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London Regiment
LONDONS 150dpi
Regimental crest of the London Regiment
Country United Kingdom
Branch Army Reserve
Service history
Active 20 April 1993-
Role Reserve
Size One battalion
Part of Guards Division
Commanders
Commanders HRH The Earl of Wessex[1]
Insignia
Insignia GuardsTRF

The London Regiment is an Army Reserve regiment in the British Army. It was first formed in 1908 in order to regiment the various Volunteer Force battalions in the newly formed County of London, each battalion having a distinctive uniform. The Volunteer Force was merged with the Yeomanry in 1908 to form the Territorial Force. This resulted from the impending insolvency of the Volunteer Force's voluntary civilian administration. The administration was taken over by the War Office, and most volunteer units lost their unique identities, becoming territorial battalions of their regular army county regiment. The London corps were a notable exception, being grouped to form their own regiment, each retaining a measure of its original identity, and independent of any regular army regiment. Following the First World War, the Territorial Force was reorganised and renamed the Territorial Army. The London Regiment ceased to exist in 1938 and the battalions transferred to regular infantry regiments, the Royal Artillery and the .

The London Regiment was reformed in 1992 through the regimentation of most of the remaining successors of the original regiment (except the Rifles and the Artists' Rifles). It is the only permanent infantry battalion in London District and consists of an HQ and four rifle companies. In 2013 the name of the Territorial Army was changed to the Army Reserve.

Battalions of The London Regiment early 1900s by Richard Caton Woodville

Battalions of the London Regiment early 1900s by Richard Caton Woodville (1856–1927)

They are:

Two companies of Royal Green Jackets, F Company and G Company, formed part of the regiment between 1998 and 2004; thus the Artists' Rifles became the only former unit of the old London Regiment not represented in the regiment during that period (the heritage of the Artists' Rifles is maintained by 21 Special Air Service Regiment (Artists) (Reserve). The Honourable Artillery Company is also still separate but, although ordered to do so, never actually became part of the original London Regiment.

In October 2003, 120 members of regiment were called up for active service in Operation Telic. They were deployed in areas around Basra in southern Iraq in January 2004. This group made up a company known as Cambrai company as part of the Multi-National Division (South East), a UK commanded division. In May 2004, they were replaced by Messines company, this was made up from an HQ and two platoons from across the London Regiment, along with a platoon from the Royal Irish Rangers.

Following the restructuring of the British Army in 2004, it was announced that the Guards Division would gain a TA battalion. This saw the London Regiment retaining its name and multi-badge structure, while transferring from the Queen's Division to the Guards Division. The two RGJ companies were transferred to the Royal Rifle Volunteers in preparation for the formation of The Rifles in 2007, leaving the remaining companies in their present multi-badge formation.

Original London Regiment battalionsEdit

The London battalions formed the London District, which consisted principally of the 1st and 2nd London Divisions.

Unit Formerly Headquarters
1st London Division
1st London Brigade
1st (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers) 1st Vol Bn, The Royal Fusiliers (late 10th Middlesex RVC) Bloomsbury
2nd (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers) 2nd Vol Bn, The Royal Fusiliers (late 23rd Middlesex RVC) Westminster
3rd (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers) 3rd Vol Bn, The Royal Fusiliers (late 11th Middlesex RVC) St Pancras
4th (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers) 4th Vol Bn, The Royal Fusiliers (late 1st Tower Hamlets RVC) Shoreditch
2nd London Brigade
5th (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (London Rifle Brigade) 1st London VRC (City of London Volunteer Rifle Brigade) [9th Vol Bn, The King's Royal Rifle Corps] Finsbury
6th (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Rifles) 2nd London VRC [10th Vol Bn, The King's Royal Rifle Corps] Finsbury
7th (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment 3rd London VRC [11th Vol Bn, The King's Royal Rifle Corps] Finsbury
8th (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Post Office Rifles) 24th Middlesex VRC [7th Vol Bn, The Rifle Brigade] Finsbury
3rd London Brigade
9th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Queen Victoria's) 1st Middlesex (Victoria and St. George's) VRC [4th Vol Bn, The King's Royal Rifle Corps] and 19th Middlesex (St. Giles's and St. George's, Bloomsbury) VRC [6th Vol Bn, The Rifle Brigade] Westminster
10th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Paddington Rifles); disbanded 1912 18th Middlesex VRC [4th Vol Bn, The Rifle Brigade]
11th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Finsbury Rifles) 21st Middlesex (Finsbury) VRC [7th Vol Bn, The King's Royal Rifle Corps] Pentonville
12th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (The Rangers) 22nd Middlesex VRC (Central London Rangers) [8th Vol Bn, The King's Royal Rifle Corps] Holborn
2nd London Division
4th London Brigade
13th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Kensington) 4th (Kensington) Middlesex VRC [3rd Vol Bn, The King's Royal Rifle Corps] Kensington
14th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (London Scottish) 7th (London Scottish) Middlesex VRC [1st Vol Bn, The Rifle Brigade] Westminster
15th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Prince of Wales's Own Civil Service Rifles) The Prince of Wales's Own 12th Middlesex (Civil Service) VRC [5th Vol Bn, The King's Royal Rifle Corps] Westminster
16th (County of London) Battalion, London Rifles (Queen's Westminster Rifles) 13th Middlesex (Queen's Westminster) VRC [6th Vol Bn, The King's Royal Rifle Corps] Kensington
5th London Brigade
17th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Poplar and Stepney Rifles) 2nd Tower Hamlets VRC [9th Vol Bn, The Rifle Brigade] Bow
18th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (London Irish Rifles), 16th Middlesex (London Irish) VRC [3rd Vol Bn, The Rifle Brigade] Chelsea
19th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (St. Pancras) 17th Middlesex (North Middlesex) VRC [3rd Vol Bn, The Middlesex Regiment] Camden Town
Others
20th (County of London) Battalion, LR (Blackheath and Woolwich) 2nd Vol Bn, The Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) [ex 3rd Kent VRC] Blackheath
6th London Brigade
21st (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (First Surrey Rifles) 1st Surrey (South London) VRC [1st Vol Bn, The East Surrey Regiment] Camberwell
22nd (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (The Queen's) 3rd Vol Bn, The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment) [ex 6th Surrey RVC] Bermondsey
23rd (County of London) Battalion 4th Vol Bn, The East Surrey Regiment [ex 7th Surrey RVC] Battersea
24th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (The Queen's) 4th Vol Bn, The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regt) [ex 8th Surrey RVC] Southwark
Others
25th (County of London) Cyclist Battalion, London Regt. 26th (Cyclist) Middlesex VRC [The Rifle Brigade] Fulham
26th (County of London) Battalion Title allotted to Infantry Battalion, Honourable Artillery Company but never used
27th (County of London) Battalion Title allotted to The Inns of Court Regiment but never used
28th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Artists' Rifles), 20th Middlesex (Artists) VRC [6th Vol Bn, The Rifle Brigade] St Pancras

Battle honoursEdit

Battle honours were awarded to the individual battalions.[2]

Companies and RecruitingEdit

  • Structure c.2007:
    • Regimental Headquarters and Headquarters (Anzio) Company - South and South-East London
      • Motor Transport and REME Section
      • Signals Platoon
      • Quartermaster's Platoon
      • Medical Section
      • Regimental Recruiting and Training Team
    • A (London Scottish) Company - South-East and South London
      • Company Headquarters
      • 1 Platoon
      • 2 Platoon
      • Mortar Platoon
    • B (Queen's Regiment) Company - North and North-West London
      • Company Headquarters
      • 4 Platoon
      • 5 Platoon
      • Machine-Gun Platoon
    • C (City of London Fusiliers) Company - South-West London
      • Company Headquarters
      • 7 Platoon
      • 8 Platoon
      • Assault Pioneer Platoon
    • D (London Irish Rifles) Company - South London
      • Company Headquarters
      • 10 Platoon
      • 11 Platoon
      • Anti-Tank Platoon

ReferencesEdit

  1. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 59772. p. 8211. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
  2. "Battle Honours. London and Scottish Regiments". 13 March 1924. p. 11. 

External linksEdit

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