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Luís do Rego Barreto
Luís do Rêgo Barreto.png
Viscount Geraz Lima
Born 28 October 1777 (1777-10-28)
Died 7 September 1840 (1840-09-08) (aged 62)
Place of birth Viana do Castelo, Portugal
Place of death Vila Real, Portugal
Allegiance Flag of Portugal (1830).svg Kingdom of Portugal
Years of service 1790–1838
Rank Lieutenant-General
Commands held
  • 4th Caçador Battalion of Beira (1809)
  • 15th Infantry Regiment (1812)
  • Division of Volunteers Loyal to the King (1817)

Peninsular War


Luís do Rego Barreto, Viscount Geraz Lima, (28 October 1777, Viana do Castelo – 7 September 1840, Vila Real) better known as General Luis Rego, was a military and Portuguese colonial administrator who distinguished himself in the fight against the French invasion.

Early lifeEdit

Natural son of António Rego Barreto - army officer, adjutant of the 2nd Earl of Bobadela when he was Governor of weapons of Minho -was legitimized by his father in 1786, enlisted in 1790 at age 13, at the Infantry Regiment of Lippe, the Lisbon garrison, being lieutenant when the French invaded Portugal in 1807.

Having asked to resign when the Portuguese army, it was reorganized in early 1808, he returned to Viana do Castelo. When Porto rose against collaboration with the French occupiers, Luis organized a Provisional Government Junta in Viana do Castelo, who promoted him to major and instructed to organize the 9th Infantry Regiment, garrison of the city.

Peninsular WarEdit

Organized the 4th Caçador Battalion of Beira, in Viseu, having participated with him in the 1808-1811 campaigns, the Battle of Buçaco, in 1810, to Battle de Pombal, in the beginning of the withdrawal of the army of Massena, and the Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro in 1811. participated in the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo and, as commander of 15th Infantry Regiment, the Siege of Badajoz. Was present at the Battle of Salamanca in 1812 and the Battle of Vitoria in 1813. Their performance in the Siege of San Sebastián was critical, able to cross the gulf separating the allied army from the fortress with his regiment and scaled the walls, managing to take it in September 1813.

Luís commanded the 3rd Portuguese Brigade of the Army until 1815.

Governor of PernambucoEdit

In 1817 he was appointed governor of the Captaincy of Pernambuco. He was hated by the local population, because he used violent methods to repress the separatist revolt that broke out there. He promoted hangings, quartering of bodies, firing squads, deaths by fire, desecration of corpses and rapes. Many of the executed individuals were innocents. With the change of government that took place in Portugal in 1820, he did fulfill the orders of constitutional government in Lisbon. Victim of an attempt of assassination he returned to Portugal in 1821.[1]

Back in PortugalEdit

Luís do Rego was appointed governor of weapons of Minho by constitutional government, he was in charge of crushing the revolt of the 2nd Count of Amarante, future Marquis de Chaves, who defeated Amarante in February 1823. With Vilafrancada that imposing the absolutist regime in Portugal, he was deposed and deported to Figueira da Foz, and retired in the following year. He reentered the army during the regency of Maria II of Portugal, he was promoted to lieutenant general in 1827.

Arrested during the reign of King Miguel, he managed to escape to Spain, returning after the Concession of Evoramonte. Appointed member of the Supreme Council of Military Justice in 1834, he was reappointed governor of weapons of Minho during the Setembrismo, who appointed him senator for Viana do Castelo, during the short duration of the 1838 Constitution.

The Setembrista government of Maria II awarded him the title of Viscount Geraz Lima on April 27, 1835.

Promotions and UnitsEdit

Rank Unit Date
Governor Governor of weapons of Minho 1836
Voting Member Supreme Council of Military Justice 1834
Lieutenant General 1827
Major General reformed 4 July 1824
Governor Governor of weapons of Minho September 1821
Governor Captaincy of Pernambuco 1817
Commandant Division of Volunteers Loyal to the King 1817
Major General
Commandant 3rd Portuguese Brigade of the Army
Brigadier 22 May 1817
Colonel 15th Infantry Regiment 5 January 1812
Lieutenant Colonel 4th Caçadores Battalion of Beira 21 January 1809
Major 9th Infantry Regiment 1808
Member Provisional Government Junta of Viana do Castelo 20 June 1808
Lieutenant Infantry Regiment of Lippe 24 June 1807
Ensign Grenadiers, Infantry Regiment of Lippe 24 June 1806
Ensign 1st Company, Infantry Regiment of Lippe 24 June 1802
Cadet Flag-carrier Infantry Regiment of Lippe 26 June 1798
Cadet Infantry Regiment of Lippe 31 October 1792
Voluntary Soldier Infantry Regiment of Lippe 11 February 1790


SourcesEdit (translated)

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