated in Belarus are also selective.
Belarus[edit | edit source]
Lithuania[edit | edit source]
The following Jewish communities in Lithuania were destroyed during the Holocaust. Note that the list includes places in modern, post-1991 Lithuania, some of which were in German-occupied Poland during the war.
Poland[edit | edit source]
Romania[edit | edit source]
Slovenia[edit | edit source]
Ukraine[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Katz, Dovid, ed (2012). "Map of the Jewish Communities of Lithuania: Links to their Holocaust Fate". http://www.dovidkatz.net/dovid/Lithuania/Holocaust/LT-Holocaust.html. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". Vilnius, Lithuania: Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum. 2010. http://www.holocaustatlas.lt/EN/. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- "International Jewish Cemetery Project: Lithuania". International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies. http://www.iajgs.org/cemetery/lithuania/index.html. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- Levin, Dov; Rosin, Joseph, eds (1996) (in Hebrew, translated into English). Lithuania: Encyclopedia of the Jewish Communities from their Establishment until after the Shoah of the Second World War. Jerusalem, Israel: Yad Vashem. http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Pinkas_lita/Pinkas_Lita.html.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Mokotoff, Gary; Amdur Sack, Sallyann (1991). Where Once We Walked: A Guide to the Jewish Communities Destroyed in the Holocaust (1st ed.). Teaneck, N.J.: Avotaynu. ISBN 0-9626373-1-9. OCLC 23652677.
- Mokotoff, Gary; Amdur Sack, Sallyann (2002). Where Once We Walked: A Guide to the Jewish Communities Destroyed in the Holocaust. Alexander Sharon (2nd, revised ed.). Bergenfield, N.J.: Avotaynu. ISBN 1-886223-15-7. OCLC 488653492.
- Yad Vashem (1965). Blackbook of localities whose Jewish population was exterminated by the Nazis. Jerualem, Israel: Yad Vashem. OCLC 48650158.
- Margulis, Ted (2012). "Ukrainian Cities and Shtetls". Jewish Web Index. http://jewishwebindex.com/ukrainian%20shtetls.htm.
- Margulis, Ted (2012). "Romania, Bukovina and Moldova". Jewish Web Index. http://jewishwebindex.com/romania.htm.
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