|Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides Islands|
Aerial view of Luganville Airfield, Espiritu Santo
|Controlled by||United States Army Air Forces|
Luganville Airfield or Bomber Field #3 is a former World War II airfield on the island of Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides Islands.
History[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]
The 40th Naval Construction Battalion arrived on Santo on 3 February 1943 and were tasked with building a third bomber field in dense jungle to the west of Luganville. By July the Battalion had completed a 6,800 feet (2,100 m) by 300 feet (91 m) coral runway, with 27,000 feet (8,200 m) of taxiways and 75 hardstands. Additional facilities constructed included a tank farm of six 1,000-barrel steel tanks, two truck-loading stations, two repair areas, fifteen 40 feet (12 m) by 10 feet (3.0 m) arch-rib warehouses, one 100 feet (30 m) by 90 feet (27 m) hangar, eighteen quonset huts for living quarters, six mess halls, and all necessary utilities. 15 miles (24 km) of two-lane access and supply roads, were cut through dense jungle.
VMF-323 was based at Luganville from 29 October 1944 until 23 February 1945 when it moved to Okinawa.
Postwar[edit | edit source]
NOB Espiritu Santo disestablished on 12 June 1946. The airfield remained in use as a civilian airstrip until the early 1970s however as it was on higher ground it was often clouded in and so it was decided to move all operations to the former Bomber Field No.2 which became Santo-Pekoa International Airport. The field is now largely overgrown with vegetation.
See also[edit | edit source]
- Luganville Seaplane Base
- Palikulo Bay Airfield
- Santo-Pekoa International Airport
- Turtle Bay Airfield
References[edit | edit source]
- Building the Navy's Bases in World War II History of the Bureau of Yards and Docks and the Civil Engineer Corps 1940-1946. US Government Printing Office. 1947. p. 230.
- Dictionary of American Naval Aviation Squadrons - Volume 2. Naval Historical Center. pp. 463–4.
- Dictionary of American Naval Aviation Squadrons - Volume 2. Naval Historical Center. p. 757.
- Stone, Peter (1997). The Lady and the President: The life and loss of the S.S. President Coolidge. Oceans Enterprises. p. 65. ISBN 9780958665728.
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