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Congo concessions

Congo Free State concession companies, Lulonga Company shown in yellow

The Lulonga Company was a concession company of the Congo Free State.[1] It was, with the Société Anversoise and the Abir Congo Company, one of the main producers of rubber in the Free State.[2] The company's rubber production declined in the early 20th century as a result of over harvesting of the natural rubber vine (Landolphia owariensis gentili) and the entire concession produced just seven tons of rubber in 1905.[3] Alongside Abir and the Société Anversoise the Lulonga Company handed back control of the concession to the Congo Free State in 1906.[2]


  1. Harms 1975, p. 78.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Harms 1983, p. 136.
  3. Harms 1975, p. 87.


  • Harms, Robert (1975). "The End of Red Rubber: A Reassessment". pp. 73–88. Digital object identifier:10.1017/S0021853700014110. JSTOR 181099. 
  • Harms, Robert (1983). "The World Abir Made: The Margina-Lopori Basin, 1885-1903". pp. 122–139. JSTOR 3601320. 

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