M-63 Plamen of Army of the Republic of Macedonia
|Type||Multiple rocket launcher|
|Place of origin||Yugoslavia Serbia|
|Wars||Yugoslav Wars, Syrian civil war|
|Designer||VTI - Military Technical Institute Belgrade - project manager Prof. Obrad Vucurović|
|Manufacturer||Bratstvo Novi Travnik, IMK 14. oktobar Kruševac, TRZ Cacak, Krusik Valjevo|
|Weight||2,134 kg ([convert: unit mismatch])|
|Length||3.68 m (12 ft 1 in)|
|Width||2.21 m (7 ft 3 in)|
|Height||1.26 m (4 ft 2 in)|
Development[edit | edit source]
Serbian Prof. Obrad Vucurović, mechanical engineer at the Military Technical Institute Belgrade was project manager and chief engineer of development of the M-63 Plamen and all other Yugoslavia MLRS until breakdown of country when he continued to develop for Serbia M96 Orkan 2. His knowledge and previous development has influenced new MLRS systems developed in Serbia in last couple of years including new 150 km long range MLRS witch is in project phase of development. His work is widely acknowledged and many of his unique developed features could be found on MLRS around world.
MRL M-63 Plamen main purpose is support of front-line units, with strong and sudden attacks on enemy forces. It can be also used against enemy structures such as encampments, airfields, industrial facilities, command centers, communication centers, storehouses, etc.
The M-63 Plamen consists of 32 Ø128mm tubes, which can fire original Plamen-A and Plamen B rockets with a range of 8,600m. The effect of each rocket on the target is equivalent to the effect of a 105mm artillery shell. All 32 rockets can be fired in either 6.4, 12.5 or 19.2 seconds. The launcher is mounted on a single axle trailer which can be towed by vehicles with a 800mm high tow hitch. The towing vehicle carries reserve rockets, so the battle complement is 64 missiles.
Variants[edit | edit source]
- M-63 Plamen – Original towed 32-tube 128 mm multiple rocket launcher. Uses Plamen-A and Plamen-B rockets (with a range of 8,600 m).
- M-94 Plamen-S – Launcher mounted on 6x6 truck. The M-94 is able to use original Plamen-A and Plamen-B rockets (with a range of 8,600 m), and improved Plamen-D rocket with extended range (12,625 m). build by FRY, Serbia and Montenegro and Serbia state
- RAK-12 – Croatian built version with twelve 128 mm tubes, enabling weapon to be towed by lighter vehicles like Jeeps. The launcher fires two types of rockets: M91 (range 8,500 m) and M93 (range 13,000 m). The Croatian Army operates eight RAK-12 MRLs with some 60 held in reserve.
- LOV RAK-24 – Self-propelled multiple rocket launcher with twenty-four 128 mm pipes. The MRL is mounted on Croatian-made light armored personnel carrier LOV.
Operators[edit | edit source]
- Bosnia and Herzegovina - 27
- Croatia - 8 (+60 in reserve) (RAK-12)
- Cyprus - 24
- Free Syrian Army
- Georgia - 12
- Republic of Macedonia - 12 (in reserve)
- Serbia - 38 Plamen-S 6x6 and about 300 towed in reserve
- Yugoslavia - passed on to successor states
See also[edit | edit source]
Replaced by[edit | edit source]
- LRSVM Morava New developed MLRS for Serbia Army and export intended to replace Oganj M-77, Plamen M-63 and Grad BM-21
References[edit | edit source]
- 128 mm M-63 - Jane's.com
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